Educational games for children from 9 to 12 months: we develop visual perception

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Fifth month – educational games for the baby

Developing games for children from 9 to 12 months: developing visual perception

This Friday, after the exercise described earlier, let's move on to educational games that can be organized for a five-month-old child

What are the common points to consider:

  • five-month-old child is more interested in toys than people.
  • he can play by focusing on a certain object and the mother must not interfere with his actions. You can be in the vicinity and watch him without interfering in the game and be ready to offer another game when the baby is full of toys.
  • all games are well spent on the floor, pre-lined with a thick blanket or mattress to provide the best possible freedom of movement and horizon.
  • the child learns to push back obstacles on his way.
  • try to give toys that are difficult to grab (large, fingertipped edges) so that the baby can adjust to them, develop motor skills and coordinate movements.
  • if a five-month-old child loses sight of a toy, he does nothing to find it:
  • just forgets and switches to another object. It's okay (up to 7 months).

The opening word is over, let's start playing!

Catch me!

Pick a toy that makes a fuzzy squeak (mouse, pussy, bird, etc.) and try it on the baby lying on the back.

Say, “Oh! Who is it? Pussy! Catch me!” The baby is interested in reaching out to the pen – and you push it a little higher so that he can fully extend his hand over his chest to “catch” the pussy.

So play with different toys, let him learn to grab them both with his right and left hands fully extended.

The game stimulates communication, develops hand muscles, coordinates movements.

Turn after me!

Lying on the back of the baby show the forgotten or new toy – let him fix it with his eyes. Slowly move the toy up so that it does not lose its appearance and with the other hand help him to turn on his comfortable side so that the toy remained in the field of vision of the baby.

Put it on the surface and give the child the opportunity to crawl to it. You can cheer up, speak in the voice of a toy. When he gets to her and starts playing, leave him alone and let him go. Be there to suggest another game when he plays and lets the toy out of his hands.

The game helps the baby control his whole body, coordinate his movements, reach his goals.

Watching photos and pictures

Pick colorful photos or pictures of animals, objects, etc. (as few parts as possible in one picture, e.g. only a bear, only a couple of apples in a vase, etc.) Invite him to look at them in the moments of awakening, commenting on what he sees in one word: This is a bear… These are apples, and this is a vase. And so on

The game stimulates the visual analyzer, enriches the child's perception and vocabulary, which is necessary for the formation of speech.

I want to throw it away!

Many five-month old kids like to throw away (throw) anything they can get into bed with. And toys, and pacifiers, and bottles, etc.

If you treat it wrong, immediately selecting a toy for a toy, an object for an object, the game such as this can take a long time and turn into a tool to manipulate you: the baby will be specially thrown, and the mother will endlessly lift.

It's better to take a crumb in your arms and offer him a cheerful voice to grab and lift the fallen toy. Bend over together and he'll grab her with his hands.

Game develops visual, auditory, and motor coordination, understanding of the object's behavior in space (falling loudly, quietly or loudly, slowly or quickly, etc.).

Lie down with a doll!

Please give the baby lying on his stomach a doll. Place it a little away from him, shake it and sing, “We, Dunyashki, are dolls, dolls, dolls, dolls. Take the child's pen and push the toy – it will pump up and jinx (if you have a musical one). The baby will correlate his actions with its movement and sound. Let him explore the toy and play by himself.

The game teaches a five-month-old kid that his actions can have consequences (cause-effect relationships).

The toy is missing?!

Play hide-and-seek with your baby. Only if you used to hide your face in your hands, with the help of a transparent scarf, screen, etc., now it is not you who will hide the toy.

Cover your baby's favorite toy (after he's played with it a little bit) with a transparent scarf and be surprised: “Oh, where is the teddy bear (bunny, doll, etc.)” Let the baby try to steal the scarf.

If he doesn't take action, let his pen down, say mysteriously: “Here!” and pull up the scarf.

After you can make it more difficult (non-transparent fabric, screen, blanket, etc.) The game helps know that objects do not disappear anywhere, but remain in the same place, teaches you to make search movements with your eyes, pens, develops positive emotions.

Where is the cow?

Complicated version of the game with pictures and photos. Show some pictures of animals, such as cow, sheep, goat.

Show and say the names of animals and what sounds they make: “It's a cow. Mu-muh!”, “It's a sheep. When you talk, now ask, “Where's the cow? There she is! Moo-moo!” After a while, the baby will recognize and look away at the picture in response to your question.

The game enriches the vocabulary, stimulates the development of speech and knowledge about the world around you.

And can we draw?!

Five month old kid can try to paint. It's about time! These children usually paint with their fingers and their palms, and after a year they give a brush.

Paints are better to choose finger or honey (sold in stationery or in a children's shop). First you choose orange and yellow. After a week, the other – the other colors: green, red, white and blue.

And add new colors gradually and be sure to say the color.

Kid – on the lap of the parents back to their breasts. He's got a large sheet of white A3 paper and paint in front of him. Ask your baby to choose the color of the two. You can dipping your finger in paint and teach it to drive on paper simple lines or just leave traces.

Then you can mix the two colours and see what happens, then give him or her some space for creativity: you hold the child, and he or she tries to leave the different “touches and pens” on his or her own, of course, take care of the appropriate clothes, which are not sorry to get dirty, and after drawing, wash his or her hands well.

The game develops

Color perception, attention, coordination of movements of the hands, relaxation, and relaxation, and allows the child to act according to his or her inner feeling.

Maybe collect such sheets of “free first creation” of your baby and sign his or her age. In a few years, you will be pleased to look again at his attempts to paint and remember his sweet childhood. Or maybe you have a future Michelangelo or Titian? Who knows? Next time we'll talk about the sixth month – what kind of exercise you can do with it.

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If there are questions, you can ask them to me.

Source: https://detpsycholog.ru/pyatyj-mesyac-razvivayushhie-igry-dlya-malysha/

Education and games for early sensorimotor development up to 3 years

Developing games for children from 9 to 12 months: developing visual perception

The first year of a child's life is one of the most intense. The skills appear literally before our eyes, so it is important not to miss out on the opportunity to develop sensorimotor skills with the help of exercises in the first half of life and to supplement them with the first games from the moment you learn the skill of keeping your body in sitting position.

Recommendationed exercises for children under 6 months

  • When to start: from the first week of life.
  • Necessary items: bright rattles.
  • Purity: 2 times a day.
  • Time: 1-2 minutes.

Adult has a toy at a distance of 70 cm from the child's eyes.

When the child concentrates on the object, it is necessary to slowly move the rattle left and right by 5-7 cm.

Once you have mastered the skill of moving the eye behind the object, you need to complicate the exercise by moving the proposed object in different directions, closer and farther away from the crumb.

  • When to start: 2 months.
  • Necessary items: rattle garland for the crib.
  • Partiness: 2 times a day.
  • Time: 5-8 minutes.

In the crib a garland is attached at arm's length. Attract the attention of the karapuzah to the toy with a light noise. Having become interested in the proposed toy, the child will try to reach out and touch the proposed item, fix the connection between the sound of the toy and its appearance. To increase the effect periodically (at least once a week) it is necessary to replace the garland.

  • When to start: 2 months.
  • Cleanliness: 2-5 times a day.
  • Time: 1-2 minutes.

Pick your baby up under your arms. Try to attract his attention with a song or sounds. Try to keep his attention on your face.

  • When to start: 3 months.
  • Necessary items: toys of different shapes, colors, textures.
  • Cleanliness: 2 times a day.
  • Time: until the loss of interest.

The baby's hand is placed in a variety of objects that differ in color, shape, sound, surface. After studying the crumbs in the lying position on your back, place them on your tummy and place toys in front of it. Relying on the elbows, the baby will want to reach for them, try to touch them, taste them.

  • When to start: from birth.
  • Partiness: 1-2 times a day.
  • Time: 5-7 minutes.

The main way to develop psychomotor skills in the first year of life is a relaxing massage that allows the child to feel his or her body and explore opportunities. It is necessary to carry out this procedure with warm hands, lubricated with baby cream. Special attention should be paid to the baby's palms and feet: these are the points of stimulation for the development of individual organs and the brain.

From the first days of life, it is essential to activate sensorimotor skills by using speech that is addressed directly to the child in a variety of ways. Songs, bikes, bumps, simple sounds.

Closer to 6 months you can use different pictures, voicing the animals and objects depicted on them. When playing games, name items, avoid caressing words, simple form substitution.

Variants of sensor motor games from 6 months to a year

“Forty Crow,” “goat horned” and other finger games that require warm-up palms and are accompanied by rhymed stories.

Moving your fingers soaked in ink over a sheet of paper, help the crumbs to learn different colors, feel different structures of materials.

Basic moulding of dough is a good way to start as early as possible, you can additionally paint or decorate the resulting sausages, mugs. Plasticine should be injected not earlier than 11 months: it has a denser structure and is difficult to transform.

  1. Sensor cubes, mats, soft bizeboards

Filled with different groats, with different sizes of stitches, sounds and body crumbs, the items are ideal for children aged 6 months and over to develop sensomotor skills.

K 7-8 months offered cubes to build simple turrets. It's a good idea to include their soft analogues and sensory pouches along with the classic hard copies in the game. By the time you're 11-12 months old, you'll be able to offer a designer with the big details.

  1. Getting to know classical music

Music allows kids to experience new sensations, get new experience of studying the world, stimulates the work of brain neurons. The general positive influence on sensorimotorics is provided by listening to classical music and trying to express internal emotions through movement (dance).

Sensor motor skills training and games for children aged 1-2 years

Kyoungoing this year, your child is already coordinating well enough, improving large and small motor skills, distinguishing shapes, colours and tastes of different objects, but cannot name them.

During this period, the main goal of parents is to broaden their understanding of the functional affiliation of subjects, to increase the variety of activities with subjects, and to differentiate toys by weight, shape, and material in words.

It is advisable to introduce the first educational games for the development of logical thinking, to teach the creative type of game.

Bowls and designers in this period continue to play a big role, but the quality of the game increases. It is good to move from simple turrets to other forms and objects familiar to the child (house, garage, staircase, bridge).

  1. Step, drawing, applications

Since the year it is good to introduce various variants of applied creativity. Use plastic materials to develop visual, tactile and motor perception. Drawing with paints, pencils, crayons, foam to give an incentive to visual-motor skills. Simple methods of application (crumpling, tearing, gluing) develop sound, visual, tactile and motor skills.

  1. Lacing and stringing objects

Plain lacing games have a beneficial effect on coordination, train visual and motor skills.

  1. Sorters and touch panels

Depending on the items placed, different sensory skills are coordinated. Sorters are used for additional study of subjects intended for play.

  1. Games with natural materials (water, sand, pebbles, plants)

Messaging a child with natural materials has a positive effect on his or her emotional state. Offer a crumb to pour water from different vessels, build a sand slide or a figure from the mold, knock pebbles against each other, smell plants.

At the age of 1 to 2 years is listening to classical music. The use of children's musical compositions, learning simple dances and the use of children's songs provide an additional incentive for interaction between sensory sensations and motor skills. The desire of a baby to sing her favorite song indicates a general positive trend in the development of visual and sound skills.

Develop sensorimotorics with a child from 2 to 3 years of age

With sufficient attention from adults up to 2 years of age, kids of this age already have good experience in sensorimotor skills and easily respond to the proposal to explore new options. The desire to create, create fictional images appears.

Coordination and motor skills allow to introduce new variants of stimulation of sensorimotor functions into the life of crumbs. By learning the primary skills of speech, based on the experience gained, there is increased curiosity.

It is this skill that will be the main driver in the study of new knowledge.

Games for children 2-3 years old:

  1. Movable games with objects

Ball games, rope games, rope games and other objects allow to improve the acquired skills of visual and motor coordination.

By 2 years of age, the child gradually begins to move away from the subject activity to plot role-playing, the process of sensorimotor development is moving to a new level. The use of new techniques, color solutions, imaginative thinking allow us to unlock our creative potential based on our sensorimotor experience.

For even development of different skills it is good to use different types of creative activities in turn: drawing, modeling, application, origami, music.

  1. Mosaic, lacing, macramé

A topical issue for a 2-3 year old child is the focus on fine motor skills. Increasing the time spent on activities that require fingertip work is not only beneficial for this skill, but also stimulates a variety of sensory experiences.

In 2 years, you can begin to use the simplest didactic games. The majority of the store allowances are for children aged 3 and over, but they can be applied earlier, introducing rules gradually, teaching the principles of playful behavior.

  1. Music, theatre, singing, dance

For the stimulation of speech, hearing, coordination of different sensory sensations, it is good to use music (classical, children's) and dancing accompanied singing. It is advisable to pay attention to the display of emotions in front of the mirror, observations of what it looks like to sing from the outside.

Source: https://kukuriku.ru/razvitie/ranee/sensomotornoe/uprazhneniya-i-igry/

Child's sensory development

Developing games for children from 9 to 12 months: developing visual perception

For full life activities, five basic sensor systems are given to a person. These are vision, hearing, sense of smell (smell), touch (sense of touch) and taste. Sensory systems are complex mechanisms of perception, transmission, and analysis of information built from multiple nerve cells and centered in the cerebral cortex.

In the age of up to 1 year

Period from birth to 1 year is a kind of foundation or embryo on which further development of perception organs depends.

Eye

Eye

The development of visual perception in children is a complex process, depending even on the course of pregnancy and the correctness of the birth.

dangerouslyIf the child has suffered a birth trauma, brain hypoxia, various neurological diseases associated with intrauterine oxygen starvation, and then received more than 24 hours of oxygen therapy, there is a possibility of developing in the baby such a formidable complication as retinopathy – varying degrees of retinal failure and even retinal detachment.

Oxygen has a toxic effect on vision, but sometimes it is considered a vital treatment and cannot be abandoned.

Detecting a suspicion of retinopathy requires mandatory consultation with an ophthalmologist to consider the treatment of the eyes of your carapus.

In healthy babies' eyesight also has a number of features:

  1. In the first days of life, the baby rarely opens his eyes because the bright lights are not very pleasant.
  2. Before he begins to perceive the world as a blurry picture, where there are only three or four colors: yellow, red, blue and green. Closer to half a year, he distinguishes between black, brown and white.
  3. The objects and images are perceived flat, not in the form of a three-dimensional image.
  4. Also children under 3 months of age are characterized by physiological short-sightedness (they see objects only at a short distance), then visual acuity improves and by the year the child sees at a distance of one meter.

Hearing, smell and taste

Hearing crumbs up to a year old are also imperfect. He is insensitive to the perception of background sounds, does not hear the tonality well enough, but he perceives speech well enough. Over time, closer to the year, the baby becomes more sensitive and subtle.

Taste and smell are also distorted. There are suggestions that the baby attributes the flavor qualities of food to its color, and smells only those that come from the mother and milk, but closer to the year the perception becomes more full-scale. Up to a year it is difficult for a child to perceive the space in volume, and all that is new to him, he studies through his body.

Childhood development from 1 to 2 years

From 1 to 2 years of age, children become more sensitive:

  1. The objects are perceived as voluminous and the first sensations are felt as high, far, or near. The child also continues to explore the world through his own body and comparing its size with other objects.
  2. Sight also continues to improve, increasing its sharpness, more colors, shapes (with the obligatory tactile addition in the study).
  3. The child's hearing becomes much thinner, it is easier than it was in the first year of life, wakes up from sounds, noise technology.
  4. The child's taste preferences appear, so feeding him with healthy porridge becomes a difficult task, because once he tries a tasty banana or sweet chocolate candy, he will ask for his favorite product.
  5. Favorite delicacies of the baby is already distinguished by the smell, and from the unloved refuses, even without trying.
  6. Osobo actively develops touch. The kid tries to feel everything, stroke, pull, shoving, which gives him an idea of the qualitative and quantitative properties of objects.

Sensory development of younger preschoolers

informationFrom 2 to 4 years old, the child directs his interest to the study of the form, volume, size, properties, ratio of objects and phenomena.

This is a little kidney that is interested in absolutely everything that happens around it, with obligatory sticking to mom or dad asking “why?”, “why?”, “where?”, etc.

Hearing

All three years ago, the tonality, the voices, and the background are already subject to hearing. He enjoys learning songs, learning his favorite melodies, singing, dancing, beating rhythm.

Sensory development of preschool children

Sensory development of preschool children is the consolidation of previously acquired knowledge with further qualitative improvement.

AdvancedChildren perceive colors, sounds, flavors, smells, but the touch still continues to evolve, as not all children are neat and coordinated in their movements.

Closer to the age of 7, the child's sensory systems are almost no different from those of adults. But it's essential to keep all the analysers hygienic so that they don't get sick.

Maybe irregularities

Don't forget that malfunctions of the analysers are a common problem for children that can affect anyone.

Matter of fact

If you have noticed that your child has deviations from the development standards mentioned above, it is worth asking for help immediately.

After all, the early elimination of the source of the disease and related pathologies is the key to the successful resolution of many problems. For example, with a child's strabismus developing, the problem can be cardinally corrected in a very short period of time, if you notice the “floating” eyelet.

Games and exercises for sensory development

For the development of touch, vision, differentiation and comparison, it is suggested that the child be strung around a ring of different sizes:

  • children under 2 years old collect these pyramids inconsistently;
  • children over 3 years old put wider rings on the bottom and those smaller in diameter on the tops;
  • 4 year olds have no problem threading rainbow rings, and they call it which color follows which one.

May also choose toys with small balls, sand, etc. – This massages the baby's fingers and arouses his or her interest in learning.

  • Sight, imagery, touch and feel also develops the arrangement of similar and different objects, things of an adult and a child.
  • Hearing will help develop fairy tale reading with an emphasis on changing tones, as well as listening to music and songs.
  • Distinguish your child's tastes by playing a fun game of closing their eyes and guessing which product their mother has put in their mouths. The same goes for of smell.

Developing the perception of each child is an individual process and the wise approach of parents to this long development guarantees the harmonious development of the child without restrictions in his or her life activity.

Source: http://deti.baby-calendar.ru/psixicheskoe/sensornoe-razvitie/

Children's perception. Features and games of perception development

Developing games for children from 9 to 12 months: developing visual perception

Perception of the child in early childhood

Kid at this age is not yet able to do a systematic examination of the object with an analysis of its properties. Most often, a child perceives one of the most pronounced properties of an object and, according to it, recognizes the object.

While a child of 1-2 years old is able to recognize animals in the drawings, this does not mean that he or she compares them to real objects. Rather, he sees them as separate, separate things.

The child doesn't care about the spatial orientation of the image: he can look the book upside down without being embarrassed. It proves that he recognizes objects by one attribute, throwing away the others.

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