3-year-old growth table: reading and understanding

Child development assets in 3 years

Table of growth of children in 3 years: features of reading and understanding of information

3 years old is the first stage of growing up, both external and psychological. Compared to two-year-olds, the development of a child in 3 years is far ahead, the baby is more and more like an adult. He's getting taller, stronger, more agile, very active and cheerful. The child learns speech and learns to experience and express emotions that were previously unfamiliar to the child.

Physical development of a child at 3 years of age

Physical development of a child at 3 years of age slows down compared to the first two years of life. The norms of physical development for 3 years are as follows:

  • rock – boys 92-99 cm, girls 91-99 cm;
  • weight – boys 13-16 kg, girls – 13-16.5 kg.

This age is a milestone for the body, so adults should pay special attention to the baby's diet, it should be complete and vitaminized. The child should already eat himself, he distinguishes perfectly between tastes, highlighting dishes that he likes better.

Three-year-olds have excellent coordination of movements and are very active. In order to be able to regain strength, their day must follow a regime that includes a long night's sleep, one day's sleep and four meals a day. At this age, the child should be more frequently involved in playing games with peers, learning how to ride a bicycle, ski and skate, and swim.

Social-emotional development

Mental development of a 3-year-old child is progressing significantly, particularly in the following processes:

  • Perception. It increases the ability of analyzers to distinguish between objects and phenomena, especially the visual senses, increases the differentiation of brightness and saturation of colors and shades.
  • Memory. For the child, it lies in his feelings and interests, with a more visual and motorized memory, dominated by involuntary memories. The child remembers well what has made a strong emotional impression on him/her.
  • Developing the child's speech at the age of 3. At this age, children have a special interest in language, meaning of words and grammatical forms. The child quickly builds up the volume of the active dictionary with nouns, verbs and other parts of speech.
  • Attention. The amount of involuntary attention is greatly increased, its stability is increased, so that the child can now concentrate on a certain object or action for a longer period of time.
  • The imagination. Children of this age have a very vivid imagination, transforming into heroes of fairy tales, performances or drawings. Parents should be cautious in selecting stories to read and tell, as they can be very stressful for the child.

The mental development of a 3-year-old child is characterized by an increased need to communicate with peers. Children become more sensitive to the problems and emotional state of their friends, while overcommunication can overwhelm the child. Sometimes he or she may want to play alone, so don't be discouraged.

An adult for a 3 year old child is still a leading figure, but he or she becomes a partner in a partnership and can be told his or her concerns and joys.

At the same time, with the right development of a 3-year-old child, his or her ability to act independently increases, his or her self-care skills improves, and the range of play activities and movements expands.

Intellectual development of a 3-year-old child

In the normal intellectual development of a 3-year-old child, he is able to correctly name the 4 main colors and some of their shades, orientated in the 7 colors of the spectrum and finds them by sample, at the request of an adult.

Can consistently collect nesting dolls, bowls, molds, putting less into a larger one.

For the development of a 3-year-old child it is possible to offer him/her to select flat geometric shapes to the sample, to insert the shapes into the corresponding holes, to collect the pyramid of 8-9 rings according to the sample, to teach the names of the ball, cube, prism, cone, etc.

Perfect development of speech of the child at 3 years old, he can pronounce complex sentences, use words to express desires, feelings and impressions. Children often accompany their actions with speech, ask a lot of cognitive questions, and quickly learn poems, songs, and excerpts from fairy tales.

At this age, wordwork and a tendency to rhyme appear. A child can tell a familiar fairy tale, speak about a book or an event, and have dialogues with children and adults.

A child's 3-year-old development requires knowledge of his or her gender, the names of body parts in humans and animals, their purpose, and the ability to generalize objects according to their properties.

Although the child has come a long way from birth to the age of three and has learned a lot, he still has a lot to learn and his parents' job is to help him do so by guiding him through his life.

It is necessary to give the child more freedom, for example, to learn to dress and take care of oneself almost independently: to fasten buttons and zippers, to use a handkerchief and comb, to wash oneself, etc.

All these skills will be useful for him when he enters kindergarten.

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Table of growth of children in 3 years: features of reading and understanding information

Table of growth of children in 3 years: features of reading and understanding information

A baby of nursery and preschool age is a boy or girl between the ages of one and seven. At this age, the child is developing intensively, and parents should always keep an eye on his height and weight.

Traditionally, it is believed that boys at this age are slightly larger than girls. However, there are exceptions to the rules. Everything depends on the health of the child, on the heredity of the child, and on the diet.

From the age of seven years old begins the junior school age, and from 11 to 12 years old the adolescent age begins. In junior high school, girls and boys do not differ greatly in height and weight.

In adolescence, girls begin to gradually outpace boys in height and weight, but by the time they graduate, boys “catch up”. Recently, due to acceleration, the height and weight standards for preschool and primary school-age children have changed.

If a girl or boy is a little short of the height and weight standard, do not panic. Everyone has an individual growth and development rate.

Height and height of 3 years

Average height of boys is from 89 to 104 centimeters, height of a girl from 87 to 102 centimeters. Three-year-old boys should weigh 11 – 18 kilograms, three-year-old girls should weigh 11 – 17 kilograms.

At the age of three years, the baby is developing intensively, so parents should carefully monitor his height and weight.

At least once every six months should be shown to the baby pediatrician for control measurement and weighing.

The main features of healthy child development at the age of three:

  • The kid is very active, he can walk and run, he learns story role-playing games;
  • Most children start attending kindergarten;
  • He runs a lot, plays, actively communicates with his peers;
  • Ration at home and in kindergarten is close to the adult diet, except for spicy and smoked products, as well as sweets of industrial production.

If a three-year-old is healthy and active, but badly weighted, it is possible that the reason is a poor appetite, because many children of this age have a selective appetite.

The height and weight of 5 years

How much should girls and boys weigh in 5 years? The height of boys at this age is 98 to 112 centimeters, the height of girls is 99 to 116 centimeters. Five-year-old boys should weigh 14 to 23 kilograms, and five-year-old girls should have the same indicators.

In five years of age, the baby continues to develop actively, the bones are formed, the size of the internal organs increases. He is actively mastering new movements, learning to skate, bike, play mobile games. The main features of the development of a healthy child's body at the age of five:

  • The baby has fully adapted to the kindergarten and willing to attend it;
  • Ration is expanding significantly. Many of the vegetables and fruits that a child has not eaten before because of individual tolerance are beginning to be absorbed better and parents include them in their daily diet;
  • Many children start attending sports clubs and music schools;
  • Most children in their fifth year of age refuse to sleep at home during the day (the day's sleep remains in kindergarten only), and the period of active vigilance is thus extended.

In view of the developmental characteristics of a five-year-old child listed above, at this age parents should pay special attention to the diet and control their physical activity without excessive exercise. If the child is underweight and underweight at this age, heredity may play a role (thin and stunted parents, grandparents, grandparents).

Maybe the fact that the child spends his energy very actively and therefore does not get better, despite the fact that he eats well. If your baby is healthy and active, don't panic.

If he looks healthy, but eats badly, don't feed him forcibly.

Better to diversify his usual diet with new, tasty and beautifully designed dishes, then the baby will certainly start to grow well and quickly add weight.

Purely ill children at this age put on weight and grow a little worse than their seldom ill peers.

To accelerate the physical development of a sickly child, it is necessary first to strengthen the immunity of the baby.

This can be done through hardening, vitamin-mineral complexes, summer trips to countries with a maritime climate, treatment in sanatoriums and resorts. Any spa treatment should only be carried out as prescribed by a physician.

The weight and height of a child in 7 years

How much should first-graders weigh – girls and boys in 7 years? The average height of boys at this age is 111 to 130 centimetres, the average height of a girl is about the same.

Seven-year-old boys should weigh 18 to 30 kilograms, seven-year-old girls should weigh 17 to 31 kilograms. Seven years is a very important period in a child's life. At this age, he moves from his usual play activities to learning.

First grade is a heavy load that can be a serious stress for an unprepared baby.

Control the dynamics of height and weight changes in a child who is in junior high school should be constant.

In primary school children are regularly measured and weighed by the school doctor, informing parents of any abnormalities. However, parents have to watch their own way of growing their child.

It is most convenient to do this with a rostomer, and for home weighing you can use a floor scale.

When a child is seven years old, he should grow up well and put on weight because:

  • As well as in mainstream schools, many children study in circles and sections, which is a significant burden on a growing body;
  • He spends a lot of energy on homework every day;
  • Conflicts and stressful school situations can lead to eating disorders (anorexia, bulimia) that negatively affect weight;
  • Many children become particularly vulnerable to respiratory infections and other diseases during adaptation to school.

Word about nutrition

When the baby goes to school, his nutrition system changes. If a child attending kindergarten eats four meals in the kindergarten, the pupil eats breakfast at home, eats lunch at school and returns home.

If parents or grandmothers are free to meet him at home after school, they are obliged to provide him with a full hot meal, without fast food and snacks. When a child is left to his or her own devices after school, irregular and unhealthy diet inevitably leads to a slowdown in physical development or a sharp increase in weight gain.

The weight and height of a child aged three to seven years depends on many factors. In order for a child to develop well, parents should not “adjust” him or her to established standards, but simply provide him or her with normal conditions for intensive development and growth.

And then the preschooler or younger pupil will definitely enjoy a good weight gain and will noticeably grow.

Also, the child needs to organize the right diet, because problems with height and weight are often caused by the wrong diet and irregular meals.

3-year-old weight norms

What is the standard weight for children of three years of age? According to WHO, the weight may vary within sufficiently large limits. Therefore, the whole table is conditionally divided into 6 categories:

  • low weight – there is a clear lack of kilograms;
  • below average – not quite normal, but tolerated;
  • average – standard;
  • average – standard/li>

  • above-average – again, the deviation, but permissible;
  • high – excess weight is observed;
  • too high – it is practically pathological.

Of course, boys and girls have slightly different numbers, so it makes sense to look at the weight of three years depending on their gender. Okay, so, uh..:

  • low weight – 11.3 kg boys and 10.8 kg girls;
  • below average – 12.7 kg boys and 12.2 kg girls;
  • average – 14.3 kg boys and 13.9 kg girls;
  • above-average – 16.2 kg boys and 15.8 kg girls;
  • high – 18.3 kg boys and 18.1 kg girls;
  • too high – 20.7 kg boys and 20.9 kg girls.

As you can see, the range in weight from below average to above average is quite significant. And that's understandable. After all, the development of the baby, including the set of weight – a thing purely individual and depends on many factors.

Factors that affect weight

The main factor that affects the weight of any person is the diet. Proper feeding is very important for the normal formation and development of the child. First of all, it is not about how much the baby eats, but what he or she eats

The diet of a three-year-old child should consist exclusively of quality products containing all the necessary vitamins and trace elements. It is the lack of any substances that often causes underweight or overweight.

Feeding is, of course, the main factor affecting weight, but not the only factor. There are others, such as: heredity, environmental factors (primarily climatic factors), bad sleep, heavy physical / psychological stress, individual characteristics of the body of the baby.

What is the danger of weight deviations from the norm

Of course, if the weight of a three-year-old baby is close to the average, then do not worry about it. The “below average” and “above average” indicators are also not very alarming.

In this case, the most frequent deviations are related to individual characteristics and genetic predisposition. But a low and high reading is serious. In such a situation, parents should always consult a pediatrician.

Overweight or lack of weight may indicate that the body's functions are not functioning properly.

Start by saying that overweight is primarily an additional burden on the cardiovascular system and bones of the skeleton, especially the spine. Obese babies may have high blood pressure as early as three years of age.

Often the rapid accumulation of kilograms is facilitated by improper functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Moreover, obesity can be a precursor to a serious disease such as diabetes mellitus. It's not good for the nervous system to be complete.

Lagging behind other children during mobile games can be the first step to developing multiple complexes.

Don't relax, and parents who have babies who weigh too little. You'd think there'd be a problem here. And they are. Often, too slow weight gain indicates a slow development of the baby, primarily a delay in growth, and sometimes even mental development. In addition, weight deficiency contributes to reduced immunity, anemia, and bone loss.

In many cases, children who are underweight are unable to cope with physical activity and quickly become tired. There's also nervous system exhaustion in these kids. But the most unpleasant thing is that weight loss at this age can have serious problems in the future. As doctors have found out, this deviation can lead to infertility. And both girls and boys.

How to increase or decrease the height of a 3-year-old child

How to increase or decrease the height of a 3-year-old child?

If your baby's body weight is above average, it is likely that he or she is simply immobile. Usually, to fix the situation for parents it is enough to give it to some sports section or dancing.

At the age of three it is already quite acceptable. If there is no such possibility, you can do it with the child on your own.

And here's what you can't do, is to put the child on a diet. Such actions can provoke “inclusion” of absolutely opposite processes.

By the way, at sufficient physical activity the appetite of the child will remain the same or even increase. That's okay. It's okay. Excess calories will “burn” during physical activity.

The main thing is that the diet contains products containing calcium. This substance will allow the child's skeleton to form normally.

If the child is underweight, it is also not possible to act hot.

Many parents, when faced with a similar problem, start pushing carbohydrates into their child's body.

However, it should be remembered that at the age of three, a child is gaining weight mainly through muscle and bone growth. The main “building material” in this case is proteins rather than carbohydrates.

This is why it is important not only to increase the caloric value of food, but also to maximise the protein content of the baby's diet. In this case, do not forget about the food, which contains a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals. In this case, it is very important that the menu is balanced.

But whatever the weight of the child, the parents should follow the main medical principle – “do no harm! Therefore, in case of any deviations from the norm, it makes sense to consult a local therapist. He or she will be able to identify possible problems and give an idea of how to bring the child's weight up to WHO standards.

Child growth table at 3 years of age: reading and understanding patterns

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The growth of a child at 3 years old. Table: age, weight, height and height of the child

Table of growth of children in 3 years: features of reading and understanding of information

The growth of a child in 3 years depends on how intensively the child develops. A steady increase in the growth parameter is a pretty good indicator of development.

Anthropological factors and their impact on a child's development

The following factors influence the physiological development of children

– child nutrition (how much proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and other necessary trace elements are given to the child);

– heredity;

– hormonal background.

Also the growth of a child of 3 years is influenced by factors such as good care, physical activity, prolonged sleep, a positive psychological atmosphere surrounding the child.

In the process of growing up, sports have a positive effect on the physical development of children, which is accompanied by frequent jumps (volleyball, basketball).

In addition, the growth of the child at 3 years of age increases rapidly during sleep, especially in the morning (when the child does not fall asleep constantly or gets up early, it has a negative impact on his or her development).

Psychological factors of growth retardation

Sex has a huge impact on the physical development of children aged 3 years. Boys are growing faster than girls. The exception is adolescence, which is when girls often drive boys out of development, but then boys still gain their own.

Puberty also plays an important role. When adolescents have large amounts of sex hormones in their bodies, growth slows down (by the age of 18, it almost stops).

The growth of a child in his or her third year of life can also be affected by climatic conditions.

Measurement rules

To measure a child's height under 3 years of age, a measuring tape is used. This procedure is done on the table. Pre-align the tape and fix it well.

The baby is placed on a flat surface so that the top part of the head lies at the beginning of the measuring tape.

Then, by pressing the knees slightly, straighten the legs and measure.

To measure the growth of the child in 3 years, you can use a rostomer (it is a centimeter of paper tape). The child is loosened and placed on the floor, with the back leaning against the ruler. The body should be straight, arms should be lowered along the torso, knees should be straight and feet should be moved.

During the measurement, care should be taken to ensure that the child easily touches the wall in three places: back (blades), butt and heels. Place any flat object on the head perpendicular to the height of the child's head and mark it on the scale to easily recognise the child's height.

The table of norms allows us to judge the correct development of the child.

Weight can be easily recognisable with a digital scale. The child should be supervised to ensure that the child is positioned strictly in the centre of the measuring device. The way of measuring depends on age. Kids are put on a diaper, after weighing from the total indicator subtract its weight.

Weighing it is necessary in the morning, before feeding, after the child went to the toilet.

Chest circumference is measured basically centimeter tape, it is imposed on the chest under the shoulder blades, the child should take away his hand. Then he has to lower his hands and connect the ends of the measuring tape at nipple level. The moment the child breathes smoothly, they freeze. Girls with well-developed breasts are given a ribbon over their breasts and measured.

When measuring the circumference of the head, the ribbon is applied to the back of the nape of the head and to the front of the brow arcs. The ends of the tape are connected and measured.

Estimation of anthropometric indicators using centrifugal tables

The central table is used to determine the degree of development of the baby, it divides children by height, weight, head and chest circumference. The use of such tables is quite simple and convenient, and the results are easy to understand.

The columns of the tables show us the numerical limits of the attributes in terms of the percentage (percentage, centile) of children of a certain age and sex.

For average values or normal values take values that half of the healthy children have, this corresponds to an interval of 25-50-75 %. The table, which contains indicators such as age, weight, height and height of babies, indicates these indicators by marking them in red.

Intervals next to the average are estimated to be lower or higher than the average (10-25% and 75-90%). Parents can rate such indicators as quite normal.

And when the indicator is located in the zone of 3-10 or 90-97%, it is worth to be alerted and see a doctor. When the baby's indicators are located in this area, it is necessary to examine the baby.

Body weight of boys, kg

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