Kid 4 months: how to develop, communicate and play?

How to develop a child in 1 year and 4 months: what is interesting for a child in a year and 4 ?

Child 4 months: how to develop, communicate and play?

/ 1 – 3 years / How to develop a child in 1 year and 4 months: what is interesting for a child in a year and 4 ?

This age is called the most capricious and traumatic in the development of children. In 1 year 4 months your baby is as changeable as the wind in May, so be patient and watch your baby very closely.

Look, a detailed calendar of the child's development from birth to 3 years of age by month

Physiological parameters of the child in 1 year 4 months: weight, height of the child

  • Rost. For boys is optimal around 78 cm. The average height of girls at this age is just over 80 cm
  • Weight> Girls of this age weigh on average 10.6 kg, boys slightly more – 11.3 kg.
  • Head circumference – 45.6-48.9 cm, breasts 47.3-53.1 cm
  • Teeth. By convention, this month's top canines appear and the first molars begin to emerge.

Tooth is thought to be the hardest to emerge, so stock up on soothing gels, teethers, and strong nerves.

What a child can do in 1 and 4: the skills of a child in 1 year and 4 months

Kids of this age are full of energy and cheerfulness. It is very important for the child to be able to jump and run, to satisfy emotional curiosity and sensory thirst. Let the child study the world around him, using all the senses, and touch, study objects to taste and touch.

What children can do by this age

  1. The child is already up, walking, holding the support, sits down and turns in different directions.Osobo can be noted for his ability to walk up and down the stairs, holding the hand of adults or the handrail. In addition, he demonstrates attempts to climb on chairs, armchairs, sofas. At this age, the risk of injury increases many times, because the baby's movements are not coordinated, and there is no fear of falling.

    So don't leave your child unsupervised even for a few minutes!

  2. Children start to hold their spoons in their cams with a lot of confidence, try to eat and drink from their own mugs.
    Save patience and bibs. Give your child the opportunity to eat thick products – mashed potatoes, cottage cheese, porridge, etc.
  3. The child is already able to perform simple actions – raise his hands up, forward, take him behind his back, to the sides, spin his hands, move his fingers. He can do these actions both independently and at the request of adults.
    In addition, the ability to fulfill the requests of adults “Show us. Bring it in.
  4. The child reacts emotionally to different situations: separation from parents, return from the walk, arrival of grandmother, etc.
  5. Children of this age pronounce 4-10 words, know the names of animals, fruits, vegetables, body parts, household items.
  6. Perform certain actions with toys, play simple storyline games: they can pour sand into a bucket, can pour water, feed toys, pump a doll.

In 1 year and 4 months it is recommended to start the pot learning process. Do not miss the right moment, otherwise the child will get used to not responding to the desire to go to the toilet. And then it will be much harder to wean him from diapers.

What concerns hygienic care at this age, it is possible to notice that there is no necessity to wash the kid frequently as he already less often “goes to a toilet”, and some by this time in general “are friends” with a pot.

Other everything else is as usual:

  • morning washing;
  • brushing;
  • evenings water procedures.

It is also recommended to perform gymnastics and hardening procedures during the day. At the same time:

  • day's sleep – 2-3 hours;
  • are necessary daily walks in the fresh air.

At this age, babies develop the skill of cleanliness. They start wiping their hands themselves when they get dirty and may ask to wash.

It's very important to follow the daily routine. In order to overcome the changes that are happening to the baby, he needs confidence in the stability of events.

Day mode gives the child a sense of permanence and soothes.

Maybe gradually switch to four meals a day. The fifth feeding in the form of milk or yogurt is worth saving for children with poor appetite. But it is not desirable to insist on situations where the child tends to switch to four meals a day.

Example portion size for each meal

BreakfastLunchA MondayDinner
Kasha – 150gTea with milk or milk – 150mlBread with butter -40g/5gVegetable salad – 10grSoup – 100 mlGarnish (cereals, vegetables, vermicelle) – 80gr Meat main course (fish, liver, chicken) – 50grCompote (fruit juice, mors) – 100 mlTvorog – 50 grFruit – 100 gTea with cookies – 150 g/td>

Casha or vegetable puree – 150 gTea with milk – 150 ml

Meals are still cooked mainly in mashed and chopped form. But gradually, more dense food and more pieces are added to the baby's diet to develop chewing skills.
Kids of this age already have their own preferences in food – favorite and unloved dishes. Listen to your child's wishes, but don't go to the child's place.

Menu for a 1-year-old child and a 4-month-old child for a week

The food can be used as a basis for general guidance.

It's important to change the baby's menu so that the food doesn't repeat itself more than twice a week.

Speech and the psychology of children's development in 1 year and 4 months: baby's communication and emotions

At this age, children's speech begins to take on a meaningful form. The boy is already able to pronounce simple, easy words that relate to a particular situation. For example, seeing a cat, a crumb can say “Kitty” and point to an animal.

  • Vocabulary of a child in 1 year 4 months varies greatly. One may only have 10 words, while the other may have more than 50.
  • Stimulate the development of speech in a crumb by reading aloud poems, as rhymed lines are easier to read.
  • Pick bright illustrated books to read. They help you learn not only by listening, but also visually.
  • While reading, encourage your child to try to say a word, but also to point to the image to which the word refers.

At this stage, the spectrum of emotions expands considerably:

  • Kids rejoice when they succeed and are upset when they fail;
  • they try to agree or disagree to express mimics and gestures;
  • reacts differently to acquaintances and strangers.

The advantage of this age is the ability to “infect” emotions and feelings – a crumb can cry or laugh “for company”. Children:

  • are surprised and afraid of unexpected actions;
  • easily switch attention from one subject to another.

The difference between boys and girls in behavior and emotion becomes more and more noticeable. Boys are more independent and independent, less responsive to the emotions of others. Girls are more receptive, they cry more often, they like to sit on their arms or hug.

What to take your baby in 1 year and 4 months: educational activities and games for the baby

The baby's games at this age are imitating – they love to repeat after parents everything they do. So stock up on toys, a broom, an iron and other similar toys that will help your child to feel like an adult.

Perfectly selected educational games will make your child's leisure time saturated and interesting.

  1. With great pleasure the kids are now engaged in games that develop fine motor skills, and therefore, and speech centers. For example, a variety of mosaics with large and bright elements. Also popular are a variety of laces and brightly colored designs with clinging details.
  2. The most simple, affordable and exciting game – stringing beads or buttons on a fishing line or safe wire.
  3. Excellent toys will be pyramids and cups of different sizes and colors, inserted into each other.
  4. At this age, you can already draw your child's attention to more complex educational games: simple labyrinths, figurines with inserts, games involving the shifting or pouring of all kinds of objects.

Girls and boys of this age prefer different toys and games.

  • Boys prefer more active, with a ball and cars, but spend less time focusing on an activity.
  • Girls like to do small things and story games: clean the house, feed dolls, treat animals.

At this stage, you can start playing educational games to explore the world around you: colors, shapes, properties of objects: large – small, soft – hard, smooth – rough, etc.

Just don't overdo it with educational games, so that the child doesn't lose cognitive interest.

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How to develop a child in 4 months: games and exercises

Child in 4 months: how to develop, communicate and play?

The main purpose of parental care is to gradually teach the child to think, and to become physically independent. Of course, the child also tries to learn new things to the best of his abilities.

But in direct interaction with parents, learning is easier, faster, and better, and certainly brings joy to all the participants.

That's why there are educational games for children of 4 months, which help the child to fully explore the world. How to develop a child at 4 months correctly?

Promoting lessons for a child of 4 months

Promoting lessons for a child of 4 months

Promotingly, babies older than 3 months are already able to lie on their stomachs and can consciously express their emotions. So the baby smiles at his relatives at 4 months and cries only when he is sad or worried about something. It is at this stage that developmental activities can contribute to a significant improvement in both physical and mental abilities of the child.

In 4 months, the main purpose of the exercise with the infant is:

  • vision development;
  • hearing training;
  • reinforcing the breast and neck muscles.

The application to the abdomen will not only help the baby to facilitate the escape of accumulated intestinal gases, but also stimulate physical development. The tiny one will train his ability to hold his head and, swinging, try to flip over.

Eye training for children of this age is done by demonstrating bright figures or toys. It is important that the baby can see the object, reach for it and feel it. In the process, it is very useful to talk to the child about the subject and to demonstrate its possibilities. 4 months of baby hearing training games involve learning how to identify the subject and the location of the sound. This can be done by using a pleasant rattle, bell, or family voice.

During the game, parents take the sound out of the toy in front of the child, showing the item, and after a while, ringing them away from the child at some distance.

The child who is interested starts to listen to the sound and tries to find it with his or her eyes by determining which side of the sound he or she is familiar with.

How to develop a child at 4 months of age Komarovski

For a child of any age contact with his mother is very important. Despite the fact that the baby at 4 months is still not able to talk or clearly manage the movements of his body, tactile exercises and oral communication is extremely important for his full development. Thus, based on the general recommendations of Dr. Komarowski, developing games for a child of 4 months, primarily consist of:

  • gentle massage of hands, fingers and feet;
  • training coordination of movements;
  • first sound training.

Massage should be done during the game, telling poems, such as the Forty Crow. Coordination of movements is also quite easy to train. To do this, you can bring a small bright ball or toy to your child at a distance of about 30 cm, allowing the toddler to reach it and explore your fingers.

The baby's legs are easy to train while swimming, helping the child to push the spring off the edge of the tub, while holding it.

Teaching sounds is done with the help of a game of “repeats”. Ask the little one questions until the child reacts with a sound. This is the sound that parents need to try to repeat exactly. Very often such a game is very interesting to the baby, and he can say several times in response to different sounds.

How to develop a child in 4 months correctly

For the correct and even development of a child in 4 months, it is important to gradually teach him to turn over and reach for the objects of interest to him. To do this, the baby needs to be placed in the center of the crib.

And when the child concentrates on the parents, it is necessary to show him a toy and not in a hurry to move it to the corner of the bed.

To see the object of interest, the baby will have to turn to his side.

The baby lying on his tummy also needs to be interested in the toy and put it at a distance slightly larger than the one that the baby can easily reach. The aim of the game is to stimulate movements and train muscles.

However, if a child reaches for 1-2 minutes for the object of interest, but cannot reach it, the toy should be moved to the crumb so that he can freely take it.

That's how a child realizes that his or her efforts are not in vain and that each time he or she will strive harder and harder to achieve the goal.

Developing games for children of 4 months and toys

Since 4 months of life, the most popular way to explore the outside world is to try out all the things you can taste, different bright rodents will be useful and safe development tools for your baby.

The child will gladly look at the toys and rattles hanging on the mobile phone, which can be reached and touched. That's why the use of a children's development mat is a great option.

Gentle crumb massage, consisting of gentle strokes, is very useful for the child's physical development for 4 months. He helps the baby feel his body and learn to control it. Such exercises are especially effective after bathing.

How to develop a child in 4 months correctly? Of course, parents want to teach their child a lot, but it is worth remembering that at the age of 4 months, the baby is quickly tired and unable to withstand lengthy games. That's why the duration of any developmental activities, however fun and simple they may seem, should not exceed 5 – 10 minutes.


What a child should be able to do in 4 months: 9 basic skills, 3 reflexes, 10 norms of psycho-emotional development

4 months old child: how to develop, communicate and play?

Last update of the article: 27.03.2018

In 4 months the child has already outgrown infant colic and can direct all his attention and energy to the knowledge of the world and communication. The latter is becoming more and more important in the life of the little man.

The child at this age, along with food, sleep and care, needs to interact with other people. First of all, with my mother. The infant in four months already clearly distinguishes it from the number of other relatives.

Physical development

So that as a child does not yet move and waste energy, the weight gain is still significant, albeit less than in previous months. The baby's been gaining about three pounds since he was born. Growth increases by 2 – 3 centimeters per month.

For more accurate determination of weight and height, typical for harmonious development, pediatricians have special “centimetre” tables.

  • a baby must be able to hold his head and neck confidently, looking around;
  • lifts on his forearms, holding the upper body;
  • defines the source of sound by turning the head to it;
  • in 4 months the child should turn from back to side and further on to the stomach. Learning to turn from stomach to back;
  • grips a rattle and holds it;
  • by pulling the handles tries to sit.

The fourth month of life is a very early time for purposeful seating. The baby's spine is not yet strong enough for such loads.

These skills are best mastered after 5 months, provided that the baby tries to sit down. It's especially important for a girl. Previous planting may cause an incorrect uterine placement.

In the future, this may lead to problems with conception and delivery. The boy isn't that strict. Everything's in his mouth. That way the baby learns the world. The task of parents is to make the space around the baby as safe as possible;

  • learns to clap hands;
  • while feeding holds the breast or a bottle of formula with hands.

    Ensure that there are no small objects or things near the child that can be easily broken off or bitten off. Although not yet teeth, the baby's gums are strong enough to bite off a piece of something soft or fragile.

    The newborn baby has certain reflexes that exist until a certain age. They're called transient. From three months onwards, the reflexes begin to fade.

    For everyone there is a time limit. A 3-month-old child should no longer have Babkin's search, defense, trunk and reflex.

    In 4 months, the following reflexes fade away:

    • interpreting reflex. If you put an adult's fingers in the baby's hands, the baby will hold them tight. A four-month-old child is already aware of hand movements. Its grips are targeted and controlled by the baby himself;
    • reflex crawling. If the child is placed on the stomach and hands are pressed firmly against the soles of the child's feet, the infant will be reflexively pushed back. This reflex is the basis of the crawling skill. When stimulated, the baby will begin to develop crawling skills a little earlier;
    • Moro Reflex. The child throws his or her hands up and makes hugging movements when there is a sharp sound, bright light, or when there are any internal stimuli. It is because of him that newborns wake up, throwing pens, forcing even the most ardent opponents of changing clothes to wrap the crumbs in diapers at night.

    Reflexes not only fade, but also appear. They're called installation kits. The upper Landau reflex is formed by 4 months. It is expressed in the fact that the baby, being on the abdomen, lifts the upper body and is held in such a position, leaning on the hands.

    1. Easily called the “revitalization complex”. At a sight of parents or other familiar people the kid in 4 months smiles, rejoices, actively moves hands and legs, gulit.
    2. Recognizes mother, allocates it among others.
    3. Smiles to the reflection.
    4. Lepet. Sometimes you can hear not only individual sounds, but also the syllables “Ma”, “Pa”, “Ba”. It's an unconscious imitation, the progenitor of future active speech.
    5. Expresses different emotions. It's not just joy and sadness anymore. Added is anger, resentment, and fear.
    6. Behaviour also becomes more differentiated. If the kid likes the game, he's happy. When she stops crying. Among the toys, he singles out his favorite ones he's ready to study with all the time.
    7. Easily identifies the source of sound by turning his head to it. The child is beginning to perceive music. Reacts well to a rhythmic or melodic song.
    8. Concentrates, listens to the sound of his name.
    9. Begins to feel his body in space, gets acquainted with it. It's funny to look after a baby who looks closely at his hands or tentacles his legs. Such are the children – learning through the game.
    10. Eye in the infant is almost at the adult level. The child can already distinguish between several colors – red, yellow and blue.

    No need to tire the child with multicolor toys. The large number of colors and shades strain the eyesight and put a lot of strain on the nervous system.

    Breast-feeding remains the same in the baby's diet. Breast applications are reduced, the feeding mode is lowered.

    Lactation crisis of the third month is behind, breast milk is produced strictly according to the feeding schedule. The tingling and swirling sensation of milk doesn't bother the nursing mother as much anymore.

    If the mother only breast-feeds the baby, no food is given at this age. It can be added with water in case of fever, vomiting and diarrhea in the child and in conditions of heat.

    In the case of artificial feeding it is allowed to introduce diluted juices into the diet. The digestive system of the artist is already quite ready for their digestion.

    Please read the detailed and informative article of the children's doctor, which answers the common parental question, when the baby can be given juice

    Why not rush with juicing? Introduction of juices may cause regurgitation due to acidification of the internal environment of the stomach.

    After sweet juices, the baby may refuse to taste what he or she considers to be unhealthy vegetables or porridge.

    As recommended by the WHO, complementary feeding should be given no sooner than 4 and no later than 6 months. The exact date is determined individually by readiness signs:

    • the baby's interest in adult food;
    • the baby holds his head well, sits securely or with support;
    • when food (not milk or formula) enters the mouth does not push it out;
    • doubling the weight from the moment of birth;
    • the baby holds the spoon and tries to put it in the mouth;
    • the appearance of the first teeth.

    Sleep and Day Mode

    Sleeps a child most of the day – about 15 hours. Of these, the night's sleep takes 10. The rest of the time is distributed among the three days.

    In most cases, the baby doesn't sleep all night long. He wakes up several times for milk or formula feeding.

    Today this phrase is replicated, fashionable, topical.

    But all the simplest games, communication, explanations and tactile contact can be called educational.

    • massage and gymnastics. Can be used separately or together. Massage is useful after waking up and before bathing. Gymnastics consists of passive movements (bends, bends) of the baby's limbs, flips and stimulation of crawling by pressing your fingers on the child's heels. It's a good fit with this process, too. The course complex is simple and the information is easy to find on the internet;
    • maximum tactile contact. He's vital to the baby. Carry the child on your hands, in the sling, breastfeed, gently stroking the baby;
    • toys. A toy park for a child of 4 months is much wider than, for example, for a monthly child. In addition to rattles, teethers are added, because the baby really wants to pull everything in his mouth and chew on the itchy gums. The baby will be interested to try different texture fabric bags filled with buckwheat, semolina, peas and small balls. The development mat becomes a treasure trove of sensations. Here, too, are the colours, different tactile sensations of the fabric hanging over the head of the toys, which must be grabbed, a mirror in which it is very interesting to look and recognize oneself;
    • speech communication. Kids are great copycats. The more often they hear the sounds of speech, the easier it will be for them to master it;
    • poetry, humor. Everybody knows from childhood “The Forty Crow”, “The Cosa Rogataya”, “Okay” and others. The child also likes the rhythmic sound accompanied by the action of bathing, finger gymnastics, dressing, tickling, stroking;
    • “Ku-ku”. At first glance, it's a simple game to entertain the baby. In fact, through the action the child gets the message that the parent, when leaving the field of vision, then always comes back. On this basis, the baby's trust in the world is formed.

      When to worry?

      There is a certain mandatory list of what a child can do in 4 months. Parents need to know that

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