Child development in 2 months

All two months in the world: what a child should be able to do

Child development in 2 months

We open the door to a new world

The first month of a child's life has ended, when a crucial period of adaptation to the new conditions of existence was taking place. It is now over and the baby enters the second (most active) phase of its formation, and finally begins a visible change in its body, movements and psyche.

The baby makes a big leap in its development in the period from 1 to 2 months. Change is noticeable in literally all spheres of its existence.

Life begins to take meaning for the baby, and he tries to show his interest in it. The child can already perceive the world in all its colors and is a little afraid of its diversity and inquisitiveness.

Mom is an island of security – the baby recognizes it, consciously reacts to its appearance. Often, to calm your baby, just press him down and lull him slightly.

If the child is anxious and often tormented by colic, learn how to help him in a natural way, do not rush to use pharmacies that disrupt the work of the immature stomach. See the “Soft Tummy” webinar >>>>

But so far, Mom is the only person that the baby identifies among the others. The peculiarities of the child's development in 2 months are such that he does not yet divide the surrounding people into “their” and “strangers”. Kid's willing to go to everyone's arms, not afraid of anyone.

And a child has grown

For most relatives, height and weight are considered to be the most important indicators of child development. During the first year of life, these parameters are measured monthly.

  1. In two months, the baby is actively gaining weight, and as a result, his increase during this period is the highest in comparison with other months. On average, the baby should recover by 800 g and, in total with the first month, be 1400 g heavier than at the time of birth. For small increases in weight, work on breast-feeding errors and adjust breastfeeding using the method of “Breast-feeding secrets” >>>>
  2. The second parameter to check the physical development of the child in 2 months is the height of the child. During this period, it should increase by 3 cm and in total the addition in growth is about 6 cm. At the same time, the other main indicators – the volume of breast and head – change by an average of 2 cm.
  3. By two months the baby still sleeps a lot (about 18 hours a day) and is applied to the breast (special attention should be paid to the observance of all basic principles of breastfeeding), but he spends the rest of his free time with maximum benefit and makes “seven-mile steps” in his psychomotor development.

Smile and wave

Little child learns the world through their feelings. That's why it's so important that his motor skills are developed at a normal pace, and every month he gets his own skills. Any delay in this regard must also lead to mental development problems.

Motor skills

In the process of development of a child's second month of life, reflexes gradually fade away and they are replaced by conscious movements that are more coordinated and lead to meaningful actions. Their volume increases.

For now the child can lie freely with the legs stretched out to the sides of the handles. He knows how to clench and unclench his fists, and he raises his hands. On a changing table the kid behaves actively enough, simultaneously moves legs and hands.

  • In 2 months at the child the skills of a delay of breath and the rhythmic movements of the extremities, called by millions years to provide survival of the child got on carelessness in water remain. But these reflexes should die out, and are not the basis for teaching a child to swim in a pool or a large bath. Read more about the newborn's reflexes>>>.
  • The second month of the baby continues to bathe in a small bath, in a diaper, and with the addition of herbs.
  • Perfectly worn on the arms, the baby's back and neck muscles strengthen well by two months. He can hold his head in an upright position. This skill is not yet fully formed, so sometimes the child's head can be thrown backwards and needs to be maintained.
  • At the end of the second month the child does not protest if he is placed on his tummy. Lying on his stomach, he can lift his head and chest slightly. Sometimes it is even possible to raise the handles and legs and move them in the air, touching the surface only with the stomach. As a result of his body movements, the karapuz can move slightly to the side. Find out when your child starts crawling>>>
  • How to develop your child, what games and toys you should play with him or her, and the tricks of the mother's art can be found in the My Favorite Baby online course >>>

Sense Organs

Psychomotor development of the child progresses noticeably in 2 months. He learns not only to lead his movements, but also to make primitive inferences on their basis.

  1. In 2 months, the baby begins to actively grab his hands on everything that is in the field of his reach.
  2. Besides, he is already consciously reaching out to the objects, trying to catch them, keep them in the palm of his hand. These are the first attempts at visual-perceptive manipulation.

Despite the seeming simplicity of this action, it is still quite difficult for a child to do so. In order to capture a thing, it needs to determine the direction of movement and set an approximate distance to it. On the second month of a crumb only begins to learn this reception.

  1. But if to take a subject the kid yet does not know how to hold it strong in hands is that the child should do in 2 months confidently enough.

If to enclose to it in a hand a rattle, the baby will hold it. As he watches his movements, he will quickly understand the direct relationship between them and the appearance of sound. Soon the child will rattle with a toy quite consciously.

  1. Later, by the end of the second month, the child will be able to establish another sound pattern. Tiny begins to understand that after he makes sounds, they approach him and take him in their arms.

In the second month, the baby reacts most vividly to the sound stimuli.

He is good at distinguishing sound and following its direction. When a child hears the sound of an object, he stops first, then turns his head in the right direction. Learn more about how and when a newborn baby starts to hear>>>>

  1. Besides, he is able to recognize the voice of people close to him and react to it accordingly.
  2. Also, at this age, the baby learns to observe objects. He tries to focus his gaze on the brightest things and can already look at them for a long time. Learn more about when a child starts to see>>>
  3. Begins to pay attention to moving objects. Focuses his eyes on the toy that moves around the arc in his face.

Emotional Sphere

Parental changes in the emotional sphere are the most exciting in a child's mental development in 2 months. It is during this period that the baby starts trying to make contact with the world around him.

Source: https://uroki4mam.ru/chto-dolzhen-umet-rebenok-v-2-mesyatsa

Child 2 months: skills, development, nutrition and regime

Child development in 2 months

If your child is 2 months old, this is a good time to start developing his or her skills. The mother's first postpartum stress usually passes away, and she feels much better and more confident in her newfound role. And the child gradually adapts to the new world for him.

The children, who have already turned 2 months old, make a significant leap forward in emotional and physical development compared to the moment when they were born.

What can a two-month baby do? How do you take care of him? How to develop? The answers can be found in our article.

Normal height and weight of a child in 2 months

Average height of a 2-month-old infant can vary widely depending on the sex of the newborn, birth parameters, and hereditary factors. All people are different, the same statement applies to babies. Tall parents have large children and tiny mothers are more likely to give birth to babies with little height and weight.

The first 2 months of life are considered a period of intense growth. In the short time after the birth of a crumb can increase its weight from 600 to 1500 grams, which is usually due to the original body weight at birth. Obvious progress can be seen in the growth of the child, during this period it can grow by 2-3 cm. More information about weight gain in children under one year of age →

The following physical parameters are considered to be the norm at the age of two months:

  • the weight of a 2-month-old baby is between 4500 and 6000 g;
  • the growth of a child in 2 months is between 56 and 60 cm.

In addition to the above parameters, the head size is determined at the pediatrician's 2-month appointment. Boys' skull circumference is 37-41 cm, girls' skull circumference is 36-39 cm

Sleep mode

The baby starts to adapt gradually to the world around him in 2 months, so the ratio of sleep and awake time compared to the newborn period gradually decreases.

If after discharge from the hospital the infant could sleep 18-19 hours a day, the sleep mode of the baby, who is 2 months old, begins to change, there are also patterns in the alternation of waking and rest periods.

Sleep deprivation at this age:

  • a two-month-old infant must have 3-4 days' sleep, for a total of 5-6 hours;
  • Night sleep lasts 11-13 hours, and for crumbs it is characteristic to wake up for feeding every 3-4 hours;
  • total duration of sleep in 2 months is equal to 16-18 hours per day.

Young parents can begin to think about a healthy sleep and activity regimen, as a child can develop certain habits and rituals at 2 months of age.

Nutrition

The most valuable food for the baby during the first half of its life is breast milk, which provides the necessary nutrients for its development and growth, as well as special bodies that provide immune protection. It is not always possible for the mother to establish lactation, and there is a need for supplementary feeding with the mixture or for a complete transition to artificial feeding.

When a newborn baby turns 2 months old, the intervals between meals can be increased – the baby's stomach volume grows, which means that he or she can eat more at a time and stay full longer.

If the baby eats a mixture, the recommended intervals between meals are 3 hours. After a meal, hold the baby upright for a few minutes. This will ensure that the air swallowed from the food is released, which reduces the chance of belching.

A baby breastfed can also be applied to the breast every 3 hours, but most paediatricians still recommend feeding on demand, which ensures that the baby's gastrointestinal tract is not yet formed correctly. In addition, breast milk for a newborn baby is not only a food but also a sedative and a good “sleeping pill”.

The child's development in 2 months is much higher than the level that was at birth, so the nutrition should provide the baby with energy.

Child development in 2 months

Many modern mothers wonder how to develop a child in 2 months. The answer can be found by yourself, if you know exactly what skills and abilities the crumb has in this period of life. So what should the baby do at 2 months?

In the first days after birth, the baby sleeps or spends most of the time at the chest, but by the age of two months, the baby has a strong waking period, which can be used for educational games with the baby.

This should be done in a variety of activities that provide comprehensive development of the baby:

  • physical exercises and gymnastics;
  • massage;
  • Activities that support the development of motor skills and sensorics;
  • games that develop intelligence;
  • infant socialization.

Care

Depending on the time of year when the baby was born, by the beginning of the 2nd month of life of the newborn baby, the paediatrician usually recommends an outdoors walk every day. A little rain or wind is not a barrier to walking, because by this age the immunity becomes stronger.

But you should not exceed the allowable time outdoors, especially in winter, as hypothermia can lead to a cold in the baby.

Recommendationed outdoor time for a child for 2 months of life:

  • during the warm period – 1-2 times a day for three hours, it is also recommended to sleep in fresh air;
  • during the cold period – at least one walk, the duration of which does not exceed 2 hours.

The baby care procedures include the following activities:

  • Daily bathing.
  • Permanent diaper change, at least once every three hours, and after each defecation.
  • After the baby has pooped, it is necessary to wash his ass under warm running water. If this is not possible, wet wipes can be used.
  • Daily hygiene care for the nose, ears and eyes.

Medical observations

In the first half of the year after birth it is necessary to visit the children's polyclinic monthly. At the reception, the pediatrician measures weight, height, head and chest circumference, performs a full examination, and performs heart and lung auscultation. More information about which specialists should have passed by the 1st month →

Two-months old baby should have seen the doctors of the following specialties:

  • Oculist;
  • neurologist;
  • orthopaedist.

Thanking to timely consultations with specialists in the field, it is possible to identify the development of the pathology at an early stage and to take measures to treat it.

Parently, it is a common misconception that if a child is calm and looks healthy, it is possible not to visit a paediatric doctor for planned visits. This opinion is erroneous, because not every mother has a medical education and can notice the smallest changes in the development of the baby.


How does a two-month-old baby communicate

The most enjoyable moment for newborns is the first smile of a newborn baby. A child aged 1 month is able to smile in his sleep, but this behavior is not conscious. At 2 months of life, the baby begins to smile with the understanding of someone in the neighborhood.

The psychology of the crumbs is such that if he is cozy and quiet, he can give a smile to everyone around him, while making various sounds. But when a child is concerned or feels threatened, his or her feelings are reflected in his or her face, and the child will feel comfortable in the hands of his or her mother or another relative who is well acquainted with him or her.

Sight, hearing and touch of a child

Baby at 2 months is able to hold your eyes on objects for a while, react by turning your head to sound.

Sight

The baby is able to follow the toy moving in front of him, provided that it is at a short distance from his face. What does a child see at two months of age? He or she can distinguish between the objects that are in his or her vicinity and can clearly see the features of his or her mother's face. But objects that are more than 1 meter away, the baby sees the blurry.

How should a child see in 2 months? Scientists have established that newborns are only able to distinguish between contrasting colors, mainly black and white, because their vision is monochromatic. By the third month, the baby starts to notice bright objects painted yellow or red.

Hearing

Baby learns to determine where the sound comes from. If to ring a bell at distance of 20-30 sm from one ear the baby will initially freeze, as if listening where there was a noise, and then will turn a head in the necessary direction.

Touch

When 2 months have passed since birth, the child begins to take an active interest in the world and does so with his hands. Offer your child to touch objects of different shapes and materials.

Games

The choice of entertainment and activities for the crumb depends on what children can do at 2 months:

  • Show your child clear images with geometric shapes, mostly black and white.
  • Place a rattle in your baby's face and make sure he focuses his eyes on it, then move the object aside. In response, the infant should keep an eye on it.
  • For the development of tactile sensitivity, it is useful to let the child touch different objects. Offer alternately soft and hard toys, pieces of fabric of different texture, things that have smooth and rough surfaces.
  • It will be useful to buy or make their own children's bracelets with bells fixed to the wrists. During the movement of the arms, the bells will ring, which helps to develop the child's hearing.
  • The child at 2 months is recommended to fix a musical mobile with toys at the head of the crib.

Any day the child becomes an adult, acquiring new skills and abilities. Even a simple conversation with the baby helps him to develop harmoniously. Be sure to talk to your child, don't think that if they can't answer you, they won't be able to understand what you're talking about.

Thanks to the mother's voice, the child learns to perceive different tones, volume, and pitch, which has a positive effect on their development.

The baby grows very quickly. In the first year of his life, his mental and physical parameters are improved intensively, and in order for the correct formation of skills to take place, the young mother should know all about the peculiarities of the child's development in 1, 2, 3 months, etc.

about 2 months of childcare

Source: https://moirody.ru/rebenok/2-mesyaca.html

How to develop a child in 2 months? Pediatrician's recommendations and advice, norms and deviations

Child development in 2 months

Last update of the article: 06.04.2018

You have passed the neonatal stage. In the second month of your child's life, you begin to understand the child's identity. You've also learned to understand the signs that a two-month-old child gives, his sympathies, antipathies.

You know the reasons for dissatisfaction, which are currently quite primitive: hunger, drowsiness and dirty diapers.

Communicative development of the child for 2 months of life

For a two-month-old child, the main means of communication is crying. But sometimes you can hear the agukan, the muttering and the humming. The child must identify the parents' face and voice. Perhaps you'll find the first delightful hint of a smile.

Behaviour

Many children peak in crying episodes at 2 months, causing parents to become almost as upset. There are many reasons why a child cries, even when it seems that all their needs have been met. Maturation of the nervous system, fatigue, or simply the need to calm is one of the most common causes.

In these early months, there will be times when parents will simply need to follow their child's needs and instincts.

  • the baby keeps his head more stable;
  • many of the reflexes of the newborn period are still preserved. For example, a sucking reflex;
  • the child tries to hold the handles of the objects you place in front of them;
  • vision develops, and the baby can see objects at a distance of up to 45 cm;
  • the crumb begins to watch what is happening;
  • the baby likes to listen to his voice and sing;
  • the scream may contain more clutter;
  • the baby begins to turn his head to sounds;
  • some parents will be lucky to see the baby's first conscious smile.

Care for a child of 2 months is not much different from the newborn period. The difference lies in the number of meals, sleep time, development games and toys.

Feeding

In this month, the baby will need to be fed more often. Try to follow and trust the signs that the child gives when it comes to feeding time.

When feeding, both breasts should be offered to promote better lactation.

If you feed with a mixture, at this age the number of feedings decreases as the single amount of the mixture increases. It's gonna happen as the baby grows up. Since children do not digest the mixture as quickly as breast milk, parents usually do not need to feed the infant receiving the mixture as often as a baby on breastfeeding.

Two-months old children usually drink 6-8 bottles of 120-180 ml per day, and may need an additional 30 ml of the mixture when the infant reaches 3 months.

In two months, the child still needs 1 – 2 meals per night, but may have a longer sleep period, for example, 5 – 6 hours between a couple of night meals.

This longer, continuous sleep may be an ideal opportunity for parents to compensate for sleep deprivation in previous weeks, so use it.

The child's sleep mode will stabilize, but it is not yet fully set in two months. At this age, babies sleep 15 to 16 hours a day. But these watches are random, and children are usually not ready to sleep all night. This is especially true for infants who wake up to eat approximately every three hours.

Stay on for a few more weeks and you'll be able to get much-needed rest.

To help your baby learn to fall asleep on his own. Put the baby in bed when he's asleep, not asleep. It can sleep in the same room as you, but it is not recommended to sleep in your bed.

All babies should be laid on their backs to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome. Allow the child to lie down on the stomach for a long time when he is awake and controlled by adults.

Also remove all soft objects from the crib, including pillows, blankets, soft toys and partitions.

Do not let the child overheat. Maintain a room temperature that is comfortable for adults. Never dress your baby in more than one layer. Do not cover the child's face or head while they are asleep.

Do not raise the headboard in the child's bed. The baby may fall into a position that makes it difficult for him to breathe.

In 2 months the baby should be vaccinated for the first time. Mark the date in the calendar or diary when the infant turns 2 months old, so as not to miss the vaccination time.

Security measures

Daily give your baby enough time. Pets need to be kept away from the baby. Never leave a crumb unattended on the changing table, on the floor or in an unsafe place. Toys should be rounded and soft, with no sharp edges.

How to develop your child in 2 months?

Whenever you and your baby are awake, take the opportunity to play. Through the game, you will help the child to develop both mentally and physically.

You can use the following developmental activities with your child at 2 months.

Tummy Lying

This is an important sensory activity in a baby's daily life. The abdominal position helps develop coordination and strengthens the child's neck, shoulders, arms and spine.

This position helps with motor skills such as rolling, crawling, pulling and sitting.

Read

Never too early to start reading to your child. Since children love to hear their parents' voices, ensure that both parents read in turn. Reading has many advantages, so it is useful to get used to it every day.

Benefits:

  • promotes language development;
  • helps develop attention and memory;
  • reinforces the bond between you and the baby.

Parental advice:

  • read to your baby in a quiet place;
  • you can describe what you see on every page;
  • enjoy reading. Use facial expressions, lively voices, and nonsense.

Magic of the human touch

This is an easy sensory activity that has amazing benefits for you and your little child.

What can be done:

  • skin-to-skin contact;
  • frequently hugging the child;
  • Pump the child;
  • Massage the child
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