Lyric poetry by M. Lermontov. Poems about nature

Theme of Motherland and Nature in the lyrics of M. Yu. Reading by heart one poem

Lermontov's lyric poetry. Nature verses

Lermontov presents picturesque pictures of nature that delight the reader. They combine rest and rebellion, saturation and softness. It is the paintings of nature that harmoniously convey the poet's love for his homeland, and it is not conceivable without an interest in the life of the people, their history.

Project implementation of the theme of nature and love for the homeland in the poetry of M. Yu. Lermontov, “Borodino” (1837) – the theme of the Motherland is revealed by the poet through the prism of the memory of the ordinary participant of the Battle of Borodino, who embodied the generalized image of all the people.

The great event in the history of the country causes the author's pride for the valiant army, for the spiritual wealth, for his homeland.

Sacrifice of the Russian soldiers, ready to give their lives, caused by one feeling – patriotism:

Zabil charge I'm in the gun tight And thought: I will buy a friend!

Wait a minute, brother monsieur!

What's the trick here, perhaps to fight;

We're going to go break the wall,

We're going to stand our heads for our homeland!

Battle descriptions take on the features of hyperbolization, which gives the description of the epic basis, and the heroes of the battle – similarity with the Russian heroes.

“Motherland” (1841) – a declaration of a true sense of patriotism. The poet calls his love for his homeland “strange” because it does not obey the intellect, lives contrary to logic:

I love my homeland, but I love it strangely!

No will defeat her intellect.

No glory bought by blood,

No peace full of proud trust,

No dark antiquity cherished legends do not stir my dreams.

Other paintings in the poet's heart evoke a deep feeling in his heart – those related to the peaceful life of nature (“Her steppes are cold silence,” // Her forests of boundless staggering, // Her spills of rivers similar to the seas…”), the everyday life of ordinary peasants (“With the delight of many strangers // I see a complete barn, // Izbu covered with straw, // With carved shutters window…”). According to N. A. Dobrolyubov, who evaluated this poem, M. Y. Lermontov “becomes resolutely above all prejudices of patriotism and understands the love for the homeland truly, holy and reasonable”.

“Farewell, unwashed Russia” (1841). In this octagonality, there is a harsh response to the unjust social and political order of society. Russia appears as a “country of slaves, a country of masters”. So rigidly to tell about ulcers of a reality could only deeply suffer heart of the true son of the earth.

In a number of poems landscape images receive symbolical value and are spiritualized: “The branch of Palestine” (1837), “Clouds” (1840), “In the north, the wild is lonely…” (1841), “Rock” (1841), etc.

The image of the Motherland is unthinkable without pictures of Russian nature.

Thus, for example, in the poem “When the Yellowing Niva Worries” (1837) landscape sketches allow the author to present on the pages of the lyrical work the beauty of the earth, the harmony that reigns in its vast expanses:

When the Yellowing Niva Worries.

And the fresh forest is noisy with the sound of wind,

And hides in the garden raspberry plum Under the shade of a sweet green leaf…

In the text the author actively uses vocabulary that affects the senses of the reader (vision, hearing): yellow field, raspberry plum, green leaf; worried, noisy at sound. This technique allows the reader to enter the world of the poem, to become its actor, to experience the same sense of love and peace as the lyrical hero.

The achievement of the Divine Beginning of Life, according to the poet, occurs through the contemplation of nature, through its metaphorical understanding:

When the student key plays along the ravine AND, plunging the thought into some vague dream,

He bakes me a mysterious saga about the peaceful land from which he rushes,

Then the souls of my anxiety humble,

Then the wrinkles on my forehead disperse,

Then the wrinkles on my forehead/p>

And happiness I can experience on earth,

And in the sky I see God…

A lyrical hero's penetration into the world of nature can better understand and feel his connection to the world, come closer to the feeling of happiness. The nature for rare moments allows the lyrical hero to merge with her and find a certain semblance of “humility” and find himself in the heart of the universe.

The image of the Motherland appears on the pages of lyrical works by M. Yu. Lermontov's poems are ambiguous and controversial (especially when it comes to the disenfranchised position of the people), but it is in the poems where the poet glorifies Russian nature that the majestic image of the earth appears, which the poet loves warmly and faithfully.

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Nature in Lermontov's lyrics. Nature's motive in Lermontov's lyrics

Lermontov's lyric poetry. Nature verses

Nature in Lermontov's lyrics is a motif that goes through all the poet's work. In his poems, he often referred to it as a means of revealing the unity of the environment and the spiritual world of his hero.

The lyrical hero of Mikhail Yurievich stretches to nature in his loneliness, he is able to appreciate its beauty. This motif is often introduced into poems to emphasize the loneliness of the character depicted. The pine tree “in the north wild” dreams of a distant palm tree.

The giant rock from Lermontov's work “The Rock” also remains lonely.

The poem “Autumn”

Nature in Lermontov's lyrics is a motif whose symbolic meaning changes with the development of the author's talent. In Mikhail Yurievich's early poem “Autumn”, the main details of the landscape are reproduced almost in a disciple manner.

Here you will find the gloomy green of fir trees, yellowed leaves, the fog with a dim month looking through it, the memory of the multi-color of summer days, and the poet's regret about the passing of spring with all its joys. In essence, this work describes the feeling of loss that one feels in late autumn when one contemplates the fading nature.

However, the feeling of sadness and the image of the landscape here is somewhat conventional. They are deprived of any indication of the signs of the epoch, presented outside the context of the events in the life of the poet.

Very broad topic – nature in Lermontov's lyrics. An essay on this topic is often difficult. Together, let's see how this motif evolved in the poet's work. Lermontov's poems dedicated to nature became richer and richer in meaning as his talent matured.

Not only do they contain patriotic or elegiac motifs, but also political motifs and philosophical reflections on the most important problems. For example, in a small sketch by Lermontov “When the yellowing field is worried…” Mikhail Yurievich presented to us the whole concept of being.

The landscape in this work seems to have overshadowed the everyday squabbles. The lyrical hero's soul is filled with calm and confidence through him. Mikhail Yurievich depicts the life of nature in harmony. This harmony helps man to overcome the contradiction of his spiritual life.

Nature in Lermontov's lyrics is a source of beauty that is spilled everywhere around him, an embodiment of the expedient.

If that were the case, then why would the Creator or nature endow him with a thirst for happiness, a desire for truth, a sense of justice? Man and nature are interrelated in Lermontov's lyrics. A gust of wind, a forest, a silver lily of the valley, a yellow field – all these phenomena are not isolated, not isolated.

They are parts of a whole being. Mikhail Yurievich was able to revive and spiritualize nature. In his poetry, human passions are endowed with friendly waves, clouds, cliffs, palm trees, oak leaves, pine trees.

Both man and nature in Lermontov's lyrics are characterized by the fact that they are aware of both the unquenchable sadness and bitterness of separation, and the joy of meeting.

Nature in the late works of Lermontov

Lyric Mikhail Yurievich reached its peak by 1841. In the last year of his life, the poet wrote a lot of works, which are distinguished by their amazing skill.

A special place among them belongs to such poems as “I go out one I on the road”, “Farewell, unwashed Russia” and “Motherland”. In these creations, the theme of nature in Lermontov's lyrics is further developed.

This is now a symbol of the homeland, which Mikhail Yurievich has in a controversial and complex way. We suggest you elaborate on this topic.

Nature and Motherland

Nature in Lermontov's lyrics is multifaceted. Okay, in the poem “1830. July 15th” for him is a childhood home, happiness of his own family. In the work of 1840. “How often is it that the multitude of people are surrounded” we find the same idea. Being in conflict with society, the poet cherishes in his soul a dream to find himself again where he spent his childhood. He is eager to plunge into the natural world.

But Russia's rejection of its “slavery” and “chains” sounds already in youthful lyrics. The poet protests against a state in which “vice” reigns and it is impossible to realize the ideals of justice and freedom. This theme sounds with great force in Lermontov's poem “Goodbye, unwashed Russia”.

“I'm going out alone…”

Let's turn to the verse “I'm going out alone…”. Only five out of twenty lines occupies the landscape. However, the theme of nature in Lermontov's lyrics is very well illustrated by the example of this work.

The landscape here is very unusual, it has a symbolic meaning. Against a cosmic background, we see the life of a lyrical hero.

For this reason it becomes a complex symbolic image that reminds us of the complex issues that have tormented not only Lermontov but many of his contemporaries as well.

The poet writes about the “silicon path” that shines through the mist. This path of lyrical hero passes in the night silence, in the desert, completely alone. The motif of nature in Lermontov's lyrics reflects the poet's inner world. Stone reminds us of the suffering, wounds and blood.

“The Siliceous Way” in this poem is a figurative embodiment of the life journey of Mikhail Yurievich Lermontov. He was trying in vain to get a response from his contemporaries. The poet realizes his complete loneliness among the people whose world he compares with the desert. Mikhail Yurievich believes that there should not be such a misunderstanding and alienation.

Because in the universe, of which everyone is a part, everything is connected with each other. Even the star speaks to the star.

Lermontov's genius

As any true poet, especially the great one, Mikhail Yurievich confessed in his lyrics. By flipping through his works, we join his inner world.

These poems open the door to understanding Mikhail Lermontov both as a man and as a poet. Belinsky once wrote that the name of Mikhail Yurievich would soon become a people's name.

Today we can say with certainty that this time has come.

As you can see, the nature of Lermontov's lyrics is very interesting. An essay on this topic is not randomly given to students.


Lermontov's poetry about nature

Lermontov's lyric poetry. Nature verses

Lermontov's Poems of Nature

15 Lermontov's Poems of Nature

All quiet – full moon…

All quiet – full moon Shines between the branches above the pond,And near the shore the wave

With a cold ray.

Lermontov M.


In the middle of celestial bodies…

In the middle of celestial bodies the moon's foggy liqe is foggy,How it's round and how it's white,

Precisely pancake with sour cream.

Each night it's in the lightThe way it passes through the Milky.

Charp forever!

Lermontov M.



But there was a knot of gold on the cliff-beam;On the way in the morning, she ran away early, playing merrily in azure;But there was a wet trace in the wrinkle of the Old Cliff. He stands alone, thinking deeply

And he cries quietly in the desert.

Lermontov M.


In the north it is lonely…

In the north it is lonely.And she dreams of everything that's far away in the desert, in the land where the sunrise,One and sad on the cliffs of fuel

Beautiful palm grows.

Lermontov M.



Leaves in the field yellow,And spinning and flying;Only in the boron nikishi spruce Green gloomy store.under the overhanging rock,does not like to, between flowers,Plowman rest sometimes midday labor.The beast, brave, is in a hurry to hide somewhere. At night, the month is dull, and the field

Although the fog is only silver.

Lermontov M.


Morning in the Caucasus

Shining – wrapped in a wild swaddling hazeAround the wooded mountains of the fog at night;Still at the feet of the Caucasus silence;The herd is silent, the river is murmuring alone.There on the rock, the newborn ray was suddenly sardid, having cut through the clouds, and pink on the river and tentThe shine has spread out, and shines there and there: So the girls, bathing in the shade, When they will see the young man they, all, blush, to the ground bend their eyes:

But how to run, if a nice thief is close!..

Lermontov M.



When in the spring the ice is broken by the River of Excitement goes, when among the meadows in some places the naked earth turns black, and the darkness lies in the clouds on the hollow fields, the dream of evil sadness cherishes the soul of my inexperienced;I see that nature is getting younger, it is not just her who is young; Lanitas of the calm flames of the scarletS himself will take time, and the one who suffered so much, it happened,

Love to her in the heart will not find.

Lermontov M.



Kicks are celestial, eternal pilgrims!Steppe azure, chain of pearlsYou're like me, exiles

From the cute north to the south.

Who is it that drives you away? Is it a decision? Is it a mystery? Is it open?Or are you burdened with a crime? Or friends of poisonous slander?

No, you are bored with barren fields…Aliens to your passions and suffering;Eternally cold, eternally free,

No, you have no exile.

Lermontov M.


Rain Evening

I look out the window: the sky goes out, the farewell beam at the top of the columns, on the domes, on the pipes and crosses shines, burns in deceived eyes;And gloomy clouds of fiery edgesResuscitate in the sky like a snake, and the breeze, running through the garden, worries the stems of wet grasses … One between them I noticed a flower, as if a pearl, leaving the east, on it the water shimmering shivering, the head of his inclined, he stands, like a girl in the sorrow of the fateful:The soul is murdered, the joy over the soul;Though tears flow from the flaming eyes,

But he remembers everything about his beauty.

Lermontov M.


Who is winter in the morning, when it falls…

Who is winter in the morning, when it fallsFat snow and red chargeThe steppe is gray with aweIt looks at the bells of the monastery;In the fight against the gusty wind, this ringing was carried away in the sky, and travelers liked it more than once, as the message of death or immortality of the voice.And I love that ringing! – He is the flower of the Tomb Mound, the mausoleum that will not change; neither rock nor small misfortunes of the people He will not be drowned out; always the one, the Tall Tower is a gloomy ruler, He proclaims everything to the world, but Himself

Sam is strange to everything, to the earth and to heaven.

Lermontov M.



Thunderstorm is ringing, the clouds are smolderingAbove the dark abyss of the sea, and the waves are shattering the foam of the bubbly, crowding, the waves are wrapped around the rocks with a flamboyant ribbon of snake Printing zipper, a disturbing swarm of spontaneity – And here I am standing real estate.

Stoyu – already that horribleAspiration of all above-ground forces, Who in life felt in vain was deceived? Around whom, this poison of the heart, there were judgments of slander, How around the rock pointy, the destroyer-flame, you weave? Oh, no! – Fly, air fire, whistle, winds, above the chapter;I'm here, cold, indifferent,

And the trembling is not familiar with me.

Lermontov M.


Autumn sun

I love the sun of autumn when, Between clouds and fogs sneaking through, it throws a pale dead beam onto the tree, oscillating by the wind, and onto the damp steppe.

I love the sun,There is something similar in the farewell gaze of the great luminaire with the mysterious sadness of fated love; it is not cooler on its own, but natureIt is all that can feel and see that can not be warmed up by it; so exactlyI heart: Everyone in it lives in fire, but people couldn't understand him once, and he shouldn't shine in his eyes again.Why secondarily subject your heart to mockery and doubt?

Lermontov M.


When the yellow field is worried…

When the yellow field is worried, And the fresh forest is noisy with the sound of wind, And hiding in the garden is raspberry plumAnd under the shade of a sweet green leaf;When the dew splashed on the fragrant, blushing evening or morning at 1:00 a.m. goldenIz under the bush nods my lily of silver; when the student key plays on the ravineI, plunging the thought into some vague dream, Lepet me a mysterious sagaPro peaceful land from where he rushes:Then my souls are humbled by my anxiety, then the wrinkles on my forehead are dispersed, and happiness I can comprehend on earth,

And I see God in the sky!..

Lermontov M.


Beautiful are you, the fields of the native land

Beautiful are you, the fields of the native land, even more beautiful are your bad weather; the winter is similar in it with the first winterHow with the first people of its people!…The fog here dresses the sky vaults!And the steppe is stretched out with purple veil, And so it is fresh, and so is the relative with the soul, as if created only for freedom…

But this steppe of love is alien to me;But this snow is volatile silver for the vicious country – too pureHe never cheers my heart.His clothes are cold, unchangeableHidden from the eye grave ridge

And forgotten ashes, but to me, but I am priceless.

Lermontov M.


Palestinian branch

Tell me, Palestinian branch:Where did you grow up, where did you grow, where did you blossom, what hills, what valleys

You were a decoration?

All the waters of the pure JordanEast, did the beam caress you, did the night wind in the mountains of Lebanon

You were angry?

Prayer or silent reading,Or singing songs of antiquity,When your sheets were woven

Solima poor sons?

And the palm is still alive?Is it still attracting the summer heat of a passer-by in the desert?

And in the separation of the abyss, like you,

On the yellow sheets?

Tell me: Pious HandWho brought you to this region? Did he often sadden you?

Store a trace of flammable tears?

Al, God's ratification is the best warrior, he was with a cloudless forehead,How are you always worthy of heaven

For people and a deity?

Before the gold icon, you stand, the branch of Jerusalem,

Saints faithful sentry!

Around you and above you.

Lermontov M.


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