Omeprazole: what treats, how to take, contraindications, when and at what age Omeprazole is prescribed for children
Omeprazole for children: description, indications and instructions for use
Omeprazole, an anti-secretory drug. Reduces gastric juice excretion. In addition, it has a pronounced antibacterial effect on Helicobacter pylori.
In 4-8 weeks of ingestion, there is scarring of 95% of ulcerative lesions. Stimulation of mucus excretion ensures healing of damaged and rapid growth of healthy stomach cells.
The instruction manual states that cannot be used to treat children. But, in practice, doctors often bypass this prohibition.
In the case of an acute situation in the child and in the absence of the effect of other drugs, “Omeprazole” is introduced into the therapy.
Children under 5 years of age are rarely prescribed medication, and only under the constant supervision of the attending physician.
Form of issue and conditions of release from pharmacies
The drug is available in three versions:
- Capsules of 10-20 mg each in packs of 7, 30, 40 pieces.
- Tables of 10, 20, 40 mg coated.
- Powder in vials of 40 mg each for the preparation of solutions, in a package of 5 vials.
Available without prescription only capsules of 10 mg.
Capsules contain pellets (micro granules) with the active ingredient Omeprazole, and the necessary standard fillers. Gelatinous, intestinal-soluble capsule shell.
Instruction for use
Please take the product before or during meals. Swallow the whole cure, drink it with water, don't chew it up. For children, if necessary, the tablets are dissolved in juice or yoghurt.
Please take the medicine preferably in the morning. A repeat appointment is only allowed after 10-12 hours. The course of treatment is 1-2 months. At the end of the course, there is a significant break in treatment.
Rose dose is corrected by the gastroenterologist and depends on many factors:
- Uncomplicated heartburn – 20 mg
- Helicobacter infection – 20 mg ´2, not less than a week.
- Zollinger-Ellison syndrome – minimum 60 mg. If the dosage is increased up to 120 mg, the dose should be divided into two doses.
- Gastropathy – 20 mg´ Course 1-2 months.
- Erosive-ulcer esophagitis – 20 mg´1, course 1-2 months.
- Peptic ulcer – 20-40 mg´2, course 1-2 months.
No drug is prescribed for children under 5 years of age. The exceptions are Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, and reflux esophagitis in children under 1 year of age.
- Down to 10 kg weight of 5 mg/day each.
- 10-20 kg 10 mg/day.
- Ot 20 kg 20 mg/day.
Omeprazole is successfully used to treat gastric and duodenal ulcer lesions.
The indication is:
- Acute period of peptic ulcer disease caused by helikobacter infection;
- Therapy for Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.
- Gastropathy, after taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and acetylsalicylic acid.
- Erosive esophagitis.
- Gastroesophageal reflux.
- Hypersecretory disorders of the digestive system.
- In complex therapy for polyendocrine adenomatosis.
“Omeprazole” is not recommended for use in the following cases:
- Component intolerance.
- Hastropathy with lowered acidity.
- Atrophic gastritis.
- Pregnancy and lactation period.
- Suspicion of a tumor process in the stomach or duodenum.
In case of individual intolerance, strong allergic reactions may occur. In such situations, the drug is canceled.
All in all, the medicine is well tolerated. Undesired effects are most often associated with abnormal use (longer course duration).
The following complications may develop:
- Nausea, vomiting, abdominal swelling, spasms, diarrhoea, constipation
- Changes in taste perception, dry mouth.
- Headache, irritability.
- Rash on the skin, redness, photosensitivity.
- Temperature rise, urticaria, bronchospasm, Quinque swelling.
- Blood changes, anaemia
- Muscular and joint pain.
All side-effects are rapid after drug withdrawal.
Omeprazole is a very popular medicine. All its analogues contain the same active ingredient Omeprazole. Difference only in price and brand of the manufacturer.
Huge demand is in:
- Omeprosol – Richter.
- Omeprozol – Acri.
Other analogues of Indian and European production can also be found on sale.
Omeprazole” of Russian brands is inexpensive. The maximum price of 60-70 rubles for the box.
For the Indian drug will have to pay 60-250 rubles depending on the dosage and number of capsules.
European substitutes from 300 rubles and above, and some drugs are estimated by the manufacturer at 1000-1500 rubles per box.
Which drug to choose, decides the doctor. The choice is made based on the problem to be solved.
- Hope is 28 years old, Voronezh. For the last six months, the son has had a slight heartburn. Girlfriend recommended a taste of Omeprazole. Since he didn't have any other stomach problems, I decided to take a chance. We took 1 month every day and got rid of this problem. Now we are trying to keep an eye on our health, to eat properly, and to avoid exacerbations.
- Alena is 35 years old, Amur region. My little girl was diagnosed with reflux at four months of age. It's been a long time, it's all right now. For prevention, I periodically give “Omeprazole” in the minimum dosage. He feels great, he doesn't rip it out, he doesn't cry. The side effects are a little rash on the handles. I am glad that this quality product is inexpensive.
- Maria 29 years old, Saratov. The child is seven years old. Suddenly he started complaining about stomach aches. Checked for stomach erosion, and it was the helikobacter pylori's fault. Appointed an Omeprozol. I've been on it for two months, plus diet food. It's okay now. The drug helped, there were no side effects.
From what age can I take “Omez” to children? Let's get to the bottom of this article. It is one of the most effective drugs designed to treat pathological processes occurring in the gastrointestinal tract. From the age when you can give “Omez” to children, it is interesting to many.
This medicine has a number of contraindications and possible side effects. For this reason, it is not recommended to take it on your own, you should consult a specialist. Many parents question the feasibility of prescribing Omez to their children, as most drugs are prohibited during this period.
Adult omeprazole, which is part of the drug, has an extremely positive effect. However, the question about the treatment of children remains open and is asked by many parents at an appointment with a paediatrician or gastroenterologist. Let's try to understand the possibility of treating a child with this medicine. We will also find out from what age you can give “Omez” to children.
It is better to ask the paediatrician if you can give the drug to a child without harming his health. Some gastroenterologists prescribe “Omez” to children from the age of two years, while others practice it only from the age of four years.
Depends, as a rule, on the condition of the young patient and the nature of the pathology. The drug is not prescribed to children when their body weight is less than 20 kilograms.
In this case, preference is given to other drugs.
Some specialists adhere to the position of prescribing “Omez” children from only five years of age. However, it is not uncommon for children to have severe symptoms of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, as well as other intestinal and stomach disorders. In serious diagnoses, omeprazole may even be administered to children, and the dosage is selected according to body weight.
Official instructions do not require the use of “Omez” for children. If your doctor decides to make such an appointment, you must take the drug under strict medical supervision. If there are adverse reactions to omeprazole, it is necessary to stop treatment and consult a specialist.
There are cases where the drug does not give positive dynamics in the treatment of young patients, so it is canceled and prescribed a different one. Monitoring of the results of omeprazole therapy is prescribed after a few days of administration.
In particularly severe cases, the doctor may decide not to take oral omeprazole and prescribe intravenous administration of the substance.
In the case of ingestion capsules, the maximum concentration of omeprazole is reached after a few hours, while with intravenous administration this period is reduced to half an hour. This speed allows you to determine how effective it is in the treatment of a particular patient “Omez”. It's up to the doctor to decide how old the kids want it.
Approved to the instructions, many doctors prescribe Omez for children with stomach and intestinal problems. The drug has no tablet form. Therefore, it is impossible to grind the drug and mix it with something sweet to take inside.
Reception of capsules does not involve their opening and mixing with other substances, which greatly complicates the use of the drug in children who are not yet able to swallow the drug entirely. To be more precise, opening the capsule is allowed, but the effectiveness of omeprazole in this case will be significantly reduced.
Physicians recommend mixing the capsule contents with baby apple puree.
According to the instructions for use of the Omez, the drug in the form of a suspension is considered to be the best treatment option for children.
Parents note that the taste of the suspension is unpleasant, and the single dose is quite large, which makes it very difficult for children to take the drug. In addition, many children have vomiting reflexes when taking the suspension.
However, this may sometimes be the only possible option for treating gastrointestinal problems in children.
To prepare the suspension, you need to mix the contents of one bag of powder with two tablespoons of water. It is necessary to use the prepared suspension at once, it is not allowed to store it as omeprazole quickly loses the properties.
Powder for preparation of a suspension under the name “Omez Insta” is issued. It's taken 30 minutes before meals. However, if a child complains of heartburn or other gastrointestinal problems, the drug is taken as needed.
The instruction for the suspension is similar to the “Omezu” in capsules, the main difference between them is the prescribed dosage and indications for use.
Self-administration of omeprazole can lead to gastrointestinal problems. In general, children are well tolerated with the drug, which usually leads to complete recovery.
Therefore, despite the contraindications, pediatricians use the drug extensively in their practice.
We have found out whether children can be prescribed Omez.
Omez, like other omeprazole-based drugs, is designed to treat gastrointestinal ulcers. Many children are bewildered by the prescription of the drug because the indications described in the instructions contain only the pathologies inherent in the adult population.
But also in young children gastritis can often develop, which leads to frequent belching and vomiting. The most common cause of these problems is poor nutrition. Children often neglect proper nutrition in favour of unhealthy and unhealthy snacks. Against this background, various pathological processes develop. Even the school canteens cannot boast an absolutely healthy assortment of dishes and snacks for children.
For children over two years of age, “Omez” is prescribed for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux syndrome. When a child is four years old, it is acceptable to include Omez in the treatment of stomach ulcer and gastritis.
Among other things, omeprazole affects a bacterium called helikobacter pylori, which often causes problems with the gastrointestinal tract. Omez is usually a supplement to antibiotic therapy.
Sometimes it is used in conjunction with DeNol.
Someone recognizes the effectiveness of Omez in dealing with irregular heartburn, which appears once a month. However, doctors do not confirm this fact, stressing that the drug will save from heartburn, which manifests itself more than twice a week.
In the case of heartburn, powders are usually prescribed for the preparation of the slurry. Diluted medication should be drunk in a volley in case of heartburn. The drug tastes unpleasant, so it must be drunk with plenty of water.
Instructions for omeprazole-based drugs contain different age restrictions for taking them. Some limit the age to twelve years, others only allow drugs to be taken when they reach 18 years of age. At the same time, paediatricians, when prescribing Omez to children, reduce the dosage by at least half.
“Omez” is prescribed in the following cases:
1. Peptic ulcer. Gastrit.
5. Regular heartburn.
7. Adenomatosis of polyendocrine type.
8. Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.
If doctors register no serious problems with the child's gastrointestinal tract that do not require strong medication, the patient is prescribed enterosorbents, the most popular of which is activated carbon.
If the specialist does not find another effective way to eliminate stomach and intestinal disorders in the child, he or she prescribes minimum dosages of omeprazole. This method is quick, although it involves some risks and the likelihood of adverse reactions.
How do you determine the dosage of omez for children?
When a doctor is assigned to a child with an Omez, he or she should detail the regimen, as the instructions included with the drug do not contain such information. If a child is over two years old and weighs more than 20 kilograms, the standard daily dose of omeprazole is 20 mg or one capsule. It is not recommended to give the drug to the child more than two months.
If the age of the child is older than four years, the daily dosage of omeprazole will be similar to the previous version, but it is also allowed to combine with other drugs.
Drink “Omez” with something other than water is not recommended, as other liquids can significantly reduce the effectiveness of omeprazole. The best way to heat up the water a little is to activate the active ingredient as quickly and effectively as possible.
If we talk about capsules, this treatment is prescribed to children according to their ability to swallow the whole drug. Do not allow the shell to be damaged, as in this case omeprazole will be activated earlier and will not have any impact where necessary.
Before or after taking the medicine?
“Omez” is taken before or during meals. Before prescribing the drug, the doctor collects anamnesis, including the height, weight and age of the child, as well as the presence of contraindications and the course of the disease.
If the weight of the child is less than 10 kilograms, the daily dosage for him will be 5 mg. If the weight is more than 10, but less than 20 kilograms – 10 mg. For a child weighing more than 20 kilograms the dosage of 20 mg per day is provided. This is confirmed by the Omez instructions for children.
The adverse reactions from the use of the drug
Omez has a number of contraindications and adverse reactions. In particular, the following symptoms signal the need to cancel the drug:
1. Frequent vomiting.
2. Blood-immixed bulk masses.
3. Abrupt weight loss.
Such reactions to omeprazole suggest that a child's body is not learning the drug and requires replacing “Omez” with safer options. Since the dosage of the drug in childhood is minimal, the prescribed daily amount of omeprazole is often exceeded, with the following consequences:
2. Visual impairment.
3. Dryness in the mouth.
6. Consciousness disturbance.
9. State of nervous arousal.
Maybe giving children “Omez”, but very carefully.
For children, as well as adults, may experience the above symptoms. As a rule, the paediatrician selects another treatment for the child when there are adverse reactions. Another important feature of the drug is its ability to wash out calcium from the body, which is very important for the child. Therefore, it is recommended to conduct calcium substitution therapy against the background of administration of calcium.
As of what age you can give Omez to children, it's important to find out in advance.
The OmesEnsta variant is most suitable for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases in children. As mentioned above, the preparation is produced in the form of a powder for the preparation of a suspension. Powder is a white substance with a pleasant mint flavor.
Bear in mind that Omez has a cumulative effect, so to get a positive dynamic, it takes at least five days to take it. Treatment with Omez Insta also requires consultation with a specialist. Complex therapy will also require doctor's approval.
Powders are available in 5, 10, 20, and 30 packs. Each sachet with powder contains 20 mg of omeprazole. The dosages are similar to Omez.
Analogues of this medicine
Official instruction to “Omez” prohibits its use by children, so parents are often surprised by the prescription of this medicine to their child. If the use of omeprazole raises healthy concerns among parents, the doctor may give preference to other drugs, among which children are allowed to take the following:
1. “Losek.” “Ocid.
Each of these drugs has its own peculiarities of administration and contraindications. For this reason, you should not make your own decision about changing one drug to another. It is important to get a paediatrician's advice on any medications that parents intend to give their child. We can't rule out side effects of similar drugs either.
Omesa Reviews for Children
Omesa is considered by patients to be one of the most effective drugs for treating gastrointestinal tract as well as for eliminating helikobacter pylori. However, doctors do not recommend abusing the product for any reason. It is desirable to take a course and only in the presence of regular manifestations of pathological processes in the gastrointestinal tract.
Physicians agree that “Omez” can be given to children, but only in the presence of serious indications. When prescribing a drug, the doctor is always guided by the child's safety. In some cases, omeprazole is the only treatment that can effectively solve problems in the stomach or intestines.
One of the attention of professionals when prescribing “Omez” to children is given to its ability to wash out calcium from the body.
Pediatricians recommend that the duration of the drug, not exceeding it, as it can lead to unpredictable consequences for the body.
Partners are most often satisfied with the treatment and its results, which confirms the effectiveness of the drug.
We found out whether children can use Omez.
Omeprazole for children: whether and at what age, dosage
Omeprazole is a drug for treating stomach ulcers and gastritis by reducing acidity. Acts as a selective proton pump inhibitor in the parietal cells of the stomach mucosa. Omeprazole is allowed for children and adults, which indicates a high safety profile.
Components and form
Omeprazole is sold in the form of gelatin capsules of 0.02 or 0.04 g of the active component with the same name. Contains lactose, sugar, titanium dioxide, gelatin. The capsules are light pink, inside the pellets are white or brown.
Omeprazole is a proton pump inhibitor that reduces gastric acidity. The effect of depressing acidity is reversible. The chemical properties of the active substance itself are weak bases. In the acidic medium of the stomach, it turns into an active form and suppresses H+-AFT-azu. The latter is an enzyme that participates in the secretion of hydrochloric acid.
The degree of suppression of secretion depends on the dosage. The drug affects any kind of acid secretion. Could cause gastritis to rise, but it's reversible.
The number of benign cysts in the stomach increases with prolonged use. These are the consequences of reduced acidity, no special treatment is required – the cysts are treated independently after taking Omeprazole.
Proton pump inhibitors increase the risk of gastrointestinal bacteria – salmonella, clostridium, campylobacter, especially in patients admitted to hospital.
Used in the elimination of Helicobacter because it has a bactericidal effect.
Symptoms of Helicobacter infection are eliminated quickly, there is a prolonged remission and rapid healing of mucous membrane lesions.
The tablets normalize the acidity of the reflux-esophagitis within 24 hours and help to reduce the symptoms. Oesophageal lesions heal within two weeks. Prolonged maintenance treatment helps prevent reflux esophagitis recurrence.
From which age children should be given Omeprazole depends on the pathology for which treatment is prescribed. Children from one year of age and ten kilograms of body weight:
- burn, stomach and esophagus pain;
- quick reverse movement of acids.
In such cases, it is possible to use Omeprazole for children from one year to the next by appointment of a gastroenterologist or pediatrician.
Children's Rules for Reflux Esophagitis and Symptoms of Pathology give the minimum therapeutic dosage once a day if the child's body weight is more than twenty kilograms, the dosage doubles, and the multiplicity is maintained.
Treatment of reflux esophagitis lasts from one to two months. To eliminate the symptoms of heartburn and regurgitation of acid, the drug is taken for two to four weeks. If the result has not been achieved during this time, it is important to consider the resistance of the pathogen in children aged 4 years and above and adolescents in Helicobacteria eradication. Duration of treatment – from one to two weeks in combination with antibacterial drugs.
Method of administration
Capsules are drunk on an empty stomach in the morning without disturbing the surface of the capsule – no need to chew the capsule. They drink a few sips of water.
For children who can only eat semi-solid food, the preparation is prepared separately. For this age group, the capsules are opened and mixed in apple puree, fruit juice or salt-free water. The mixture should be taken immediately, maximum – within half an hour.
The contents of the capsules can also be diluted with slightly acidic liquids. Milk or soda cannot be used for this. The child can also simply be given the contents of the capsules and then given half a glass of clean water.
Side effects are rare and do not depend on the dosage. The following reactions were noted:
- blood and lymph: leukopenia, agranulocytosis, thrombocytopenia;
- immunity: allergic reactions, fever, angioedema;
- metabolism: Magnesium, calcium, potassium deficiency
- psyche: sleep disturbance, confusion
- CNS: headaches, listlessness, dizziness;
- perception organs: blurred vision, vertigo;
- Li>LiCT: abdominal pain, liquid stool, bloating, meteorism, stomatitis, dry oral mucous membranes;
- liver: Increase in the level of liver enzymes, medication hepatitis, jaundice;
- the skin, muscles: dermatitis, itching, urticaria, erythema, baldness, arthralgia, myalgia.
For general disorders, there are swelling of the limbs, increased sweat secretion. If any undesirable reactions are detected, consult a doctor. He'll recalculate the dosage or find another medicine.
Combination with other drugs