Nutrition of a child of 8 months
Nutrition of a child of 8 months
Availability of useful products recommended by specialists in the diet of an 8-month-old child is a prerequisite for the correct growth and development of the baby. At this age, there is a marked increase in physical activity, which requires greater energy value in the diet.
According to the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO), there is no difference in the diet between breastfed children and babies receiving adapted formula feeding. Previously, children were fed artificially at an earlier date. This was due to the poor quality of the milk mixtures, which did not provide the child with the necessary nutrients.
The currently adapted mixtures are almost identical in composition to breast milk. Therefore, the timing of the introduction of certain complementary foods does not differ between babies and artists.
True, you can read many articles on the Internet with recommendations for different timing of complementary foods and differences in the diets of babies and artists.
In some regions of the country you can also find pediatricians working in the old way, adhering to old methods.
No less important is the issue of timing of juice in the diet of babies. Previously, they were recommended to start giving them from 1-2 months, and by the age of 8 months the recommended portion of juice was 50-70 ml. These recommendations have been preserved in many articles of the Internet (as well as in the advice of some pediatricians).
But studies by foreign specialists have shown that juices have an irritating effect on the stomach mucosa and can cause not only gastritis, but also peptic ulcer in adolescence. Therefore, fruit juices should not be injected into a child's diet for up to a year. Some experts advise to give juices even later.
The list of products and their quantity for the 8-month ration
Smoked porridge with banana diversifies the diet of 8-month-old crumbs.
The majority of products received by the child earlier are included in the ration, but the range of products expands and the volume of portions increases. One of the new products is fish, but this is somewhat lower. The difference is also that it is now possible to prepare multi-component vegetable and fruit purees, porridge.
In addition to the already familiar vegetables (zucchini, pumpkin, cauliflower, carrots, potatoes), broccoli, green peas, onions, beans can be used.
Pulses are added to other vegetable purees or mashed potatoes in crushed form. The addition of legumes should be small (30-40 g), because a large number of them can cause bloating, discomfort.
Onions can be added to vegetable puree, in puree soup. The maximum portion of vegetables to be consumed by a child per day is 180 g.
This dish is mandatory for an 8-month-old. In addition to the already familiar baby porridge (rice, buckwheat, corn, oatmeal), you can gradually introduce barley, wheat porridge, starting with 1 hour of new product. You can prepare porridge on water, on vegetable decoctions, breast milk or mixture.
In the ready porridge you can add no more than 1 tsp. butter or vegetable oil, grated boiled vegetables or fruits. You can cook porridge for your mother or buy industrial products for your children. At 8 months, you can give your baby 150-170 g of porridge.
Some children do not overpower the volume of the normative portion of porridge or vegetable puree, others are happy to cope with it and also breast suck. If a baby eats less but adds weight well, there's nothing to worry about for parents.
Fermented milk products
Fermented milk products can be used not only for kefir and cottage cheese, but also for yogurt. These products can be made in addition to other dishes or fed with cottage cheese and kefir child at noon. They can be purchased from the baby food department, paying attention to the production time and composition.
Optimal is the preparation of lactic acid products by the mother herself. For this purpose, a yoghurt shop and special yeast from a pharmacy are used. Such yoghurts not only enrich the child's body with useful microflora, but also prevent the development of pathogens.
Fatty fermented milk products should be minimal. To improve the taste of these products, you can add shredded fresh fruit or dried fruit (soaked in warm water) to them. Allowed norms of daily consumption: yogurt and kefir – 200 g, cottage cheese – 50 g.
Fruits are a source of trace elements and vitamins for the body. Before, the child had already met an apple, a pear, a banana, an apricot and a plum. Now the child can also get cherries, currants (better golden), blueberries, raspberries. Each variety of fruit (berries) should be introduced separately, starting with the minimum portion (0,5-1 tsp. l.) and tracking the reaction of the body to the new product.
Fruits already familiar to the baby can be prepared multicomponent mashed potatoes. It should be based on apple puree (50% of its volume), and other fruits should be added to it.
If the child's stool is normal, it is possible to introduce apricots, raisins and melon pulp into the diet. Citrus and exotic fruits (pineapple, mango, kiwi) are not recommended.
Normative age portion of fruit puree can be up to 80 g per day.
Meat has already been introduced to many babies at the end of the eighth month. In this case, after reaching the full 8 months should increase the portion of mashed potatoes of chicken, rabbit, turkey. In addition, you can inject veal, beef and veal. The mashed potatoes can be added to the vegetables. The daily portion of meat can be brought up to 50 g.
If the meat has not been injected into the child yet for 8 months, it should be started with a minimum amount (0.5 tsp.) of ready mashed potatoes. For its preparation it is necessary to boil (or cook in a steamer) a chicken breast, to crush it by a blender and to dilute with breast milk to desirable consistence.
In the absence of the blender meat twice it is necessary to scroll through a meat grinder. In addition to chicken, it is also possible to use rabbit and turkey for first samples. With good tolerability, the meat portion gradually increases to the normative.
First trial should be offered to the child nonfat boiled fish.
Fish is a new product that experts recommend to start eating after 8 months. Fish contains not only valuable proteins, but also polyunsaturated fatty acids (including omega-3), minerals and vitamins.
For the first sample sea fish of nonfat varieties will be suitable:
Introduction of it into the diet should be carried out by the same rules: with a minimum amount (5 g), tracking the reaction of the body, gradually increasing the portion to 30 g.
After about 3 weeks of good tolerability of marine fish, you can offer your child river fish (carp, salmon, pike-perch). They make mashed potatoes or soufflés out of fish. The fish dish can be served no more than 1-2 times a week.
Soak your child with boiled water (or special water for children). In addition, the child can be given compote and kissel, prepared by the mother of fresh fruit or dried fruit without sugar. It's also possible to make broths out of apricots, raisins, prunes.
As well as the above, should be given to the child at 8 months and other products:
- small amount (5 g per day) of wheat, slightly dried bread;
- biscuit or biscuit biscuit – 3 pieces (soaked in breast milk or kefir);
- Home-cooked wheat breadcrumbs or drying (suck or chew under adult supervision);
- The amount of butter and vegetable oil (sunflower, olive, corn) remains the same, i.e. 5 g;
- the portion of hardened egg yolk (chicken or quail) also remains the same – ½ yolk 1-2 times a week.
Hard crackers offered to the child will contribute to the development of chewing skills and the formation of the maxillofacial system, which will also have a positive impact on speech development.
Ration and feeding regimen at 8 months
In 8 months of age, the child receives 5 meals a day. Breastfeeding or adapted formula feeding should be preserved.
Mom's lactation may already be reduced, but the mother's milk should not be replaced with a formula feeding. Breastfeeding is important to maintain until at least one year of age.
The diet is varied, but it is recommended that the breasts or mixture be given at least before bedtime and early in the morning.
Mom can create different menu options herself, following these tips:
- the same product should not be given to the child twice a day;
- a mandatory daily allowance for porridge, meat, vegetables, fruit, fermented milk products to provide the body with the necessary nutrients, minerals, vitamins;
- Mom can decide for herself when it is better to give porridge (for breakfast or for dinner), and when it is better to give porridge (for breakfast or for dinner), and when it is possible to give a combination of sour milk products; it is also possible to prepare a combination of them;
- for lunch it is necessary to prepare vegetable dishes, fish or meat;
- for dessert it is possible to prepare mashed fruits and berries, baked fruits, fruit soufflés or mousses.
To make it easier for the mother to organise her baby's meals, she should better prepare a weekly menu in advance, taking into account the recommendations of the food specialists and the child's daily need for them.
Yogurt with your favorite fruits is sure to taste like a little gourmet.
Menu for the day
- 6:00 – mommy's milk or mixture;
- 10:00 – water porridge monocomponent or multicomponent with butter; fruit puree;
- 14:00 – vegetable puree soup with vegetable oil and half a yolk, mashed potatoes or soufflés, bread, compote;
- 18:00 – yogurt with fruit or kefir, cottage cheese with cookies;
- 22:00 – mother's milk or an adapted mixture.
The sequence of meals offered to the child can be changed. For example, fermented milk products can be given to your baby for a second breakfast, and porridge (milk or dairy) can be cooked for dinner. After a more nourishing dinner and breast-feeding before bedtime, the baby will sleep and not demand breasts at night. The same recommendations are given by Dr. E.O. Komarovskiy, who is known to many parents.
Always from 6:00 to 7:00, i.e. in the first breakfast, and at 22:00 (before going to bed) the baby gets breast milk or an adapted mixture.
What to feed an allergic child?
For a child with an allergy tendency, only products that rarely cause allergic reactions should be selected. The doctor will help you choose a hypoallergenic formula. Cow's milk must be absolutely forbidden. On the recommendations of specialists, complementary food for children with allergies is introduced a month later than for healthy children.
8-month-old allergic child is not allowed to eat high-allergenic foods:
- wholesale dairy products;
- chicken eggs;
- fruits and vegetables with bright colors.
Feeding is based on homemade fermented fermented milk products, vegetables and gluten-free porridge cooked on water. Rabbit meat and lean beef are injected not earlier than 9 months, and fish – only shortly before the age of one year.
Chicken eggs can not be injected up to one year, with the permission of the allergist they can be replaced by quails. Fruit can be used to give green apple, banana, plums, golden currant. Ideally, a set of products should be coordinated with an allergist or pediatrician.
The diet of an 8-month-old child is so varied that it allows a mother to be both imaginative and culinary to prepare new healthy and tasty dishes.
In 8 months, a child learns how to use cutlery, how to eat, and how to eat. Even crackers in the diet are not accidental – they will help to develop the chewing apparatus of the baby and prepare for eating at the same table.
Pediatrician, nutritionist C. G. Makarova tells about what to feed your child in 8 months:
Every recently, your baby only ate his mother's milk while
He was Lying under his breast, or drank a mixture of bottles. And now, 8 months after birth, the grown-up baby sits at the table and participates in the meal.
Family meals play a big role in making the baby realize that he or she is a full member of the family.
It is important not only to feed him or her well, but also to instill good eating habits and manners. At 8 months of age, your child has enough food to prepare a variety of dishes.
Of course, provided that you start breastfeeding at 4 months – for children on artificial feeding – or at 6 months – for children on breastfeeding. Start raising the little gourmet.
It's how the baby's menu looks at 8 months.
Recommendationed diet for a child in 8 months
Kids like to wake up with the sun and the first breakfast is best served with their mother in bed. While the food is in place, mother's milk or mixture should remain in the diet as little as possible, providing it with additional nutrients and trace elements.
Kasha is considered the ideal breakfast not only for children but also for adults. It contains fibre, which is useful for digestion, and complex carbohydrates, which provide energy for the whole day. Useful habits should be formed from early childhood. Therefore, get your baby used to eating correctly from breakfast.
Peace, buckwheat, corn, oatmeal, barley, wheat – if you start to introduce food from 4-6 months, it is likely that your baby has already become acquainted with these types of cereals.
Now you can make him a tasty and healthy breakfast, alternating between cereals and inventing new recipes. There are many options – on baby milk or water, with the addition of fruits or berries, already introduced into the feed, adding butter or vegetable oil.
That's just not necessary to sweeten the porridge sugar, the benefit of this will not be.
8 months – it's time for the child to get acquainted with boiled egg yolk. This is a tasty and useful product: vitamins A, D, E, B, iron, phosphorus, lecithin, selenium – not a complete list of all the constituent elements of the yolk microelements. The best way to choose a quail egg yolk as it contains more vitamins and minerals.
Start egg yolk in the diet like any other food with a tiny portion, gradually increasing it to half a hen's egg yolk or a whole quail. Don't forget to keep an eye on your body's reaction so that if you suspect an allergic reaction, you can stop getting to know the new products.
The hardened yolk is mixed with breast milk, mixed or added to the porridge a couple of times a week. When the crumb gets used to the taste of yolk, you can cook it a steam omelette.
For this purpose, mix thoroughly raw yolk, 50 ml of special milk for children (breast milk or mixtures if the child is artificially fed) and 1 tbsp. l. Munky
This omelette is easy to prepare in small molds for steaming, in a multicooker or baking in an oven.
For lunch, you can serve mashed potato soup on vegetable broth with meat, white bread or breadcrumbs and compote for dessert.
Trout, cauliflower, broccoli are among the first vegetables to be added to the baby's food. If the baby weaves them all away, at 8 months you can carefully and gradually add carrots, pumpkin, beetroot and potatoes.
Potatoes should be soaked in cold water for a couple of hours before use to reduce the starch content. Tasty mashed potatoes can be made from boiled potatoes with spinach.
Spinach is allowed for children from 4 months of age and includes an extensive list of vitamins and trace elements that are beneficial to the entire child's body.
From some reason, such a useful vegetable as onions is undeservedly forgotten. But boiled onions contain vitamins A, B, C, phosphoric acid, fiber, potassium. Therefore, it is worth adding a piece of onion to the pot when cooking dinner for your baby.
Meat is another very useful product, especially during the period of intensive growth of the child for the correct formation of the musculoskeletal system.
Beef, beef, veal, rabbit, turkey or chicken – in the first stages of the introduction of meat into the diet, it is better to choose less fatty varieties.
However, remember that beef as well as chicken should be treated carefully – they are allergic.
In the phase of introducing meat into the child's diet, it is best to use mashed potatoes from well-known producers. When a child's daily diet reaches the age norm, you can prepare mashed potatoes, meatballs and pâtés on your own. The main thing is to boil a piece of meat and grind it thoroughly, to pass it a couple of times through a mincer or using a blender.
To boil the mashed potato soup, boil vegetables in water, add separately boiled meat, grind everything thoroughly and add a teaspoon of vegetable oil.
After 8 months of age, a child can be fed fish meals a couple of times a week instead of meat.
Fish is usually liked by children because of its delicate consistency and sweet aftertaste, and mothers love fish for its obvious health benefits for the baby. It is important to remove all bones very carefully and, of course, to ensure that there is no allergic reaction. Fish puree fits well with vegetables to taste and is also easily digestible.
Selecting a variety, it is better to stop at white sea or ocean fish – cod, hake, pollock – it is less fat and contains, among other useful substances, iodine and fluorine.
Many mothers think that juice is just as good for the body as fruit. However, that's a mistake. Fruit juices do not contain fibre, but they contain excessive amounts of sugar, which does not do children any good.
Therefore, it is better to replace the juice with unsaturated compote, which is precisely estimated as a dessert.
The kit can be brewed from any seasonal fruits and berries that the child is not allergic to, in winter, a delicious drink will be made from dried fruits.
Dinner is considered a very important meal, contributing to the emotional closeness of the whole family. At 8 months of age, the baby can already be seated in a high chair and placed in a special utensil.
Together, the meals are not only needed to make the baby feel like a part of the family, but also to learn how to behave at the table.
This is how much more likely he is to take a spoon and start eating by himself.
The baby's 8-month diet should include fermented milk products such as cottage cheese, kefir, and yoghurt. Whether you want to buy ready-made baby products in the shop, take them in the dairy kitchen or cook on your own, it's up to you. The main thing is to keep a close eye on their freshness, check the date of manufacture and follow the storage conditions.
Fruit puree can be given to the baby as a dessert or sweeten them with cottage cheese, for example, to add baked apple or banana.
After the meal, treat the crumbs to baby biscuits or let the gums scratch with breadcrumbs.
In the end of an interesting and rich day full of new discoveries, it would be good to eat your mother's nutritious milk or delicious formulae and then sleep well all night long.
This is an approximate menu and feeding mode, it can be varied within the allowed range of 8 months of products. For example, add yolk to vegetables and meat to cereals.
Kasha can be given for dinner to make a well-fed baby sleep better and offer soup for breakfast.
Try, experiment, because the little man from birth has a unique character and it is quite possible that by 8 months they have formed their individual preferences and tastes.
When you introduce a new product, give your baby the opportunity to evaluate its taste, do not add immediately to a complex dish. And remember, the main ingredient in any dish is Mom's love.
The diet of a child in 8 months: norms of volume of products
In general, according to recommendations of the Union of pediatricians of Russia the menu of the 8-month-old child on breastfeeding or receiving a baby's milk mix looks as follows:
- Mamino milk or infant formula in the amount of 200 ml.
- Milk or milky 180 g.
- Creamy butter ½ hl.
- Yolk of chicken egg ½ pcs.
- Fruit puree 30 ml.
- Vegetable puree 170
- Meat puree (or fish) 50 g.
- Vegetable oil ½ h.p.
- Fruit juice or compote 50 ml.
- Tvorog 40g
- Fruit puree 40g
- Children's kefir or 100 ml yoghurt
- Children's cookies 1-2 pcs.
- Breastmilk or infant formula 200 ml.
Menu of an 8-month-old baby on artificial feeding differs from the diet of a baby at 8 months on natural feeding, only that he got acquainted with some dishes earlier. The list of recommended foods for all children of 8 months is the same.
Advice on child nutrition in 8 months
- If this is the first time a new dish was not to the child's liking, offer to try it again. Taste perception is gradually evolving and preferences may change.
- Memorize that food norms are specified approximately. There are kids with a good appetite, there are little ladies. The main criteria are good health, mood, regular chair, no allergies. In any case, do not feed through force, it is too persistent, it can negatively affect the child's attitude to food. It is better to go for a walk or play active games, to give the opportunity to move around, and the appetite will come its own way.
- What to pay attention to when introducing new foods into the diet: a sick stomach, digestive disorder (diarrhea or constipation), rashes and redness on the body. But if a child's health condition changes the color of the chair, don't sound the alarm right away. This happens when the baby's diet is increasingly made up of “adult” products, and the amount of mixture and breast milk becomes less.
- Preparing food for 8-months of carapuzo, sometimes you can put aside the blender and knead the vegetable puree with a fork. Even if your baby doesn't have a single tooth yet, his gums are strong enough to chew soft, partially shredded food. At this age, the child should begin to get used to small food particles. Gradual refusal of homogeneous food will help not to choke on large pieces of food in the future. In addition, the development of the speech system is directly related to the ability to chew. That is, you want to help your baby talk earlier – do not feed him up to 3 years of food only in the form of mashed potatoes.
- If your mother has not yet started to shape up after childbirth, it is time to do the right thing. And that's what's gonna help with the little menu. After all, any of these dietetic dishes should be slightly salted and not crushed, and there is no need to puzzle over special diets.
In eight months' worth of meals for each day of the week with prescriptions
Nutrition of infants should be balanced and useful. After all, a small organism grows and at the same time requires constant enrichment of the diet. At 8 months of age, babies are already allowed many products, including meat, fruit, vegetables, kefir, cottage cheese.
Babies on artificial feeding, in addition to these products, can already eat fish. It should be remembered, however, that the new elements of the diet should be introduced with care, starting with minimum portions and gradually increasing the dose.
What products can and should be given to an eight-month-old baby, how to make an approximate diet for a week? About that further.
Baby nutrition at 8 months – which new foods should be introduced into the diet
In eight months, the baby continues to be fed breast milk or formula. It is advisable to keep these products in the diet at least 1 year twice a day – in the morning and at night.
- Vegetables. A baby at this age already eats many vegetables: zucchini, cauliflower, pumpkin, potatoes, carrots. At 8 months, the baby can already safely inject green peas, beans. The beans are first served as puree, then mixed with vegetables, meat, fish or added to the soup. Onions are also injected into the baby's diet. It is added to the cream soup and served in combination with other vegetables. The maximum number of vegetables per day for a child of eight months is 180 g.
- Kashi. Kashi must be present in the child's menu. It is recommended, except for the usual buckwheat, corn, rice, to introduce the child to oatmeal. Cook a healthy dish on water, with the addition of breast milk or milk mixture. After getting to know the new type of cereal-based cereal-based meal, you can diversify it by adding fruits and vegetables. The best option is for baby food porridge. It already has all the necessary elements for the normal operation of the body crumbs. The optimal daily dose for this age is 180g
- Acid products. At this age, the baby is already eating kefir, cottage cheese and yoghurt. These products do not replace complete feeding, but are given as a supplement to the food. It is allowed to give them fruit and dried fruits