The child was bitten by a bee – what to do

What to do if the child was bitten by a bee

The child was bitten by a bee - what to doDon't panic!

What if a child is bitten by a wasp or bee? The important thing is that the adults around you don't start panicking. Otherwise, they'll only make the baby even more upset. Most often the most “terrible” troubles for your child will be swelling and pain, which will soon pass. But it too quite enough to have a rest on the nature has been spoiled at all surrounding people.

Strashilki with which the Internet dazzles, tell about terrible consequences of bites of insects and calmness, certainly, will not add.

It should be noted that complex reactions in the form of severe allergic edema, respiratory arrest, of course, occur, but very rarely and almost always in adults.

For this reason, one should not think that if a child is stung by an wasp, there will be a similar outcome. If a child has been bitten by an wasp, it is the toxins in the poison that will cause swelling and discomfort, not allergies. There will be inflammation, pain, but no fever, no allergic rash.

By the way, there are two types of wasps. Paper wasps are the most common. They sting painfully, but tolerably.

But the road appearance of this insect bites so much that an adult can not hold back, will cry in pain. They have a long body, brown or black coloring.

Pain shock at their bite is provided to both adult and child. But road wasps are much less common than paper wasps.

Symptoms

If a wasp or bee stings in the finger, the local reaction will be swelling. Elsewhere, the swelling will become stronger.

Besides, the body's first reaction to the bite is:

  • sharp pain, burning;
  • place of bite quickly turns red, swells.

Higher symptoms (rash, fever, etc.) are most often indicative of an allergic reaction to wasp poison, so it is best not to waste time and seek medical attention.

If the child is healthy, such symptoms will disappear in a few days.

If the wasp stung your child for the first time, no allergies will likely occur in subsequent contact with the insect.

How can I help?

First aid in case of an insect bite requires your quick action.

  1. Remove the sting. Wasps don't leave him in their victims' bodies, but bees, on the contrary, part with him. They've got it with serrated teeth. It can be removed with tweezers. It is necessary to fix the arm of the infant or even older child and pull out the sting carefully. Do not squeeze out the poison, otherwise the infection will get into the wound.
  2. To prevent the spread of the poison in the body and avoid strong allergic reactions (especially if wasps or bees are bitten, not just one insect), the victim should be given as much liquid (tea, sweet water).
  3. How first aid for an insect bite can a hot-water bottle with cold water, a wet towel, and ice wrapped in tissue be used: this will slow down the spread of poison in the body.
  4. For an older child, use a cloth soaked in soda solution (1 tsp of soda per 1 tbsp), put it in place of the bite (finger, neck, stomach, legs) for 20 minutes. It is also possible to use ammonia or soapy alcohol.
  5. Antihistamines will prevent allergic reactions, special gels will remove swelling and pain.

Lemon juice will help relieve bite symptoms

How quickly can pain and swelling be removed?

How can some plants and fruits help relieve pain and swelling? For example, a lemon juice compress will relieve pain and swelling. The same effect can be achieved if you put half of the peeled bulb, tomato or garlic, sliced apple in place. The insect poison is an alkali, so you can neutralize its action with acid.

Fresh parsley leaves crumbled into porridge, dandelion juice is recommended when bitten.

After the bite, the child should be given special baby medication. The “wound” site is treated with balm sprays. They'll reduce the itching. Pain medication can only be given after consultation with a doctor.

What can't we do?

If a child has been stung by a bee or wasp, help shouldn't be aimed at squeezing out the poison. If you try to suck it out or squeeze it out, you only contribute to the rapid spread of toxins in the body.

If there are no symptoms of allergic reactions listed above, you should not use antihistamines. Adult ointments can cause much more serious complications than the bite itself

Ossa or bee are statistically most commonly stung in the finger. It's not that scary. Much worse, when the bite falls in the baby's face or neck.

If the bite falls into the neck, face, throat, behind the ear, it is necessary to carefully monitor the baby's condition and at the slightest suspicion of allergies to go to the doctor. Swelling can make breathing difficult.

And if the bite has fallen into the mucous membrane of the eye, only a doctor can help (call an ambulance or take the child to the hospital on your own).

Be careful when going for a walk, a picnic, out of town. Don't leave your little ones unattended! And be sure to bring a first aid kit with medication that will help you when you bite a bee or wasp. Health to you and your kids!

Source:

First aid in case of bee bite to child: 4 degrees of severity, 10 doctor's recommendations

In summer-spring, it is not uncommon to seek medical attention for bee stings from an allergist-immunologist. Allergies to insect bites are very insidious and dangerous due to their lightning speed and severity of consequences for the child's body. That's why all parents need to have first aid skills.

Bees belong to the Apidae family, a group of membrane winged bees. Females have a sting with jagged teeth that remains in the victim's body after the sting. Bees sting only when protected.

The allergenic poison is absorbed into the bloodstream and quickly spreads throughout the body, causing a toxic or allergic reaction in predisposed individuals. The lethality at anaphylactic reactions reaches 80 %. Cause of death is a sharp drop in blood pressure, collapse, anaphylactic shock.

Bee venom as an allergen

Bees produce a poison containing low-molecular weight compounds – apamine, melitin, phosphatases, esterases, amines.

The latter increase vascular permeability and provoke edema. The poisonous protein compounds cause a toxic reaction. Enzymes enhance the allergic process. More than half of the dry residue of bee venom is melitin.

All in small doses it is capable of infecting nerves and cells. The MCD peptide causes histamine to be released from the affected cells. Apamine blocks nerve impulses.

The main allergens are referred to as the main allergens:

  • phospholipases A and B;
  • hyaluronidase;
  • melittin;
  • pamin;
  • MCD peptide.

How does a child's allergic reaction to a bee sting appear?

You must understand that the reaction to a bee sting can be either local or systemic. Systemic reactions are particularly severe and unpredictable.

A child with a strong local reaction at the site of stinging has a swelling of more than 10 cm in diameter, the baby may be worried about itching and painful bite.

System reactions are subdivided into 4 degrees of severity:

  • at the first degree there is hives with pronounced itching, which spread quickly over the child's body. The kid is very scared, sluggish and weak;
  • second degree. In addition to urticaria (itchy blisters), there is swelling of the face, lips, eyelids, hands. The child may feel difficulty breathing, nausea. There may be digestive disorders in the form of liquefaction and increased frequency of stools, abdominal pain;
  • in the third degree of severity of the insectic allergy there is dyspnea, noisy breathing due to swelling of the larynx;
  • the heaviest degree of systemic allergic reaction is characterized by a drop in blood pressure, loss of consciousness.

Rarely observed unusual reactions in the form of hemorrhagic vasculitis, serum disease, heart, kidney, and nervous system damage.

Blood tests can show a decrease in platelet count, clotting disorders, anemia.

What do I do if a child is bitten by a bee?

  1. If a child is bitten by a bee, I have to get the sting out as soon as possible. Tip! Sorry, take it out carefully, without squeezing it. For this purpose, you can use a fingernail, a pin.
  2. In the case of stinging in the limb, you can apply a tourniquet above the bite to stop the poison from entering the bloodstream.

  3. After, your actions depend on whether or not your child has had an allergy and whether or not he or she is allergic.
  4. If you have a history of being overwhelmed, you should immediately call the SOC team.

  5. Before an ambulance arrives, parents need to follow the recommendations of their allergist in case of a bee sting.

    It is important! A child who has ever had a systemic allergic reaction to an insect bite remains at lifetime risk of developing an anaphylactic shock when stung by a bee.

    These patients are usually advised to carry an adrenaline pen with them. The prescription for this drug is prescribed by the doctor.

    Partners should be able to inject the drug into the direct hip muscle in case of emergency. The adrenaline dose depends on the child's body weight and is 0.1 ml/kg. Do not administer a dose greater than 0.3 ml.

  6. If this is the first time that your child has had an allergic reaction to bee sting with swelling and urticaria, call an ambulance immediately.
  7. Before the arrival of the ambulance, the antihistamine drug Suprastin, Zodac, Xysal, Phoenistyl.

can be given to the child

How can we provide first aid in the event of a severe local allergic reaction?

In case of rapidly growing swelling, local blockers of histamine receptors in the form of gels (Psilo-balsam, Phoenistyl gel) can be used in the place of stinging.

If a seal appears at the bite site, the creams with glucocorticosteroids – Locoid, Advantan, Elochom – are used. Taking antihistamine medication in a short course wouldn't be superfluous.

References for allergologist-immunologist consultation:

  • Expressed local undesirable reactions to insect bites;
  • Episodes of asphyxiation, urticaria, loss of consciousness to bee stings, wasps and other insects.

Insecticable allergy?

Bee and wasp bites are often the cause of life-threatening conditions, and a treatment method has been developed to eliminate this type of hypersensitivity forever.

From the age of 5, children in clinics in Europe and the United States receive allergen-specific immunotherapy with the bee venom allergen.

In Russia, this method of treatment is not widespread, as there are no patented allergens for treatment.

For the production of industrial allergens, bee poisons are obtained by electrostimulation with the addition of human albumin for stabilization. The effectiveness of ASYT therapy is 90%.

Recommendations for patients with insect bite allergy

  1. The most effective method of treatment of insecticide allergy is to avoid contact with insects. It is forbidden to be near apiaries, landfills and other bee stockyards. However, it is difficult to avoid this in summer and spring.

  2. When leaving the country, use insect repellents.
  3. In summer, take antihistamines in the dosage prescribed by the doctor in particularly severe cases of allergies, if contact with insects can not be avoided.

  4. By yourself you should have a first-aid kit with an anti-shock kit (prescribed by your doctor).
  5. Bring with you “Passport of the patient with allergic disease” indicating the type of allergy, diagnosis, list of drugs.

  6. Honey, propolis, royal jelly and other beekeeping products are prohibited.
  7. No penicillin antibiotics, B vitamins, iodine-containing drugs are recommended in patients with insecticide allergy.
  8. No walking on the grass barefoot, no eating outside.

  9. In the season of departure of bees, you should not use any strongly smelling cosmetics, especially perfume.
  10. a child with an insecticide allergy should be under the supervision of an allergist and immunologist for a long time.

Tip

In the high season of insect activity, it is essential to have a first-aid kit with you:

  • . The composition of the first aid kit: Prednisolone 25 mg in ampoules, Clémastin 2 ml, syringes, Adrenaline.
  • passport of allergy sufferers.

To prevent an unpleasant encounter with a bee walking on the street, watch your child. Especially if the baby eats something sweet or dressed in bright clothes, it is the bee bite that is most likely to provoke the bee sting. If your child was stung by a bee, don't panic. Timely help is a guarantee of your baby's health.

Source: http://kemfarmfab.ru/bez-rubriki/chto-delat-esli-rebenka-ukusila-pchela.html

First aid in case of bee bite to child: 4 degrees of severity, 10 doctor's recommendations

Child bit by a bee - what to do

Last update of the article: 20.04.2018

In summer and springtime, it is not uncommon to seek medical attention for bee bites from an allergic immunologist. Allergies to insect bites are very insidious and dangerous due to their lightning speed and severity of consequences for the child's body. That's why all parents need to have first aid skills.

Bees belong to the Apidae family, a group of membrane winged bees. Females have a sting with jagged teeth that remains in the victim's body after the sting. Bees sting only when protected.

The allergenic poison is absorbed into the bloodstream and quickly spreads throughout the body, causing a toxic or allergic reaction in predisposed individuals. The lethality at anaphylactic reactions reaches 80 %. Cause of death is a sharp drop in blood pressure, collapse, anaphylactic shock.

What to do if a bee bites

Baby bit by a bee - what to do

In spring-summer, the insect life cycle reaches its peak. Bees collect nectar by obtaining food and performing the function of pollination of plants.

A small bee delights the child and is respected by adults. But everything changes when she leaves her sting under the skin.

In doing so, she instinctively defends herself and dies. The poison that comes under the skin with the sting is spreading in the blood. Depending on the individual's reaction, the consequences vary. The presence of redness and slight swelling of the damaged area is considered normal.

After a few days the tumor begins to decrease. It's accompanied by a slight itchiness of the skin. Allergic reactions may occur, up to and including anaphylactic shock.

Low-knowledge may mistakenly identify bee and wasp bites. First, wasps don't leave stings and can sting many times. A hard-working bee can only bite once, leaves her “tool” and dies. Second, the character of wasps is more aggressive than that of bees.

Bee stings

Bee's “buzzing injury” increases in the following situations:

  • Fresh scent of perfume, alcohol, spices. During the rest in nature, in the countryside, in the beekeeper's house, avoid unnecessary “fragrance”.
  • Wrong behavior in the vicinity of an interested bee: waving hands, screaming, trying to kill her. It would be rational to “freeze” with your head covered, or to hide quietly indoors. No need to try to escape!This increases her aggressiveness.
  • Finding her apiary near a beehive. A buzzing worker may even accidentally find herself in the trajectory of her departure from the “house”. Beginners of beekeepers should wear long sex clothing, a mask and tall gloves. The accompaniment of a specialist in this case is obligatory.
  • Honey weaving in bees in the surrounding area. During this period, even the kindest of them turn into attacking aggressors. Knowing your neighbor's honey fence, it's better not to go out for days, stick to safety rules.
  • “Barefoot” walks in nature, in the countryside, especially in the presence of apiaries nearby. Old or damaged honeywinners don't fly anymore. As they complete their life cycle, they crawl on the ground. You could accidentally step on it with your foot. There is a high risk of this situation for children. It is greatly increased after the beekeeper's examination or the pumping out of the honey.

The small worker bee has an individual protection mechanism. It includes a stinging needle and associated poisonous glands. In a quiet state, the tip is hidden in her body. If the opponent is another insect, the duel will not be fatal for the honey extractor. When interacting with animals and humans, their small notches are stuck in the victim's face. The longer the “poisonous instrument of protection” is under the skin, the deeper it gets, the more poisonous it gets into the bloodstream. Trouble also increases the risk of inflammation of the bite site due to the presence of a foreign body in the skin.

With the aim of minimizing the negative effects, it is important to quickly and carefully remove the “tip”, disinfect the wound and provide first aid.

Jalo has gained a known look and functionality during the evolution. Prehistoric bees had a tube in his place through which they laid eggs.

All the more often, adults know how their body reacts to the bee sting. The situation with the child has an unknown outcome. In any case, the initial actions must be carried out quickly. The degree of spread of toxic substances in the victim's blood depends on it.

  1. To get rid of the sting immediately. Better to do it with sterile tweezers or clean, disinfected hands. It's important that there's no residue under the skin. Otherwise, and if the wound is contaminated with dirt, inflammation is inevitable.
  2. Pure cloth or gauze is impregnated with ammonia or ethyl alcohol, vinegar, soda or manganese solution. Apply to the wound. Hold as long as possible, repeatable. This minimizes pain, disinfects and slows down swelling.
  3. Maybe wash the damaged area with soap (72% is better for the laundry room) and apply ice.

How to treat and what to smear: medicines, ointments and gels

If the skin is itchy, you can try to remove it. We need to anoint phenystil gel, psilobalm, hydrocortisone ointment. How much and how to lubricate, read the instructions. Important condition: Do not scratch the inflamed area!

Ointment of phenystil gel

  • In case of risk of severe allergies, take antihistamine agent. Some allergists have a syringe and a suitable drug to inject.
  • Healthy drinking and bed rest.
  • Control body temperature. In case of chills without fever, take a soothing or anti-stress medication. In case of fever, drink antipyretic.
  • Control pulse and blood pressure.
  • In case of a strong allergic reaction, see a doctor immediately.
  • Spiritual Breathing and performing an indirect heart massage if necessary.

Bite to the head or neck is much more dangerous than a bite to the arm or leg, for example.

So, if an individual reacts normally to bee venom, the degree of allergies increases in this situation.

Symptomatic exacerbation is caused by the presence of a large number of blood vessels, including large ones, lymph nodes, nerve endings and vital points. Stinging to the neck or head can lead to severe weakness, rapid heartbeat and breathing, fever, urticaria, neuritis, cramps and even Swinke's edema.

The latter is fraught with the risk of upper respiratory tract asphyxiation. For the same reason, it is dangerous for the sting to get into the soft tissue of the tongue, especially for young children.

An urgent request for specialized medical care.

Bite in the eyelid, at first glance, does not seem to threaten anything but swelling. The eye could swell. The result can be severe eye disease that causes vision loss.

These include eye, mucous membrane, purulent inflammation of the eye tissue, cataract, and glaucoma.

Eye swelling by bite

If such a dangerous situation arises, cannot be delayed, use folk methods and hope that “it will pass itself”.

Treatment and observation by a professional ophthalmologist.

How to remove the tumor and swelling

Bite to other parts of the body is not so dangerous, but the consequences are individual. In addition to the harms causing bee stinging in the facial zone, it also causes a number of cosmetic problems.

This causes severe swelling of the lip, nose, cheek, chin and ear with the corresponding “injury”. Trouble makes you postpone meetings and events. The situation with the female sex looks especially painful.

Averagely, the tumor lasts 2-3 days. Its reduction leads to unpleasant itching, as in the healing of any other wound.

Supports the timely use of the appropriate cold compressor, alternating use of several local antipyretics (e.g. alcoholic lotions alternating between sodas), ice, antihistamines and anti-inflammatory folk remedies (e.g. herbal tea) reduces swelling and speeds up recovery.

If a bee bit a child

The danger of primary contact with a bee is the unknown reaction of the child's body and its helplessness. Most often, there is no acute allergy.

When going on vacation or outdoors, it is good to have a first-aid kit with children's antihistamine, anti-allergenic and anti-inflammatory ointment, ethyl or ammonia alcohol for compresses.

Consequences of a child bite

Also citric acid or a dissolved aspirin tablet will do. Well, if you have a special product that temporarily protects against insect bites. However, in the situation with the child, it is necessary to use it very carefully, in small doses, avoiding the application to the hands and face. Don't forget to read the contraindications.

There are cases when allergies are very intense. There is a likelihood of shock, which is accompanied by a worsening of breathing and pulse, pale skin, along with swelling, cold sweat, loss of consciousness.

When a shock occurs, the following actions are performed:

  1. Extract the sting, make a cold compress.
  2. On the possibility of to impose a tourniquet with the time of this action. The aim of the operation is to prevent the spread of toxic substances through the blood system.
  3. Call Escape.
  4. To ensure Bedding with the rule of “feet above head”, to provide air access.
  5. If the poison gets into the mouth and onto the mucous membranes, rinse thoroughly with water.
  6. Damaged area of the poison Beat with adrenaline dissolved in saline solution at a ratio of 1 to 10. When injecting adrenaline intramuscularly, a permissible dosage of 0.1 ml/year should be observed, and it is not allowed to inject more than 0.5 ml/yearly,

If it is known that the child is allergic, the safety rules should be observed in the open.

It is necessary to have soft clothes that fit tightly and cover the body as much as possible, to wear a headdress, not to walk barefoot, to use a protective device carefully, to be extremely careful and attentive during games and food consumption. In order to prevent dangerous situations special vaccinations can be carried out.

Treatment with folk remedies at home

Home helpers and herbal remedies are excellent for primary and subsequent actions to reduce swelling and inflammation.

  • Cold compresses. Citric acid or aspirin can be used. Grinded activated charcoal will do. Cold compress
  • Bags using mint, parsley, plantain, dandelion, onion or garlic. Peppermint has cooling and anti-inflammatory properties. Grinded parsley together with plantain leaf, dandelion juice disinfects well and reduces local fever. These herbs are always in the countryside or in the bosom of nature. Juice of onions or garlic together with flesh reduce swelling, decontaminate the bite site
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