Educational games for children from 6 to 9 months: prerequisites for understanding speech

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Top-10 speech games for kids up to one year

Educational games for children from 6 to 9 months: prerequisites for understanding speech

Have a nice day, everybody! No, perhaps not a single parent in the world who would not care about how to properly develop the baby, what toys to buy him to play with, what to play with him. And all parents want their little ones to say their first word soon.

Most of you know that there are special games for the development of speech of children 1 year old, but the attitude to them is different. Some of them work with the child on a regular basis, some of them occasionally or in a mood, and some parents don't understand why they need to work with the child at all.

Motoric is different

Today we'll try to organize the kids' speech games into a short list of 10 points, based on which you might be able to plan your lessons with your baby.

First of all, let's note that games for speech development should not be intrusive or knowingly difficult for the baby.

You need to teach your child to move upward, with a gradual increase in load. And we need to start with a simple one.

Of course, this question cannot be solved without didactic games that set and fulfill specific goals.

N.B. Do not forget about the temperament of the child and the way it is born. Keep in mind that premature babies start to do things later and do not fit into standard frameworks. It's just that over the course of the year, you'll notice how the gap between your prematurely born baby and his or her peers born on time is gradually closing.

The baby's speech develops through the impact on his or her speech centers through large and fine motor skills. Coarse motor skills include simulating and signalling movements. If with age, the child learns this part of the program of speech development, along with the development of fine motor skills speech is formed much easier and faster.

And to develop large motor skills correctly, parents need to devote a lot of time to tactile communication with the child. Touching should be available to the child at any time they need it.

This will help to get rid of the increased limb tone and, as a result, the child's arms and legs will begin to perform their functions in time to prepare the basis for the development of speech skills.

Play with pleasure

Let's move directly to the exercises.

The main skill set for any group is the development of palm and finger tactility, where small muscles have a stimulating effect on the parts of the brain with speech centers.

Finger games you can pick up or think of a lot of games, and play them with a crumb from birth. Here is the famous The Forty Raven, the restless Tom Thumb Boy, the Merry Spider or the Capitoshka, Ladushki.

  • 2. Repeaters. Probably the easiest educational games to develop, the effect of which is amazing.

Repeat anything, anywhere. The main thing is that the little ones have more often all sorts of “strong” ha-ha-ha-ha, bu-ju-ju-ju and bo-bo-bo. It is better if you can rhyme all this, so the child will develop a sense of rhythm and musical hearing. For example,

Who woke up in the morning? Ru-ru-ru-ru! Ru-ru-ru-ru!

Smile easily! Ko-koko! Ko-koko! Pulls the cat by the mustache! Sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-sy-s Cheese-sons!

Knobs – cotton, cotton!

Legs – top, top!

Pull, smile!

Good morning! Wake up!!!!

All this is accompanied by a gentle massage, gentle tangent movements on the baby's head, tummy, back.

  • 3. Stimulation of speech response. Simple ritual exercises.

One of the most important moments in speech development is the question of readiness of the child to communicate, his desire and mood for conversation.

In the morning say hello to your child, say good morning! If you go out on business and don't see your baby for a couple of hours when you come home, say hello to him! How's it going? Going away, say goodbye to Strong, bye-bye, or goodbye! These simple games will encourage the child to respond with gestures and then words.

  • 4. Speech training. This includes exercises and educational games that will help the child to master speech faster.

A) These are breathing exercises aimed at blowing in and out air from the mouth and nose (

Wind, Chase the Feather). Some sounds require this skill.

B) It can be exercises to change the volume and tempo of speech. With a baby in the second half of life, you can practice ligaments using loud and soft sounds in speech. For example, you can yell with a jubilation of Hurrah or a goal! And then shake the doll and whisper the words of the lullaby bye-bye-bye!

  • 5. Didactic games. In the literature and on the Internet we can find speech games for children from the second year of life.

Let's try to create such a game for a baby under 1 year old. In the didactic game for speech development we will act on the basis of available knowledge of the crumbs. K 6-7 months oldhe already knows the environment, and that's what we're going to use.

Example, our goal is to learn new syllables to enrich the moldings. Take a duck or frog toy, one of them, show it to the baby and tell her how she says – Krya-Krya! Play the toy with the crumb, repeating the new syllables.

Then take a break, give the baby a break. After a while, repeat your actions. Soon you'll see that when you name a toy, your child looks for it and tries to reproduce the syllables.

Stimulate speech centers through the effects on the receptors in the palms of your hands – a good and convenient approach to speech development.

You can just give your child a ball with spikes, or you can roll it in the palms of the crumbs yourself. All these movements are accompanied by poems, humor and songs.

Better if it is material designed for the youngest. For example, “Gooley-gooley fly!”, “Chicken bites grain!”

Buy a massage ball in “v3toys”, “My-shop”, on “Ozone”

Starting from 8 months, the game becomes not just a fun pastime, but also a developing part of leisure time.

The child is already well versed in the home environment, you can begin to develop an understanding of others' speech. Put the toy in the spotlight and ask the carapouza to find it. Then we reach for the toy and take it with our hands or hand. You can do such exercises regularly, changing toys and places of their position. It's important to see that the baby understands what his mother wants from him.

Example, game Big-small not only will help the baby learn the opposite concepts, but also will train the articulation, loudness and timbre of speech.

If you offer your child the same toys of different sizes, Matryoshka doll, dice or balls, you call it a thin voice, which ball (dice, etc.) is small, and this one – which is BIG (the tone of voice changes to the coarser one accordingly). It is possible to compare the kid with a toy, certainly, it is big (and the handles have lifted above a head), a toy – small.

Take out a bright scarf or a scarf. In front of the baby put a toy on the sofa and cover it with a handkerchief. Have the baby lift his own handkerchief and see who's hiding. Encourage your baby to name a toy or to start talking to the cookie. Later, you can hide the object under the handkerchief when the child does not see it, it will be very interesting to find the unknown.

  • 10. Attention and memory development.

Prefer to play with geometric shapes, pyramids, cubes, sorters and inserts.

By the end of the first year of life, the child enters a new phase of development, it becomes interesting to watch how objects change under his influence.

Example, fold a small pyramid, first correctly, and then not correctly. Ask the baby if you did the right thing. Of course, he will not answer you directly and immediately, but in due course he will understand, where the mother was wrong and with pleasure will correct.

Where we ran briefly on games for kids up to 1 year. When your kids grow up, you will be asked how to develop your child's speech in 1 year. You will also find this information on the pages of the blog.

Don't overdo it with activities and games, watch the mood of your karapuzza, switch to other activities in time. I wish you inspiration and joyful moments with your favorite crumb. Let his first words please you and bring happiness.

Read our articles about the development of children at different ages, ask questions and suggest new topics for discussion. Goodbye to you.

Source: http://pozitiv-child.ru/igry-dlja-razvitija-rechi-do-goda/

Children's speech development from 0 to 2 years

Educational games for children from 6 to 9 months: prerequisites for understanding speech

From this article you will learn about the development of children's speech at an early age:

The first stage of a child's speech development – from 0 to 1 year

1 month – the child intensively develops the brain, physical hearing, speech organs, visual perception. Hearing plays a leading role in language acquisition.

2-3 months – the child begins to pronounce vowel sounds, but these sounds are not similar to the sounds spoken by adults. Some consonant sounds appear.

3-6 months – a period of humming: soft voice communication, expressing the physiological comfort of the child, all accompanied by a “complex of revival”.

from 6 months to 1 year – the main new development of this period – the emergence of imitation: imitation of adult motor behavior, reactions.


The development of speech understanding begins with an adequate response to the tone and ends with the understanding of the individual instructions, the execution of simple requests, the understanding of the names of individual objects, and the recognition of them in the pictures.

Comprehension of speech:

  • a kid can recognize an object among a group of objects;
  • find a cat, a dog and other animals in a picture;
  • can show where he has eyes, a nose, etc.e.

Dictionary:

Begins to accumulate the active dictionary. The growth of the dictionary is in direct dependence on living conditions and education.

Word at the first assimilation denotes the name of only this particular subject. Gradually, the child begins to understand that the table is not only a table in the room, but also any other table. Also, the child is gradually beginning to learn verbs and adjectives.

Grammar system of speech:

Grammar system of language of the child of the second year of life is formed on the basis of the saved up dictionary and passes some periods;

1 period – period of sentences:

  • stage of single-word sentences (1.3 – 1.8) – sentences consist of a single syllable or imitation word (ba-dog, bi-machine). A child denotes in one word different objects having a common feature (apa – hat, cap, scarf, etc.) as the child's experience accumulates, he learns to distinguish between objects, and new words accumulate in his dictionary. The first words name not only objects, but also actions with them.
  • stage sentences of several root words (1,8 -1,10) – words in such sentences are not connected grammatically, verbs are often sound imitations (buy-buy). There are many verbs of imperative inclination. Examples of such offers: “Lala Booze”, “Daddy Am”, etc.

2 period – the period of assimilation of the grammatical structure of the sentence

Framework begins to be formed grammatically in accordance with the laws of the language, and not in a way of simply attaching words to each other. Gradually, children appear:

  • for the first time forms – forms of opinion. the numbers are real (-you sound like -and: table – tol-i)
  • ventive case with the end of -у (to give the cookie to the doll)
  • proposed case with the indication of the place without pretext and with the end of – e (on the table – tol)
  • verbs of the imperative inclination and 3 persons in units. The number of nast, time (costs)
  • some children have an early first person, a first person, a third person, a past person, a past person (Lala biting), a future time (Daddy will be titling).
  • the first adjectives appear, more often of male and feminine origin.

Phrase can already consist of 3-4 words, it has some grammatical design (Uncle ovit). Children call themselves by name in 3 persons, although it is possible that the pronoun “I” will appear in the second year of life. Some children who are ahead of their peers may no longer have grammar in speech, but their speech is not yet perfect because of the unformed sound pronunciation.

Sound pronunciation

Cause – imperfection of the articulation system.

In the beginning of the second year of life, the child pronounces correctly: A, U, I, O, B, P. The rest of the sounds are replaced by closer articulation. And the majority of these sounds do not correspond to the Russian language and are lost later.

Kon a year and a half the child clearly pronounces vowels A,U,I,I,O,E,consonants B,G,Sh,J,K,G. There's no Y sound from the vowels.

Whistling and hissing sounds are replaced by soft (c,z,t,l,y)

Age norm is skipping sonor sounds (P,L)

The child learns not only simple words from 1-2 syllables, but also multi-complex ones, which are pronounced distorted due to imperfect sound pronunciation: syllable skipses, sounds, word shortening.

Only at this age, children have a quiet, weak voice.

Recommendations for the development of speech in children's two years of age:

It is necessary to continue to familiarize the child with the names of the surrounding objects, the actions that parents do to care for the child, the signs of objects. So, while dressing up the baby, name the items of clothing, the color you do. For example, let's put on a red, warm sweater. Words should be used in their exact meaning.

It is important to hold games with the child aimed at the development of constructive activity (to build dice towers, to string rings on the pyramid, to put boxes into each other, to collect and disassemble a nested doll, to play with sand). An adult should comment on all the actions of a child: poured, poured, poured, overflowed, built, etc.

For the development of an active and passive dictionary are conducted games with the names of items that the child sees. The child asks the question, “What is it? (this is the question children start asking by the time they are two years old), the adult is not answering correctly. Another option is when the adult first asks the question: “Is this a chair?”

EVERY IMPORTANT for the development of an ACTIVE speech in the early stages of development is the children's WILL BE ACCEPTED to ANSWER!

The development of speech of a child of two years of age is also promoted by looking at pictures in books. To do this, use cardboard books that contain a single subject picture on the page.

Reviewing and naming the subject as an adult, showing the subject as a child, naming the subject. Be sure to look at and compare different images of the same object.

It's important to look at different objects that are similar in some way: “Look, this is an apple, and this is an orange. The apple is green and the orange is orange”

Widely use toys.

For example, an adult hides a toy, then asks the child, “Where is our bird? Where did she fly to?” When the child finds a toy, an adult depicts its actions (the bird has arrived, the bunny has jumped, etc.) Playing with toys, do not forget to tell how the animal moves, how the voice moves, how it gives voice, the color of his hair, as well as the names of body parts of animals and birds.

Try to use different case studies in your speech: for example, a dative case a child hears even in simple requests: “Go to Mom”, “Bring Daddy a newspaper”, etc, in questions with a choice of answers: “Will you show the picture to your grandparents?” Even when you accompany the games with speech, your child hears the grammar and learns to use it: “To Mashenka rolled the ball, and now to Mom”

Use the games and to develop an understanding of the pretexts of YES, B, NAD, POD, FOOD, YES, YES. For example, “Put a small cube on the big one, get the ball out from under the table,” etc. During free play, you can already ask where the bear sits, what the matryoshka dolls are on, etc.

Moving your fingers and hands is of special developmental importance. The influence of manual action on human brain development was known as far back as the 2nd century B.C. in China.

Fingers are endowed with a large number of receptors sending pulses to the central nervous system.

There are many acupuncture points on the hands, massaging which can be used to influence the internal organs by means of reflexes associated with them.

In Japan, palm and finger exercises with walnuts are widely used. Excellent healing and toning effect has rolling between the palms of a hexagonal pencil.

Our folk pedagogy created the game “palms”, “magpie-white”, “goat horned” and others. Simple movements of hands, fingers help to relieve tension not only from the hands, but also from the lips, relieve mental fatigue. They can improve the pronunciation of many sounds, and thus contribute to the development of a child's speech at an early age.

There are a variety of forms of work on the development of finger movements.

Develop fine motor skills:

  • reflection,
  • drawing,
  • bricken paper application,
  • folding paper,
  • paper rolling into a lump,
  • mosaic games,
  • actions with cereals and seeds: pouring cereals from one container to another, disassembling different types of cereals, placing images of cereals on the plasticine surface,
  • water actions: pouring water from one tank to another, pipette games,
  • sand actions: pouring sand, molding from raw sand,
  • button actions: buttoning, unbuttoning, buttoning, and spreading missing details in images on paper,
  • drawing on paper with fingers.
  • Finger stories and more.

Finger games can be offered to help develop speech at an early age.

The hamster khoma game

Adult hides something in his fist. The kid curls his finger after his finger to get to the surprise. Then you can switch roles. The adult says:

Home, clamp, hamster,

We'll open my cam,

We'll unclench it,

Whatever you find, take it.

We'll knock our fingers

Finger-to-finger. Tap the index finger of one hand on the index finger of the other hand. – Knock, knock, knock, knock. Finger on toe Knock, knock, knock, knock. Hand rotation.

Pen dancing,

Dancing. I.

Ask your child to play on the accordion (finger movements that transmit dynamic images) – slide the fingers lying on the table.

When doing this work it is necessary to remember the main condition of success of all activities – the child should be interested! He should have a positive motivation for finger motor skills with and without objects.

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How to develop a child's speech in 1-2 years: norms, exercises, games

Developing games for children from 6 to 9 months: prerequisites for understanding speech

Active vocabulary helps to better understand the world, faster assimilate social norms, develop memory and thinking. Psychologists recommend that this process should not be allowed to go unnoticed: parents should help their child to master the language skills.

Initially, children learn to talk by imitation. But if we are to develop speech in children from 1 to 2 years of age, the process can be significantly accelerated.

Speech development is an important milestone in the mental development of children aged 1-2 years. It is important for parents to help their children learn speech skills, creating a favourable environment for the child's development.

Speech development norms in babies and toddlers of 1-2 years old

For a child of 1 year old it is characteristic to master such skills:

It's important not only how children 1-2 years old say it, but also the ability to remember the names of the objects and their purpose.

What does speech development depend on?h3> A child's speech development depends on many factors: physical development, emotional connection with parents.

Child's speech development depends on 4 factors, including anatomical, physiological, emotional and social components:

  1. Emotional connection with parents: for young children the presence of mother and father, grandparents and grandparents is important. Safety, predictability, understanding and respect for needs are all prerequisites for overall development, including the conversational component.
  2. Meeting the need to communicate with parents. First, non-verbal communication skills are formed – facial expressions, gestures, body movements, and then verbalization. Therefore, it is not only important to play games for the development of speech – emotional response to crying, fun, hugs, addressing the baby, calling him by name – all these are prerequisites for the child to start learning to talk in 1 year. There is a direct link between the development of speech centers of the brain and fine hand motility. Knowing this physiological feature, it is possible to start the development of conversational skills through finger games, tactile hand analyzers.

  3. The formation of the speech apparatus: the correct anatomical structure of the language, palate, larynx and ligaments – important prerequisites for the development of speech in children of the early years of life. Sometimes the delay of a conversation skill is associated with the wrong position of the frenulum of the language: it is more than necessary, and it does not reach the palate. In such cases, the bridle notch is made in stationary conditions. The development of the mouth and cheek muscles is also taken into account. It is important to teach children of one year old not only to repeat sounds, but also to learn how to drink from a tube, blow soap bubbles and rubber balloons.

Only a harmonious combination of these four components guarantees the timely development of speech in children from 1 to 2 years of age. Therefore, the lessons should include a set of different games, taking into account the peculiarities of the baby in the year and older.

How to develop a child's speech

In developing speech, it is important to consider the child's age characteristics as well as the individual psychological factors that influence them.

Partners should consider three important rules before they begin to develop their child's speech at the age of 1 year:

  • Education should be selected in such a way that it corresponds to the age and mental development of each child separately. One child in 1 year and 10 months may not have something that is easily given to another child in 1 year and 5 months. Complex games will only harm: the kid will lose interest in them or worse – will then resist everything that is associated with these tasks
  • accounting the zone of the nearest development: learn to speak single- and double- syllable words after the kid began to pronounce closed and open syllables. We proceed to the phrases after learning to denote the subject or action in words. It is a common mistake for parents to make a syllable conversation when simple words aren't yet available;
  • understand the psychic features of children between one and three years: unstable attention lasting up to 10 minutes is normal for children of this age. In the brain only formed neural connections and overload developing games will lead to undesirable consequences. This may be a headache, which the child can not yet say, and expresses crying, and persistent rejection of developmental activities. Five to ten minutes is how long a developmental exercise according to age should last.

Parents need to remember that all children have different pace of development and the goal should be not to speak in a child's phrases at the age of one and a half years, but to master the conversation skills in a systematic way.

Not every mother has the opportunity to systematically prepare for the lessons, learn the trivia, disassemble finger games. An effective learning experience will be one that combines both prepared exercises and those that take place naturally for the child at 1 year and 3 months or 2 years.

Daily classes: 6 simple exercises

Daily simple exercises will help the child to actively develop his or her speech skills. Enough to do 15-20 minutes a day.

  1. Teach your child to express emotions with sounds: surprised “oh” and “wow”, dissatisfied “ai-yah-yah-yah”, disappointed “eh” – all this will help him intuitively understand the function of speech.

  2. Together, sing or learn to adjust the height of the voice in another way. If your baby is a good imitator, you can echo the sounds at home, constantly raising the height of the sound after him. He'll get the meaning of the game quickly. This is especially interesting for children when playing buckles or when adults are in another room.

    The child will understand that the height of the sound means desire, distance

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