Montessori: Methodology of early development, essence and principles

Montessori – Methodology of early development

All parents want their child to be healthy, intelligent, happy and developed according to their age. But sometimes parents take care of their children so much that they deprive them of their independence and actually do everything for them.

What is it like to do so that the child can serve himself without feeling detached from his parents? So he doesn't have a feeling of loneliness and abandonment? After all, kids are often just afraid and embarrassed to ask their parents once again, leaving their questions unanswered.

To solve this difficult task, you can refer to the method of Italian doctor Maria Montessori. After it has become popular in Russia, every parent can now see its fruits by the example of their child.

Montessori Methodology

Devise Montessori “Help me do it myself! The main development ideas of this technique is the elimination of parents in the process of playing the child and even the choice of occupations. Within the limits of a certain room and created special conditions, the kid at any age (literally from 0 to 6 years) has the right to define what he likes and what he wants to do at the moment.

The parent, as an adult, just has to correctly and accurately direct his baby. It is possible to help him or her to understand how things work, to show and tell (especially in the zone on speech development) the names of animals and objects depicted on the inserts, for example.

How long to do this or that business – the kid should decide for himself or herself, all usually depends on the interest and desire to move to another activity. What's more important is the age at which you've begun to apply the Marie Montessori's early development methodology.

Even if you're offering a baby, for example, to build a turret and he's just breaking it, don't let the baby do it.

In a format of destruction, the baby is exploring the world with no less benefit! Psychologists have even put forward a theory that before you begin to create, you must learn to destroy.

As you have already understood, children look at the world and know it differently than adults. They're looking at many things we're used to for the first time – don't forget that. It is likely that at the moment it is more interesting for the child to look at the dice scattering in different directions than at the ordered turret of them.

The basic principles of Montessori technique:

  • Child teacher. Children can teach themselves a lot of things, which helps them to gain invaluable experience.
  • Children also teach each other. One of the ideas behind Montessori's method is that children from 0 to 3 years of age can play together and it doesn't bother them that someone is already talking and someone can't walk. Children perceive children as equal to themselves, and therefore do not try to do everything for them, as adults often do. In this important but tiny moment, the whole point of the process is focused.
  • Zone division. The space in which a child lives and learns must be divided into certain zones, where each carries a certain amount of meaning. This will make it easier for the child to take a variety of training sessions on his or her own.
  • The parent's job is to get the child interested, and he or she will be able to learn for he or sherself.

Montessori Zapovedie, as a method of early development 0-6 years

Each method is born on the basis of some laws. Maria Montessori brought out 12 “commandments” that can explain what actions can lead to what consequences.

  • Environment is the best teacher. What can prepare a child for a better world than the world itself? The kid's interested in everything that's going on around him, and it's natural. Observations of various phenomena help him to know how things work. Later on, it will be easier for the child to choose exactly what activities he or she is interested in and what his or her aptitudes are. So, in order not to hurt yourself, just create the crumbs even up to a year, the necessary conditions that meet the basic principles of Montessori.
  • Criticism teaches the child to judge. If you constantly criticize your baby, he learns to criticize others, including his parents and other children, which can be a hindrance in terms of socialization. So, try not to focus your attention on how it was done and by whom. Try to focus on your child's personal achievements and outcomes.
  • Praise teaches your child to evaluate. If you praise your child, he or she learns to make his or her own assessment of things, subjects, and actions. But you don't have to praise me for the action. Only for the result he was able to achieve himself.
  • Hostile attitude teaches a child to fight. Should a child be able to fight – a controversial issue for many parents. Of course, this should not become a way for the baby to achieve his or her goals or solve some problems, but the ability to stand up for yourself is not superfluous. Thus, try to approach conflicts more calmly, but teach to stand up for yourself if necessary!
  • Honest treatment of the child teaches justice to the child. Don't praise, but don't criticize your child too much. He will be able to understand that he is treated fairly and only then will he treat other people and himself in the same way. Therefore, fair treatment of actions and results is very important for the baby.
  • If the child is used to being timid, the timidity may be a useful skill, but not always. This can lead to the fact that the baby will simply be afraid to show their desires, and therefore ambition. So there's no need to pressurize and try to belittle the baby. He's very sensitive by nature! Keep in mind that you'll reap the benefits of this impact, but it's almost impossible to change the crumb ratio.
  • If you create a safe environment for a child, it will help him or her to trust not only you, but also the world. Of course, everything has to be in order so the baby doesn't grow too naive. That is, try to protect the space of crumbs up to 2 years, but in any case, talk and sockets, sharp corners. In the end, you can go to a visit, and there will not be such a perfect environment.
  • If the child feels shame all the time, he will get used to feeling guilty. Constant guilt is not a conscience. It's something that can really get in the way of a man's adult life. That is, it is important to help at some point, when you realize that the crumb is not ready to do something yourself. If you approve of your child, it will teach them self-respect. Of course, you don't want to praise the kid, or he could grow up to be a hotshot. You, like your baby, need to know the measure.
  • Compassionate attitude to the baby, can teach him patience. Both to myself and to other people. Patience, like will, should be nurtured with young nails.
  • If parents cheer their baby up, show him their faith in him, he will feel more confident and can do better.
  • If the child feels needed in the family and feels good about him/herself, he/she will be able to find love in the world and will be able to show it to others. He won't be a chased animal, he'll be a kind and sympathetic baby who'll be ready to conquer the world at any moment!

Performing these not-sneaky but very important commandments of Montessori's methodology for children from 0 to 6 years of age, you'll be able to grow up

Montessori methodology for early development. Zoning rules

Let's talk about the zoning that makes Montessor methodology and helps your baby develop in a balanced way from 0 to 6 years. A rule that works for each zone says that all items a child needs should be available to him or her.

Montessori child-friendly zones

From the 6 zones you can easily organize at home:

  • Everyday life zone. It includes clothing, bathing utensils, shoes, etc.
  • Language development zone. There you can put all the toys related to speech development: dice with letters, books, development cards.
  • Creative Zone. This space includes musical instruments, paints, pencils, paper and colored cardboard – all those things that help a child to realize his or her creative ideas.
  • Science Zone. There should be toys and objects to help children learn about the diversity of animals and plants, shapes and colors and many other concepts about the world around us. Everything you need to learn about the world around them.
  • Sensory development zone. The development of tactile sensations contributes to the development of baby's speech. This area should contain various materials that can show your child different textures, shapes and even temperature.
  • Active Zone. Here are the attributes of active games: balls, ropes, rubber bands and other sports and entertainment.

The results of Montessori 6 months

The presence of all these areas of Montessori will help the baby:

  • Become accustomed to the order and order of the space around him;
  • Freely choose which kind of games and activities he likes most;
  • View the variety of activities.

The age of the child using Montessori's development technique

Share Montessori's technique into certain ages is quite difficult, as one of the fundamental principles of the technique is to unite children of different ages into one group. Of course, this principle can be observed in special institutions that apply Montessori methodology, such as gardens.

If you want to then you want to study with your baby on your own using Montessori method, follow its principles and divide the space into zones. Depending on the age of the child, the scale of these zones changes mainly.

Montessori method up to 1 year

So, for example, children under 1 year, in the early stages of development, it is worth equipping their small personal space, such as a mat and a mobile phone. Decompose toys that help you perceive colors and movements.

Montessori Methodology for children from 1 to 2 years old

Older children, from year to 2 years old should expand the space, as there is a possibility of movement.

At this age, the child can go to the bathroom and the kitchen on his own, where he will be waiting for bathing utensils and his bottle in a place accessible to him.

This method will teach the child to eat, swim and play in the places provided for this purpose.

Montessori method for children from 2 to 3 years old

Child 2 and 3 years old will be interesting not only to use their belongings, but also to clean them up. For example, you can store your baby's clothes in a locker, not on an open shelf, so that the baby opens and closes the doors himself. Increasing the number of actions in the algorithm will help the baby develop logic and memory.

Montessori technique for children 5 years old

When your child is already good at controlling his body and expressing his thoughts (this moment comes in the period from 4 to 6 years old, the bulk of children aged 5 years) through speech, involve him in the help at home: cooking lunch, washing dishes, sweeping floors. For a small child, it will be not only a game, but also the acquisition of useful skills. These activities will help the child to feel needed and will bring together family relationships.

Montessori method in the stages of world knowledge

In the Montessori method, there is a division into 6 stages child's world knowledge and development:

  1. Sensory perception (0 to 6 years);
  2. Sensory perception (0 to 5, 5 years);
  3. Academy of order (0 to 3 years);
  4. li>Working with small objects (from 1, 5 to 5, 5 years);

  5. Perception of movements and actions (from 1 to 4 years);
  6. Socialization (from 2, 5 to 6 years).

Product videos with tips and tricks for your baby's early development can be found in the videos below:


After each stage of a child's development, depending on age, you can focus on specific areas of development. However, it should not be forgotten that Montessori's methodology gives children the right to choose what to do at the moment, as long as it does not violate their daily routine.

Photo and video: free Internet sources

  • Kids' Room
  • Health
  • Bath
    • Bathing. Open questions
    • Bathing products
    • Bathing products
  • Outside

    • Pushers, car seats, other
    • /li>

    • Travel, hiking, and hiking
  • Nutrition
  • Care and development
    • Development
    • Commodities. Care and Development
    • Care


Early development of the child – Maria Montessori's methodology

Montessori: methodology of early development, essence and principles

The baby was just born and almost immediately, along with the care of health, nutrition and regime of the newborn, young parents think about its development. How do you do it right? How to develop so as not to harm the natural processes? Read about the nature and principles of Montessori development.

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Oh Maria Montessori and her pedagogy

Today there are a lot of different methods of child development, including the author's methods of development from birth. Among them, one of the most popular, especially among specialists, is considered the method of development of Maria Montessori.

The development program was developed at the beginning of the last century, but it is still relevant. As a student, Maria had an internship in the department, where children were diagnosed with mental retardation.

The children she had to work with did not generally have complex neuropsychological abnormalities, and the whole reason was because of pedagogical neglect.

They had no toys, no books, no one paid attention to them.

She watched the children, invented games and exercises common to each child individually. As a result, children who are lagging behind, even before children from mainstream schools, have learned to write and read.

To educate independent, free, independent, and responsible people, Maria Mantessori devoted her entire life to the table of contents.

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The aims, objectives, characteristics and principles of Maria Montessori's pedagogy

All Montessori's pedagogy principles are based on the rules of the child. As an example, several of them:

  1. Children always learn from their surroundings.
  2. Not to criticize or judge a child.
  3. Don't praise often, the child will be inclined to evaluate everything and everyone.
  4. Don't be ashamed of the child, they will feel guilty (better to approve of the child, then they learn to treat themselves well).
  5. Don't make fun of the child, he or she becomes timid (it's better to encourage the child, then he or she becomes confident).
  6. Be honest with the child, then he or she will learn justice.
  7. If a child is constantly living in a friendly environment, he or she will learn to see Love in this world.

Marie Montessori's methodology is based on the fact that the formation of a harmonious personality begins in early childhood. The adult child is offered and provided conditions and the child chooses. Gives a child the opportunity to learn and develop. Shows and explains, but does not work for the child. The kid learns everything by himself! Of course, the difficulty is to watch quietly how the “failure” acts and not to interfere. Maria noted that parents often scold their child for a broken cup or spilled soup instead of teaching them how to act correctly.

The main thing about Montessori is that the child is gradually acquiring skills and abilities. More importantly, it is important for a child to know the laws and processes of the world, that glass beats, that water flows and spills, and that sand spills. That things can be big and small. If the child does not have a room of his own, it is important that the child has his own corner, his own locker. You can select a few personal things for the child in each room and mark them with a ribbon.

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How to organize space

The organization of space for the harmonious early development of the home should take into account the development in different directions and mental and physical, theoretical and practical.

  • is a special place for exercise that will not only help the child to become stronger and more enduring, but will also help him or her to understand his or her body. Not necessarily a sports corner, just a place where a child can jump, dance, carry objects, etc.;
  • a special place for the development of creativity, using improvised objects: beads, scraps, wood, wire. The main thing is that the baby can perform actions, tear, cut, overflow water, sew, etc. You can set an easel to draw.
  • various toys that develop, motor skills, tactile, visual, sound sensations.
  • The child should have a low wardrobe or changing area.

The child should develop fine motor skills and sensorics from year to year. You can offer bags with different fillers (cereals, noodles, nuts, nuts), rustling rags, paper, polystyrene, stones, jars filled with different sounds, pyramids, matryoshkas, flavoured cushions, various buttons. Very popular are development boards made of improvised materials – bizibordy.

Of the year up to two years old – the child is more independent and imitates the actions of parents. You can think of a baby chest. It's gonna be a medium sized box. It's got small cans, boxes, which are then filled with different parts.

Mathematical skills will help to form knowledge about numbers, subtraction and addition. You will need bills, rough numbers, magnets with numbers.
Linguistic skills are able to develop cash registers of letters, pencils, cards with words.

The purpose of all Montessori-materials, Montessori toys or Montessori objects – is to teach you to understand the nature, to make sure the coordination of eyes, hands, feet, to give the child an opportunity to find their own mistakes and learn to correct them. Help a child to act boldly and confidently in this world without fear of making a mistake. Enjoy and seek opportunities for curiosity, development, and new discoveries.

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Some features of the children's room

  • All furniture in the children's room should be practical, safe and age- and fit for purpose.
  • Chairs, tables, shelves, and other items should be appropriate to the child's size so that he or she has free access to to toys, books, etc.
  • Can be encouraged to maintain order and provide the child with the necessary tools to do so.
  • When choosing a place to sleep for a child, preference should be given to low beds so that the child can climb up and down on it.
  • The room must have a mirror at the level of the baby's eyes, so that he can easily study his facial expressions, movements, etc.

For those parents who are interested in this method of developing their child, there are many books by Maria Montessori describing the essence and principles of her method of development, including those republished by other authors. The main thing is that your baby grows up healthy, positive and free.

Ideas of educational games, which will be useful to every mother see here.


Montessori: Methodology of early development, lessons with children at home

Montessori: Methodology of early development, essence and principles

Today, there are many methods for the early development of children, including the author's own. But one of the most popular and popular – of course, with amendments to the latest pedagogical achievements and developments – for a long time in many countries of the world remains the methodology of early childhood development, developed by Maria Montessori. What's her point?

Help to do it herself

Maria Montessori began to implement her experimental methodology in working with special children – those who had difficulties in adapting to society, mental retardation.

She sought to develop children's self-care skills through tactile sensitivity games in a special developmental environment.

Initially, Maria did not seek to improve their intellectual abilities, but soon noticed that they had grown noticeably. In just one year, the kids have equaled their intellectual development with their peers.

Balancing their own observations, pedagogical ideas with the experience of other specialists, applying knowledge of psychology and even philosophy, Maria has created her own system, which is called Montessori's methodology. Later on, this system was tried with healthy children, and it was easily adapted to the needs of each child.

Briefly, the idea of the methodology can be formulated in the following way: help the child to become independent. Its unique development program has already been laid down by nature; it only needs to create the necessary conditions for its implementation. That is, an adult only helps when necessary, without forcing or persuading that only the adult's opinion of the surrounding reality is correct.

The essence and principles of this approach by Maria are a few ideas.

  • Each child from birth is a unique person.
  • Each of them is based on nature's desire for development, cognition, work.
  • Teachers or parents should be helpers, not try to mould a small person into a “self”.
  • Adults only need to guide the child in a timely manner, not to teach. Give him the opportunity to develop his independence, patiently and carefully waiting for the child's initiative.

The Montessori method is unacceptable:

  • comparison of different children
  • to organize competitions between them;
  • to apply both incentives and penalties/li>
  • to set an exact program of activities;
  • to evaluate the results of the baby's work;
  • to force him/her to do something.

Montessori's pedagogy is based on the premise that every child naturally strives to live and act on an equal footing with adults, which can be achieved through learning and life experience. Therefore, the child wants to learn for himself, so that he or she can reach adulthood as quickly as possible.

According to these ideas, each child chooses what and how much he or she will do, what directions he or she is interested in, and at what rate he or she will acquire knowledge. Education comes down to ensuring its independence in all its manifestations.

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And adults should respect the child's every choice, develop his or her perception, especially the sensory one, create a comfortable development environment around children, allow them to choose a place, transfer benefits or move furniture. And the main thing is to keep neutrality: to observe and not to adjust the process of independence training.

In this system, children are divided into 3 ages:

  1. 0 – 6 years old, when the child is actively developing all its functions;
  2. 6 – 12 years old, when the child is actively interested in the events and phenomena of the world around him;
  3. 12 – 18 years old, when a person is already able to see the interrelation between events and facts, forms his or her worldview, looking for himself or herself in this world.

Don't pay attention to the promises of modern children's centers to make your child a Montessori child wunderkind at the age of 1-2 years or earlier. Yes, it's an early development system, but Maria herself built her own method for babies 3 years and older. Everything else is a reworking of the technique by its followers (and not necessarily correct).

How does the system work?

Major principles in methodology three, but they only work in unity.

  1. The center of the system is the kid who makes independent decisions about his actions.
  2. Around him is a specially equipped and designed development environment.
  3. Beside him is a caregiver who observes or helps if a child asks but does not interfere
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