Child development in 2 years

How to develop a child in 2 years

Child development in 2 years

You can compare a small child to a piece of clay: what you make out of it, that's how it will grow up.

That's why the development of the baby should be done from an early age, especially since at this age, children are very flexible, curious, quick and happy to learn everything new.

How to do it right when a child is 2 years old, says the specialists of the Karkusha Early Development Center.

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In this age, the child enjoys exploring the world around him, he wants to touch everything, taste it, see what's inside. He's already got a pretty good grasp of his body, he can do some things himself.

Physical development:

  • the child has learned to coordinate movements;
  • big and small motor skills are well developed;
  • movements are correct.

Self-care skills:

  • self eats and drinks;
  • goes to the toilet and washes, washes hands;
  • can take off and put on clothes without help.

Intellectual development:

  • actively replenishes the vocabulary;
  • would love to communicate with other children and adults;
  • receives a high need to learn about the world around them;
  • drawing, dancing, music, singing.

What to do with your child for physical development

The easiest and most effective activity you can offer your child is all sorts of ball games. You can start by throwing the ball in the hands of a child, especially since this game is suitable for a small apartment. During the lesson, you develop grabbing movements, the ability to quickly and accurately calculate each action.

Other version of the game: sit on the floor opposite each other, spread your legs wide to get the result like a gate. Rolling the ball back and forth along a certain trajectory, the child learns to focus on his actions.

Other interesting game with the ball, of course, is edible, inedible. Not only is it fun and all kids love it, but it also develops a great reaction, because you need to quickly figure out if you can eat the subject or not, and make the right decision.

What else can you do with the ball?

  • to play football with alternation of legs;
  • toss it up;
  • try to put in a basket;

Useful for physical development as well, overcoming all sorts of obstacles: like the Swedish wall, the gymnastic log, the bar. Young children do not have an acute sense of danger, so they should exercise on sports equipment only under the supervision of their parents.

The Karkusha Centre experts recommend the following games, which are suitable for home and street use:

  • cloths;
  • shells;
  • maze (it can be drawn with chalk or ribbon on the floor);
  • jumping;
  • game massage type “train ride”;
  • passing through scattered cereals, small round pebbles, on tiptoes, etc. e.

Games for intellectual development

This group includes games aimed at improving fine motor skills and sensory perception. The way a child moves his or her fingers and pens is interlinked with the development of important brain centres such as speech, vision, movement coordination, and thinking centres. What developmental activities can you organize at home?

  • Painting large drawings and drawing with paints, chalk, pencils.
  • Cutting with scissors the main figures of cardboard.
  • Stick of salt dough, plasticine, clay. Begin with koloboks and sausages and gradually move on to more complex figures.
  • Diverse applications of paper, magazine pictures, cardboard.
  • Games with small items such as beans, colored rice (paint ordinary cereal with egg dyes), buttons, shells, mini machines.

Let your child disassemble the ordinary drawer, just make sure that all items are safe first. Another simple game: folding beans or buttons into a plastic bottle with a narrow throat.

Don't require your child to create a masterpiece right away. Always go from the simplest to the hardest and don't push the child if he can't do it or is tired. Be sure to explain the safety rules.

Help him in his first class, and over time he will learn how to do this on his own. Don't be stingy, even if the house isn't a building.

Set up a home exhibition, showcase your creations to other family members so the child remembers the state of success.

Why should I play in a sandbox?

Sandbox is not only a place where a child makes first friends. For children, it's a powerful source of tactile sensations and creativity that help them to develop intellectually.

  • Constructing castles, tunnels, and other structures awakens imagination.
  • Baking sandpipes, games with moulds, helps to better distinguish shapes and sizes.
  • Interaction with other children develops communication skills, outlook.
  • Fine grains of sand provide constant massage of fingers and palms, which is beneficial for the development of speech and sensory centers.

“I am myself!”

Permission for the child to touch as many items as possible, learn their shape, size, surface quality, color, purpose. It is important for the child to accumulate as much knowledge as possible about the world around him and to learn how to apply it correctly. Involve your son or daughter in all your household chores:

  • make the floor – you can buy a small broom and a scoop;
  • wash the dishes behind you – good if they are made of plastic;
  • dress and undress, put clothes and toys in place;
  • wash;
  • wipe the table with a napkin, etc. e.

This will make it more independent, help you gain important self-service skills, and give you some free time.

How to develop speech?

Please tell your child fairy tales, learn simple children's poems and songs together. Children's works usually have a short, memorable story, and you can easily play a mini-production based on their motifs. For example, reading the same “Slanting Bear”, you can repeat the movements of the furry hero himself or with your favorite toy.

Obligatoryly pronounce the words, because the child learns to pronounce them based on your given sound sample. If he said the word incorrectly, give the correct sample right away.

Contact the child. Ask him what's going on, what's going on outside, what's the pain in his beloved bunny's paw, etc. Role-playing games are very useful in this respect, as they teach the child how to use the phrases and cliches heard in the same situation correctly.

Do not repeat the common error

And do not wait for an instant result. At first, the child may be interested in doing something for a very short time, just a few minutes, or not react to a new game at all. Give him time to get used to it, gently attract him, and in three to five days he'll be happy to start doing whatever he's offered.

Source: http://karkusha.su/kak-razvivat-rebenka-v-2-goda/

Baby development in 2 years and 2 months

Child development in 2 years

The development of the child in 2 years and 2 months is quite active. The child is particularly curious during this period, trying to see and hear as much as possible, than often causes trouble to parents. It's getting harder and harder to keep track of a kid after two years. During this period, the baby develops a number of qualities, which are described below.

In the age of two years and two months the baby becomes more sociable. He enjoys spending time in playgrounds, visiting early development groups. In order to make your child less likely to be ill when communicating with his peers, it is necessary to work on improving his immunity by giving him routine vaccinations.

To strengthen his immunity it is also possible to strengthen it by regular hardening. The child can bathe in cold water, walk barefoot on sand or grass in warm seasons, and be outdoors regularly.

Toddler's Sleep and Nutrition mode

In 2 years and 2 months, the baby's day mode is almost no different from the mode he is used to in 2 years. The baby still sleeps for 12 hours, of which only 2-2.5 hours is a day's sleep. It is important not to deprive your baby of the daytime sleep that helps him/her to stay full of strength and energy to get to know the world around him/her during this difficult period.

Partners should try to put the child to bed at the same time, observing the daily routine. Continuous waking during this period should not last more than 6 hours.

At this stage of development, babies should be eaten 4 times a day, with breaks between meals should not exceed 4 hours. The child's menu should include light, healthy and nutritious dishes. Sweet, salty, spicy, fried dishes from the children's menu should be excluded.

Mental development of the baby

In 2 years and 2 months the psyche of the baby is flexible enough. The tiny one simply adapts to the new conditions, quickly absorbs everything new, imitates adults in the manner of behavior and speech.

Tiny one gets used to a certain atmosphere at home, appreciates comfort and stability, at the same time has nothing against change. The only thing that the baby is not yet ready to do is to be separated from his mother.

If at this age the baby is sent to kindergarten, he or she is stressed.

Parents at this time it is very important to take care of creating a psychologically comfortable atmosphere around the baby. Children of this age often change moods, they can easily move from tears to laughter and vice versa, while the emotions are still beyond their control and often get out of hand.

If the baby has a breakdown, he cries, gets angry and freaked out, parents should never leave him alone with their grief. In order for mental development of a crumb to happen without failures, adults should support it in every possible way, to calm it, try to negate negative emotions, to surround it with a positive.

In 2 years and 2 months the child becomes more independent. Sometimes parents get tired of this initiative, believing that it is too early for the baby to eat, dress, wash his hands, because it takes so much time and not always works out properly.

You really need to encourage your baby's independence – be patient, because this is a certain stage of his development.

Emotional world of the baby at this age is very diverse. Children depend on their parents' reaction to their actions. They are madly happy when they are praised, upset when parents are angry and swearing.

Some children after two are already beginning to show signs of a third year crisis. Babies can become capricious, irritable, impatient, and often do something to spite adults by watching their reactions.

Psychologists believe that the crisis of the third year of life is a certain stage of adulthood that cannot be avoided. The more mistakes parents have made in their upbringing, the more acute the crisis will be, the more important it will be for parents to show their own example how to behave correctly, without reacting to the child's whims and breakdowns by shouting and hysterics.

What can a child do at 2 years of age and 2 months of age?

After two years of age, babies are particularly mobile and enjoy their own agility. They don't just walk confidently anymore – they run fast, overcome obstacles, jump on two and one leg. The fine motor skills of the fingers are improved, so children can perform delicate operations with objects. After two years, you can already see which hand the crumb has the leading hand.

In terms of intellectual development, the child is 2 years old and 2 months old:

  • determine the value of the individual items;
  • draw in pencil;
  • that is, with a spoon;
  • drink from a cup without spilling;
  • dig with a shovel and make “apiaries”;
  • to wipe with a cloth dust;
  • to play without a company for 40-60 minutes;
  • to distinguish a few flowers;
  • to show interest in peers.

The child's play activity at this age also brings new skills. The tiny one enjoys playing hide-and-seek, hide and seek, or kwacha according to the rules of adults, and has a special interest in role-playing games. The child already knows how to play with the ball, hitting it with both hands. The development of motor skills allows the baby to collect pyramids, toys, inserts (nesting dolls, frames, etc.).

In terms of life skills, after two years, the baby is already capable of a number of independent actions:

  • gently eat and drink at the table;
  • brush your teeth;
  • wash and wipe your hands;
  • use a pot;
  • dress and undress if the items of clothing do not contain complex fasteners;
  • turn pages in the book;
  • open and close doors.

Baby's speech development skills

In 2 years and 2 months, the child's dictionary already contains more than 200 words. So far, most of the words are in the passive dictionary, that is, the baby knows them, but does not say them. Every day his passive and active vocabulary is enriched with new words. Parents have to watch what and how they say in front of the child.

At this age, babies are already able to distinguish the plural from the singular, asking many questions, wanting to know everything about the world. Krukha at this age copes perfectly with the construction of simple sentences, easily memorizes short poems by heart, uses in the sentences of unions and prepositions, although not yet literate enough.

After two years children communicate not only with parents. They look for contact with peers on a visit and walk.

If at the age of two years and two months the baby does not want to talk, but does not want to answer the questions of parents, it is worth consulting with the children's doctor.

Of course, the development of children is on an individual schedule, but you may need to work on the development of speech at this age.

Kyou should already be able to combine at least three and a half words in one sentence. If it's too small for him, his speech development is going on. If after two years he is still unable to combine several words into one simple sentence, a speech therapist can also help.

This child's development will also be accelerated by regular creative activities such as

  • drawing;
  • application;
  • reflection;
  • articulation gymnastics;
  • Tooters' games.

Memorize that the development of speech after two years slows down the TV, computer and other gadgets, the background noise of which negatively affects the memory of the baby's individual words.

How can I develop my baby's memory?

Memory development will speed up the following games:

  1. “Find what's missing”. The child is shown toys, objects or pictures, after which they hide one of the things and ask him to name what is missing. A similar game – with the addition of toys, items or pictures to the existing ones: the baby will need to be named what has appeared.
  2. “Hide and seek! An interesting game for the baby – together with the parents to hide a few toys, after which some time to find them by memory.
  3. Very simple version of the game – please bring your baby a few items on the list.
  4. Interactively, you can play with a child by practicing memory, remembering what he or she did last night, morning, afternoon, evening, what toys he or she has, what are his or her close relatives' names, and so on.

How to develop your baby physically?

In 2 years and 2 months the baby can already be taught to do simple physical exercises. At this age, he's quite capable of mastering:

  1. Double-legged jumps in place
  2. Ball and balloon games
  3. Bench or log walking
  4. Mimic animal behaviour
  5. /li>

  6. Floor running
  7. Seeting
  8. Beetings like a bun
  9. Plain dance moves
  10. /li>

  11. Squatting tilts
  12. Massage walking
  13. Shoeing
  14. Rope climbing

How can I develop my child's musical abilities?

Moderate musical development will help to bring my child to the beautiful from an early age. There is no need to force the events, but you will have to pay some attention to the music. What you can do:

  1. Include children's songs and melodies after two years of age, discuss what you hear, try to sing after listening
  2. Try to play instruments with your child
  3. Teach your child to distinguish sad music from fun
  4. Listen to the sounds of nature by analyzing them together
  5. Determine the source of sound
  6. Try to guess the melody
  7. Dance and sing to music

How can I develop my baby's creative abilities?

For a child's development to be harmonious, it is necessary to work with him from time to time. An interesting activity for a child after two years will be drawing lines, circles and primitive compositions: rain, snow and grass. Closer to two and a half years the crumb will be able to paint pictures, independently choose colors, draw with watercolors and crayons on the asphalt.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NwcyQMO-hhM

As well as drawing, it is possible to make modeling with the baby from time to time. Working with clay and plasticine stimulates the development of finger motor skills, improves the imagination and develops the imagination of the child. Use colored paper and cardboard, cotton, lumps of paper, napkins. It is possible to design it with the help of “Lego” constructor, cubes, special Dieneš blocks and Kuizener's sticks.

Getting to know the world around you

After two years, you can already explain to your child what makes up the world around you, who represents the world of animals, birds and insects. On the walk show the baby dogs, cats, birds, call them, talk about the peculiarities of their lives. At this age, it is possible to take the baby to the zoo.

Also it is important to explain to the baby such concepts as night and day, to acquaint him with the main phenomena of nature and the signs of the seasons.

Source: https://rebenkoved.ru/razvitie-rebyonka/1-3-goda/razvitie-malysha-v-2-goda-2-mesyatsa.html

Child development in 2 years

Child development in 2 years

Not a chance to look back, and your baby is two years old. He's learned a lot in that time, grew up and got stronger. Now it is not a helpless karapuz, and a little helper and an independent (well, almost independent) person.

Your baby already knows how to…

to wash your own hands

Balls:

79-94 cm.
10.3-15.7 kg.
47.0-52.3 cm.
47.6-56.4 cm.

Girls:

79.4-92.7 cm.
10.5-14.9 kg.
46.0-55.1 cm.
47.8-55.6 cm. At two years of age, a child's movements become more coordinated,

The child's physical development at this age is highly individual, as they depend on many factors (heredity, race, type of constitution, presence or absence of concomitant pathology, nutritional status, and others).

In under 10 years of age, the average required body weight is calculated by the formula:

10.5 kg (average child body weight per year) + 2 x n,

Where n is the actual age of the child (years).

Average weight of a child's body in two years is:

for boys – 12 – 14.5 kg;

for girls – 11.5 – 13.5 kg.

The average height by age 2 is:

for boys – 83 – 88.5 cm;

for girls – 82.5 – 87.5 cm.

In two years, a child should have 20 milk teeth.

Nerve-psychological development of the child in 2 years

The child is 2 years old, what should he be able to do and what skills should possess?

In 2 years the child boldly steps over the obstacles, keeps the balance when walking on a narrow board. He eats and drinks on his own.

Motor skills of the child at 2 years old

Kid runs well, jumps, sits down and rises on the stairs, stepping over obstacles. Very mobile and active.

Can hold a pencil, stretch and pluck plasticine.

Can make moves at the request of an adult.

Cognitive development of the child in 2 years

Your child should already be able to distinguish objects by shape, size and color. So, the kid of 2 years can correlate a configuration of a volume geometrical figure to the plane image. Well oriented in at least three contrasting values. Can assemble a nested doll, a pyramid, and caps after the show.

It is oriented in 3-4 colors, finds them on request, some can name them.

Improved drawing skill – a child can draw horizontal, vertical lines of different lengths (short, long) within the sheet. Can tell that he drew.

The kid becomes more and more intelligent, substitutes a chair, if it is necessary to get something, can catch out of the water with a net of his favorite toy. Can perform several sequential game actions, use substitutes in the game.

In two years, kids are very fond of imitating the actions and behavior of a close adult. It's most common everyday situations.

When playing the game, a child can make familiar buildings (house, fence, garage, chair, table, etc.) out of cubes.

The child's emotional development at 2 years of age

  • During the day, babies usually have an active, active state.
  • The child likes (rejoices) when he or she has the intended action, also when he or she is praised by adults.
  • Many babies become stubborn when they are two years old, insisting energetically on their own.
  • For attention-grabbing purposes, they can be gesticulating, capricious, and even shouting.
  • We are reluctant to communicate with strangers, may refuse to communicate with them at all.
  • When my mother leaves, she can cry for a long time.
  • Li>May be offended, loves praise.
  • Actively shows emotion when communicating with loved ones.
  • When communicating with children, he smiles, gesticulates, expresses his emotions with mimics and speech.
  • Interested in music, singing, moving games, dancing.

  • Love to watch cartoons, children's shows.
  • In two years the baby becomes a little emotionally restrained. Thus, the child can wait a while after the adult's explanation.
  • The child is already able to understand such concepts as “good”, “bad”. Take it easy on an adult's instructions and requests: “collect toys”, “come to me”, “it's impossible” and so on.

The speech development of a 2-year-old child

Kids in two years understand a short story about familiar events. Can answer questions about these events (e.g., what a child has done as a guest or on a walk).

Can perform up to three simple tasks, sorry, helps at the request of an adult. Well knows the names of body parts, can show at the request.

Significantly expanding vocabulary (in the arsenal of the baby from 100 to 300 words). There are 2-3 word sentences in the speech. Begins using pronouns and adjectives, prepositions.

Can talk about himself in the third person.

Names and shows the objects in the picture.

Begins to ask questions.

Lighter words are gradually replaced by correct words.

Home skills of a child in 2 years

  • Kid eats more carefully, without bothering himself or hesitating.
  • Can wash and wash his hands. It is wiped off with the help of an adult.
  • Can put on simple items of clothing (socks, hat, shoes, scarf). Partially undressed.
  • Know what and where to lie.
  • Can use a handkerchief.
  • Controls his physiological needs, ask for a pot.

Care for a 2-year-old child

For the baby to feel good and to be in the mood, try to keep the daylight on.

So it's better if the baby's diet and sleep are always at the same time. In two years, the baby is quite enough one day's sleep duration of 2-2.5 hours.

Teach your child to personal hygiene. The baby should wash daily (morning and evening), brush his teeth, comb his hair, wash his hands before eating. If the child is kept clean, he subconsciously develops a need for it.

The child needs to rinse his legs before night's sleep, in summer it should be done daily, and in winter it is possible after a day.

Bathing the child should be done at least once a week in warm water with soap.

For the harmonious development of the child it is necessary to take daily walks in the fresh air, gymnastics, hardening procedures.

By two years, many kids complete the development of the pot. Children can ask for both words and gestures.

The child's 2-year-old diet

The child's 2-year-old diet differs from that of a one-year-old, but the child's diet is still far from being adult.

Feeding regimen at this age can be four or five times (depending on personal preferences and family background). It is desirable that we eat regularly at the same time and at approximately equal intervals between meals.

A two year old should already have 20 teeth, so try to teach him to chew his own food

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