Mathematical riddles for children

Mathematical riddles for preschool children in verse – VashPedagog

These tasks are recommended to prepare children for school. If the child finds it difficult to solve the problem verbally, suggest drawing it or solving it with the help of counting sticks, buttons.

The mouse has two ears. How many ears do two mice have? There's a puppy on the porch warming his furry side. Another one came and sat next to him.

(How many puppies became?)

The rooster flew up on the wicker, I met two more there. How many roosters are there? Who's got the answer? Five puppies playing soccer, one of them called home. He looks out the window, thinks, how many are they playing now? Four ripe pears. Two pears were taken off by Pavlusha. How many pears did you have left? All geese are like balls.

Three sons, and how many daughters?

Grandson of Shura Good Grandfather Dal yesterday seven pieces of candy. I ate one grandson's candy. How many left? He gave the hedgehogs eight leather boots. Who will answer the guys,

How many hedgehogs do you have?

Warmed up the seagull, invited nine seagulls. Everybody's here for tea.

How many seagulls, answer!

I have three girlfriends, each with a mug. How many mugs do my girlfriends have

Seven geese are on their way. Two of them decided to rest. How many are under the clouds? Count up, children, sewing a kitten slippers for herself, so that in winter the feet do not freeze, but can not count:

Raz, two, three, four, five …

Steel chicken count Little chickens: Yellow five and black five, and all … (ten).

S.Ya. Marshak.

Three furry cats sat on a window. Here one of them came running to them.

How many cats have become together?

Now, how many guys are riding on the mountain? Three in tobogganing,

One is waiting.

K grey heron flew in seven forty. And of these, only three forties have prepared lessons. How many bumbling magpies

Fly to class?

Six funny bears are in a hurry to get raspberry into the woods. But one kid's tired… He's off the hook with his comrades. Now find the answer, how many bears are ahead? Mischa has one pencil, Grischa has one pencil. How many pencils

How many pencils do both kids have?

In the clearing at the Ezh's oak tree I saw two fungi. Farther away, the aspen. He found another one. Who is ready to answer us,

>How many hedgehogs have I found?

I draw a cat's house: Three windows, a house with a porch. Count the windows

In the cat's house.

Bottom of the bushes near the river Zhili May beetles: Daughter, son, father and mother.

Who counted them?

Sixed ravens on the roof of the village, and one came to them. Answer quickly, boldly,

How many of them have arrived?

Apples have sung in the garden. We had time to taste them: Five blush, poured, Three with an acidity.

How many of them?

These flowers have four petals. How many petals do two of these flowers have? A neighborhood buddy jumped to the bunny for lunch. They sat down on the stumps and ate five carrots each. Who to count, guys, dexterity

How many carrots are eaten?

Barsuchikha's grandmother Ispekla pancakes, invited three grandchildren, three pugnacious badgers. Well, how many badgers are waiting for additives and silence?

T. Belozerov. You, me, us. How many of us are there? (Two)


Two ends, two rings, and a carnation in the middle. (Scissors)

He has two wheels and a saddle on the frame. The two pedals are at the bottom,

Twist their legs. (Bicycle)

He has colored eyes, not eyes, but three fires. He takes turns looking at me from upstairs with them. (Traffic lights)

Two look, two listen. (Eyes and ears)

Five brothers live in the same house. (fingers and glove)

Sit grandfather in a hundred coats. Who undresses him,

That sheds tears. (Onions)

Twelve brothers follow each other,
Not finding each other. (12 months)

Many hands and one leg. (Tree)

Four legs, and can't walk. (Table)

Averbs, sayings and label expressions

Single time a liar – he became a liar forever.

It's better to see once than hear a hundred times.

One bee won't get a lot of honey.

>One hand and knot won't t t tie.

One mind is good, and two are better.

You'll chase two hares – you won't catch any.

Old friend is better than the new two.

Lost in three pines.

Triple creek crying.

It takes three years to learn hard work. To learn laziness – only three days.

Without four corners of the hut does not crumble.

Live in four walls.

Zero attention (indifference).

How do you know your five fingers?

The fifth wheel in the cart (extra).

In the seventh sky (the highest degree of joy).

With seven nannies a child without an eye (unsupervised).

Eighth Wonder of the World (extraordinary).

Ninth Shaft (formidable, tumultuous event).

For the tenth (not important).

Not a cowardly ten (brave).

From the fifth to the tenth (as usual).


Mathematical puzzles for children

* *How many sunset per cloud,How many rods are in the pen,How many noses does an elephant have,How many watches is the hand?How many legs do flyflies haveFlyfliesIt's a sapper's attempt,Knows and is proud of himself,

Polumn figure… (one).

* * *How many ears are on the top, how many legs do half a frog, how many somas do the planet have poles, how many halves in total, in a pair – new shoes, And the front legs of a lion

Has only a number… (two).

* * *Skin to a caterpillarNeck long, neck thin.


* *All the months in winter, in summer, in autumn, in spring, how many eyes do traffic lights have, the baseball field, the baseball field, the facets of the sword and the lanes on our flag that no one tells us

He knows the truth of the number…(three).

* * *The number of legs in the mongoose, the petals in the cabbage flower, the fingers on the chicken legAnd the back of the cat, the hand in Tanya along with PeteyAll sides of the world and the oceans in the world

The dial … (four).

* * *How many fingers on the handIt's kopecks in the nickel, At the starfish of the rays, Beaks at the five rooks, Blades at the leaves of the mapleI corners at the bastion, About all this tell

We will be helped by a number … (five).

* * *How many letters do dragons haveAll the zeros have in one million,Different chess pieces,Wings in three white chickens,Foot in the sides of the trunk.If we can't count for ourselves,

We will be prompted by the number…(six).

* * *The number of flowers in the rainbow, days per week at the whales.Dwarfs at Snow White's, Twin Brothers at the pawn, a note that even children know, and all the wonders in the world, to deal with all this will help us figure … (seven).

* * *We have two donkeys' hooves, an octopus' tentacle, a couple of dogs' fangs?

If we ask a number about it…(eight).

* *
How many pirates are there in a dozen, if three have gone somewhere, Months without summer, Noneta performers, Lives of a stray cat, and a dozen flies without a fly?Don't look for an answer anywhere, because

There is an answer to the number… (nine).

* * *How many stars in the sky at night,How many bread crumbs in the bread,How many droplets in the rain,How many fish live in the water,How many legs have many legs?

Very, very, very, very…

* * *Unity, six zeros…I wish we had so many rubles!


> * *They're little brothers who are equal.


* *They're huge, like an elephant. How many years does it hold?

(One hundred)

* * *The two legs were agreed to do arcs and circles.


* * *
The grandmother was placed in the stove stove stove Pies with cabbage. For Natasha, Masha, Tanya, Koli, Oli, Gali, WaliPirozhka are ready. There's another Cat pie under the bench. There's four grand in the oven, pies count grandchildren. If you can, help them count the pies. (Twelve)

New and interesting articles on the topic


Mathematics for preschoolers (logic and ingenuity problems)

Mathematics for preschoolers is also an exact science, but if it is funny mathematics with logic and ingenuity problems, serious problems turn into a game.

We've tried to gather a lot of fun and interesting tasks and mathematical puzzles for your children, which even adults will be curious to think about.

Try to solve these problems together with your children, and if it doesn't work, look in brackets at the correct answer.

May these fun logical problems prepare your child for school. Let the kids love math and science!

Logical tasks for preschoolers (tasks for ingenuity!)

In room 4 corners. There was a cat in every corner, 3 cats in front of every cat. How many cats were in the room? (4 cats) How do I get water in the sieve? What kind of cookware can't be eaten out of? (From empty plate) The animal has 2 right legs, 2 left legs, 2 front legs, 2 back.


9 famous mathematical puzzles about which your children will be interested to know

Mathematical riddles for children

Develop the puzzle collection with your children: Break the brains, have fun and know the story! We chose interesting tasks that came down to our days from the “antiquity” and are close to “our” time.

Achmes papyrus

Ancient Egyptians were not only experienced pyramid builders, but also excellent mathematicians. The proof of this is the ancient Egyptian papyrus, the author of which was a certain Ahmes.

As researchers-e-gyptologists have found out, the papyrus of Ahmes is a copy of a very ancient mathematical collection compiled in the time of Pharaoh Amenemkhet III (approximately 1853-1806). B.C.).

Tasks in the collection are many – one of them is lower.

Show the solution

Let w be the amount of grain for the first employee, d be the difference in the amount of grain between the two employees following in order. We'll make two equalities. 5w + 10d = 100 7*(2w + d) = 3w + 9d

It only remains to solve the equation with two unknown ones.

Answer: 1st employee = 10/6 grain measures, 2nd employee = 65/6 grain measures, 3rd employee = 120/6 (i.e. 20) grain measures, 4th employee = 175/6 grain measures,

5th employee = 230/6 grain measures.

Task of crossing

Not only the ancient Egyptians practiced in solving problems of intelligence. Historians have found a book written in Latin called “Tasks for the development of young minds”. Irish theologian, scientist and educator Alquin, who lived in the IX century, collected in the book 53 tasks. We offer one of them – so bearded that it is known to students all over the world.

King Solomon's Seal

On the tomb of the wise legendary Biblical King Solomon, the descendants depicted the king's famous seal.

Fibonacci's task of rabbit breeding

Leonardo of Pisa (around 1170), nicknamed Fibonacci, is one of the first eminent mathematicians of medieval Europe. He successfully participated in mathematical tournaments, and, having created a name for himself, came up with interesting tasks for them. Below is one of the most famous.

“Let there be a couple of rabbits (female and male) in the fenced area on the first day of January. This pair of rabbits produces a new pair of rabbits on the first day of February and then on the first day of each following month.
Each newborn rabbit pair matures in a month and then gives birth to a new pair of rabbits in a month”.

How many pairs of rabbits will be in the fenced area in 12 months from the start of reproduction?

Watch the tip and answer

Remember the Fibonacci sequence or be patient – and count.

(1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, …, …).

Answer: 233 pairs.

Tartalia's task “Difficult inheritance”

Niccolo Tartalia (born 1499), an Italian mathematician who discovered a common algorithm for solving cubic equations. Niccolò's method has gone down in the history of mathematics as the Formula Cardano, named after the first publisher of the method, to which Tartalia and Scipio del Ferro had come up independently of each other.

We propose to solve the well-known problem of Tartalia about the division of horses.

Show the solution

Sam Tartalia proposed the following solution. To divide the available horses, it is necessary to borrow another one, after which the total number of horses will be 18. The division of this number will give 2, 6 and 9 horses, of which there will be a total of 17.

One of the 18 horses turned out to be “superfluous” – it is a borrowed horse, which should be returned to the owner after the division of property.

Maybe you solve the puzzle by arithmetic:
ratio of 1/2 : 1/3 : 1/9 is enough to multiply by 18 and you get the same result.

Answer: 2, 6 and 9 horses.

Lewis Carroll's Puzzle

The famous writer Lewis Carroll, the one who created the stories of Alice and her adventures in Wonderland and Mirrorland, also loved to invent puzzles and teach logic.
Carroll often offered his little fans this puzzle:

Draw the figure in the picture.

Task is complicated by the special conditions of its execution:

  • pencard cannot be pulled from the paper;
  • twice pencil cannot be drawn in one place;
  • lines cannot be crossed.

See solution

Belower we have shown 2 variants of the solution. You may be able to find others.

Martin Gardner's Crazy Run

Martin Gardner is a famous American writer, amateur mathematician, author of many articles and books on entertaining mathematics, popular science studies, mathematical tricks, puzzles and problems of intelligence and many other publications.

We suggest solving one of Gardner's most popular puzzles.

Make one cut (or draw one line) – not necessarily straight – to divide the drawn figure into two identical parts.

That's what happened to the puzzle game that TV presenter Kenneth Kong from Singapore posted on his Facebook page and was soon shared by 4400 people.

Alfred and Bernard had just met Cheryl and wanted to find out when her birthday was.

Sheryl showed fans 10 possible dates:

Then she showed Alfred the month of her birth and Bernard the day.

To solve the puzzle, friends exchanged a couple of lines:

So when is Cheryl's birthday? If Cheryl told Alfred that she was born in May or June, it could be May 19th or June 18th. If Alfred knows for a fact that Bernard doesn't know the answer, it's not about May or June. July or August

In July and August there are dates in the range from 15 to 17, and 14 occurs twice. If it was the 14th birthday, Bernard, after Alfred's line, couldn't give an exact answer yet. So this isn't about the 14th. If Cheryl had told Alfred that she was born in August, then after Bernard's answer, Alfred would not have been able to find out the exact date of birth – as many as 2 dates fall in August.

So Cheryl was born on July 16th.

Answer: July 16th.

This task was shown by a friend's niece. She also played a TV presenter, saying that the puzzle is intended for 10-year-old schoolchildren.
The debate about how to solve a “simple” problem is serious. Two days later, when the majority of the participants surrendered, it turned out that the task was an Olympic one, for 14-year-old schoolchildren.


According to the legend, the puzzle was created a few thousand years ago by three ancient Chinese sages for the son of the Emperor. The ruler wanted his son to learn through a simple game of mathematics, to see the world around him through the eyes of an artist, to be as patient as a philosopher, and to realize that complex things consist of simple things.

This is how “Shi-Chao-Tu” appeared – a square divided into seven parts:
5 triangles (2 large, 2 small, 1 medium), a square and a parallelogram.

The essence of the “free” tangram game is to collect all sorts of figures: animals, birds, people, anything from the available details on the principle of mosaic.

Junior preschoolers are offered a simple version of the educational game, when the tangram figures just need to be superimposed on the ready-made sample-answer.

Many children in 5-7 years old put together models of figures next to the answer image, even if the size of the cut out figures and details in the picture differ.

Tangram as a puzzle usually a child from 6-7 years old can do. It's the same – you need to put together a ready-made model, but the card shows only the silhouette of the figure.

Cut the elements of the tangram from the paper, cardboard or other square, and to begin with offer to collect one of the popular figures – a running person, as in the figure above.

Memorize the 2 puzzle rules: 1) all 7 puzzle figures must be used;

2) the figures must not overlap.

Lewis Carroll and Napoleon Bonaparte were among tangram fans. It is believed that it was the American chess player, the inventor of “spots” and many other puzzles, Samuel Lloyd, who called the game “tangram”.
In the 21st century, the most interesting manifestations of tangram are found in furniture design, clothing, landscape design and architecture.

All the puzzles have been successfully solved? The great mathematicians and logicians of the world would be proud of you!

On LogicLike you are waiting for more than 2500 tasks on the development of logical, mathematical and spatial thinking.


Mathematical mysteries with answers for preschoolers

Mathematical mysteries for children

The development of knowledge in mathematics is very relevant today. That's why, starting with kindergarten, it is necessary to teach children the basics of this science. Various mathematical puzzles, crossword puzzles, puzzles will help teachers to instill the necessary knowledge in children.

Mathematical puzzles for preschool children

Kids have no math challenges yet. Interesting for them will be a variety of mathematical riddles, with the answers to which will have to think hard. These puzzles are based on quantitative, temporal, spatial characteristics.

Mathematical puzzles with answers

  • “Two ends, the same number of rings, and between them a clove. Everyone knows it's a pair of scissors. This mystery is about the table.
  • “Five friends in a common home live”. It's a mittens.
  • “Antoshka is sad on one leg.

    As the sun rises, that's where he looks. Here we are talking about sunflowers

  • “I have no tongue, but I am going, but I say: when to go to bed, and when to get up from it. This mystery about the clock.
  • “Grandfather's lying there, he's wearing a hundred coats, and whoever starts undressing him is shed tears”.

    Of course, it's an onion.

Joking riddles

This is what preschoolers like most. To find the answer to these problems, you need to be smart.

Where are some joking mathematical riddles with answers that will work for the older ones:

  1. “I'm plus you, and you and I are with you. How many do you get?” The child has to answer “two”.
  2. “How do you use a single stick to show a triangle on the table?” The correct answer is to put it on the corner of the table to form three corners.
  3. “How many ends does one stick have? And the two sticks? And two and a half?” Here you have to answer 6.
  4. “There are three sticks on the table, next to each other. How to make the stick that was in the middle of it to be on the edge without touching the other one?” Move the extreme – that's what the kid has to answer.
  5. “Three horses have ridden five kilometers. How many kilometers did each horse ride?” Of course, 5 kilometers each.

And many other mathematical riddles for preschoolers. There are a huge number of them.

Joking mathematical riddles for preschoolers are used to activate mental activity and teach to highlight the main thing between two or more subjects.

Such riddles should be used in the process of group conversations, observations on walks. The main thing is that they correspond to the topic of conversation or observation.

From 5 to 7 years old children are already good at joking and understanding the jokes of others. Guys of this age will be able to answer such a joking riddle correctly, on the condition that they understand it. If the sense of humor is weak, the child will solve the problem by simple calculations. And the answer will be wrong. Answers to such puzzles should be explained to the whole group by visual methods.

The similar tasks will be suitable as a warm-up before the mathematical exercises. This contributes to the good development of mental operations. The suggested mathematical puzzles with answers can also be used in the course of the lesson to clarify the concept of any number.

Also, it is possible to use joking riddles when moving from one activity to another to give the guys a little distraction and rest.

Mathematical Puzzles of Logic

This is a very useful gymnastics for the mind. Logical mathematical puzzles are quite complicated – you will have to think a lot about the answers to them. Here are some of them:

  1. Misha had a big but sour orange. And Vitya ate big, but sweet. What's it look like in oranges, and what makes them different from each other? They are similar in that they are both large, and the difference is that one was tasty and the other – sour.
  2. Friends of Faith and Nastia looked at the illustrations. One of them had a book in his hand, and the other had a magazine. Where did you look at Nastya's pictures if Vera didn't have a magazine in her hand? Of course, in the magazine.
  3. You and Petya decided to draw. A car and a tractor. What was in Vasya's painting if Petya didn't want to draw a tractor? Of course, Vasya drew a car.
  4. Christina, Vitya and Slava lived in multi-storey houses. Two of them were three-storey, one was two-storey. Christine and Slavik did not live in the same houses, Slava and Vitus lived in the same way. Who lived in which house? That's a lot harder than that. The correct answer would be: Glory lived in a two-storey house, and Christine and Vitya lived in three-storey houses.
  5. Menya, Misha and Andrei loved to read books. One was interested in cars, the other in war stories, the third in sports. Who read about what if Gianni didn't read about war and sports and Misha didn't read about sports? A complex mystery has a fairly simple answer. Since Gianni didn't touch the books about war and sports, he read about travel. Mischa didn't read a book about sports, so he chose a book about war. There is no information about Andrei, but by way of exception we decide that he gets a book about machines. It's simple. Vera, Masha and Olesya liked to embroider. One for hearts, one for houses, one for patterns. Who embroidered what if Vera didn't embroider hearts and houses and Masha didn't like hearts? It's also a pretty difficult task. Vera embroidered patterns, Masha embroidered houses, Olesya embroidered hearts.


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