Infant feeding at 4 months
Feeding children from 4 months
What do you need to know about complementary foods
Vegetable puree from 4 months
Feeding your child fruit juice at 4 months
How to feed your child with fruit puree from 4 months
The amount of food a child should eat at 4 months
Cashi from 4 months
Feed a child should start at six months of age. However, if the mother is not able to breastfeed her baby and is fully breastfed, it is recommended that changes be made to the baby's diet from 4 months onwards, because milk mixtures will not be able to provide the baby with everything needed for as long as breast milk.
Where to start breastfeeding at 4 months? How do I feed it at four months? What difficulties can arise and how can they be dealt with? These are the questions that concern parents who dare to lure a baby at such an early age.
What you need to know about complementary foods
Knowledge some of the intricacies of introducing new foods into children's diets will help avoid most of the problems that parents usually face.
- If a child is ill and vaccinated, it is not recommended to change his or her diet. During the first period, the child should be encouraged to try a small amount of new food and gradually increase it. He's gonna be getting used to it for the second week. It is only after this period that it is possible to start introducing other products.
- Purely the child refuses to eat new food. Parents have to be patient. You have to offer it to the baby at least 10 times. It's advisable to do this before he drinks his usual formula. Then the baby's more likely to try a new meal. If it doesn't help, you should think about other things.
- Deliver a new product in the morning. It's more convenient to track your child's reaction during the day. Allergies, stool problems, colic is an alarm. When they are available, it is worth stopping the complementary feeding and contacting a paediatrician to develop an individual diet.
And now you can think about what to do to feed your child at 4 months. First of all, it is recommended to introduce mashed potatoes into his diet.
Vegetable puree from 4 months
Most paediatricians recommend first of all to introduce vegetable puree from 4 months. Smoothie must be one component. However, not all vegetables will be suitable for a baby at such a tender age.
- Cabbage (white-fronted, broccoli, colored),
They are less likely to cause allergies than others.
You can prepare mashed potatoes yourself, but you must have a blender at home to do so. It will help to shred vegetables to such an extent that it is safe to feed your child from 4 months onwards.
If there are pieces of mashed potatoes, the child may choke.
To make mashed potatoes at home it is necessary:
- to wash, clean and slice vegetables,
- to cook them in a steamer or on a stove,
- to shred them in a blender.
Input mashed potatoes according to the scheme presented in the table.
Feeding scheme with 4 months' worth of vegetable puree
This can be done with potatoes, tomatoes or beetroot puree after two weeks. Again, when introducing new vegetable purees from 4 months onwards, be especially careful and gradual. Watch your child's reaction to the introduction of new products.
Feeding your child 4 months of fruit juice
Apple juice is suitable for the first meal. It almost never causes allergies, so it is considered the safest. If after two weeks, no adverse health effects have been noticed, you can treat your baby with peach, pear or plum juices.
Don't forget that you can't enter everything at once. The baby needs to get used to one product first. If there is still no problem, parents can safely offer him berry juices, such as cherry juice.
Tip. Juice can be purchased at the store or made by yourself. All parents, without exception, want to raise a healthy child, so they are distrustful of children's shopping products.
However, in winter and spring it is better to give preference to them.
Store juice is much more useful than fruit made from purchased fruits, because most of them are processed with chemicals.
Summer and autumn juice can be prepared by yourself, provided that the fruits are not from the supermarket. It can be made with a juicer, and if it is not, using a grater and gauze. Everything must be clean, otherwise the bacteria will enter the baby's body with the juice.
To prepare it without a juicer you need to:
- rub the fruit on a small grater,
- put the resulting mixture in gauze,
- press the juice into a pre-prepared container.
First time should be given to the child 3 to 5 drops of the product. In the following days it is necessary to gradually increase the volume of juice.
How to feed a child with fruit puree from 4 months
Many parents want to make their child happy with food innovations, and after the introduction of juice they wonder what kind of food is available for children from 4 months onwards. Fruit puree is the best option. As in the case of juice, it is better to use the product made of apples first.
Puree can be purchased at the store. If you choose, you should carefully study the label. The product should consist of only one type of fruit, not several. Look for optimized baby mashed potatoes from 4 months.
Summer and autumn, if you have your own fruit, you can make your own mashed potatoes. The recipe is the same as the vegetable recipe. Smoothies should also be introduced gradually. Start with one teaspoon of food on the first day.
How many children should eat in 4 months
The number of new products should not be unlimited. In order for the baby to be healthy, it is necessary to maintain certain proportions. The table below shows how much a child should eat at 4 months old who has already adapted to new products.
Cashi from 4 months
Feeding to children from 4 months may depend on individual factors. Some babies are advised to introduce porridge instead of fruit puree. It may even happen that the paediatrician will recommend that you start with porridge. There may be several reasons for this.
Feeding with 4 months of porridge may be necessary if the child:
When choosing a cereal crop, it is necessary to focus on the presence/absence of gluten in it. This protein often causes digestive disorders in small children. Therefore, it is better to give preference to products that do not contain it.
Tip. The process of making your own porridge is very simple, it's enough to boil the grits and grind them in a blender.
However, do not forget that the purchased porridge produced specially for small children is more balanced and saturated with all the necessary trace elements, such as iron and calcium.
In addition, their preparation takes less time. All you have to do is pour warm boiled water on the porridge, and it's ready. It is introduced into the diet according to the same scheme as vegetable puree.
We're gonna eat the porridge! Food from 4 months
Feeding period is a difficult and interesting time in the life of the baby. Feeding children from 4 months of age requires special vigilance from parents. Their task is to keep an eye on their children, and if something goes wrong, immediately contact a pediatrician.
Feed at 4 months. Scheme, rules, prohibitions
Your baby is already an adult! He's been born four months! He's humming, pulling pens to objects and even holding them consciously! And it seems that it is time to think seriously about introducing complementary food to a 4-month-old baby.
Pediatricians have one important rule about breastfeeding: if a baby is breastfed, he is given complementary food at 6 months. If on the artificial – a little earlier.
If the crumb was born prematurely, with a food it is possible to accelerate a little too as in an organism of a baby there can appear enough reserves for active and high-grade development.
The opinion of pediatricians concerning kinds and quantity of a foodstuff differs. There is a clear position that up to six months, or at least five months, nothing should be introduced from the supplementary feeding.
At the same time, there is an opposite view, which suggests that from the 3-month point of view it is possible to add additional products to the diet of crumbs.
And the signs that the baby can be given complementary food at 4 months
- The main sign is that the baby is not saturated. If the baby eats both mother's breasts at the same time with GP, then the mother has less and less milk. If the baby is fed artificially, and one litre a day is not enough for him, it is also time to introduce complementary food.
- If the crumb is actively considering the table of adults, stretches to it, shows interest in food. Kids in their first year of life can watch adults' meals with such an anxious face and see off every movement of the spoon, making it difficult for the angry relatives to stay away from the table and not to buy a crumb from the table.
- Delayed development, avitaminosis, signs of rickets may indicate a lack of certain ingredients coming in with breast milk or a mixture, and the need to introduce additional products into the diet of crumbs.
- If the child does not reach weight, this may indicate that he or she is lacking nutrients in the diet. Normally, by 4 months, the baby is gaining weight that is twice the weight of his body at birth. For premature babies, this requirement is expressed in the coefficient 2.5.
The requirements for the development of a baby of 4 months of age, whose food is planned to be injected
Feeding can be started only to a healthy child!
Health of the baby is assessed both at the moment and the general condition of the baby is taken into account during all 4 months of life (digestive disorder, allergic symptoms, neurological condition of the body). Weight loss is not considered a health problem. If it is not to his liking, he moves back, if he likes the food, he reaches for a spoon.
The newborns have a repulsive language reflex. If you do an experiment and offer a baby to lick a spoon for the first few months of her life, she will push it away. Physiologically, his body isn't ready to eat without sucking. If your baby doesn't have a repulsive reflex by 4 months, you can feed him.
- Start with only 1 product. No vegetable or cereal mixtures. The body needs to be adapted gradually, in small portions, giving your baby a taste and learning how to process the new product.
- The food is given before breastfeeding on an empty stomach. Begin with the vegetables to teach the baby to eat unsweetened food. If you start with fruit puree, then the vegetables will be refused for a long time.
- The first time you feed the baby in the most liquefied state. Ventricle baby is not used to solid food. Gradually increasing the density of new dishes, you will accustom the stomach to solid food. It is most often recommended to start with potatoes or courgettes, as these products are less often negatively affected.
- Feed only with a spoon. This is another educational moment in the development of the baby. Spoon by spoon, drop by drop, and your crumb becomes an adult!
- The average of 21 days to adapt to 1 type of food is given to the average. It is not advisable to give one dish to the crumb twice a day. During the first week, they observe how the baby's body reacts to a new dish. If there are no problems with digestion, digestion, if the skin is clean and the stool is normal, you can add other types of products after a week. If there are any health problems with the baby, you should either remove the product for a while or observe it for 21 days (depending on the type and severity of the reaction). Pediatrician's advice in this case is priceless.
- After the main feeding the crumb can be given a juice. During the period лето¾сень½ачало in winter it is advisable to give natural juices of self-preparation. At the end of winter and in spring, it is better to buy canned fruits, as there are no vitamins left in the fruit at this time of year.
What can't be entered in 4 months
In the network you can find information from incompetent sources that from 4 months you can enter yolk and cottage cheese into the food. Pediatricians strongly advise against it! The same goes for meat, broths, fish.
Here are a few examples of how a sensitive 4-month-old crumb can react to foreign proteins:
- allergy (atopic dermatitis, respiratory failure)
- functioning immature kidney damage
- metabolic acidosis
- dismetabolic nephropathy.
Salt is a rather dangerous product for an immature baby body, as the kidneys are not yet able to remove it from the body as the adult kidneys do. It is not forbidden to slightly grease the food, the baby should be accustomed to different tastes, but his dish should be slightly salty.
Parents should feel a lack of salt in the dish when testing the dish.
Advice on the implementation of complementary foods
Very comical to watch the baby shriek, tasting the first drop of new complementary foods in his life. After a sweet mum's milk or a mixture of vegetable puree seems unbearably unbearable to him.
Do not force your baby to eat by force. Wait for him to get hungry, let him understand the taste of the new product.
Every day on a teaspoon, and after a week of crumbs will burst mashed potatoes on both cheeks!
Try to keep the child in an upright position. It's very important that the baby doesn't choke. Since you can't sit on a cushion at this age, put your baby on a pillow, lifting his torso as far as possible.
Krokha will actively reach for the spoon and try to grab it with his hands. If you practice swaddling, it's best to swaddle the baby at this point. If you don't want to stifle the child's movements, give him/her a toy.
In this age, they've only learned to hold objects, and they're so excited about it, that even the terrible taste of mashed potatoes in the first few minutes won't seem so nasty, as all the attention will be focused on a toy that can be touched!
“Yes” and “No” to the introduction of complementary foods
This is a time when there is a lot of disagreement between paediatricians, nutritionists, and other specialists about the age at which complementary foods are to be introduced.
One thing is clear: the best time to introduce complementary foods from 4 to 6 months. As mentioned above in the article, the start of the introduction of new foods into the diet depends on many individual factors. And there is an average value that can be used as a basis for introducing additional food
In the age range of 21 to 26 weeks, we should already begin. If the baby is short of his mother's milk or mixture, the upper limit is taken as the basis, and if the crumb develops perfectly on mono food, the food is introduced within the lower limit of 26 weeks of age.
Which foods and dishes to start with first
If the crumb tends to constipation, vegetable puree is introduced first. The potatoes also have a binding property, so it is better to start with a zucchini.
When emptying frequently, it is suggested to start with monocasins, e.g. rice, because rice binds a chair. The cat is first cooked on water, slightly diluted with breast milk or an adapted mixture.
Buckwheat porridge is recommended as hippoallergenic and energetically enriched in case of underdevelopment or underweight.
If the crumbs have rashes on the skin, red and orange products should not be introduced. It's even about banal carrots and apples. It's better not to give fruits imported from abroad. They are chemically treated for transport and storage, and their consumption is fraught with possible serious consequences.
Fruit puree can be prepared from both raw and cooked fruits. The raw product retains the vitamins so necessary for the development of the crumbs. In boiled only fiber and some trace elements.
In vegetable puree it is possible to add vegetable oil on a drop. Any new product introduction, even in a drop, should be monitored for body reactions.
After each meal, the baby should be breastfed or bottled. Tiny shouldn't worry about taking away his favorite sedative.
In time, he will love all the new dishes and will be happy to see his favorite porridge or mashed potatoes on a plate.
- anatomia seo
If a child needs complementary food at 4 months and where better to start
World Health Organization recommends that the baby be introduced to new food after six months. But in some cases, the paediatrician may recommend earlier dates. At 4 months of age the baby does not have to eat.
But if the doctor thinks that the baby does not have enough vitamins and nutrients, there is a problem of low weight gain or rickets, if the baby is on artificial feeding, it is time to try a new food.
The first meal requires the mother to strictly follow certain rules. Inappropriate actions can lead to problems in the child's digestive system, allergic reactions.
Ready for complementary feeding at 4 months?
Feeding should not be started so much by the age of the child as by the readiness of the child's body to take a new product. Age is just one of the milestones.
After all, every child develops according to an individual schedule. Therefore, it is not possible to say with confidence that a baby needs a supplementary food only because he or she eats the formula feeding and is 4 months old.
Several factors must be assessed in order to determine the readiness of the crumb for innovation.
The baby is only able to perceive new products if he or she has developed a nervous and digestive system.
This is evidenced by the following signs:
- The baby is four months old. At the same time, it should be taken into account that if a newborn is born prematurely, the introduction of complementary foods is postponed for another month. This early age of familiarity with “adult” food affects most babies who eat the mixture. Introduction of breastfeeding from 4 months of age is very rare and only on the recommendation of a pediatrician.
- The weight of the baby doubled from birth. For a prematurely born child, the weight should increase by a factor of 2.5.
- The extinction of the tongue ejection reflex. If the crumb involuntarily makes a pushing out movement of the tongue, the introduction of food is premature regardless of age.
- The baby is not eaten. If at 4 months the baby drinks a liter of formula per day, but remains hungry, the child needs food. It may also be necessary for a baby who does not have enough of her mother's milk.
- Our readiness for new food is evidenced by the ability to sit, turn the head confidently, as well as nutritional interest in different objects.
- The presence of the first tooth.
Feeding a 4-month-old child does not have to wait for all the above signs to appear. Just a few basic ones are enough. The main condition for starting supplementary feeding is the preliminary consultation with a paediatrician.
Where do I start?
The opinion of pediatricians about which product is suitable to start with 4 months of complementary food has changed over the past decades. In the past, fruit juice was considered the best food for this purpose. It was given very early, after 3 months, starting with a few drops.
Today, the first baby food from 4 months is recommended to start with porridge or mashed potatoes. This food is optimal. For underweight babies, they're the first to introduce porridge. And babies who are overweight or prone to constipation are better introduced to vegetables.
In case of digestive problems, a doctor may recommend fruit puree as a source of fiber. But children who taste sweet fruit first are reluctant to eat unsweetened vegetables or porridge.
So it is better to postpone the introduction to fruit puree for a while.
In the beginning of complementary feeding, a mother may face the problem of not eating new foods. Indeed, vegetables have a completely unusual taste for the crumbs after my mother's sweet milk or mix.
When a baby refuses from a vegetable dish do not need to be afraid. The main thing in this case is the sequence of actions, patience and perseverance. New food should be offered at least 10 times.
But if the baby does not want to eat it, it is better to try another vegetable.
There are times when a child abandons vegetables and the mother goes straight to sweet porridge. That's not right. At first, the baby is introduced to unsweetened food.
The first breastfeeding of a baby at 4 months in the form of vegetable puree is advisable to cook on their own, if it is summer or early autumn, and the mother is confident in the safety of products. If the bait begins in winter or spring, it is better to use ready-made baby food.
First porridge can also be made of cereals, or you can buy in boxes.
New Food Rules
Feeding will be successful for a 4-month-old child if the following recommendations are adhered to:
- Begin only if the child is fully healthy. Only freshly cooked food can be given to the baby during the preparation periods, immediately after vaccination and at the first time after illness. If you use purchased porridge and mashed potatoes for supplementary feeding, you need to breed them or warm them immediately before use. Residues are discarded and are not reheated.
- It is important to keep your hands and dishes clean when cooking. Carefully wash the vegetables and fruits that will be used to make mashed potatoes.
- The first to offer supplementary food, and then the baby is fed with a mixture or breast milk.
- Any new dish starts with a small amount (no more than a teaspoon). Gradually, the portion is brought to the full volume recommended for this age.
- Ed should be warm.
- The new dish can be given after the baby is fully accustomed to the previous one. The portion is increased only if the stool is normal and there is no allergic reaction.
- As the beginning of the meal, each new step of the meal must be agreed with the paediatrician.
Which foods are the foodstuffs?
The baby is introduced to vegetable dishes and porridge first. Which product will be preferred in a particular case, determines the pediatrician.
If the food starts with vegetable puree, the first vegetables should be green or white. A zucchini, broccoli, cauliflower are best suited.
After the child has adapted to them, you can try carrot and pumpkin puree. At an older age, potatoes are introduced, which are worse absorbed. Vegetable introductions should start with one-component mashed potatoes.
Mixed meals are suitable for older children.
After vegetables, you can offer a crumb of fruit puree. As a rule, children eat fruit willingly. It's best to start with an apple. If the product is normally absorbed, try draining, pear, banana and peach.
In the beginning of the feed it is best to use ready-made porridge in boxes. You can't add any more sugar to them. The first porridges should be single-component, gluten-free and dairy-free (buckwheat, corn and rice). If your baby refuses to eat them, you can add some breast milk or the usual formula.
How can I make mashed potatoes by myself?
Mashed potatoes for the first meal can be made by myself. It's not difficult. Baby food vegetables are best steamed. If there is no steamer or multicooker in the farm, the vegetables are stewed in a small amount of water.
A zucchini is the fastest to brew. Ready-made vegetables are shredded in a blender or wiped through a sieve. You can add some olive oil, formulae or breast milk to the mashed potatoes.
Pumpkin, cauliflower, broccoli mashed potatoes are cooked in the same way.
The porridge starts to be inserted into the baby's diet with half a teaspoon. Buckwheat and rice are the best absorbed. It should be properly diluted.
Its consistency should be the same as in children's mashed potatoes, not dense and homogeneous. After the crumb has eaten the porridge, it is fed with milk or a mixture.
The food at this age is not a substitute for full feeding. Recommended concentration of cereals for 4 months is 5%.
Principle and order of introduction of cereal supplement
Introduction of cereal supplement begin with single-component and dairy-free porridge. Salt and sugar are not added to the dish. Starting from 5 g, daily increase the amount of porridge by one teaspoon until a portion of 150 g.
This is an approximate, approximate number. Children are very, very appetite and the ability to perceive certain products they have individual. The new type of cereal is introduced only a few weeks after full adaptation to the previous cereal, provided that the product is tolerable and allergic to it.
How do I prepare my own porridge?
Feed should I start with instant-on porridge. But you can make your own porridge, too. That's why they grind the cereal in a coffee grinder and cook it. It is possible to make the opposite – ready to be crushed in a blender.
The first porridge is prepared at the rate of 5 g of cereals per 100 ml of water. You can add a drop of vegetable oil or milk to the porridge. Once your child has adapted to single-component porridge and vegetables, you can combine these products and add carrots, zucchini or pumpkin to the cereals. Do not salt the ready meal or add sweeteners