Pulse rate table for children by age
Pulse rate for children by age
Heart rate (HFR) is one of the main characteristics of human health. Children's age-related heart rate is different. This is due to the internal characteristics of the growing body and the influence of external factors on it.
Heart rate changes with the age of the child
Heart rate in children of all ages
Children's heart is growing rapidly in the first year of life. At this time, the pulse is the highest. As you grow older, the heart system is formed and the vessels are strengthened, which leads to a stabilization of the psst and a decrease in this indicator.
Table “Children's Heart Rate of Age”
|A newborn baby (from the first day to 30 days of life)||110-170||138|
|Blasted baby (1 to 6 months)||107-165||135|
|From 6 months to 1 year||>104-163||132|
|Year old children and under 2 years old||92-155||123|
|C 2 to 4 years||90-141||116|
|C 4 to 6 years||88-127||108|
|C 6 to 8 years||77-117||97|
|From 8 to 10 years||69-108||88|
|From 10 to 12 years||62-102||82|
|C 12 to 14 years||54-97||77|
From the age of 15, the number of heartbeats in teenagers ranges from 75 beats per minute (the limit value is 62-81 beats per 60 seconds), which is normal for adults as well.
Pulse rate in premature infants
Some organs and systems in infants born prematurely are not fully formed. In this case, the baby needs more time to adjust to the environment.
The baby is more sensitive to external stimuli, which greatly increases the frequency of heart muscle contractions and blood pressure.
Why is it that a prematurely born child's pulse rate of 180 beats per minute is not considered a pathology, but is their age norm?
High heart rate in prematurely born children is normal
Normal heart rate of a child athlete
Heart rate of a child who is constantly engaged in sports is lower than that of his or her peers. This is a normal phenomenon that indicates good heart muscle performance and health.
Maximum heart rate during exercise should not exceed 220 beats minus age. The values are only present for the first 10 minutes after exercise and then return to normal.
If the high pulse rate has not stabilized, it is a heart condition.
Pulse rise in children during exercise is normal
Heart rate difference between boys and girls
Pulse in preschool children is gender-independent. As girls and boys grow older (puberty), the development of autonomic heart regulation is slightly different, resulting in a better half of humanity having a pulse 10-15 beats higher.
Pulse of girls slightly higher than that of boys
Reasons for deviations of the heart rate from the norm
Heartbeat, as well as pressure, can vary during the day under the influence of external factors:
- hard physical activity;
- stressful situations;
- weather conditions (heat, high humidity).
Stressful situations can increase a child's heart rate
Change in the environment enhances the heart's performance and increases its rhythm by almost 3 times. Such a state is considered normal if in a short period of time the values return to normal, and the baby does not feel well.
If a child's heart rate increases at rest, it may be the cause:
- respiratory inflammation;
- cardiovascular pathology;
- Negative abnormalities in the endocrine system;
- Diseases caused by bacterial or viral infection;
- problems in hematogenesis (anemia).
Exhaustion and severe fatigue can also cause increased contraction of the heart muscle, which has a negative impact on blood pressure and the functioning of vital systems in general.
How to measure heart rate correctly
Heart rate measurement in children does not require any special skills.
The main thing is to know the places on the body where the ripple occurs best:
- for newborns and children under one year old – big spring, chest;
- annual babies, older children, teenagers and adults – neck (carotid artery), temple, wrist (above the wrist joint), elbow fold or groin.
For measuring the heart rhythm, you will need a stopwatch (electronic clock). On a place of pulsation it is necessary to place index and average fingers, to note time (60 seconds) during which to count quantity of blows.
When measuring heart rate at the pulse site, it is important to put your index finger and middle finger
When measuring heart rate, it is important to remember that any external factors can affect its performance. In a dream the pulse is usually lower than the limit values, after squatting – 2-2.5 times higher than normal, and at temperature – hss can go off-scale.
For the measurement to show reliable results, some recommendations should be followed:
- Heart rate measurement is necessary when the baby is at rest (sitting or lying), preferably in the morning.
- Perform the procedure for 3-4 days at the same time.
- Results obtained after a physical activity or emotional outburst need to be checked by re-measurement when the baby is calm.
HSC monitoring allows you to monitor the condition of the child's body and helps to identify negative health problems in a timely manner. The main thing is to measure pulse correctly and not to panic in case of deviations from the fixed parameters, but to consult a doctor.
Heart rate in children of different ages is very different. In the first year of life, this indicator is the highest, but closer to adolescence, the pulse stabilizes, as the cardiovascular system is already formed.
The heart rate is affected by both external (emotional stress, physical activity, weather conditions) and internal (pathology of the cardiovascular system) factors.
So it's important to constantly monitor the child's heart rate to keep it normal.
Pulse rate in children by age: Tables of heart rate under 15 years
Pulse rate in children is the same as in adults. The blood that the heart throws into the aorta causes fluctuations in the arterial walls, which are transmitted to the large arteries. However, the pulse properties of children, especially its frequency and rhythmicity, are quite different from those of adults.
Normality for children
Depending on age, children's bodies have different needs for nutrients and oxygen.
Intensive metabolism and heart rate regulation make children's heart rate higher than that of adults in the same conditions. In general, the younger the child is, the more often the pulse rate is
Exception is only for newborns with a slightly lower heart rate than for children in the first weeks of life.
Heart rate table for children from birth to 15 years of age:
|Newborn||120 – 140||6 months||130 – 135|
|1 year||120 – 125|
|2 years||110 – 115|
|3 years||105 – 110|
|td>4 years||100 – 105|
|5 years||98 – 100|
|6 years||90 – 95|
|7 years||85 – 90|
|8 years||80 – 85|
|9 years||80 – 85|
|10 years||78 – 85|
|11 years||78 – 84|
|12 years||75 – 82|
|13 years||72 – 80|
|14 years||72 – 78|
|15 years||70 – 76|
|Heart rate rates in this table are calculated for healthy children who do not have obesity problems, pathological abnormalities in the work of the CNS, CCC or thyroid gland.|
Pulse rate in children is given at rest. If a child cries at the time of determining this indicator, is cold, or has recently eaten, for example, the indicators may differ from normal.
The same applies to ECG data – do not panic if the child's heart rate is higher than normal during this study.
Physicians note the unusual slowing down of the heart rate, as well as the heart rhythm disorders that can be detected on the ECG.
What kind of pulse a child should have:
- he must comply with the normal, light tachy or bradycardia values given in the table;
- he may be somewhat arrhythmic, but associated with respiratory phases;
- ion should be felt well on the carotid artery (on the antero-lateral surface of the neck below the angle of the jaw);
should not be felt long pauses or interruptions.
Beat rate in children is often irregular. During a deep breath, its frequency increases, and it decreases during an exhalation. This phenomenon is called respiratory arrhythmia.
It is associated with a constant change in heartbeat regulation under the influence of the autonomic nervous system and numerous nerve endings in the walls of blood vessels that capture the pressure and concentration of oxygen in the blood (baro and chemoreceptors).
Respiratory arrhythmia is a type of sinus arrhythmia. It's a normal pulse rate for children of all ages, as well as for adults. It is not a disease, it does not require treatment or observation by a physician.
Children's heart rate variability is more pronounced than adults. When recording a cardiogram, the doctor measures the intervals between heartbeats.
If the intervals between them differ by more than 10%, the sinus arrhythmia is indicated, and if there is a clear connection with breathing – breathing.
Children's respiratory arrhythmia can be accompanied by changes in heartbeat intervals of up to 30%, and this is perfectly normal.
Adjusting a child's pulse rate to the normal age, parents sometimes experience a rapid heartbeat and, as a consequence, a high pulse rate. This may be due to a child's physical activity, body temperature rise, but is sometimes a sign of heart disease.
Sinus tachycardia is an increase in heart rate caused by more frequent sinus node operation. This accumulation of nerve cells in the heart wall is a kind of battery that regularly sends an electrical signal to the myocardium.
These pulses cause the heart muscle to contract. If a child has a frequent pulse rate and sinus tachycardia is registered on the ECG, it is necessary to exclude anemia and lung malformations.
On other cases, the pulse rate is usually due to physiological reasons.
The table below shows the pulse rate, which is considered to be elevated for the child, and depending on the degree of elevation, tachycardia may be mild, moderate, or severe.
|Now.||161 – 175||176 – 190||More than 200|
|6 months.||156 – 170||171 – 185||185|
|1||131 – 145||146 – 160||160|
|2||121 – 135||136 – 150||150|
|3||116 – 125||126 – 140||140|
|4||111 – 120||121 – 135||135|
|5||– 109||111 – 120||120|
|6||101 – 105||106 – 115||td>115|
|7||96 – 100||101 – 110||110|
|8||91 – 95||96 – 105||105|
|9||91 – 95||96 – 105||105|
|10||91 – 95||96 – 105||105|
|11||90 – 94||95 – 104||104|
|12||88 – 92||93 – 102||102|
|13||86 – 90||91 – 100||100|
|14||84 – 88||89 – 98||98|
|15||80 – 86||87 – 90||98|
Other types of high pulse rate in children do not occur continuously, but in periods, attacks, or, as doctors say, paroxysms. There may be supraventricular tachycardia in childhood. It shows a sudden increase in heart rate of more than 140 beats per minute. After a while (a few seconds to a few hours or more) the seizure suddenly stops.
Such supraventricular (supraventricular) tachycardia paroxysms in children are most often caused by such diseases:
- congenital heart defects;
- Ebstein's anomaly (severe heart failure with severe pulmonary hypertension and oxygen deficiency);
- Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome.
Supraventricular tachycardia is not an immediate threat to life. However, the seizure must be removed and the child consulted by a cardiologist.
The risk of ventricular tachycardia in children is higher. At this age, it is very rare and is usually associated with congenital heart disease and, in older children, with severe heart muscle inflammation (myocarditis), e.g. after acute respiratory infections.
While frequent pulse rate is not usually a symptom of serious illness, it should be a cause for concern for parents and doctors. In moderate to severe bradycardia, at least an ECG should be registered. According to the results of the examination, the following disorders are usually revealed in bradycardia:
- disfunction of the sinus node and synoatric blockages (often with age such disorders occur independently);
- atrioventricular block II – III degree; in case of complete block (III degree) the child needs to install a pacemaker.
Low heart rate (Heart rate should coincide with heart rate fluctuations) for children aged 0 to 15. Depending on the degree of pulse reduction in the table, bradycardia can be: mild, moderate and sharp.
|Now.||Less than 100||100 – 109||110 – 114|
|6 months||90||90 – 114||115 – 124|
|1||90||90 – 99||100 – 114|
|2||90||90 – 99||100 – 104|
|3||85||85 – 94||95 – 99|
|4||75||75 – 84||85 – 94|
|5||70||70 – 84||85 – 94|
|6||70||70 – 79||80 – 84|
|7||65||65 – 74||75 – 79|
|8||60||60 – 69||70 – 74|
|9||60||60 – 69||70 – 74|
|10||58||58 – 67||68 – 72|
|58||58 – 67||68 – 72|
|55||55 – 64||65 – 69|
|13||52||52 – 61||62 – 66|
|14||52||52 – 61||62 – 66|
|15||50||50 – 52||60 – 64|
How to check your child's heart rate
Heart rate stages:
- to ask the child to rest for 10 minutes sitting down; the heart rate can slow down significantly during sleep, so the measurement is only taken when awake;
- pulse can be checked on the carotid artery, on the wrist, as well as in the hammerhole, the rear of the foot, the groin and the elbow with the arm folded out;
- to take the watch with the second hand;
- to ask the child to put his hand on the table in front of him with his palm up;
- to count the number of pulse waves per minute.
In children, it is better not to count the pulse rate in 15 – 20 seconds and then multiply it by 4 and 3, respectively, because they have a significant sinus arrhythmia. Heart rate calculation in a short period of time increases the error of its determination.
Presume that a child's heartbeat may be affected by these symptoms and complaints:
- fast fatigue under load;
- sudden weakness;
- brilliant lip blueness or shortness of breath.
complaints of strong heartbeat;
In the event of such a complaint, the child's pulse can be measured first and then seen by a doctor.
If the child has a deviation of the pulse from normal values, the paediatrician will prescribe a general examination to exclude the non-heart causes of the pathology – anemia, infection, etc. The baby's being sent to an EKG. This study does not always provide the necessary information, as the recording lasts for a short time, and heart rate (and heart rate) disorders may not be constant.
If rhythm disorders are suspected, a daily ECG monitoring is prescribed for the child. This study is perfectly safe and can be done on babies from birth.
On the front surface of the baby's chest there are disposable electrodes attached to a small recording device by a wire.
The next day the electrodes are removed, the recording is decoded by a computer program and analyzed.
Daily ECG monitoring of the child's pulse rate allows:
- Determine the maximum, minimum, average heart rate per day, night, day, and age norm; this, for example, eliminates pathology if a child cries during a medical examination or ECG;
- Identify paroxysmal rhythm disturbances, such as WPW syndrome, which can lead to a temporary significant increase in heart rate;
- Determine the number of pauses in the heart and find out if there are indications for a pacemaker installation.
In adolescents and young people, a transesophageal electrophysiological study is also used to diagnose the causes of sudden pulse rate increase.
It consists in stimulating the heart's work by means of an electrical signal that comes from an electrode placed in the esophagus.
The study is informative for diagnosing sinus node dysfunction, WPW syndrome, supraventricular tachycardia.
In the case of heart noise and complaints about a child's pulse changes, the aim of this study in children is to identify congenital heart disease and determine the indications for surgery.
To determine how well a child's heart can handle physical activity, doctors perform a Rufier test.
If the pulse rate increases due to a physiological reason, such as crying, it does not need to be treated. If concomitant diseases, such as anemia or heart disease, are detected, they must be treated. Heart rate will return to normal once the cause is corrected.
In the case of paroxysmal rhythm disorders in children, the following treatment options are possible:
- take of antiarrhythmic drugs;
- radio-frequency ablation of additional conductive pathways in WPW;
- implantation of a pacemaker.
If a child has supraventricular tachycardia, it is known that it is possible to stop her paroxysm at home without the introduction of medication with the help of so-called vagus tests:
- deep breath and nestle;
- dip the face in a pelvis with cold water.
Such measures as carotid massage or eyeball pressure are not recommended in children. They can cause excessive heart rate slowing down and even temporary cardiac arrest.
Practitioner Chubeyko V.O. Higher medical education (OmGMU with honors, PhD in Medicine).
Pulse rate in children of different ages: rules of measurement and reasons for deviations
Heart rate of children can vary depending on how old the child is. A newborn baby has a much higher heart rate than an adult. As we grow older, the rate drops. Heart rate is influenced by health, training, environmental conditions, and many other factors.
A deviation from the norm may indicate pathological processes, so parents must know what a baby's heart rate should be in order to take timely action in the event of a rise or fall.
Why should you keep an eye on your pulse
Heart rate is referred to as the fluctuation of the walls of blood vessels during heartbeats. According to this indicator, first of all, the condition of a vital organ is assessed (by frequency, completeness, rhythmicity and other features).
To calculate the number of abbreviations and notice the deviation, it is possible to detect a pathological process at the initial stages of development. In good health, the pulse rate should be full, rhythmic, moderately tense.
Measurements are recommended not only to detect the disease, but also to determine the allowable physical activity for a particular child.
This is done with the help of the Ruthje sample. To do this, you need to measure the pulse, the baby should sit down, rest, and the measurements repeat.
How to measure your heart rate correctly
Heart rate measurement should be done in complete peace of mind. It is advisable to perform the procedure in the morning until the baby is out of bed. It should not change the position of the body.
If measurements are to be taken frequently, they are done every time at the same time. If these recommendations are strictly adhered to, an accurate result can be expected. In the course of measurement, it is worth considering not only the frequency but also the rhythm of the contractions.
Uneven pulsation indicates the development of arrhythmia and requires treatment.
Pulse rate by age in children allows certain deviations. It's not a problem if your score goes up or down 20 beats.
Fingerprint heart rate meters have been created for convenience. They show the saturation of the blood with oxygen and the frequency of contractions. To determine if there are any deviations, the pulse should be measured within five days, and then the average value should be displayed and compared to the allowable norm.
If there is no device, the procedure can be performed manually. This requires a watch with a second hand or stopwatch