Chinese Female Names: A list of beautiful and popular names and their meanings
Chinese names. Writing, reading, meaning. Chinese Name Selection
The choice of name in China is limited only by the fantasy of the parents, Chinese names are mostly selected by their meaning.
Interestingly, in the past in Chinese villages a child could be called a dumb name in order to deceive evil spirits. It was supposed that evil spirits would think that such a child is not valued in the family, and therefore will not rely on him. Examples of such dumb names are Tedan 铁蛋 “iron egg”, Goshen 狗剩 “Dog food remains”, Goudan 狗蛋 “dog egg”, etc.
First of all, I would like to draw your attention to what is written and named first in China and then the name. In the vast majority of cases, the last name is single-complex and the first name is double-complex (e.g., 杜冬冬 Du Dundun, Du – last name, Dundun – first name). If the name (or surname) is two-complex, it is spelled together. The initials are not marked, i.e. it is impossible to write Du D., it is necessary to write Du Dundun.
Russian names can sometimes be very difficult to say to the Chinese. For this reason, many who deal with the Chinese language, choose a Chinese name with a beautiful meaning or transcribe their Russian name by sounding. You can see the transcription of Russian names in our article Russian names in Chinese.
Bottom are some popular Chinese names, as well as their meanings. Chinese names do not have any formal orthographic or grammatical features that separate them into male and female. But there is a gender division of names, and it is based on the value.
Women's Chinese names
Phonetic translation of Russian women's names into Chinese
Women's names in China usually have values of beauty, elegance, flower names, etc.
|Russian pronunciation||Chinese||Pinyin||Sync by honeybunny 爱民|
|Minju||明珠||mingzhū||Pure Pearl; Jewel|
|Suin||秀英||xiùyīng||a lovely (talented) flower|
|Syli||秀丽||xiùlì||graceful; beautiful; pretty|
|Jinhua||金华|| golden flower; sparkling|
|Changchun||长春||chángchūn||eternal youth; Chinese rose|
|Chunshen||春生||chūnshēng||born in spring|
|Yulin||玉林||yùlín||jasper forest; jasper grove|
|Yumin||玉明||yùmíng||bright nephrite, jasper|
|Yuhua||玉华||yùhuá||best gems; white chrysanthemum|
Men's Chinese names
Phonetic translation of Russian men's names into Chinese
Men's Chinese names are usually associated with the meanings of strength, masculinity, majesty, valor, intelligence, etc.
|Wenhua||文华||wénhuá||literary luminary; enlightened; erudite|
|Deshan||德胜||déshèng||victory of goodness|
|Jinsung||劲松||jìngsōng||strong pine tree|
|Yulun||玉龙||td>yùlóng||jasper dragon; sword|
|Yunshen||永生||yǒngshēng||Eternally alive; centuries-old|
There is a list of Chinese Baixing surnames 百家姓 [bǎijiāxìng]. It is a rhymed list of learning materials for memorizing hieroglyphs by heart. If you need a Chinese surname in addition to your Chinese name, you can select it from this list. The most popular names in China are Wang 王 [wáng], Li 李 [lǐ], Zhang 张 [zhāng].
Chinese names and surnames
China is the largest nation in the world with an ancient culture. However, their names – Li Qian, Mao Dun, Huang Bodging – sound exotic to a Russian person.
Let's see what's special about Chinese names and how they're translated into Russian.
Chinese surnames, which are special
Chinese started to use surnames before our era. At first, they were only available to members of the royal family and the aristocracy. A little later, ordinary people began to use a surname that passed from one generation to the next with the name.
In the beginning the surnames had two meanings: “sin” and “shea”. The first concept was used among close blood relatives. It was only for the highest Chinese nobility and the imperial family. The second concept, shea, was used by ordinary Chinese to denote the whole family, and even later – for people with the same occupation.
In modern China, the list of names is very limited. It does not go beyond the table “Baitsyasin”, which means “One hundred surnames” (although there are actually more than a hundred, but still not so many).
Chinese surnames, as a rule, have one syllable. They look like one hieroglyphics on the letter. Their origins are different. For example, some of them came from an activity (e.g., Tao is a potter), while others came from the names of the states that formed the basis of modern China (e.g., Yuan). But all foreigners were called Hu.
Woman after marriage often does not take the surname of her husband, and leaves a maiden, or takes a double surname + husband. In written form it looks as follows: maiden name + husband's name + own name.
Example, 李王梅丽 The first hieroglyph 李 is a maiden name Lee, the second one, 王 is a surname of Wang's wife, and the last symbols are their own, sounding in Russian as Mailey (literal translation of “beautiful plum”).
The children mainly inherit the husband's surname, but not necessarily. They can also be written to the mother's last name.
The most common Chinese names
|李 – Li||何 – He|
|王 – Wang||高 – Gao|
|张 – Zhang||马 – Ma|
|刘 – Liu||林 – Lin|
|黄 – Juan||梁 – Liang|
|陈 – Chen||郭 – Go|
|赵 – Zhao||蒋 – Jiang|
|周 – Zhou||苏 – Su|
|徐 – Xu||蔡 – Tsai|
|孙 – Xun||丁 – Ding|
Interesting that the first two names from the list (Li and Wang) have more than 350 million Chinese.
Chinese names – Chinese names
Surname and name in China are written together, and it is in this order – first comes the surname, then the name. That's because the Chinese are very sensitive to their ancestors and their own roots. In the old chronicles, the surname and name were recorded through a hyphen, but separately – never.
A few decades ago, the child could be called an unsound, even nasty, including for the Chinese, name. It was done to scare off evil spirits. They'll think the baby in the family doesn't like it, and they won't bother him. We are talking about names such as:
- Tedan is an iron egg;
- Goushen is a remnant of dog food;
- Goudan is a missing dog egg.
Parental names were so frightening that the Chinese government had to issue a separate order, according to which the child should not be named with a hieroglyphics:
- debauchery (mistress, seduction, kept woman);
Everything has changed these days. But in some places (mainly in the villages) this tradition is preserved in the form of home nicknames or children's names.
Names of the citizens of the Celestial Empire rarely mean the object, mostly it is an epithet. Popular Chinese names are mostly two-complex, i.e. they consist of two hieroglyphs.
Male and female Chinese names have no grammatical, orthographic or other differences. There is a division by sex, but it is based on meaning.
For a boy, parents select a name that symbolizes:
- < wealth;
- physical superiority: strength, high growth, quick reaction;
- character traits: honest, intelligent, diligent, ancestral worshiper;
- high goals: discoverer, scientist, patriot, receiving greatness;
- nature: honoring the river, the top of the mountain, the wind, the sea;
- ancestors and cult objects: the Yangtze River, rain (sea) of the elder brother, a gold mirror.
Purely the name indicates a good parenting message. It is known that when Yue Fei, who later became a general and national hero of China, was born, swans sat on the roof of his house. There was a whole pack of them. The boy's mother wished the son would fly as far and high as he did. It was decided to call the newborn Fairy, which means “flight”.
- The girl's parents call her a beautiful, euphonious name, meaning something beautiful:
- Gems: a pearl, jasper, purified jade;
- Flowers: morning jasmine, rainbow orchid, small lotus
- Weather phenomena; a little dawn, autumn moon, morning cloud colouring;
- Intellectual abilities: smart, clear wisdom, indigo;
- Extractive external data: beautiful and prosperous, charming, graceful;
- Natural objects: Beijing forest, swallow, spring flower, cloud.
Popular Chinese male names
|Bingwen – bright||Young – brave|
|Bay – white||Chao – excess|
|Way – impressive energy||This is a world-thinking thinker|
|Day – voltage||Demin – good soul|
|Guang – easy||Weige – thinker|
|Jaming – revolution||Shanley – winner|
|Jianguo – state system||Yusheng – decisive|
|Xu – diligent||Lao – old man|
|Liwei – getting greatness||Venyan – pure|
|Kang – welfare||Yao-chuan – reading the river|
|Ai – love||Leeling – beautiful jade call|
|Vencian – cleared||May – plum|
|Gi – pure||Ehuang – beauty of August|
|Giao – beautiful||Shan – elegance|
|Jing – abundance||Nuying – the flower of a girl|
|Ju – chrysanthemum||Row – tender|
|Zhaohui – clear wisdom||Ting – elegant|
|Chi – beautiful jade||Fenfang – fragrant|
|Kiaolian – experienced||Hualing – heather|
|Kingjao – understanding||Shihong – the world is beautiful|
|Xiaoli – morning jasmine||Young – cloud|
|Xiaofan – dawn||Yanlin – swallow forest|
|Ksu – snow||Huijong – wise and loyal|
In the Celestial Empire, there has been a long tradition of changing one's name after reaching a certain age.
The baby was given an official name (“min”) and a child name (“xiao-min”) at birth. When he went to school, the child's name was changed to “suemin”. After passing the exams, a person was given another name – “Guanming” – by which he was addressed at celebrations or important holidays. The representative of the nobility also has a nickname “chao” – nickname.
Most of the names are not used now in China. Gone are the past student suemin, the official guanmin. Baby name and nickname still apply.
Property of children's and school names in China
Children's (milk) name is used only by close relatives in the family circle. At the request of the parents, they give the newborn, in addition to the official first name, one more thing. But it doesn't have to be. A milk name is very similar to our nickname at home.
Previously, right after the birth of a baby, the father or other relative went to the seer to find out the fate of the child. This was especially true in rural areas.
If she predicted that the baby would be threatened by something in the future, such as fire, it was necessary to give a child's name related to water.
And vice versa, if destiny dictated to be afraid of water, the child received a milk name associated with matches, fire or flames.
Sometimes parents called the child a child's name, often found among the monks. It served as a talisman.
Milk name, as a rule, emphasizes some individual features, the appearance of the child, contains parental guidance or just a beautiful poetic word.
The most beautiful Chinese children's names
- Hun is a rainbow;
- Li is a small dragon;
- Chunlin – spring forest;
- Chunguang – spring light;
- Dun – warrior's shield.
When a child went to school, the teacher (less often parents) called him by his school name. It was used in all the documents during his school life.
The name most often reflected the intellectual or physical abilities (defects) of the student. There's no school name in China right now.
Second name in Chinese
When a Chinese person enters into marriage age (20 years for boys and 15-17 years for girls), he gets a second name (“Zi”), which is used by friends, relatives, neighbors. The guy wears a hat, gets in front of his dad, and he's nicknamed. Daughters stabbed a hairpin in their hair, and then the name change procedure is the same. Interestingly, a girl changes her name most often during an engagement.
Tses includes two hieroglyphs, and is based on the name given at birth, complements it. For example, the second name of the great statesman Mao Tse Tung is Runzhi. Both names are translated as “helpful”.
Sometimes a second name means the order of a child's birth in the family. To do so, the hieroglyphs:
- Bo – first;
- Jun – second;
- Shu – third;
- Chi – for all other children.
Beautiful Chinese names (second name)
- Bo Yang;
Well educated people, nobles in China still had a nickname. It could be chosen by them.
This name was used as an alias and consisted of three, four or more hieroglyphs. For example, the nickname of the poet Suu Shi was Dongpo Jushi, the name of the mansion he lived in while in exile.
Hao did not display the first or second name. It's something deeply personal. The nickname is very popular among scientists and writers.
Making names from other languages
Modern parents in China, as well as in any other country, often call their children a beautiful but unusual name for the cultural tradition of the country. The basis for this is the abbreviated form of the foreign name. Most often borrowed names:
- Eastern: Amber, Alibei, Mohammed;
- Celtic: Breen, Dylan, Tara;
- French: Olivia, Bruce;
- Slavic: Nadine, Vera, Ivan;
- Indian: Veril, Opal, Uma>
- Italian: Donna, Mia, Bianca;
- Greek: Angel, George, Selena;
- German: Charles, Richard, William.
So if you get to know Lee Gabriella or Go Uma, don't be surprised.
Female and male Japanese names. Interesting and unusual Japanese names and surnames. Ways of forming Japanese women's names.
Fujiyama volcano in Japan. Diamond mountains in Korea. The Gobi Desert in Mongolia. The Guilin Mountains in China.
Beautiful nickname for a girl – an opportunity to emphasize her personality. Ideas for beautiful women's nicknames.
Beautiful Chinese Female Names
Chinese female names combine respect for tradition, beauty and tenderness. Parents, when deciding what to call a newborn girl, often make a choice based on their daughter's character traits. It is not only the meaning attributed to words that plays a role, but also the secret meaning hidden in them. Not surprisingly, the choice of name in China is often compared to art.
Chinese female names: History
Those who have an understanding of the history of the state will easily notice the influence of historical eras on the choice of parents.
Chinese women's names are directly related to what qualities are most exalted in the country in a particular period of time.
Correctness and beauty – the virtues that have been valued for centuries in the history of the state in a beautiful field. It was reflected in the girls' names, too. Examples: Giao (beautiful), Junru (charming).
Slightly changed with the advent of the 20th century. The formation of the republic was accompanied by a gradual recognition of the role played by the weaker sex in society.
Female names in Chinese reflected social trends and even referred to the political situation in the country. This was most clearly seen in the 50's and 70's, when the little ones liked to be called communist.
Examples: Wei Go (the defender of the nation), Ai Dan (the faithful party).
Finalized the idea of what beautiful Chinese female names should be at the end of the last century. The focus was on identity, social values were overshadowed.
Influence of traditions on the choice of name
Traditions have been respected for centuries in this state. Not surprisingly, Chinese female names are often selected based on the rules that are accepted in the family.
For example, all relatives who decide what to name the child, lean in favor of the same topic (gems, flowers, weather phenomena).
Another example of a common tradition is that kids of the same generation get the same hieroglyph in their name.
Special interest is aroused by a custom that is still practiced by highly educated people. Choosing Chinese female names, these parents use the words of classical poetry. The result is beautiful and original.
The babies born in China get not only names. Every girl must have a tender nickname used only by family members. In most cases, it's a short form of an official version.
Partners who want to have a girl do not open the family tree in search of the original and beautiful variant. Fantasy is the main tool they use.
Mothers and fathers choose feminine Chinese names for a long time and diligently, the value is considered to be decisive for the fate of their daughter. In this state, there are no generally accepted lists, one of the variants of which can be stopped.
At the service of parents are absolutely all the words included in the dictionary.
Interesting that in ancient times, girls are often referred to as dubious words, trying in this way to protect the little ones from insidious spirits. Now it's a relic of the past, the main selection criteria are ease of sounding, no negative value.
What is the number of parents who call their children Chinese characters? Female names mostly contain one or two. Back in the last century, the second option was more common. The situation has changed somewhat in recent years, as the inhabitants of the state have obeyed the crazy rhythm of life characteristic of this century. Shortcuts are in fashion: Lee, Xiu, G.
The combination of name and surname
If the number of words capable of becoming the basis for the name of the fair sex representative is not limited by any framework, the situation with surnames is different. A total of approximately 450 variations are known, most of which include a single character: Zhang, Wang, Li.
Female Chinese names and surnames must be perfectly combined – this rule is not violated by mothers and fathers almost never. Not surprisingly, marriage is not considered to be a reason for girls to change. However, the heirs almost always get their father's name, which is what parents are guided by, and who decide how to name them.
Names that determine the nature
The country is convinced that it is possible to influence the fate of the child. Therefore, it is not uncommon for fathers and mothers to stop at names that give their daughters certain character traits that contribute to luck and luck.
- Gi. This option is chosen by parents who want their newborn baby to be happy throughout her life. Translates the word “lucky”.
- Huh. A popular Chinese name that gives its owner such traits as freedom, activity, independence and career aspirations. Interpretation of the word: “tigress”.
- Xuining. Who doesn't dream of a gifted child? It is for this purpose that the variant meaning “talent”, “gift” is chosen.
- Shu. This choice suggests that the family wants to raise a girl in a fair and reasonable manner.
Whatever the upheavals of fashion may be, many Chinese female names in Russian still sound like “beauty”. Any variations on this topic are popular in the country.
- Guanghui. A combination of hieroglyphs meaning “brilliant”, “irresistible”.
- Lidzhuan. Such a name will make its owner the most beautiful, translated as “elegance”, “beauty”.
- Maxiu. Another combination of hieroglyphs that combines the two above values