2-3 year olds: learning to draw
Drawing for 2-3 year olds: how to teach a child to draw
Start the creative development of the baby should be from 6 months. At this time, the baby is not yet able to come up with something on his own, but gladly repeats the movement for his mother, rejoices at the first success.
But it is especially important to draw for 2-3 year olds when they already understand what they should do and try to follow the instructions of an adult.
That's why at this age creative “lessons” with their mother should be conducted on a regular basis.
On the benefits of drawing
Undoubtedly, the early learning of drawing will have an extremely beneficial effect on the baby. It makes the child more emotional, forms and develops a sense of beauty, stimulates diligence, perseverance and imagination. Also, such fascinating “lessons” contribute:
- thinking and memory development;
- to overcome difficulties;
- to communicate with adults;
- understanding of the objective;
- development of fine motor skills and sensorimotor coordination, which, in turn, is useful for the development of speech.
The child learns to hold the brush correctly, which strengthens his fingers and palm and prepares him for writing. Simultaneously with the drawing lessons, the preschooler gets acquainted with flowers and remembers their names. The conditions are created for the development of an inquisitive and creative personality who wants to understand the world around him, to create something new.
In addition, the joint creativity of mother and baby helps to strengthen their emotional relationship. Experts have proved that working with paints helps to get rid of negative emotions of both the child and mother. That's why drawing can and should be done.
Rules for organizing the session
In her manual “Padding and drawing with children of 2-3 years old” Darya Koldina advises to focus on the following principles of lesson design.
- Ot simple to complex.
- The key task is to instill a love of drawing, so you can't strictly dictate to the baby what to do and how to do it. Better to help, to tell him, rather than to impose his will.
- Maintaining the child's interest through various forms and methods.
- The constant use of new tasks.
- Children love to listen to fairy tales, are sympathetic to the main characters, which should be used to motivate them. So, if the task “draw a circle” to the kid is not interesting, it is not clear and will be executed, most likely, without pleasure, the formulation “let's help the fantastic character, we will represent for it magic apples” will give a concrete installation. And a responsive little one will try to help.
- Combine drawing with reading a child poems, funny stories, small fairy tales, as well as active and role-playing games. All this will help to create the right attitude.
Lessons are better spent once or twice a week for no more than 10 minutes to teach a child to draw and not to bore them.
A parent is required to show patience, a sincere desire to teach a child new things, a willingness to be sensitive to the changing state of the baby.
It's important to support the baby anyway: praise him if he's doing well, cheer him up if the result isn't good yet.
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For the best success in teaching the basic drawing techniques of babies 2-3 years old, you need to follow this sequence.
- Getting to know paints, brushes and other creative materials.
- Mimic. At this stage, the parent prepares the background and formulates the task in advance, while the child should repeat it. It can be a painting lesson: the mother paints the road and the car moving along it, paints only part of the “road” with brown, giving the child the option of clearing the path of snow so that the car can pass. The child learns not to leave the contour with a pencil or a brush, to act accurately.
- Big independence. The child tries to implement his own plan on paper or to fulfill an adult's request.
Sometimes it is difficult for the child to make the necessary movements, then the reception “hand in hand” will come to the aid: the mother takes the child's hand in her own and controls it. Gradually, adult participation should be reduced.
Resue with children aged 2-3 years old, mothers will have to show imagination, use the most non-standard methods and techniques to ensure that the child does not lose interest.
There are plenty of colors that can help turn every activity into fun.
- Finger paint.
- Normal watercolor with a set of tassels.
- Chalk. They can be used to draw on the asphalt during a walk – both fun and useful.
- Wax pencils.
- Flomasters and markers.
- Prints that are immersed in ink or ink and leave a shaped impression on the paper. It's easy to paint.
- This is just a sponge for washing dishes. An adult pre-circumcises them to the desired size, the child will immerse the instrument in paint and use this unusual “brush” to paint the background.
When choosing the surface for the children's future drawing, you can also experiment.
- A4 sheet of paper is the easiest, most familiar and therefore most popular canvas for a young artist's work.
- This board, on which you can draw with crayons and then erase what you draw, also helps to correct possible mistakes.
- Watman sheet on the floor (it will be successfully replaced by a piece of white wallpaper), will help to create a large composition. This “large-scale drawing” is very useful for the development of a child's thinking.
- Adorned or purchased for this purpose, a monochrome T-shirt.
No limits to the flight of fancy – the most important thing is that the baby himself gets real pleasure from what he does. It is also very interesting to offer collective creativity, giving several children the opportunity to create a large-scale canvas, which will help them to learn how to work in a team.
How to teach the basics
The easiest way to start learning is to draw with a poke. This will require a large brush with a short pile, as well as a thick gouache.
Parent prepares the background – it may be a green meadow, on which the baby will put a bright yellow stakes – flowers, clouds from which it will rain – blue spots, schematic image of houses – on this background, the child will be able to draw a multicolored salute.
You can draw a Christmas tree, the child's task is to decorate it with all kinds of balls.
Then the mother shows the baby an example and then gives him a brush and paint, tells him to help with words. You'd better make the first poke together by taking the baby's hand in yours. Using fingers, it is easy to draw dots – rain droplets.
The task becomes more complicated further, the child needs to show how to draw with soaking. For this purpose, the paint is typed on the brush, and then the prints are transferred to the sheet of paper: traces of animals on the snow, leaves on the trees, various ornaments. A child in his or her 2-year-old years of age can handle this.
Printing stamps is even more interesting. A foam sponge, cotton swab or even a child's finger is used as a stamp.
It can also be cut out of potatoes or carrots and shaped. The child immerses a stamp in the paint, and then puts on a sheet of paper print.
In this technique, you can draw beautiful beads, starry sky, snowman, decorate the New Year tree.
Better and more complex tasks
When the child is a postgame, you can start learning how to draw straight lines and geometric shapes. The adult shows how to do it, and the baby repeats it. To make the process less boring, it is important to organize the lesson correctly.
For this purpose, an adult draws an animal (or glues a picture) on one side of the sheet, and on the other – his favorite treat. After that, he proposes to “feed” the animal by drawing a line from animal to food.
You can also draw a few houses where different fairytale characters live, and ask the baby to hold the lanes on which the characters will visit each other.
In 2-3 years old, children are happy to paint, so parents can prepare special pictures to make them colored, keeping the contours. Finally, you can safely use stencils that your baby will be circling, and then paint.
These forms of work are very good for improving fine motor skills. Most children learn how to circle the contours closer to 3 years of age, but at 2, you can also include stencils in creative activities.
For example, suggest that the baby paint the interior with a small roller and paint.
At this age, you can show the baby how to use the eraser to correct the draw. To do this, an interesting story is played out, for example: we drew a path, but it was winter, the snow fell out, and the entire path became white. Telling the story, the adult erases the pencil line, then lets the child do the same.
All early childhood learning should be done in a playful manner, and drawing is therefore as diverse as possible.
- Fine motor skills should be improved by inviting your child to draw with a finger on a table of flour or mank. Positive emotions are guaranteed!
- Summer you can draw crayons on the stones, improving the useful skill even on the walk.
- Children enjoy decorating puff pastry products, which is much more interesting than working with traditional coloring books.
- Painting with colored ice will cheer both mother and baby. It is necessary to freeze water of various colours prepared with a simple watercolour beforehand, and afterwards – to offer the child a sheet of watman on which it by means of “paints” can represent figures or lines.
Education of a young artist will bring joy to both himself and his parents, but the main thing is to remember that a child should have fun, develop.
Therefore, you should not scold him for failure, let alone shout or get nervous. Such behavior of a “mentor” will only make it impossible to continue striving for the beautiful.
Much more effective to help the child, to give him/her a hint, to enjoy the successes, albeit insignificant.
Drawing with children under 3 years of age: not learning, but self-expression
25 05 2015 N.Leikin While there are no comments
I get a lot of questions about when it is time to teach children to draw, show them how to draw a house, sunshine, tell them that the grass is green and the sky is blue. You don't have to teach children to draw until they're 8-9 years old! And what do you have to do, you will learn from this article.
As a rule, we adults do not pay much attention to children's cala-palas and try to push the child to depict real objects.
Adults want children to start depicting something real as soon as possible: a circle, a square, a triangle, a cloud, houses, grass.
We don't know that we are blocking the development of children's ability to speak a visual language, the ability to draw.
It's like this, before you and I go on a journey into the world of the first children's drawings, I want to emphasize the essential differences between drawings of adults and children.
Adults depict reality, a real object, in their drawings. Children up to 7-8 years of age pass on their feelings from the subject, express their mental world outside. The child doesn't seem to be interested, he draws his impression of the object. Usually it is a tactile, motor and visual experience.
Long sword at the knight, so it is perceived by a child of 3.5 years old.
Cat: a long body and tail, which the child often strokes. Three years. Tactile sensation.
Let's take a closer look at the first children's drawings of kala-mael. It should be noted that this is a very important period! And it is often at this stage that our children's drawing is blocked. And then, as a rule, adults who cannot draw or draw patterns (sunshine, flowers, house, grass) grow up out of them.
The period of kala-mala or doodle painting has its own names: chaotic scribbles, circular scribbles, developed scribbles.
1. Chaotic scribbles
The first mastering of the visual language begins before one year, when the baby takes a pencil in his hands and starts poking them into the leaves, rejoicing that leaves traces. These are the first scribbles.
At this point, the child can look at the sides, at the mother and continue to poke. He gets chaotic scribbles.
And they appear when a child makes a discovery: he can leave traces in this world!
If he gives the child a sheet and pencil during this period, he will be interested in drawing the sheet with a pencil without observing the borders. At this stage, he has not yet formed a hand-to-motor coordination (eye to hand): the eyes do not watch what the hand does, and the hand acts as it turns out.
At this time, the mother can give 1 leaf and 1 tool to draw: a soft pencil or felt-tip pencil, finger paint, and if your child is still actively exploring the world through the mouth, the natural dye, such as carrot or beet juice. It is enough to give only one copy, not a scattering of pencils and felt-tip pens and the whole album. This will help the child focus on leaving traces, not trying everything to taste.
And it's important for mom to give feedback: “Wow, how great!”, “How much and how beautiful you've painted! – to give the child a positive reaction to their actions. Especially on leaving traces.
It is necessary to notice that any smearing of something in this period (often it is a porridge on a table, vegetables, macaroni) – a part of experience of leaving traces. Therefore, we react carefully to such actions, without criticism and negative emotional reactions. Just helping your child to finish his or her meal and do other things so that lunch or dinner doesn't turn into a developmental activity.
It's at this stage that leaving traces is very, very good! How to organize a drawing to be good for both you and the child, read here.
Chaotic scribbles – quite a short period of time, children will soon move to the next stage: circular scribbles.
2. Circular doodles
The baby poked, poked into the leaf, then he makes an important discovery: “I can control my movement! Wherever I want, I'll take you there!” This second discovery in drawing is closely related to mental development. Marina Ozerova writes that the circular scribbles roughly coincide with the time when the child starts spinning.
The child is very happy that he can draw CAM. And then he invents several movements: hooks, straight lines, circles, different lines. And he's starting to work on them. At this time, the child has few places to show his power, we feed him, dress him, decide for him.
And here he is the master of the movement! And there is already hand-eye coordination.
The higher the child's mental development, the more lines he or she invents! Babies with neurological problems will be very noticeable at this stage, as they develop visual-motor coordination later on.
And it is at this stage that parents are tempted to start teaching their child how to draw a square circle, a sunny house, correctly. Firstly, the display of ready-made templates leads to the blocking of the development of imaginative thinking, and in the future – to the template drawing.
Secondly, children read their mother's feedback as well: “You can't, I know how to do it right, you've got it wrong. Some parents condescendingly accept such kala-malas of their children, but still worry that there is no visual, realistic subject of drawing.
When my kids are afraid to draw (at 4-5 years old they may refuse to do so because they are afraid they won't succeed), we go back to the stage of scribbling, where the kids rediscover the opportunity to leave traces and control their movements on paper, without fear of evaluation and fear that they won't succeed, because Natasha's aunt gave the task to draw kala-mala.
Maya draws musical cala-brief
Kalala-brief, 5 years
1 year 9 months
At this stage, the mother again gives one sheet and only two felt pens, a pencil and a can of paint. Let me remind you that it's important for the child to be able to focus on the act of mastering their movements on the sheet.
Here it's important to admire the different lines: “Oh, what a mug, what a curl, what a thick line!” etc. We don't give you our associations: “Is that a bunny, bear, car and stuff?” We don't show you a pattern and we don't train you. After the child has shown you his or her cala-malla, you can say, “Draw more!”.
And what to do if the child just asks: “Mom, can you draw it?” Read the article “Drawing to a fairy tale”.
3. Developed scribbles
The 3rd stage of scribble drawing a child goes from 2 to 3 years old. It's a blessed time. “The leaf obeys me, too! I have power over space!” During this period, the child runs a lot, he learns space.
Flomasters run on the leaf. The child learns space-list, feels its edge and takes it into account in his graphic actions. “What I'm doing, I'm doing well. I know how to do it!” The child has an important compositional flair.
Period of developed scribbles is a sensual period to build a composition of the arrangement of objects on the sheet. Developed scribbles are freedom! Drawing is closely related to the body, to physical movement. Let the child move around a lot.
Developed scribbles are the stage of interpreting his or her drawings, it's the transition to visual drawing. The child in the shapeless images begins to see the meaning. At 2.5-3 years old, according to Maria Osorina, a revolution is taking place.
The child discovers that his lines, dots, mugs are similar to something. They could be something and mean something to him. This is how the child discovers the iconic drawing function.
All these circles, the spots, the spots, become elements of a graphic language with which the child begins to portray humans, animals, and even abstract ideas.
We emphasize that the imperfection of graphic forms does not prevent him from speaking in a graphic, visual language. At this stage, it's important for the child to draw whatever he wants. It's like a magical act: “Stand in front of me like a leaf in front of the grass!” And here he does a great intellectual work, he learns to see the necessary and sufficient signs of the character: man, animal, subject.
Many experts note that shyness of adults, such as fear of expressing themselves, begins here. The baby's already grown up. Adults want something specific to appear in their drawings even more, and adults often give an assessment of the drawing, and for a child it is an assessment of himself.
A child already has a self-assessment, he forms it from the feedback of significant adults. Children's drawings would be nice to take in the same way as we take in a child – certainly.
Drawing for him should be a joy! And even scribbles should be hung on the wall, admired and shown with pride to friends and acquaintances.
Pautina, where the spider crawls. 3 years
Soldiers who beat a spider. 3 years
At this stage, the mother can give several pens, pencils, crayons and sheets of different shapes: round, small, large, triangular, oval. We introduce the child to the brush and paints: gouache, watercolor. And it is at this stage that the child brings you the drawing and says, “Look – this is the car rides, the rain comes, mosquitoes fly, etc.”.
At this stage it is important not to give their associations: “Is that a wolf, a hedgehog, a hare?” We also don't give marks, “Well done, it looks like it!” You could say, “I love your hare!”
What else is important? In the period of chaotic and circular karakul to let the child play with the materials: touch, smear, clap, draw on his body.
Exposure to paint, 2 years
So the child from about 1 to 3 years of age goes through several stages of prepainting:
- Moving Authority
- Finding meaning in the drawing
- The desire to portray something
Marina Ozerova in her book reminds us that the child draws a feeling and attitude towards the object. The creation of the image is influenced by the motor channel of perception. The child draws based not on the visual image, but on tactile and motor impressions. In the process of developing imaginative thinking, it is important to let the child create his or her own drawings.
If we give ready-made templates, images, objects, then the pre-schooler's thinking does not generate its own images, we help the child to form a template thinking.
Writing is not just a popular activity. It's a way to express oneself without words, a story about experiences that are still difficult to understand, a direct transmission of one's condition through artistic means.
A child under the age of 6-7 years old is not so well developed that he or she is able to formulate and articulate what he or she feels.
Drawing gives children a chance to express their state of mind, their attitude towards something, to relive a pleasant event, or to get rid of negative emotions.
Drawing is related to the child's mental functions: imagination, perception, speech, and thinking. It develops these functions and correlates them with each other, helping the child to organize his or her views of the world.
It is important to remember that in drawing, the child uses experience gained in other activities.
The better the child plays, the more active he or she learns about the world around him or her, the better he or she draws (it does not mean that he or she portrays objects correctly, creates similar objects, and thus passes through the qualitative stages of development of children's drawing and mastering the visual language).
Wish your kids to draw with pleasure!
We invite you to the training “Secrets of children's drawings”
The article is based on the materials of Maria Osorina, Marina Ozereva, Elena Makarova, personal observations of me and my wife, a wonderful artist and teacher, Mikhail Leikin.
Books that inspire creativity with children:
1. Marina Ozerova “About children's drawing”
2. Maria Osorina “The Secret World of Children in the Adult World”
3. Elena Makarova “How to mould waxing”
Want to get as a gift a record of webinar “From kalya-mal to masterpieces!” and become an expert on the support of children's drawing? Fill out the form, and in a few minutes it will come to your mail!
How to teach a child to draw in 3 years
Radion to welcome you back to my blog. Why are different methods of developing children's creative abilities so popular now? What do they give and how do they teach a child to draw at age 3? What's the right way to teach a child how to draw? Shall we talk about this? Then let's go!
The baby can't draw
To 3 years old, my crumb of oil with a brush sheet of paint as he wanted. Picked out mostly dark colors. By the way, don't be afraid if your baby prefers darker tones. Black is the strongest color of all, so it attracts the attention of children.
First of all, finger paints are perfect. When buying, be sure to check the composition, it's important. I was guided by the price and composition, I am well acquainted with the list of natural dyes. For the initial training you can use an unnecessary piece of wallpaper or watman.
Don't forget to cover the floor with glue if you draw on the floor. I put a watman sheet on the wall, and we did it in free form. The important thing is to make the little ones interested. Some ideas from the Internet will help you to come up with a drawing plot.
Click on the picture to view it in detail
Fingers draw the simplest drawings: a circle, a square, then a flower or a tree as many times as the child asks.
Believe me, it will take very little time and he will repeat everything exactly behind you, it will look very decent and beautiful.
Moreover, drawing shapes and figures with his fingers is a kind of corrective activity, this is the best way to introduce the baby to the forms.
When the crumb has mastered the basics with paints, hand it a simple pencil with a soft neck. Your task is to teach you how to hold a pencil.
- show him how to draw ordinary lines (long and short);
- repeat what you have gone through and try to draw simple geometric shapes together.
When my child mastered these skills on his own, we switched to various benefits, which, by the way, are very helpful to modern mothers. You can buy ready-made magazines or find and print ready-made drawings from the network. My baby loved to connect straight and smooth lines on points, and then to see what happened in the end.
After a simple pencil comes the next stage – colored felt-tip pens. I'll make a correction for myself. Take those that are easy to flush with water (this information is written on the package). Kids often like to draw where they can't. You will be able to save furniture and washable wallpaper, if you notice the rock art on time.
In the first 15-20 minutes, remove, wash away the bright felt pen with a normal wet cloth is very easy (from the face, by the way, too).
It's very nice to draw with oil pastels – it doesn't get your hands dirty, it's easy to draw even the smallest one, and the drawings are no less bright than with a felt-tip pens.
But pastels are different, there are hard wax crayons and babies will have difficulty making efforts, and there are oilcrayons, they are soft and do not need to be pressed.
Sophisticated drawings: dog, butterfly, we were given quite a hard time