Weight gain table for pregnancy

Pregnancy gain norm

Weekly gain table for pregnancy

Bearing a baby is always accompanied by anxiety on the part of the future mommy.

Particularly relevant topic among women is the weight gain during pregnancy, what is the norm of weight gain during pregnancy, how to put on weight during pregnancy minimum weight gain during pregnancy. To understand which weight is normal and which can lead to complications in childbirth, let's talk about it in more detail.


There are usually many expectant mothers who don't think about weight gain during childbirth. Writing it all down to its position, absorbing everything that's expensive for the eye and stomach. Such an approach is not correct, because such carelessness of cute women can turn into serious problems. In order to feel the difference, it is necessary to understand what is good and what is bad.

It is that a woman's body undergoes a number of changes during pregnancy, including metabolic changes. This should not be forgotten when you play locusts again in the middle of the night.

Professionals recommend not to gain more than 15 kg during the whole period of pregnancy. Why would you ask me that number I'm bringing in accurate accounting:

  • placenta 1-1.5 kg;
  • amniotic liquid 1-1.5 kg;
  • milk glands 1-1.5 kg;
  • future baby 2.5-4kg;
  • additional blood volume up to 2kg;
  • uterus 1-2.5kg;
  • fat deposits 2-4kg.

The above calculations can show how heavy the burden of the future mommy is, and if you overdo it with pies, cookies, etc., However, these data are general, and gynecologists use calculations based on individual data.

Below is a weekly table calculated for 3 categories of women, depending on their physique and body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy:

  • and Group 2 (BMI 19.8-26) includes ladies of normal build;
  • and Group 3 (BMI above 26) includes ladies of overweight build.
  • How your gestational gain is calculated can you calculate the weight gain table for pregnancy?

    Weekly weight gain table

    Weekly weight gain (kg)1 group2 group3 group

    Multiple pregnancies

    There are cases where future parents are waiting for two or more children, not just one, or … In this case, the calculations are provided differently and are very carefully controlled by the doctor. It is necessary to know how to put on weight during pregnancy with the expectant mother carrying more than one child, and the body weight gain is calculated as follows:

    • IMT 1 group – total increase 16-24 kg;
    • IMT 2 group – total increase 13-22 kg;
    • IMT 3 group – total increase 18 kg.

    All calculations are individual and require mandatory monitoring by mother and doctor to avoid severe complications.

    Set and Shortfall

    So you've read the weight gain norm during pregnancy, now let's talk about what can happen when the rules are broken. Pregnancy is a process that is individual and usually not repetitive.

    So, despite the fact that by profession, a pediatrician in the first two cases I have sinned gluttony.

    After my gastronomic recklessness with complicated childbirth, I realized my mistake and for the third time I took control of my body weight by controlling my diet and daily walks.

    The first three months women have a minimum weight gain in pregnancy due to toxicity, this period, on the contrary, may be characterized by a decrease in weight. This is due to biochemical and physiological changes in the body. Luckily, the baby doesn't need more calories in this period yet, so it will need to be later.

    You might be wondering: 12 ways to say “NO”

    After the period before the birth, the weight gain is sometimes rapid. Uncontrolled growth of body weight can lead to the following problems during childbirth and delivery:

    • complications from the cardiovascular system in the future mommy;
    • development of late toxicity;
    • high body weight, which can cause injury in childbirth, hypoxia, etc.e.;
    • Disturbance of labour activity, lacerations, permutations, etc.

    There are cases where mommy does not gain weight and this also signals danger. Deficiencies in body weight gain during pregnancy can lead to the following complications:

    • Birth of a low birth weight baby;
    • preterm birth;
    • development of anemia in mother and baby;
    • infant hypoxia, etc.e.

    How to control yourself

    To avoid breaking the medical commandment not to gain extra pounds during pregnancy, the following rules should be followed:

    • Stick to the right diet. Excluded: fatty, floury, spicy and salty food. Well, if you really want to, it's a little bit of a stretch. We're not even looking at the soda. We enrich our menu with fresh seasonal vegetables and fruits, meat and fish of nonfat varieties, sour milk products, more herbs, as sweet dried fruit, black natural chocolate, honey.
    • Control the amount of fluid consumed and the amount released to prevent the development of edema, which can also be an overweight factor.
    • Walk outdoors. You can do sports, however, without fanaticism! This approach allows you to control the weight and remove excess weight.
    • Weekly weight control. The table above shows how much weight a pregnant woman should gain per week, according to her physique.
    • Diets for weight loss, especially monodieths, are prohibited!

    You may also be interested:

    – Pregnant women's menu: what can be excluded are examples of 3 meals per day

    – Can pregnant women eat honey

    In conclusion, I would like to note the period of pregnancy is a very difficult period for the female body, so I do not consider it appropriate to complicate it with my whims.

    Before reaching for another cake or sausage sandwich, think about whether it's also for your baby.

    Can be replaced with more useful products such as apples, yoghurt, dried fruit curd or boiled veal and cheese sandwich. Remember the health of your future child in your hands.

    How to put on weight during pregnancy


    15.03.2018 11:23

    Source: https://malysham.info/berem/zdorove-beremennoj/nabor-vesa-pri-beremennosti

    Weekly Calculator for Weight Setting in Pregnancy: Breakeven Table, Norm

    Weekly Table for Weight Set in Pregnancy
    18 voice, average score: 3.83 out of 5

    In your tummy already lives a little miracle – the future baby.

    And so I want to go through 9 months, to study the calendar of pregnant women to get to know their little babies! And you, as well as every future mommy, imagine him: what does he look like, and what will be the color of his eyes, and in general, a boy or a girl? It is important to take care of your health and body weight, because the lack of goodness and too much can hurt both mommy and baby. The pregnancy weight gain table is a good help for self-control!

    Calculator and weight gain table

    Weight gain table Calculation for weight: 55kg, height: 165cm:

    Week numberMaterial allowance, kg.Mother weight, kg.Rost and fetal weight
    2 week0.555.5
    4 week0.755.7 height: 1 mm, weight: 0.5 g
    6 week156 height: 2-4 mm, weight: 0.7 g
    8 week1.256.2 height: 1.6 cm, weight: 1 g
    10 week1.356.3 height: 3.1 cm, weight: 4 g
    12 week1.556.5 height: 5.4 cm, weight: 14 g
    14 week1.956.9 height: 8.7 cm, weight: 43 g
    16 week2.357.3 height: 11.6 cm, weight: 100 g
    18 week3.658.6 height: 14.2 cm, weight: 190 g
    20 week4.859.8 height: 16.4 cm, weight: 300 g
    22 week5.760.7 height: 27.8 cm, weight: 430 g
    24 week6.461.4 height: 30 cm, weight: 600 g
    26 week7.762.7 height: 36 cm, weight: 760 g
    28 week8.263.2 height: 38 cm, weight: 1 kg
    30 week9.164.1 height: 40 cm, weight: 1 kg 300 g
    32 week 1065 height: 42.4 cm, weight: 1 kg 700 g
    34 week10.965.9 height: 45 cm, weight: 2 kg 150 g
    36 week11.866.8 height: 47.5 cm, weight: 2 kg 600 g
    38 week 12.767.7 height: 50 cm, weight: 3 kg 100 g
    40 week13.668.6 height: 51.5 cm, weight: 3 kg 400 g

    Why is this important?

    Pregnancy weight gain

    Why is pregnancy weight gain so important? A pregnant woman is like a young child: she becomes emotionally sensitive, unprotected and trusting.

    Everyone around her is saying that a full diet and an increase in the amount of food is not for the expectant mother, but for the child growing inside her.

    Relatives and girlfriends treat each other to a delicious meal and, as a result, go beyond the norm and have to go on a safe diet.

    No extra kilograms are always appetite-induced. The reasons can be many: stagnation of excess water in the body (swelling), sedentary lifestyle at the beginning of pregnancy, pathological tendency to completeness, difficult transition period. In any case, a woman should worry about her child's health and herself!

    Pregnancy weight gain is not designed for nothing, because excess weight is a sign of pathology, it does not benefit pregnant women for the following reasons:

    1. Diabetes pregnant, late toxemia.
    2. With the extension of the term and, consequently, the tummy mommy will have difficulty walking, dyspnea is possible.
    3. Varicose veins, vascular stars on the face.
    4. Disturbance of the endocrine and cardiovascular system.
    5. Powerful load on the spine and internal organs.
    6. Enhancing cholesterol.
    7. Lack of compliance with the weight gain norm during pregnancy in 1 trimester is a threat of miscarriage, and at late stages – the threat of premature birth.
    8. Birth of a large baby (more than 4-4.5 kg), which is especially dangerous for women in childbirth with a narrow pelvis.

    But excess weight is a potential danger to the baby:

    1. Oxygen deprivation.
    2. Nutrient deficiencies.
    3. Sophisticated ultrasound to determine the condition of the baby and his or her sex due to the layer of subcutaneous fat.

    Don't worry, weight gain is not uncommon, unpleasant, but not too scary in pregnant women. To avoid these troubles, you can stick to the basics of healthy eating, move around more and breathe fresh air. And once a week, use the excess weight calculator for pregnancy.

    How to control kilograms during pregnancy by month: the myth of increased portions

    “Calculate pregnancy weight” only sounds scary, in fact it's just a normal healthy diet with a complete set of fats, proteins and carbohydrates. There is an opinion that a pregnant woman needs a large amount of caloric and often not healthy food, because the second – for the baby. This is a myth, and the crumb living in your tummy need useful substances and a little calories.

    To the end of the first trimester the future mommy on months adds to the menu 200 kcal, within 2 trimester – 300, a set of weight in the third trimester we add already 340-360 kcal. For example, weight gain during pregnancy is not difficult to calculate: in the second trimester, a glass of juice and a few apples should be added to the diet to provide the child with food. Of course, without giving up your menu.

    Why does the weight gain during each week and how do you calculate the pregnant woman's weight?

    From the first days of pregnancy, your body weight begins to increase slowly. In the first trimester the increase is insignificant, in the second and third trimester the number of kilograms gained increases. The set of kilograms depends on the following factors:

    1. The height and weight of the mommy before pregnancy.
    2. The period.
    3. The older the woman is, the more likely she is to be unplanned.
    4. The problem of toxicosis is not gaining weight, but, on the contrary, losing weight. But do not be happy, in the next two trimesters, the body will try to compensate for the loss.
    5. In multiple pregnancies, weight gain is more intense, but in this case, too, should be adhered to the norms. There is a growing risk of premature birth!

    Despite all this, the rate of weight gain during pregnancy is relative. The skinny girl who never suffered from superfluous kg, for pregnancy can gain and 20 kg, and a fat girl, on the contrary, will leave the maternity hospital with a cane.

    Note that a normal average increase in pregnancy in weight is a permissible indicator of 9-12 kg. And the smaller the BMI, the greater the increase in the baby's waiting time. A woman's body is a smart mechanism, with pregnancy, knowing what to do.

    How does the online calculator calculate the normal weight of a pregnant woman?

    The calculator calculates the pregnancy weight gain from the table. This is a table that allows you to compare parameters and determine the norm. After all, weight gain during pregnancy runs smoothly over the weeks due to such changes:

    1. Uternal growth, by the end of pregnancy it will increase by 600 g.
    2. Breast 500 g.
    3. Blood volume +1.2 l.
    4. Tissue fluids, amniotic water and placenta – this is still about 4.5 kg.
    5. Average weight of a future child is 3.3 kg.

    To calculate the weight of any pregnancy is very simple: we already get 10 kg, it is worth adding a natural weight gain of pregnant women due to the protective fat layer of 1.5-2 kg 12 kg – this is the correct rate of weight gain during pregnancy. We can say that the weight gain during pregnancy in the third trimester is the most significant, and it is 60% of the norm.

    Table of weight gain in pregnancy by weeks for twins waiting

    The weight gain in pregnancy for twins is +4 kg to normal. That is, the weight gain during the long-awaited pregnancy of twins – is 16 -17 kg on schedule. Waiting for twins, women add 17 kg, and that's justified, because two babies weigh more than one.

    Weight gain and weight gain: Overweight detection

    Weight gain is the control of weekly overweight intake of pregnant women. It is weighing that becomes a daily ritual to keep the situation under control for weeks. How much have you gained, how many weeks more do you have left to gain, how many kilograms do you need to add or remove?

    May I lose weight during pregnancy?

    Multiple-fruit or single-fruit pregnancy is a contraindication for a diet in itself. It is easier to replace harmful sweets with fruits than to equalize the normal value – this is the best diet for overweight pregnant women.

    Children's Satellite: Healthy and low-fat products

    Focus on the vitamin and nutrient components of your diet, it should be dominated by:

    1. In the diet of the future mommy must be present protein – milk and fermented milk products, meat, eggs.
    2. Phosphorus, which is drawn from fish and seafood.
    3. Hemoglobin, especially fish caviar and pomegranates are valuable.
    4. Fibre from porridge and fresh fruit.

    What percentage of a product should be included in the daily menu? Calculation is simple: 100 g of protein, 60 g of fat and 15 g of carbohydrates. This menu will allow you to save the figure even during the childbirth! Minimal set of nutrients from the food combine with the intake of vitamins prescribed by a doctor.

    And what if the weight gain for pregnant women is now my constant weight?

    Many expectant mothers are worried that after childbirth the body weight will remain the same and the woman will have to go to port or diet. Don't worry – it's temporary, and every week after the birth will bring a pleasant plummet for your soul in kilograms. Taking care of a newborn baby will help you lose weight!

    There's more that breastfeeding about all sorts of excesses like marmalade, chocolate, coffee will temporarily have to be forgotten.

    As we have already said, don't worry, because weight gain is a common occurrence in pregnant women. When using the weight gain calculator during pregnancy, remember that all calculations are based on the average statistical data! In case of doubt, anxiety, or poor performance, we recommend that you contact your doctor.

    Please use our weight calculator for pregnant women and enjoy every minute waiting for your baby.

    Exsure your health, wait for the last months of pregnancy, enjoy the first meeting with your baby.

    After all, having received it in hands, there will be no time for calculation at pregnancy of weight, occupation by itself – all life will concentrate on small, hungry and such native person whom you still have to learn!

    Source: https://sputnikdetstva.ru/kaklkulyatoryi/nabora-vesa-pri-beremennosti.html

    What should be the norm of pregnancy weight

    Weight gain table for pregnancy by week

    When a child is born, changes occur in the female body that are visible to the eye: a rounded abdomen and an increasing body weight. Weight during pregnancy should be carefully controlled not only by the pregnant woman herself, but also by the leading gynecologist.

    Slight changes in the upward or downward direction indicate a possible pathological process.

    In some pregnant women, the figure does not change much (except for the grown abdomen). And the others add a lot of hips, buttocks, hands. It depends on the rate of metabolic processes in the female body, not on the large amount of food.

    Of course, uncontrolled consumption of food is one of the causes of body weight gain. But if the metabolic processes in the body are normal, it can't contribute to the rapid gain of excess weight.

    Weight in pregnancy

    Pregnant women should normally add 10 to 15 kg.

    If more, the indicator of excess weight and less, lack of nutrients. And in both cases, there's a need for adjustment.

    The causes of overweight during pregnancy are conditionally divided into hereditary ones – it is a genetic predisposition to completeness, and acquired:

    • type of body build: Astenics and hyperstenics;
    • Pregnant woman's age;
    • toxicosis: its presence or absence;
    • pregnant woman's appetite;
    • Multifertile pregnancy;
    • pathological course of pregnancy.

    Other the trimester of pregnancy also depends on the number of kilograms. Thus, at the beginning of pregnancy (in the first trimester) weight loss may be observed, and closer to 12 weeks – recovery.

    In the second trimester, there is an intensive mass gain, so it is necessary to control appetite.

    In the third trimester, the mass continues to rise, but not so fast.

    In 37-39 weeks the weight stops.

    How to measure weight correctly

    For you to know the exact weight, you must:

    1. Use the same scale. If weighs change frequently, the weight will vary in one direction or another.
    2. Measure body weight no more than once a week. Preferably on the same day of the week.
    3. We should be weighed in the morning on an empty bladder and bowel in the toilet room.
    4. We should be weighed in light clothing or in the same underwear. If the body weight is measured at a gynecologist's office – with or without shoes (you can wear socks or slippers).
    5. For weight control purposes.

    Mum-to-be Weight gain

    The weight gain in pregnancy during normal flow is not spontaneous.

    Because of the body's individuality, the weight gain will differ. For some, the appetite increases from the first day of delay – there is an accelerated weight gain. Others only have a noticeable increase from 20 weeks onwards.

    There are limit values of body weight in the gestational period, depending on the duration. Weight gain pattern for weeks and months of pregnancy (table):

    • From conception to 4 weeks of pregnancy, there is no change in body weight.
    • From 5 to 8 weeks of pregnancy, weight loss may be normal physiological course, e.g. due to toxicity. Normally, the loss is no more than 2 kg and the gain is no more than 1 kg.
    • By 3 months (from 9 to 12 weeks) – the weekly gain should be added an average of 200 g, the total gain is no more than 2 kg.
    • C 4 months begins a noticeable increase in weight – the average increase in weight ranges from 1 to 4 kg.
    • By 5 months – up to 5 kg, minimum increase – 3 kg.
    • With the beginning of the 6th month – 2 trimesters of pregnancy ends – there is an intensity in the increase in the weight of the pregnant woman, but not only due to fatty deposits, but also due to the growth of the fetus. Fluctuations range from 6 to 9 kg.
    • In 7 months – no more than 12 kg.
    • From 8 to 9 months the activity of mass gain decreases.

    Body weight gain at 9 months of pregnancy stops for 2 reasons:

    In this period, it is important to keep track of the quantity, because a sharp jump in the kilogram is an alarm signal of the baby's condition.

    Normal values: 9 to 15 kg.

    Based on weight distribution during pregnancy

    When a child is born, weight gain is uniform, with each share of weight increasing. The increase in weight is due not only to the fruit being carried out, but also to some other organ changes.

    Table 1 (at the time of delivery during the normal gestational period)

    Distributing factorWeight in gPercentage of total 100
    Fruit2500-4500The share of the total mass is about 30%
    Last (placenta) Depends on the weight of the baby 1/6 1/7 fraction or 500-600 g No more than 5%
    Amniotic fluid800-1400 Approximately 10%
    The uterusUp to 100010 %
    Circulating blood volumeIn average 150025%
    Tissue fluidUp to 150025%
    Fat deposits3000-400025%

    Weeks of a child:

    WeeksWeight (see)weeksWeight (see)weekWeight (see)weekWeight (see)

    Table represents average values.

    Weight gain formula during pregnancy

    It is possible to calculate the weight gain limit during pregnancy.

    The original body weight is the weight before pregnancy. To calculate the BMI weights in kg should be divided by the square weight.

    Example, the weight of 60 kg /by the height of 1.8 (180 cm) squared (i.e. multiplied by 1.8) = BMI.

    Compare the result with the limit values:

    • IMT below 18.5 = underweight;
    • IMT from 18.5 to 25 = permissible weight;
    • IMT from 25 to 30 is overweight and over 30 is obese.

    Pregnant weight loss

    Pregnant weight loss

    Pregnant women are less likely to have weight loss during pregnancy and are usually malnourished.

    In pregnancy, a balanced diet with a minimum of preservatives and dyes is required for the baby and his or her mother.

    Women with a lack of kilograms should undergo a long-term follow-up examination, in particular an ultrasound scan.

    Rapid weight gain during pregnancy

    Body weight gain is more common. It is mainly a consequence of pregnancy-related illnesses:

    Gestational diabetes mellitus (pregnancy diabetes) is characterized by an increase in blood glucose, swelling, hypertension, urinary and circulatory disorders.

    The resulting swelling not only increases the overall mass, but also has a negative impact on the fetus and pregnant woman. Protein appears in the urine, pressure increases, preeclampsia develops – a threatening condition.

    If the increased body weight is not associated with pathological processes, then the pregnant woman has a “wonderful” appetite that needs to be corrected.

    When to sound the alarm

    • If the weight has increased by 2000 grams in 1 week
    • If there are traces of socks' elastic bands.
    • If the swelling of your fingers makes it impossible to clench your fist or take off your jewelry.
    • If you press your finger, you leave a hole.

    Pregnant women's weight gain recommendations

    Pregnant women's weight gain

    Pregnant women's weight gain activities should be carried out after 18 weeks of age (provided that the child's ultrasound is okay).

    • Eat often up to 8 times a day;
    • Purely have a snack (all with yogurt, cookies, crackers);
    • “enrich food with fats by adding butter or fatty sour cream;
    • To get used to breakfast with peanut butter;
    • To drink.

    If you are overweight, you need to be pregnant:

    • Stay a balanced diet and a special diet to reduce body weight;
    • No fast food or carbonated beverages;
    • Behave an examination to determine the cause of the sudden change in weight;
    • Control the number of meals and the caloric value of the meals;
    • Like an active lifestyle, while maintaining physical activity;
    • Include the habit of “unloading days”. For example, to keep an apple or vegetable diet – one day a week.

    Elena, obstetrician-gynecologist of the highest category
    Specially for the site kakrodit.ru

    : pregnancy weight normal

    Source: https://kakrodit.ru/ves-pri-beremennosti/

    Weight in pregnancy: supplement rates, weekly table

    Weight gain table in pregnancy by week

    Pregnancy weight gain is a very important parameter for determining whether a fetus develops correctly.

    Weight gain norms may not be applicable to all pregnant women, as all women have different bearing ages.

    Someone is getting heavier than they need and the shape of other pregnant women is changing very little.

    Women need to watch their weight during pregnancy, because both overweight and underweight can cause serious complications.

    What should the weight be like in pregnancy?

    In normal cases, the weight of a pregnant woman should increase gradually, without jumps in any direction.

    Insufficient weight is dangerous because it poses a potential risk of delay in the development of the fetus.

    Also in such a situation, the pregnant woman's hormonal background suffers and changes in it lead to miscarriages or premature births.

    If the woman is undergoing a sudden weight loss or does not even have any set of symptoms, her doctor should take immediate action.

    Very often, women who are severely underweight also have children underweight. This disorder affects the child's physical and mental development.

    Uncontrolled weight gain is also a very dangerous signal. The weight of a pregnant woman is considered excessive if this trend is observed:

    • The set is from 2 kg per week (it does not matter how long the pregnancy lasts);
    • In the first trimester the set of weights was more than 4 kg;
    • In the second trimester, the weight increases by 1.5 kg or more in a month;
    • In the third trimester, the increase is from 800 g per week.

    The problem of overweight is particularly acute among women with a predisposition to diabetes mellitus.

    In too much weight, there is a risk of varicose veins, gesture, premature aging, and placental detachment.

    Extended weight also causes anxiety because it may not have been caused by overeating or a tendency to overweight, but by swelling.

    Oedema is a dangerous manifestation of late toxicity, sometimes leading to very sad consequences.

    Oedema causes stagnation of fluid in the body. Moisture accumulates in organs and tissues, causing body weight to rise.

    Oedema occurs in all women during pregnancy, but hidden fluid accumulation can pose a serious threat. They're indicated by a lack of complete urination.

    What should the weight gain be when you are pregnant: the table

    Your doctor will monitor the dynamics of weight gain from the first visit to the antenatal clinic. Only by taking notes from the very beginning of pregnancy can we determine if the set is going on at the right pace.

    Some women from the first weeks of pregnancy notice that their shapes have become more appetizing, while others only start to get better from the middle of the second trimester.

    Interesting! Excretion during pregnancy

    Body weight increases not only because of the increasing size of the fetus. 25-30% of all kilograms collected are fatty deposits necessary for proper lactation. 10% is amniotic, the same amount is for the growing uterus.

    The basic principles of weight gain will be as follows:

    • For the first half of the term, the weight of the woman increases by 40%, for the second – by 60%;
    • For the first trimester, the set should be up to 200 grams each week. However, many mothers even lose weight in case of toxicosis;
    • Ko the second trimester weight gain reaches 2-3 kg;
    • Starting from the 4th month, when the toxicosis has already retreated, the growth rate increases up to 300-400 g for 1 week;
    • On the last months the increase becomes less noticeable: the body prepares for childbirth, and the excess fluid is removed.

    Optimal weighting for each case is calculated according to the initial values. The less the weight of the expectant mother before conception, the more the set is considered normal.

    If the woman was overweight before pregnancy, her “interesting position” can only be seen at the end of her term. For expectant mothers with chronic obesity, the weight gain will be only 6-8 kg over the entire period.

    All normal masses will increase by no more than 14-16 kg, with multiple pregnancies by up to 18-20 kg.

    Body mass index is needed for more accurate calculations. To calculate the weight and height of the woman before pregnancy.

    To get a BMI, you need to use the following formula: weight divided by height (in meters), erected in a square.

    If the expectant mother weighed 60 kg at 170 cm height, you get the following: 60/(1.7*1.7) = 20.8 BMI.

    BMI, you can use the monthly weight gain table:

    How not to get better during pregnancy?

    1 We treat constipation. Food retention in the gastrointestinal tract is one of the main reasons for a strong increase in weight. Rare emptying not only increases body weight, but also worsens the overall condition of the body.

    Because of constipation, internal organs and systems become blocked during pregnancy, so the expectant mother begins to feel worse.

    Construction can be avoided without the use of laxatives, which are only permitted in extreme cases. It is possible to avoid constipation by including white cabbage salad and prunes in the diet.

    2 We do not overeat. The statement that a pregnant woman should “eat for two” is completely biased.

    Large amounts of food will not be good for either mother or child: there should be as much nutrient as the body can absorb.

    Larger portions of food are more likely to cause constipation, bloating and heartburn.

    Interesting! Why is the bottom of the abdomen pulled during pregnancy?

    Pregnant women really need more energy than usual, but the increase will be small: up to 200-300 calories per day.

    And these figures will not apply to mothers with a tendency to obesity and diabetes. In such cases, the calorie content of the menu will be calculated individually.

    3 We arrange unloading days. They should be carried out no more than once a week. Unloading will help the body rest from caloric food and restore digestion processes.

    Not to confuse the concept of a day of unloading with starvation. The meal regimen is maintained, but the usual dishes should be replaced with skimmed cottage cheese, sour milk products and fruits.

    4 We are physically active. Pregnant women should never be sedentary, even if they feel unwell. Take a daily walk, if possible, in the park area.

    Fitness, yoga or swimming will also not be unnecessary during the period of baby-bearing.

    5 We follow the diet. No hard monodieths are suitable for pregnant women, and a specially selected menu will allow you to at least keep it within acceptable limits if you do not lose weight.

    Include porridge, whole grain bread, seasonal fruits and vegetables in the menu. Meat and fish are not limited, but better if their varieties are dietary: pike-perch, tuna, rabbit and turkey fillets.

    Purchased bakery, puff pastry, all kinds of rolls, cakes and cookies – all these delicacies are unacceptable. They contain a lot of heavy fats, and when baking them healthy butter is almost always replaced with extremely harmful margarine.

    Little weight gain during pregnancy: What do I do?

    If the majority of expectant mothers do not want to get better during pregnancy, weight loss becomes a real problem for others. Recommendations for expectant mothers who are too light in weight during the weaving process will be as follows:

    • Portions can be shortened but should be eaten more often. 3-4 meals can be stretched 5-6 times;
    • Do not miss meals, even if you experience symptoms of toxicity. Open the window when you have breakfast or eat outdoors: it will make you feel less nauseous;
    • For walks or work you can take a nutritious snack such as bananas, cheese, dried fruits or nuts;
    • Peanut paste is a good option for breakfast. This product is very tasty, rich in proteins and carbohydrates;
    • Enhance the consumption of healthy fats: salads can be dressed with olive oil or sour cream, main courses can be cooked with butter. Mayonnaise and sauces, on the other hand, should be excluded from the diet;
    • Besides the simple water, use kefir or rowanka as a drink.

    The appearance of fat deposits during pregnancy is inevitable, and the expectant mother should not worry about it.

    From a few months after delivery, you will be able to start active activities that will help you get back in shape quickly.

    Source: https://moe1.ru/beremennost/zdorove-buduschey-mamy/ves-pri-beremennosti-normy-pribavki-tablitsa-po-nedelyam

    Weeks' weight in pregnancy

    Weekly weight gain table

    Pregnancy is an important period in every woman's life. There are many changes in the body and one of them is body weight gain. Kilograms are set both because of the growth of the fetus and because of the accumulation of the fat layer necessary for normal embroidery. At the same time, the weight during pregnancy increases unevenly by weeks and months.

    Stages of weight gain

    When a woman first visits a gynecologist for registration, weighing is mandatory, and it is done throughout the whole period of embroidery. For some, body weight gain begins in the first month of pregnancy and for others, only after 2 trimesters.

    In the first three months, normal weight gain is no more than 3 kg, but it is at this time that many lose weight. This is due to toxicity that causes vomiting and refusal to eat. This is not an abnormal situation, but it is better to report it to the doctor and follow his recommendations to ease his condition.

    In the standard development of pregnancy, in the first half of the pregnancy, there is 40% weight gain from the total value, and 60% – in the second period.

    In the second trimester, the expectant mother's health usually improves, her appetite increases, and the process of intensive weight gain starts at an average of 400 grams per week. In the last 1-2 months, kilograms may not be added, and due to hormonal changes in the body, the weight is stabilized at a certain point or slightly reduced.

    In order to properly control the increase in body weight, weighing should be carried out according to certain rules.

    1. weekly, in the morning, at the same time;
    2. to have a minimum of clothes and to perform the procedure before breakfast;
    3. after a visit to the toilet.

    Following these recommendations, the reason for the growth of kilograms is determined. Either it's a natural process, or weight is added by clothing or an empty bladder and bowel, or other changes.

    For the future mother's diet and rhythm of life to be optimal, you need to understand what weight consists of during pregnancy. Fears that all the pounds gained are deposited in the fatty tissue are in vain. As the child grows, so do the necessary organs and tissues responsible for his or her development.

    Average weight distribution during childbirth:

    1. fruit – 3000-3500 g;
    2. placenta – 500-600 g;
    3. bypass water – 800-1000 g;
    4. Blood volume increases by an average of 1200-1500 g;
    5. milk glands – 500 g;
    6. li>liquid in tissues and cells – 1500-2000 g.

    Besides, women need a small amount of fatty deposits to feed energy after childbirth, during breastfeeding, etc. They make about 2-3 kg, that is only 20-30% of the total amount of collected kg of the future mother. Such a separation is inherent in nature and has a clear objective – to provide comfortable conditions for the normal formation of the fruit.

    Weekly weights

    To find out if the weekly increase meets the norm, you can check the specially developed tables. Determining the weight of a pregnancy by week is not difficult if you initially know your own BMI. It is easy to calculate by square the numerical value of growth in meters and divide its mass in kilograms by the obtained index.

    The data given in the table have averaged values and are a reference point for women to compare the weight of the mother by weeks of pregnancy with the optimal indexes. At the same time, it is important to take into account the individual characteristics of the body, metabolic processes, lifestyle, diet and diet.

    Besides the control of the body weight of the expectant mother by the local gynecologist when registering, the woman can independently equal the table, which shows how the permissible weight of the woman should change during the weeks of pregnancy.

    Table – weight of pregnant woman by weeks

    IMT (body mass index) = weight before conception (kg) / height (m) in square. For example, a woman's height of 167 cm and weight of 59 kg of BMI is 21.16. Experts use the method of checking the allowable increase in body weight a little easier – a woman can recover by 20 g for every 10 cm of height in a week.

    What weight do they gain during pregnancy? The extended values of the women's weight gain allowed by specialists range from 9 kg to 14 kg in single-fruit pregnancy. If two kids are expected, Mom can get 16-21 kg. But when a mother gets better by 25+ kg is not uncommon.

    The body's reaction to pregnancy, in terms of the set of pounds, depends on many things. It is important what the young mother was like before conception, how much she weighed, not the least of which is heredity – the propensity for fullness. It is an interesting fact that the fuller the woman, the less kilograms she gains during the period of child-bearing, and vice versa.

    With the development and growth of the fetal egg, the uterus increases.

    This is due to the formation of new muscle fibers (myometry) in the first 4-5 months of pregnancy, and after 21 weeks, its increase is due to thinning and stretching of the walls.

    Weight of the uterus by weeks of pregnancy is not accepted to determine, and track the height of the uterus floor. Before conception, its size is about 8 cm, and by the time of delivery, it increases several times – up to 38 cm.

    What Affects Body Weight

    Often, expectant mothers believe that kilograms are added only because of the child's height. But in fact, several indicators have an impact over the entire pregnancy period.

    Appetite of the expectant mother, or rather her ability to control the desire to eat, is no less important factor in the process of weight gain.

    Therefore, in order to exclude the situation of excessive weight gain, it is necessary to take the habit of eating properly.

    And then, in times of insurmountable hunger, there will be healthy food in the fridge – most of the vegetables and fruits, the minimum amount of fast carbohydrates.

    It is logical that the size of the child itself also affects how intensively the mother will recover. Since the placenta, water, blood volume, etc. will also increase in proportion to the growth of the fetus. The age of the expectant mother also plays a certain role. The older the woman, the higher the risk of over-rectification during the period until the birth of the child.

    The simple calculation can determine the average optimal set of kg for 9 months of childbearing – it is 10-12.6 kg. It is clear that the index is the most averaged and in real life the permissible fluctuations are more significant. But, getting on the scale at 40 weeks and seeing the value of 10 kg higher than usual, you can not be afraid – it's not only the norm, but also the need.

    The weight gain during pregnancy is not uniform. The basic part falls on the second-thirds trimester, and for the first 3 months the future mother usually recovers only on 2-3 kg, and sometimes and at all can lose weight because of a toxicosis.

    Further, in the second half of term, on the average, the pregnant woman should gain 300-400 g for a week. It is not always possible to track the weekly increase, so it is easier to remember that from the second trimester you can get better up to 2 kg per month.

    What makes up the weight during pregnancy:

    1. mass of the fetus, reaching by the end of pregnancy from 2.5 to 4.2 kg – 30% of the total;
    2. placenta, feeding the child -0.6 – 0.8 kg, which is 5%;
    3. The uterus in which the fetus develops weighs about 1 kg or 10% at the time of delivery;
    4. free circulating blood, intertissue and intracellular fluid – up to 3 kg, or 20%;
    5. the breast mass increases by 0.5 kg, which is 5%;
    6. the fat deposits necessary for the qualitative development of pregnancy and the baby, can weigh up to 4-5 kg, taking up an overall increase of 20%.

    Normal, weight gain of 10 kilograms over a period of 9 months is considered to be normal.

    How is the weight distributed during pregnancy? There is a significant increase of more than 50%, with the fetus, amniotic water, placenta and the increased uterus accounting for more than 50% by the time of delivery. After the baby shows up, these pounds go away. But there are still fat reserves, without which normal breast-feeding and increased mammary glands are difficult.

    Danger of insufficient and excessive weight

    Optimal, is when the weight changes smoothly, without a sharp increase. But sometimes there's a lack of mass. Most of the time, this happens because of malnutrition. This leads to a hormonal failure in the body of the expectant mother, there is a threat of premature birth, there is a risk of delay in the development of the baby.

    As well as everywhere, in how many kilograms a woman gathers while carrying a child under the heart, also needs a gold middle ground. Too skinny moms are risking harming the baby's health. Premature births, stunting, weight loss, hypotrophy, and miscarriage risk are all things that can lead to starvation and a race to super-form during pregnancy.

    Not less dangerous and overweight kilograms. The reason for the increase may be the consumption of too much caloric food and accumulation of excess fluid in the body.

    Increased risk of blood pressure problems (hypertension), diabetes mellitus and varicose veins may develop. Consequential swelling and late toxemia are also common companions of obesity.

    The birth itself in full mothers is often complicated, the placenta ages prematurely, and the risk of fetal hypoxia increases.

    Excess weight during pregnancy is most dangerous if it is not due to overeating, but due to swelling, which can be both obvious and hidden. They often indicate a failure in the release system, and are able to cause late toxicity, hydronephrosis of the kidneys.

    Visible swelling, easy to detect on their own, and hidden – will be determined only by a doctor on routine inspection.

    O overweight, they say, if the increase is:

    • not less than 2 kg in any month of hatching;
    • not less than 4 kg in the first 90 days;
    • monthly about 1.5 kg in the second trimester;
    • not less than 0.8 kg weekly in the last 3 months.

    Extensive body weight, provokes high blood pressure, fetal hypoxia and early aging of the placenta, promotes the development of diabetes mellitus and subsequent complications in childbirth. At the first signs of visible swelling on hands, feet, fingers, it is necessary to visit the attending physician

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