Does the ectopic pregnancy test show how to determine early ectopic pregnancy
What the ectopic pregnancy test shows
According to official statistics, every 50th pregnancy is ectopic. This condition is dangerous for the woman and the fetus: it does not give any chance of successful pregnancy.
Will the ectopic pregnancy (ÂÂÂ) test show? Are there any specific signs of ectopic attachment of the embryo? You will find the answer to these and other relevant questions in the new article of our portal.
What is this ectopic pregnancy
Pregnancy is called ectopic (tubal) if the fetal egg is attached to other parts of the body than the uterus, such as the abdominal cavity or uterine tubes. In this case, it is not possible to carry a child. If this diagnosis is found, the girl is referred for an abortion. If the pathology is not detected in time, it will stop on its own and the girl will have a miscarriage.
This situation is considered a dangerous complication. Most often, the foetal egg remains in the fallopian tube, attaches itself to it and begins its development. Gradually, the diameter of the pipe is increasing. As the appendages are not able to withstand such a load, after a while the pipes will stretch to a critical level. If the pain is not taken into account and nothing is done, the uterine tube shell will burst. This will lead to the ingestion of blood, mucus and fertilized egg cells in the abdominal cavity.
In connection with the fact that the sterility of the abdominal cavity will be impaired, there will be infection, terrible pain and peritonitis. In addition, vascular rupture can lead to significant abdominal hemorrhage. This is considered to be a critical condition, and the patient is reanimated and controlled by doctors around the clock.
If the fertilized egg is placed in the ovaries or abdominal cavity, the probability of peritonitis is also very high.
Signs and consequences of ectopic pregnancy in the specialist commentary:
Fertile egg is attached in the wrong place for many reasons:
- surgery of the pelvic organs, after which solderings formed – they prevent the embryo from moving along the pipes;
- too narrow phallopian tubes;
- misuse of contraceptives or an installed spiral;
- infections and inflammation of the female organs that cause the fallopian tubes to thin, deform, and stop working properly;
Develops the ectopic pregnancy test
There is a special device called Inexscreen to detect ectopic pregnancy. He's not just reacting to the hCG level, he's analyzing it. Chorionic gonadotropin is intact and modified.
In the uterus, the amount of modified hCG should not be less than 10%. If the embryo is attached elsewhere, it will be too low and the device will react.
The guarantee of the result is 90%. The procedure should be performed at least one week after the expected date of the beginning of the period in order for the device to correctly determine whether the fetus is properly attached or has abnormalities.
The uterine pregnancy, like a normal pregnancy, is determined by the test. However, the test results will differ from those of a normal pregnant girl.
Will it show up to a delay in the period
In an abnormal pregnancy, the embryo is also attached on day seven, but not to the uterine wall. For this reason, the chorionic gonadotropin content in a woman's urine increases very slowly.
Even the most sensitive electronic tests may not recognize the presence of an interesting position before the onset of delayed menstruation. In tubal gestation, a test made during this period will show a negative result, as the hCG level in the biomaterial is too low.
Extrauterine pregnancy lasts on average up to eight weeks. In this case, as mentioned above, the amount of hCG in urine is also increasing, but much slower than in the absence of pathology.
An abnormal attachment of a fetal egg after early menstruation delay will be positive because by then the hCG level will have been sufficient for the test to respond.
In ectopic pregnancy, depending on the day of testing, the result can be either positive or negative.
The color of the second strip on the test
Frequently, for pathologies such as ectopic attachment of the embryo outside the uterus, the second strip on the test is poorly visible. The reason for this is the low content of hCG hormone in the biomaterial of the pregnant girl.
When fertilization has gone correctly and the embryo is located in the uterus, the amount of chorionic gonadotropin increases significantly every day. If you repeat the test after 2-3 days, the two strips will already be bright.
In the case when the strips are pale again, the probability of incorrect attachment of the fetal egg is very high and you should immediately consult a gynecologist.
How to determine the pathology without the test – additional signs of embryo attachment failure
The main signs in tubal pregnancy are the same as in the absence of pathologies.
A girl's menstruation is delayed, her emotional state and taste preferences change, and so on. But there are also specific signs that you need to see a doctor if you find them.
In the first trimester, pregnant girls very often have low blood pressure. This is considered the norm because it makes it easier for the body to form new vessel networks.
But sometimes the pressure drops dramatically for completely different reasons. One of them is an ectopic pregnancy. Therefore, in such a case, it is necessary to inform the doctor about your health condition.
Low hCG hormone levels
After conception, chorionic gonadotropin levels rise not only in urine but also in blood. Therefore, its quantity can be determined by clinical blood tests on hCG. If the final figure does not meet the standards, it is likely that the pregnancy is abnormal.
The mother-to-be should carefully monitor the vaginal discharge when an interesting position is detected, as it is possible to judge the occurrence of a pathology. One of the main signs of tubal pregnancy is considered to be a bleeding discharge.
Blood discharge can be both poor and abundant. There's usually not enough blood if there's just a detachment of the fertilized egg. And when the tissue ruptures, there's a sudden and abrupt bleeding. In this case, there is a threat to the life of the mother and it is necessary to call an ambulance immediately.
Puller abdominal pain
After the fertilized egg is attached to the wall of the fallopian tube, girls usually have pulling pains in the lower abdomen. Often it hurts a lot on one side only. The pain gets worse every day.
Sometimes girls don't care about such pain and think it's normal to have a baby. However, if the abnormality is not detected in time, the pain will not be tolerated and will spread throughout the abdomen.
In this case, an ambulance should be called, as there is a risk of hemorrhaging into the abdomen. If the consequences are not eliminated in time, there is a risk of death.
Also, the pain in the abdomen becomes very acute after sexual intercourse or active sporting activities.
Subfebrile subfebrile temperature
Subfebrile temperature is a slight increase in body temperature for a long time. Usually it does not rise above 38 degrees.
Frequently the fever of a girl carrying a child indicates the presence of an infectious disease. But if she's the only symptom, there's a high probability of abnormal pregnancy.
Sometimes a girl gets dizzy, fainted or nauseous while pregnant with a pipe. Of course, all these signs are also present in mothers whose children develop in the uterine cavity, but in order to avoid complications, it is better to see a doctor at once
Another sign of abnormal pregnancy is considered to be severe lateral pain, which gives it to the anus.
Un uterine pregnancy is a very dangerous condition.
Untimely detection can lead to pancreatitis, lesions of the female urogenital system, loss of reproductive function, or even death of the woman. Therefore, when the first signs appear, you should immediately contact a specialist.
This test shows ectopic pregnancy. What can be the test results in ectopic pregnancy
If menstruation does not start on time, the first thing that comes to mind is the possibility of pregnancy. To clarify the situation, go to your nearest pharmacy for a rapid test.
“Revenue wand” will answer the question quickly and truthfully enough, but will keep silent about whether the pregnancy is physiological or ectopic.
Are there tests that determine ectopic pregnancy? We need to figure this out!
How the conception occurs
From the very beginning and until the end of the conception it takes about 1 week. During this time, several successive stages of formation of the basis for the development of the little man are carried out.
Prepared for the fusion of the egg meets a sperm in the fallopian tube. In the interaction between female and male germ cells, their genetic codes are combined to create a new set of genes that the future child will inherit from his or her parents.
After 3 days of contraction of the fallopian tube pushes a 10 to 16 cell particle of the new body to the uterine cavity. If the contractile activity of the endometrium is insignificant or if there are abnormalities in the permeability of the tubes, the embryo does not receive a strong enough push to get into the uterus.
Due to hopelessness, a small clot of cells is attached to any surface where there is a mucous membrane permeated with blood vessels. In 95% of cases, ectopic localization of the embryo occurs in the fallopian tubes, followed by the ovaries, and the abdominal cavity in the third place.
If nothing prevents the embryo from moving towards the uterus, it is safely attached to the uterus wall with the help of the chorion. This pregnancy is called uterine.
Wherever a fetal egg is attached, the female body knows about the presence of the embryo at the cellular level from the first days of its existence.
All systems are beginning to prepare well for the upcoming development of the fetus, the most important of which – reproductive – does not see the difference between the physiological and pathological attachment of the embryo, so the start of the development of a specific hormone of human chorionic gonadotropin.
This substance ensures the successful carrying of the fetus by a woman. It is to the presence of hCG in the urine that the reagents of the express test respond and the second stripe appears – confirmation of pregnancy at an early age. The great news is that the mother-to-be can find out as early as 10-14 days after conception.
Does the test determine ectopic pregnancy? Because even a woman's body can't identify the pathology, it's not even possible to do a routine test.
The effects of ectopic pregnancy on a woman
Un uterine pregnancy are now found in 3% of women, but statistics show that every year more and more pregnant women experience pathology. The factors behind this phenomenon are not known.
The uterine attachment of the foetal egg promises to be a serious problem for the woman and therefore requires timely diagnosis and immediate surgical intervention. This is because outside the uterus, the foetus will grow as fast as it would in a normal pregnancy.
The increase in its size poses a fatal danger to the woman: in the 6-8 week of its existence, the embryo grows to such an extent that it tears the uterus tube and causes severe uterine bleeding. As a result, the ovary is completely dysfunctional after such an injury.
Also, due to severe internal bleeding, the woman is not always able to save herself.
Additional signs of ectopic pregnancy without dough
Please note that if the fetal egg is placed in the wrong place, the second dough strip may not be very pronounced or will not appear at all, even if 3 weeks have passed since fertilization. Here is a photo of the test in case of ectopic pregnancy:
What will the woman think in this case? It is true that the pregnancy took place, but that it is ectopic, so the embryo will soon have to get rid of, the test is silent. Obstetricians suggest that there are certain signs that ectopic pregnancy can be expected as early as 4-5 weeks after conception (2 weeks after the date of the expected period).
Pathological pregnancy is suspected if at least two of the following symptoms are present:
- Lower blood pressure. In this condition, the woman is subject to regular dizziness, which sometimes ends in fainting. This is a sign that needs to be addressed first if it has not been observed before. If you suddenly develop such a health disorder, you should go to the health centre immediately, even though the test may give you a questionable or weakly positive result. In some cases, in ectopic pregnancy, hCG synthesis is so scarce that a rapid test simply does not reveal a specific hormone.
- Very low hCG levels. Sometimes the attachment of a foetal egg outside the uterus causes such a weak response that there is either an implicit second stripe or only one stripe. A negative test can also be considered a sign of ectopic pregnancy to some extent. The presence of the embryo can only be reliably determined by a laboratory blood test.
- Maschinous bleeding secretions. You can't confuse them with regular periods. However, many women see this as a delayed menstruation after a delay, especially if the rapid test showed nothing because of the extremely low hCG.
- Painful pulling sensations in the lower abdomen. They're often accompanied by meager bleeding. Unfortunately, it is difficult for a woman to associate what is happening with the pathological localization of the fetal egg, so most pregnant women seek medical attention when the pain increases significantly (the growing fetus at this point severely stretches the organ that is not designed to carry a child).
- Little subfebril temperature. A slight increase in body temperature is usually combined with a clinical picture of a mild cold. By the way, a woman has the same condition when she's pregnant. However, if there are other symptoms, you need to see a doctor to determine if there is a pregnancy or not.
Other symptoms of ectopic pregnancy
“The official” medical indicators of the embryo's pathological location are considered to be the following:
- The presence of even a small amount of hCG in the blood test, as the substance only appears in the body during pregnancy. False positives appear if a woman has had a miscarriage or abortion in the recent past, so her hormone balance is not yet restored.
- High blood count. Almost always, the organ that is not designed to carry a baby perceives a foetal egg that has been attached to it as a potential danger. In response to this state of affairs, the body mobilizes the immune system. The activity of leukocyte synthesis is determined by the genotype of the male sex cell, which has merged with the egg cell, and the resulting fetal genotype. For example, if the maternal rhesus factor is negative and the embryo in the wrong position is positive, there is a rapid reaction, and sharply overestimated white blood cell count indicates the development of an extensive inflammatory process.
- Inconsistency of uterine size to the expected gestational age. Deviation is detected at the first gynecological examination, with the ultrasound machine “does not see” the embryo inside the uterus. If there is a suspicion of pregnancy during the ultrasound, the entire abdominal cavity of the patient is examined, focusing on the areas where the woman feels the most unpleasant feelings. In the vast majority of cases, physicians can use hardware diagnostics to determine the exact location and duration of embryo development. At the same stage, the specialist immediately determines the least traumatic way to resolve the situation for the patient.
It is not possible to determine a rapid test of ectopic pregnancy, but the results of home diagnosis, combined with other signs, can be an indirect symptom of anomaly and a compelling reason for urgent medical attention. It is impossible to get rid of a pathologically located embryo on your own, so professional medical assistance is indispensable.
What kind of test “works” in ectopic pregnancy
Today, a special test cassette known as Inexscreen has been developed to detect a potentially dangerous anomaly.
The principle of operation of this device differs from other tests because it is based on immunochromatographic analysis.
The number of hCGs of the modified form at the uterine embryo attachment should be no less than 10%, while at the anomalous location of the embryo the indicators are considerably underestimated and the test “sees”.
On this basis, ectopic pregnancy is defined.
Special test can still be considered a novelty, but it demonstrates reliable and reliable results in the diagnosis of ectopic localization of the fetal egg (more than 90%).
The main advantages of Inexcreen is the possibility of use at home, democratic price and the presence on the shelves of most pharmacies. On the negative side, we note the possibility of obtaining positive results in ectopic pregnancy no earlier than 7-8 days after the delay of the period.
Inexcreen test rules for ectopic pregnancy
Inexcreen test cassette can be clarified by following simple rules:
- To use urine immediately after collection, otherwise the modified hCG form is transformed into another form of hormone, which naturally distorts the results.
- The cassette should be tested immediately after opening the package.
- The test is only carried out after careful reading of the Inexcreen.
Check it out! If there is blood from the vagina in the background of severe contractions in the abdomen, hurry up to call an ambulance. This is usually the case with a fallopian tube rupture due to ectopic pregnancy.
While summarizing, we would like to remind you that a rapid test at a very early stage of ectopic pregnancy may provide questionable or positive results that do not correspond to reality. When the ectopic gestation exceeds 5 weeks, the normal rapid test is positive and the specific test cassette Inexcrin reliably determines whether the pregnancy is ectopic.
Prove early ectopic pregnancy, negative or positive
According to medical statistics, one in 100 pregnancies is ectopic, and the vast majority is tubal. This condition is detected at an early stage.
Doubts about whether the test shows ectopic pregnancy in women are well founded. The pathological condition is quite dangerous, and in case of prolonged inactivity it can lead to irreversible consequences.
So it is important to find out as soon as possible where the fertilized egg is attached.
What is dangerous about ectopic
Unuterine pregnancy is a pathological condition that poses a threat to a woman's life and reproductive health. In all cases, it has only one outcome: interruption.
How this process happens depends on the timeliness of the health care request. Induced medical abortion is possible at an early stage, and surgery will be required for longer periods of time.
If you do not seek medical attention, embryo growth will be interrupted on its own, but it will cause massive internal bleeding.
In ectopic pregnancy, the fetal egg is attached outside the cavity of the child-bearing organ. In 9 cases out of 10, the embryo gets stuck when it passes through the fallopian tubes. Less often, localization is observed in the abdomen, ovary or cervix. The predisposing factors for the development of this state are:
- inflammatory processes and genital diseases (including infectious diseases);
- diagnostic and surgical interventions in the uterus;
- peritoneal surgery;
- single process;
- anatomical features of uterine and appendage structure;
- intrauterine contraceptives;
- hormonal disorders;
Other a positive test in ectopic pregnancy can be argued for only after delayed menstruation. The first symptom of this condition is all those that accompany normal pregnancy in the uterus: drowsiness, mild malaise, nausea, breast sensitivity.
Later on, the symptomatology is supplemented by clearer signs:
- by pain (caused by displacement or stretching of the organ to which the embryo is attached);
- by breakthrough bleeding (caused by insufficient synthesis of the supporting hormone);
- changes in blood structure (leukocyte elevation is due to the fact that the organ perceives the fetal egg as an alien object, so the body's immune protection is activated);
- negative test gradually becomes positive.
Positive or negative?
Test for ectopic pregnancy may be positive and negative. It all depends on the time of the home survey. The level of chorionic gonadotropin increases even with unnatural attachment of the fetal egg. A unique substance produced in pregnant women begins to be synthesized immediately after the sperm fusion with the egg cell.
In the first days after attachment, the hCG level is still very low, so the pregnancy test determines a negative result.
Further growth of the hormone is slow, which does not allow us to determine whether the hormone was conceived a few days before the expected menstruation, even by a highly sensitive device.
Gradual increase in chorionic gonadotropin causes the pregnancy test to show two stripes a few days after the delay.
There are sometimes full clear stripes (if the test is sensitive), but in some cases their brightness raises doubts about the accuracy of the result. The question of whether an ectopic pregnancy test will show up can be answered both positively and negatively.
The device will detect conception by detecting the presence of hCG in the biomaterial, but the device cannot reliably determine that the pregnancy develops in an unnatural place. It doesn't matter if it's a normal uterine or ectopic pregnancy.
He “says” either “yes” or “no”, no matter where the egg is attached.
But you have to keep in mind that the level of hCG (chorionic gonadotropin) in ectopic pregnancy grows slower than in a “healthy” pregnancy. That's why the second line may be weak.
How the test helps to suspect ectopic
Pregnancy test in ectopic pregnancy shows a negative result before menstruation is delayed.
Later on, a home diagnostic device provides a weak positive response that makes a woman think about the health of the system.
After the diagnosis, the potential expectant mother sees a clear checkline, colored in saturated color and a weak test strip that may be barely noticeable.
Repeat the procedure with a break of several days, too, does not give a convincing result. The test line becomes brighter, but does not match the color saturation of the reference line. This suggests that the level of chorionic gonadotropin remains low for some reason.
If the test will show ectopic pregnancy at an early stage, it depends on its sensitivity. The smaller the number indicating the mmea range on the package, the more likely it is that the diagnostic tool will produce an early result. When using the test at an early stage, it is important to remember the inaccuracy of the test and the likelihood of a false positive response.
Electronic pregnancy tests if the fetal egg is incorrectly attached can make a woman think about the normal development of a new life. If the standard tablets and strip strips give out a dim second line, the digital device will show an accurate positive answer.
When choosing an electronic test for examination in case of suspicion of ectopic, preference should be given to the devices indicating the term. These devices detect the level of gonadotropin in the urine, resulting in a lower value in weeks, which does not correspond to women's calculations