From how many months you can give the child meat
How to feed the child: 4 main rules, 7 types of meat, pediatrician's advice
Last update of the article: 13.04.2018
Introduction of the first supplements is a very painstaking work. It is necessary to carefully consider the first dishes of the baby, to watch out for their quality. Meat is a product containing one of the main building elements, namely protein. What kind of meat to choose for the first meal, from what age should I put the mashed potatoes on? Our article
- Baby meat is the main source of animal protein. And vegetable protein is much inferior to the animal in its qualitative characteristics.
- This food is rich in microelements – phosphorus, copper, iodine.
Iron from meat dishes is assimilated much better than from vegetable dishes.
- In the presence of teeth, it is important for the baby to develop chewing skills, so meat is the main helper.
- The high content of vitamins of group B, PP, E.
After the first half of life a child needs additional trace elements and protein. Of course, breast milk contains all of the above nutrients, but as the body grows, the baby requires more than just milk.
The introduction of meat into the food supplement perfectly complements the diet and covers the increased energy costs.
Feed rations are divided into three groups:
- on a meat basis;
- on a vegetative basis;
- on a vegetable basis with meat added.
The last two food groups, as the name suggests, include vegetables or cereals in addition to the meat itself. These additives improve the taste of mashed potatoes and promote a variety of dietary intake of the baby. In addition, vegetables (due to vitamin C and the organic acids contained in them) facilitate the absorption of iron contained in meat.
After what age can I give my baby's meat?
Meat dressing should start in the period of 6 – 8 months. This is exactly the age at which it is physiologically reasonable to introduce meat into the food. Remember that a newborn child does not need meat.
This is due to the fact that meat is not the first course for children under one year old, but follows vegetables. As a rule, two months after the vegetables, a meat dish is introduced.
Accountably, at 8 months the meat should be given to children who received their first meal at 6 months. At six months of age, meat can be given if the first meal occurs at 4 months.
If the child has low hemoglobin, this interval can be shortened.
Mashed baby mashed potatoes for up to 6 months are contraindicated for several reasons:
- immaturity of the digestive system. Enzymes can't digest heavy enough meat protein. As a consequence, its absorption is very low;
- young children's kidneys will not be able to withstand too much protein load;
- the risk of allergic reactions.
How do I inject meat correctly?
- Start with half a teaspoon, preferably before lunch.
- Increase the number of mashed potatoes gradually, using a teaspoon per day.
- The quality of the meat must be excellent: valid shelf-life, warm, preferably on the day of serving.
Until 9 months, while the child still has few teeth, give homogeneous mashed potatoes.
- Begin acquaintance with meat delicacies can be started by adding them to vegetable dishes or by diluting with breast milk.
How often and how much do I give meat to my child?
- from six months to seven months – up to 20 grams per day;
- from 10 months – up to 70 grams (about 15 teaspoons);
- after a year you can give your child one steam cutlet or meatball.
Meat should not be on the child's menu every day, 4 to 5 times a week is enough, 1 time a day.
- Beef. Rich in protein and iron. That's a pretty low-fat type of meat. Price criteria are available to many families. Of course, it is better to start with it.
If the child is allergic, it is better not to start with beef, here a rabbit or turkey comes to the rescue.
- Rabbit, turkey. Differs from low calorie, low fat content, practically does not cause allergies. But they have quite a high cost, up to 400 – 500 rubles per kilo. And rabbits are hard enough to buy in kind.
If a child is allergic to egg white, we never start with chicken. It has rather low caloric value (in particular, breast), but also not less allergenicity.
- Svinina, as it is known, possesses sufficient fatness and is suitable for babies after a year.
Allergists in recent years have advised children allergic to start with pork.
- Konina. Rich in protein, but it is very difficult to find on the market. Suitable for hypoallergenic menus.
- Mutton. Very oily meat, recommended after 10 months.
- Goose and duck. These meat dishes contain refractory fats that are difficult for children to digest. For this reason, we exclude goose and duck for up to three years.
Preparation of baby meat is a difficult but achievable task:
- to start with. Buying meat is better in proven markets, in shops, or buying homemade meat from trusted suppliers. It should not be windward and have foreign smells;
- meat should be washed under running water, remove films, cartilage, excess fat;
- put in enameled dishes and boil until ready. On average, beef, pork is cooked for 2 hours, goose, duck – up to 4 hours;
- to pass through a meat grinder.
How do you prepare mashed potatoes for crumbs?
Cooked meat should be passed through a blender and then a sieve. Essentially, the algorithm is the same as for minced meat, only the puree should be more homogeneous by mass.
To 10 months the mashed potatoes should be homogeneous.
In the finished mashed potatoes of own preparation it is necessary to add ½ – 1 teaspoon of vegetable oil.
For children over 10 months it is possible to prepare meatballs or cutlets on steam – after one year. Finished minced meat can be frozen in the freezer.
Cooked meat for baby food is not recommended to store in the refrigerator for more than a day.
Don't recommend adding pepper, spices and salt to the mashed potatoes. It may distort the taste of the meat dish, the child may refuse to eat it.
Shop baby food has a number of advantages:
- control the quality of baby food;
- absence of preservatives, dyes;
- Microelement composition meets the age requirements.
Popular baby mashed potatoes
- “Grandma's Bow” has a relatively low price compared to others. There are multicomponent mashed potatoes;
- Heinz, “Agusha”, “Frutonyana” – many brands that are available on the market, differ only in price. The quality of the product is carefully processed and controlled.
Meat puree for the first meal is chosen only for mother and baby. For the first time perfectly suits rabbit puree for the breast firm Heinz.
Meat broth contains extractive substances, nitrogen compounds, glucose, lactic acid. Thanks to these substances improves appetite, activates the work of the pancreas. Broth also has a beneficial effect on the development of the child's nervous system.
But it should be well remembered that early introduction of meat broth into the baby's food (up to 1 year) may cause the following troubles:
- development of allergic reactions;
- purine compounds can lead to overexcitation of the nervous system;
- uric acid after its cleavage can settle in the form of crystals in the kidneys, joints.
The introduction of meat broth into the diet should be done gradually, starting with ½ teaspoon, and then bring the volume up to 100 ml. Meat broths can be given at lunchtime as a variant of the first course, but not more often than 1 – 2 times a week.
Subproducts (heart, liver, tongue) have a fairly rich microelemental composition. The liver, especially the beef, is full of vitamin A, B, iron. The liver should be given after the first birthday, no more than once a week. Before preparing liver pâté, it is better to soak the liver in milk, remove the skin and boil.
The heart is full of B vitamins, iron. The heart can be given from the age of 9 months.
In case of allergic moods, it is better to give up sub-products before the age of 2 years.
The meat diet includes a wide range of dishes. And the crumb will surely like the taste of mashed potatoes and then meatballs. Proper heat treatment will help to maintain a healthy digestive system of the baby, thus ensuring proper growth and development.
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In how many months can you start giving your child meat
The first six months of life, the child is fed with breast milk or formula feeding and does not need additional food. After 6 months, parents begin to introduce various types of complementary foods into the infant's diet.
Often it is very difficult to navigate in new products and choose those that his body needs more.
It is known that it is necessary to introduce meat into the complementary foods, but from how many months? What's the pattern? Which meat is safer and easier to digest?
Very important to become: How and what to start giving the baby food.
From which age to start breastfeeding
The breastfeed in the infant's diet should appear within 6 to 8 months. Meat should be injected only after the child is familiar with porridge and vegetable puree.
It is recommended to give the baby meat 2 months after the introduction of the first food product. A breastfed child receives his first meal at 6 months, so he should try the meat at 8 months. A baby eating formula feeding should get acquainted with the first products at 4 months of age as recommended by pediatricians, which means that the meat supplement is introduced at 6 months.
A child under six months of age is strictly prohibited from giving meat:
- probability of allergies increases to 90%;
- protein in the meat creates additional stress for the kidneys, negatively affecting their work;
- meat food is too heavy for the immature gastrointestinal tract of the child.
Why should children be given meat
All stages of development should children have meat. The human body is arranged in such a way that for full-fledged growth it should be constantly supplied with vitamin B12, which is contained only in products of animal origin.
Meat supplement provides the baby with protein, which plays a major role in the formation of all tissues of the body and normalizes the synthesis of vital substances.
Meat composition is rich in amino acids, which have an ideal ratio. Meat is one of the leaders in the content of B vitamins, potassium, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium. Thanks to them, the child develops fully: the nervous and cardiovascular systems, the gastrointestinal tract are formed normally, bones and teeth are strengthened, and the body's defenses are activated.
Meat is the source of iron in the form that is best absorbed by the child's body. If your baby's blood hemoglobin levels are low, meat food can help you solve this problem.
It's important to know: the meat contains all the trace elements necessary for a growing body. No dairy or vegetable product can replace it! At the same time, the daily consumption of meat must be strictly adhered to. It supplies the baby's body with animal fats, which are a source of energy. They also contain polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are important for the absorption of vitamins and minerals.
But excessive consumption of animal fats can cause overweight in a child. In addition, meat contains substances that improve stomach secretion and appetite, but their excess can cause intestinal disorders.
Introducing meat into the breastfeeding system should be a strict scheme, not exceeding the daily rate.
Maybe allergies appear
First to give lean meat, this will reduce the risk of allergic reactions. It is necessary to start with one variety, further, in the absence of allergies, it is possible to give multicomponent mashed potatoes or dishes on their basis.
Factors of development of undesirable reaction serve:
If the child has been previously diagnosed with milk protein intolerance, it is necessary to get advice from a pediatrician as to what kind of meat to start with, as several varieties contain this component. By the way, allergies to milk protein are very rare when eating meat that contains it.
What kind of meat to start feeding your baby
Each type of meat has its own peculiarities and useful properties:
Has in its composition almost all amino acids that the human body needs, is rich in mineral components. The structure of beef protein is similar to that of cow's milk, with allergies to the latter, there is a high likelihood of an undesirable reaction to beef meat.
Gentle variety of meat, which has a greater number of proteins necessary for the body of the child compared to beef. This is explained by the fact that the veal protein is immature in comparison with beef
It has a lower density of fibers than beef due to a small content of connective tissue. The fat content of this type of meat varies between 7-63% and depends on the part used. The lowest fat content along with a high protein content has a loin, it is preferable to give it to the child.
Hard meat containing a large amount of connective tissue. In terms of nutritive value, lamb is identical to beef, but slightly inferior in vitamin composition. Despite the fact that lamb rarely causes allergies, it is injected into a child's diet as one of the latter due to its high fat content.
Has a high nutritional value with a small amount of fat. Horse meat is also considered to be low-allergenic, yet few parents give it to their babies because of its unusual taste.
Dietetic variety of meat with excellent taste properties. It contains all the vitamins and minerals necessary for the growing body. Rabbit meat rarely causes an allergic reaction.
Poultry meat is composed of proteins that are easily digestible by the body. Despite the high amount of fat, it contains an optimal amount of polyunsaturated acids, which helps to easily assimilate.
Poultry and turkey are characterized by pleasant taste properties. Turkey rarely provokes allergies, but chicken, on the contrary, is one of the most allergenic types of meat.
If a child is intolerant of egg white, hen is not recommended to give him chicken.
It is not desirable to feed duck and goose meat to a child under 1 year old. Despite their rich composition, these types of meat have a high level of fat content.
Separately, it is necessary to note the sub-products. They are much softer than meat due to the small amount of connective tissue and contain large amounts of vitamins, minerals and amino acids.
The most useful for the child is the chicken and beef liver. However, it does not need to be introduced to the diet for up to 1 year, because
function of the liver – purification of the body from harmful substances, some of them may remain in the offal.
It is important that the first acquaintance of the baby took place with the meat cooked industrially. The cooking technology means that there are no muscular membranes in the product, which makes it easier for the child's body to learn a new type of food.
If parents prefer to make mashed meat at home, it is better to introduce it later, from about 9 months onwards to make it easier for the digestive system to cope with it.
To understand what kind of meat to feed first, the child's individual characteristics must be taken into account: whether he or she can easily tolerate porridge and vegetables, and whether there is a predisposition to allergies.
It is believed that turkey and rabbit are ideal for a start. The last to be injected are by-products and lamb.
The table shows a plan for introducing meat into the diet (it is recommended to start with a turkey or rabbit).
|Day 1||½ p.l. (5 g)|
|Day 2||1 ch.l. (10 g)|
|Day 3||1.5 ch.k. (15 g)|
|Day 4||1.5 p.p. (15 g)|
|Day 5||2 h.p. (20 g)|
|Day 6||3 h.k. (30 g)|
|Day 7||3 p.l. (30 g)|
Next 2 weeks portion size should not exceed 30 – 40 g. At the end of this period, the following type of meat, usually pork or beef, is introduced according to the same scheme.
In 9-10 months, the daily portion of meat should be 40 grams, in 11-12 months – 70 grams.
The following rules must be followed when introducing meat products:
- for the first 2-3 days to mix the mashed potatoes with the usual baby porridge;
- never add salt to the meat;
- If mashed potatoes are cooked at home, the broth in which the meat was cooked is forbidden to give the baby because of the presence of substances harmful to the child's body;
- mashed potatoes should be used immediately after cooking, industrial jars are stored after opening in the fridge no longer than 1 day;
- it is important to pay attention to the degree of shredding of the meat, for the first meal it should be maximum;
- if the child has an allergic reaction, the meat is removed from the diet for 2 weeks, then injected again, starting with the minimum amount; at the same time, it is necessary to agree with the paediatrician to take antihistamine medication.
We choose meat
For the first meeting it is desirable to buy jars of industrial production, but if parents decide to make mashed meat at home, it is important to choose quality meat.
Buying paired meat from markets and farmers is recommended, without hesitation in asking for the appropriate product documentation. At home, it should be cut into portions and put in the freezer for convenience, as re-freezing of the meat intended for the baby is prohibited.
Distinctive features of quality meat, inherent in all varieties:
- the red color of the meat, its various shades, depending on the variety; there should be no divorces or other colors;
- white or white and pink color of the fat layer, yellow color indicates that the animal was not young;
- even a weak, unpleasant aroma should not be present in the smell;
- the surface of the cut should be firm and not stick to your hands.
Watch closely the child's reaction to the introduction of the new product. Follow all the recommendations, and then your baby will only benefit.
Learn other useful articles:
- mashed courgette for the baby;
- when to start giving cottage cheese to children.
Prepare baby rabbit meat
On the usefulness of meat products for the growing body of the baby does not even make sense to say – everyone knows about it. This protein-enriched product is essential for the baby as the main building material.
Since the process of formation of the baby's body is accelerated, proteins are especially needed for tissue and cell growth.
But not all mothers know how to introduce meat into the baby food and what to choose: canned food in the baby food department or the first meals prepared for the baby.
When can I feed my baby meat?
Meat feed is only necessary when the baby has mastered carbohydrate and plant foods well enough. As a rule, fruit and vegetable purees are the first products in their life that kids try within six months of age. Almost at the same time, mothers give their favorite children milk powder in their diet.
Oh, how to introduce meat into the food, should think about it after 1.5-2 months from the moment of the first feeding the baby “adult” product (whether it is apple puree or buckwheat porridge).
In most cases, this happens closer to the age of eight months old baby. By this time, the baby's gastrointestinal tract will have developed sufficiently to cope with the digestion of meat.
In some cases (but rather exceptionally), the doctor may prescribe mashed potatoes to the baby before the age of 7-8 months.
In particular, in case of anemia and expressed signs of rickets, this product is recommended as a supplement for six months. Sometimes this also applies to children who are not breastfed.
Which meat should be the first?
The first meal is an exciting and disturbing moment for any mother. Many women are worried that the baby will not have to taste this product, but it is so necessary for its full growth and development. Therefore, it is necessary to approach the choice of the main ingredient responsibly.
Pediatricians usually instruct the mothers in terms of preparing the menu for the baby. They're talking about what kind of meat to feed first. The maximum hypoallergenic alternative is turkey or rabbit. Many people are probably aware of this.
If the baby does not like this kind of mashed potatoes, then in the absence of allergic reactions and other contraindications, it is possible to offer a crumb of beef or veal.
Beef and chicken in children: Use with caution!
This is worth noting that the presence of lactose intolerance in the history of the baby leads to almost 100% allergies to cow meat. The most important thing is to use only low-fat types of meat for the preparation of children's mashed potatoes, so mutton and pork are recommended for consumption only after a year.
With regard to chicken, most experts advise parents to refrain from including this product in their infant's diet. All the more reason not to give it to the baby as the first meal. Presence in a chicken of the chemical and hormonal substances directed on the fastest growth and a gain of weight by a bird, will get together with a meat dish in an organism of the kid.
Beef portion size for the baby
How should I feed my baby and how much should I feed it? This issue also deserves attention. Referring back to pediatric recommendations, it is important to note that the optimal amount of baby meat at first is half a teaspoon.
If there are no side effects during the first week of eating meat, it can be doubled from next week. On average, by the time the child is 8 months old, he or she should receive about 30 grams of meat per day. By 12 months this volume should be doubled.
But not all kids like protein products. If the meat is not to your baby's taste, you can try to “trick” him by mixing half a teaspoon of mashed potatoes with vegetables or breast milk.
The reaction of the crumbs should be closely monitored in the first couple of weeks.
If neither allergic symptoms nor GIT disorders are detected, we can confidently move forward with a further complementary feeding regimen.
Meat preparation methods for crumbs
Not interested in recommendations on how to prepare mashed potatoes for babies. There is nothing complicated in this process, and even a mother who does not know the secrets of culinary wisdom will cope with it.
At the age of 7 to 23 months it is desirable to give only boiled meat, grinded in ordinary puree. The cooking time does not exceed one hour. A small piece of meat should be cooked for at least 40-50 minutes.
A slightly cooled piece should be passed through the mincer