Child development calendar up to one year

Child development calendar by months up to one year

Child development calendar up to one year

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From the moment the baby is born, it begins to develop actively, learning a new world for itself every day.

And young parents often begin to ask themselves questions: when a child starts to grab a rattle, learn to sit and crawl, speak the first words, get to know their family and smile at them.

Also, inexperienced mothers and fathers are always worried about whether their baby is adding weight and height to the baby and how much time he should sleep and stay awake. In order not to make parents worry, it is necessary to know how the baby develops during the first year.

From the moment the baby is born, it begins to develop actively, learning a new world for itself every day.

And young parents often begin to wonder when a child will start to grab a rattle, learn to sit and crawl, speak the first words, get to know their relatives and smile at them.

Also, inexperienced mothers and fathers are always worried about whether their baby is putting on weight and height and how much time he should sleep and stay awake. To ensure that such questions do not make parents worry, it is necessary to know how the infant develops during the first year.

Physical development of the child by months to a year

Physical development is a dynamic growth process that includes body weight, height, head circumference and chest circumference.

AgeAddendum in weight (g)Growth premium (see)Enhancing head volume (see)Chest volume increase (see)
1 month60031,52
2 months80031,52
3 months80031,52
4 months7502.51.52
5 months7002.51.52
6 months6502.51.52
7 months60020.50.5
8 months55020.50.5
9 months50020.50.5
10 months4501-1.50.50.5
11 months4001-1,50,50,5
12 months/td>

3501-1,50,50,5

Of course, these figures may fluctuate slightly up or down, but significant deviations should be a cause for concern: maybe these are the first signs of pathological conditions.

Read more about weight gain by month for girls.

Psychomotor development of a child by months up to a year

The criteria for evaluating psychomotor development include motor skills, statics (the ability to record and hold certain parts of the body in the right position), reflex activity.

1 month The kid sleeps most of the day. All his movements are still unconscious and chaotic. The child reacts to noise and other loud stimuli, smiles (but the smile is also unconscious), can fix a look at toys and faces of people. Crumbs have well developed reflexes: they grab items and fingers of parents, open the mouth in search of breasts when touching the cheek.
2 months Wake up mode slightly increases, the baby is already watching the bright rattles, turns his head on the sound. Lying on his tummy, lifting his head up, but quickly gets tired and puts it back down.
3 months The kid already knows his mother and holds the head well. The baby smiles and laughs if you talk to him. There's an interest in rattlesnake toys. The boy actively moves his legs and arms when he is happy with something.
4 months The child already knows her mother and father very well, so when she sees strangers she gets nervous and cries. Consciously grabbing rattlesnakes, dragging everything into the mouth, holding his head well when lying on his stomach.
5 months At this age, the child is already able to hold the bottle by herself. The first attempts to sit down appear: if you take the crumb by the handles, he raises his head and neck trying to tighten up. The child is able to turn from back to tummy, trying to crawl.
6 months Semi-Annual kids actively seek to sit and crawl, throw a ball, move toys from one basket to another. The child rejoices when they are dressed for a walk, and also turns the head if they hear their name. At this age, the first teeth may begin to emerge.
7 monthsKrokha learns to take the sitting position himself. Bathing brings joy to both parents and the child, because he is already actively splashing water. The little one is already crawling well, can share toys, if asked to do so, understands what is “possible” and “impossible”.
8 months The child is already actively studying surrounding objects, can open lockers and drawers, can show with a finger where his toy lies and so on. The kid watches cars, animals, watches TV or computer monitor with interest.
9 months The child browses through the books and looks at the pictures with interest, knocks with toys, tries to fold the pyramids and cubes. The baby's already waving “bye,” clapping his hands. There are attempts to stand, hold furniture or your mother's hands.
10 months A child can show where his or her nose, mouth, ears and eyes are. The child is already stomping, holding hands with Mom or Dad, trying to take independent steps.
11 months Krokha already knows how to drink from a bottle or cup, while feeding tries to grab a spoon. Some babies at this age may stand without support, and even walk a little. The child shows what he wants to take, asks for toys and other items.
12 months Krokha stands and squatters, understands the phrases “come here”, “give me”, “eat” and so on. There are manifestations of character: the child may refuse unhealthy food, capricious if he or she is not allowed to eat.

Don't forget that all children develop individually, all indicators are relative. If the crumb does not sit at six months, it does not mean that there are lags in development. If you wait a week or two, he'll be fine.

Child's speech development by months to a year

Many parents believe that their child's speech begins with the first words. But this is a false assumption, because from birth the child learns to pronounce a variety of sounds, gradually developing their speech skills.

1-2 months At this age, the baby expresses all his emotions (hunger, colic, loneliness) only crying. And in 2 months the little girl cries “differently” when she wants to eat or just on the handles to her mother.
3-4 months The child is already beeping and making new interesting sounds: “agha”, “eider”, “agha”, “gi”.
5-7 months Tiny begins to babble, saying the first syllables “ba”, “ma”, “pa”.
8-10 months A child may already unknowingly connect individual syllables, trying to repeat the sounds after mom or dad. By the end of the tenth month, it is possible to pronounce simple words: “woman”, “mother”, “caca”.
11-12 monthsKrokha is actively learning to pronounce more syllables and simple words. To the question “how does the cat (mouse, frog and others) speak” the baby answers “meow” (“pee-pee-pee”, “qua-qua”).

Remember that the baby won't learn to talk independently. So spend more time with your kids, talking to them all the time. And then you will not cease to wonder how fast the baby develops and pleases you!

Natalia King, the pediatrician, especially for Mirmam.pro


Calculators
belief

Source: http://MirMam.pro/deti/deti-do-goda/kalendar-razvitiya-rebenka-po-mesyatsam-do-goda/

Calendar of Child Development up to one year | Bud-Laska

Calendar of Child Development up to one year

After the baby is born, the parents watch something new that their child learns. New successes cannot fail to please mom and dad, because this is how their baby develops.

Every child is an individuality, which means that the development of children is not always the same. But still there are norms by which it is possible to be guided, whether all is well with the kid.

Let's consider, how the child develops till one year on months.

Child development calendar up to one year. The first month

After the birth of the baby is able to listen to sounds, sometimes with the help of crying. At this time, the child distinguishes the shape of objects that are at a distance of twenty-five centimetres from his eyes. He spends most of his time in his sleep, clenching his fists tightly and clenching his legs.

At first, the baby has very clear reflexes – sucking, sole and grabbing. If you touch the baby's lower sponge, he immediately begins to suckle. Put your finger on the palm of your hand and you'll feel him squeezing it tight. And if you hold on the bottom of the crumbs, it will immediately bend the fingers.

Over time, these reflexes weaken. By the end of the first month of life, the child learns to focus on an object, seeing it off with his eyes. Some kids are already trying to raise their heads when they're lying on their stomachs, but only for a couple of seconds. The child's facial expressions are not yet realized, but you can already see his first smile in his sleep.

The end of the first month may be marked by the fact that the baby will begin to reciprocate when you tenderly aguka.

Child development calendar up to one year. Month two

Second month is a special time, because the crumb is a little older and it becomes interesting to spend time with it. The child's look is more meaningful, he likes to look at toys, meets and sees off with the eyes of everyone who walks around the room.

Finally, your baby can smile back, and it's so nice! And to your sweet conversations with him, he responds by knocking his hands and feet on the crib. By the end of the second month, the children are already raising their heads by forty five degrees and keeping them in a short position on their stomachs.

If they hold them in their arms so that they take upright position, they will try to keep their heads straight, but not yet with confidence. The main reflexes appear to the same extent so far.

Child development calendar up to one year. Month three

Now the baby also knows how to laugh aloud! But not only that, but also to protest and whine if he doesn't like something. Parents understand when the child has a good mood, and when the bad.

During the third month of life, the baby learns to take the toy in his hands, put it in his mouth, get on hanging over his toys hands and feet. The baby's muscles are developing, so that he can now rise slightly on his elbows for a few seconds, and if he holds his armpits, he's leaning well on the hard surface with his legs. Now the baby holds his head well, which gives him the ability to rotate it in all directions, looking at everything around him.

Child development calendar up to one year. Month four

The baby is getting more and more alive, because now he can play not only with his pens, but also with his legs, he drags them into his mouth and sucks. Another achievement is that the baby has mastered the technique of turning from back to stomach and back.

Mom should now keep an eye on him as the baby can fall from bed. How nice for parents to realize that the baby can easily recognize their faces! At this age, he may already have some feelings – fear, curiosity, frustration, disappointment or joy and delight.

The baby laughs loudly and screams, mastering new sounds, trying to pronounce them. Seeing his reflection in the mirror, the baby is surprised and then smiles. When he hears the music, he's curious. Interestingly enough, the child is already selecting the ones he likes better among his toys.

While eating, he likes to play with his chest or a bottle by going through them with his hands.

Child development calendar up to one year. Month five

The child tries to know the world, for this purpose he uses all his possibilities – to throw, bend, roll, grab and throw toys, try to crawl on the stomach, rock, kneeling, as if preparing to jump. In five months, the little man is able to distinguish between people he knows and those he sees for the first time.

He is interested in absolutely everything – he leans over to look at the fallen object, pulls pens to the flowers, looks at the pictures with curiosity. If you take the baby's toy away, you'll hear a protest right away. At this age, the baby can pronounce not only vowels, but also some consonants.

Some children are already trying to sit down, though uncertainly.

Child development calendar up to one year. The sixth month

The sixth month of the child's development is especially interesting, because the baby is already sitting, albeit with support. He gladly goes through the toys, puts them in a container, then pulls them out again. He is able to compare objects.

And the ability to crawl gradually improves, the baby easily moves around the bed in all directions. Interestingly, the baby now reacts to his name by turning his head on your call. He even knows which subjects are being talked about if you call them.

The range of sounds spoken is getting wider, and the baby likes to babble a lot. The child, who is given complementary food, already produces taste preferences, refusing to eat what he did not like. This month children are exposed to frequent mood swings.

This is due to the abundance of emotions that the child receives but cannot control them.

Child development calendar up to one year. Month seven

Some children crawl very well at the beginning of the seventh month, others move backwards, but this is also a success. The baby's fingers are already capable of handling small objects, and the big ones he takes with both hands. If you give the baby a piece of paper, he'll have a great deal of pleasure by taking it down. Tiny can browse through a book with thick pages, studying pictures.

Now that the child's back muscles are stronger, he sits confidently and for a long time. And how much the little one likes to see himself in the mirror! Kids like to talk to their reflection, stroke it. By the tone of my mother's voice, the baby is beginning to realize that he is forbidden to do anything. By the end of the seventh month, the child pronounces simple syllables such as “pa”, “ma”, “yes” and “ba”.

Child development calendar up to one year. Month eight

Eighth month of development is remarkable because it is the first time you can hear the word “Mom” or “Dad”. Most of the time it's already happening consciously. The tiny one has a strong affection for his relatives, and the strangers are afraid, so he protests and cries if he is picked up by a stranger. The kid is interested in everything.

Now that he already knows how to move easily and simply, the crumb can get almost any thing that is in his sight. At this stage, children begin to get up, holding on to the support, and some even learn to take their first steps. Now, kisses are added to the mirror strokes of their reflections.

How do parents like to watch it!

Child development calendar up to one year. Month nine

Nine months old baby already knows how to clap his hands and imitate the mimicry of adults, which is a lot of fun for parents. He walks confidently around the perimeter of the arena, holding on to the support, jumps and sits down. Now he can lie down or sit down on his own.

If you ask a crumb where his nose or ear is, he will answer correctly, pointing his finger. One of a child's favorite activities at this age is knocking toys on the table or against each other. If the family praises the baby for something, he will repeat this action over and over again.

The baby is already difficult to deceive, he knows exactly where you hid his toy. A nine-month-old toddler tries to get in with his fingers everywhere, exploring all the holes he finds, so he needs to be watched even more closely.

At this age, the crumb won't let him take away the toy just like that, he'll try to protect his property, maybe even hit it in protest.

Child development calendar up to one year. Month ten

In the tenth month of life, the baby learns to walk, first holding the hands of the mother, and then independently. Now his pens are so dexterous that he can take two small objects with one hand.

Now you can see if he will be left-handed, as he prefers one side of the body. The child understands what you're asking for and can fulfill some of your requests. He gladly repeats the parents, imitating them in everything – gestures, actions, sounds.

At this age, children love to dance to music and imitate singing. Nothing is more interesting for a crumb than to explore the contents of boxes and cabinets, move objects from place to place or put them in boxes.

Children are interested in dishes, trying to eat with a spoon on their own, although this is not very clever. Playing with water gives kids a lot of fun.

Child development calendar up to one year. Eleventh month

Kid is becoming more and more independent, because he is already standing on his own and walking, holding on to the surrounding objects, and if lying on his stomach, it will not be difficult for him to take a sitting position. In addition to the words “Mom”, “Dad” and “Give”, he can pronounce a few more words.

And how do ten-months' children talk, imitating the conversation of adults! They can talk for hours in their own tongue. Now the baby can wave goodbye or send you a kiss. The kid is interested in playing new games, for example, roll the ball, throw toys. If you ask for an item, the child will give you a hand in return.

Wishing to ask you for something, the child will be able to do it differently than by crying.

Child development calendar up to one year. Month twelve

From a year the baby has learned a lot – he walks, drinks from a cup, bites off solid food, takes objects, puts them in place. Although the baby says about fifteen words, he understands absolutely everything you say.

He shows his love by hugging and kissing his parents, who are more dear to the baby than anyone else, so he reacts painfully to the separation from them, even if not for a very long time.

The baby's games become more diverse, he or she knocks with a hammer, presses buttons on his or her mobile phone, digs with a spatula in the sand, washes the floor with a rag, imitating the parents. If a child has his or her hands full, he or she is able to free one of them by moving the object into his or her mouth to take the third toy or thing.

Looking at the pictures, the little one finds out what the pictures depict, for example, a familiar animal. The first year of children's lives is the most interesting, because during this time the child learns almost everything. He won't be able to learn that much in any of the following periods, so let these twelve months bring you a lot of joy and happiness!

Source: http://BudLaska.ru/malysh/kalendar-razvitiya-rebenka-do-goda

Calendar of Child Development up to one year by month

Calendar of Child Development up to one year

From the user's logbook, Irina Litvyakova

October 27, 2013, 12:23

The child has several main reflexes: “plantar”: If you swipe your finger in the foot, the child will pull the leg; “sucking”: If you swipe a crumb with your finger on the lip, he will immediately fold the lips with a tube and begin to make sucking movements; “grabbing”: If you put your finger in the handle of the child, he will squeeze it firmly.

  • The child is kept in sight by a fixed object. Can focus on it.
  • Fixes the gaze on the human face inclined above it;
  • Lying on the tummy, trying to lift and hold his head.
  • Reacts to the ringing of a bell, a rattle, for example, flinching, starting to cry, listening;
  • At the end of 1 month “speech” joins the mimicry. Kids who talk a lot are walking in response.
  • Spontaneously flinching (called the Moreau reflex) at loud sound
  • The cams are tight. If you unclench your fingers, your child can grab a rattle, but throw it right away
  • Can keep your head in line with your spine in a sitting position

Child development in the second month

  • Kid may smile in response to your smile;
  • Sight object (right in front of it);
  • Make sounds (aguaca).
  • Lying on the abdomen, raising the head by 45°;
  • In the sitting position holds the head straight, although uncertainly
  • Turns the head to the source of sound, looking for it with his eyes;
  • The baby watches an adult walk away from the crib and meets him looking for the source of sound if the adult is approaching and talking./li>
  • Fingers are almost always squeezed into a cam, and when an infant “accidentally” bends out and gets into the mouth of the mouth of the baby, the baby sucks it heavily

Child development in the third month

  • Laughing aloud
  • Capricious and whining, protesting;
  • Gulit in response to sounds
  • Reacts to the presence of parents: is trying to get attention.
  • Falls hands on toys hanging over the crib;
  • Grabbing the toy and pulling it into the mouth;
  • On the stomach, can pull up on the elbows and hold the shoulders and head raised for 10 seconds. Turns from back to side;
  • Backed by legs into a solid surface with support under the arms
  • Not only raises his head, but also turns his head in all directions
  • Finding the source of sound and light
  • Handles to the already quite turn cams

    /li>

  • The child first discovers the existence of the arms and then the legs
  • The reflexes disappear as the actions become more arbitrary
  • Pulls the body when it is picked up
  • Explores the face, eyes, mouth with the help of the arms.

Child development in the fourth month

  • Li>Cognizes the mother and prefers her all the rest;
  • Smile in response to your smile, begins to babble
  • /li>

  • Says the first syllables;
  • Grabbing a hanging toy with one or both hands at the same time and dragging it into your mouth
  • Can hold toys arbitrarily, shake and move them
  • Lifts shoulders and head lying on back;
  • Selects “favorite” and “unloved” toys;
  • Feeding plays with a breast or a bottle and supports it.
  • A child of this age may already experience fear, frustration, curiosity, and joy
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