How do boys grow up? Height and weight in tables by year


How does a child grow in the first year, height/weight tables

How do boys grow? Height and weight in tables by years

Today we will talk about the development of children as time goes by.

You agree that children grow up year after year until they finally grow up to adulthood? Agreed, because that's the way it should be.

There are, of course, some congenital pathologies that slow down or stop the growth process in children. There are midgets and dwarfs, but that's not what we're talking about today.

As a result of a study conducted by the World Health Organization between 1997 and 2003,

strong>has produced a table that clearly shows the height/weight ratio of both boys and girls of a certain age.

In a time when the market is full of counterfeit and low-quality goods in all areas and in particular among foodstuffs, people are increasingly beginning to appreciate quality goods, and especially products. After all, their physical health is related to nutrition.

Another talk about the fact that the bulk of people in our country are really good products just can't afford. And because for them the question is not about life, but about survival, it is the majority who have to buy cheap goods and products of low quality.

In today's world, the trend of breastfeeding babies with breast milk has become widespread . It must be said that earlier in the penultimate decades of the last century, the understanding of the importance of breastfeeding babies has gone a little into the shadows.

Maybe because people used to take things easier and there was more present than now. But anyway, the growth and weight indicators of children of those distant years are significantly different from those of today. I mean, a lot of water's gone since then. Everything has changed from the level and rhythm of life and nutrition to the environmental situation.

Of course, all these factors have a direct impact on the child's development and health.

If, in the last century, children were very active, spent a lot of time outdoors, playing sports, and playing games, we can see a deplorable picture of their dependence on modern computer technology.

And what this does not mean for them to be degraded at the same time, both intellectually and physically. It is in our century of information technology that the problem of overweight children of preschool and primary school age has become acute.

And if we add to this also the permissiveness and moral promiscuity, it is time to grab hands on the head!

Well, we have somewhat evaded the given course. Although all of the above also applies to the development of the modern generation of our offspring. If you think about it in good health, it turns out that instead of developing children, the innovative technologies only destroy their psyche and slow down their mental growth.

Why would children learn, think and try to improve their literacy, when any educational work can be done on a computer instead of it, or in case of emergency by parents? Would you work for yourself if some virtue volunteered to do everything for you? Probably not.

But who will get paid? Are you or that good uncle? But let's get back to growth. The entire process can be observed in the tables that show high, medium and low values.

Once again we remind you that the tables appeared as a result of a six-year study of the World Health Organization among children of different ethnic groups and regions of the Earth.

It should be noted that the data of a particular child that deviates strongly from the averages are considered deviations from the norm.

And now for more details about the process itself

When we first meet a stranger, we subconsciously begin to evaluate him or her according to some of the criteria

Our brain tries to assess the adequacy, sanity, and appropriateness of all this to the appearance of the person. Then our estimates may change as we communicate.

But it is the external factors of the individual that make the first impression.

What do we mean by appearance?

  • First, the face and look. Often the eyes say a lot of things. They can tell us if we're open or closed, cunning or honest. The eyes often read the age of the person.
  • Second, we pay attention to the clothes of a new acquaintance. The clothes, as they say, are being met. You can't get away with it.
  • And the last thing that catches your eye is growth. Here you can also add a complete set or build for men (boys) and a figure for women (girls).

In the end, mind subconsciously assigns a personality rating and determines what type of person it belongs to.

  • Pleasant person type. The one you should keep in touch with.
  • or the type of unpleasant person. From which the relationship is unlikely to go above the “hi” and “bye” levels.

Through the growth, we can determine their approximate age. Of course, in adolescence, it becomes more difficult to determine age because teenagers grow up differently.

Some people stretch out for one summer over an entire head, while others grow gradually or very slowly in general. It all depends on the hereditary gene given to the children by their parents.

Taller parents are more likely to have taller children and vice versa. Often, there are exceptions that cannot be found in any of the tables of child and adolescent development parameters. Unfortunately, most such exceptions are considered to be a clear deviation from the norm.

But parents must know the correct parameters of their child's age to be sure that he or she grows up well and does not lag behind his or her peers in physical development. And of course, all the information about the parameters of the child relative to his age can be drawn from the table.

Better than parents can not know their child. And that's why it's the parents' job to make sure he grows his prerogative right, first and foremost. Comparing height and weight with the table by year, we get the result.

Depending on the result, if required, pay special attention to what we should work with.

Perhaps in some cases, when there is too much deviation from the norm, we need the advice of an experienced pediatrician.

Age periods

In the first year of life the baby has the fastest growth and formation. The baby grows over 25 centimetres in a year. It is in the first year of life that the growth of a baby is most important in assessing its health, nutrition and overall development.

The norms of growth and weight are given in the anthropometric table of approximate norms for children from birth to one year. Keep in mind that boys' and girls' height and weight norms are different.

After the year, children's growth slows down slightly. In the period from 1 year to 5 years of age, children's shapes are rounded off and the fat layer is evenly distributed throughout the body. Children during this period are usually very chubby.

Since 5-6 years the process of rapid growth resumes. Kids stretch out, the chubby body disappears. The first shape of muscles and bone and skeletal contours appear.

Since 8-10 years there is a repeated rounding. The kids have a strong appetite. The subcutaneous fat is starting to accumulate rapidly. At present, girls tend to outpace boys in development. Often overtaken by growth. But after 2-3 years, the process of development of both sexes returns to the same balance.

In the following period of life,

called teenage, a time when the man continues to grow and develop rapidly. But this time, the reason for this surge in growth is the beginning of puberty.

The body appears sex hormones, which directly affect the growth of bones in length. When the amount of sex hormones in a person reaches its limit, growth stops and yesterday's child becomes an adult.

Major factors affecting growth

  • Nutrition. Perhaps it is unnecessary to say that without good nutrition there is nothing to say about any normal growth and development. Nutrition maintains strength, health and energy in a person, and life itself. That's why we put food in the list first.
  • Handredship. Of course, the genes of parents' children cannot but influence growth. They are like a formula by which a mathematical problem is solved. Often, almost all subconscious personal preferences depend on heredity. Although parents, as they say, are not chosen, but lucky are those children whose parents are balanced, reasonable people with excellent health. After all, most diseases can be transmitted to a child from his or her parents. There's not much to say here. It is only worth mentioning that in addition to sex, there is a thyroid hormone.
  • Physical education. Sports activities at the level of a healthy lifestyle will contribute to the child's growth. However, under heavy loads, growth may be slowed down due to fatigue in an immature body.
  • Mental state. Much depends on how the child is treated by others, but most importantly, his parents. Do they pay him enough attention Do they show love and care If a child has concerns about these basic issues, their growth may also be halted. Therefore, let your family reign in peace and love.
  • Sleep is directly related to growth. After all, it has long been proven that the most intensive growth occurs during sleep. And sleep deprivation, on the other hand, has a negative impact on the development of the child.

We have determined what factors affect the growth of children.

Now let's try to find out how to measure the correct height

The baby, who is not yet standing on his own is measured in the lying position. And they do it with the usual centimetre ribbon used in sewing.

The child is placed on a sofa or table, preferably head-to-wall. Try to straighten your baby's legs to obtain a more accurate reading. To feet of the child the ruler serving as a zero mark is applied.

From a ruler, by stretching of a centimetric tape we measure the kid to a head top.

A little note. Try to find the time to measure when your baby is full, but hasn't wanted to sleep yet. Thus, it will be much easier to perform the computation procedure.

To measure the growth of older children these days wide-used height adjusters.

These are colorful centimeter-scale paper tapes that are attached vertically to a smooth surface, usually a wall or piece of furniture. To measure your baby's height, put his back against the wall.

His feet should not be wearing shoes. The measured value should be set so that it touches the wall at four points. Namely:

  • Back.
  • Slippers.
  • Yagoditsa.
  • Helps.

The child's arms must be omitted at the seams and the legs moved together. This will give you the most accurate result of your child's growth.

You will see if your child's growth is in line with accepted norms or not.

There too, there is a small exception for those parents whose children are born prematurely.

In this case, the height and weight are determined by other standards, as they will of course differ from normal norms. After all, for a prematurely born child to put on a dozen grams of weight – it's already a great feat.

Just as difficult is its growth. Instead of the usual centimeters, the growth increases millimeter by millimeter.


Boy's growth in 1 year. One year. Modern medical portal

How do boys grow up? Height and weight in tables by years

Dynamics of children's development is monitored by a number of indicators, including growth. And the most rapid leap in development occurs during the first year of life. In just one month, children of this age can grow by 3-4 cm, the height of the child in 1 year usually differs from the newborn by as much as 25 cm!

The second year, babies grow a little slower, by an average of 8-10 cm, and from 3 years – by 4 cm per year.

Why the numbers are so important

Size of the child, which is determined by his height, weight, head circumference and chest circumference, indicates how physiologically correct his growing up is.

If the growth process slows down, muscle, myocardium, and even the brain may develop abnormalities.

Leaving a child behind his or her peers is sometimes a good reason to consult specialists. They can help determine which processes are not working properly, or they can recommend adjusting the size of the baby's diet.

First year of life, children's sizes are controlled every month, from year to two years – once every 2-3 months.

Average growth

A healthy one-year-old baby should grow within 74-80 cm. If the size of the carapuzzle is less than 71 cm, it is considered to be short, or there are problems. The upper limit of growth is at 90 cm

Monthly growth of up to two years will be an average of 1 cm each. Usually girls lag behind boys in numbers.

Development is considered normal if deviations from the values in the table are within 3%, with a difference of more than 10% it is necessary to seek the help of a pediatrician.

At the same time, do not rush to sound the alarm if the child is genetically predisposed to other values of height and weight. For example, when the child's parents are not very tall or at his age, too, lagged behind his peers, small size crumbs are quite acceptable. The main thing is that the centimetres “earned” by the carapouze correspond to his body weight. It's easy to check with the table.

This is a special formula for calculating the growth of children: add up the values of the growth of Mom and Dad and divide the amount by 2. If you're raising a girl, take it away from the number 2 cm. My son's parents need to add 5 cm.

This is what determines the growth of the baby

The growth of children is carried out through the production of a special hormone – somatotropin. Mostly it happens when they sleep, between 10:00 and 24:00. Another fact in favor of the regime!

Besides the above mentioned hereditary preconditions, the physiological development of the crumb may be affected by the following:

  • Mom's pregnancy. Fruit grows fastest from three to six months. At this time, the mother's diet is particularly important and she has no bad habits.
  • Food. Breastfeeding is the best way to prevent rickets. And also long walks and sunbathing!
  • Place of residence. Nationality, natural conditions and ecology also influence the growth of the child. For example, the Dutch are considered to be quite high – 170-185 cm (women and men), the Chinese, on the contrary, grow to 155-165 cm
  • Since the Soviet past, Russians have slightly “grown up”, the female half of the population to an average of 165 cm, the male – up to 175.

    If the baby is sick, his growth may slow down a little bit, but he'll definitely get back to normal after he's recovered.

    In some cases, growth canalization is observed. It happens when the reason that held back the baby's growth is removed. For example, premature and/or lightweight crumbs catch up with and even outpace their peers by 12 months.


    What other figures characterize the development of children aged 1-2 years? In addition to weight and height, regular head circumference measurements are also taken.

    As with the rest of the parameters, this varies slightly between boys and girls (see tables). The head circumference increases particularly rapidly in the first months of life, with a second year of growth of about 2.5 cm

    Boy's head circumference

    Female head circumference

    These head circumference tables divide the head circumference into groups. The “blue” column shows the average figures. “The green ones also comply with the standards, but are tolerances. The remaining head circumference values (yellow and pink) may indicate the presence of a pathology and require consultation with a neurologist.

    Enhanced head circumference is more common than reduced circumference. It's usually associated with vitamin D deficiency. But there are more serious reasons.

    In any case, do not panic early and wait for terrible diagnoses. Maybe that's the size of the head that's inherited from relatives.

    How to measure the head of a karapuzza

    Head circumference, as well as other biometric data, is measured monthly up to one year, from 1 to 2 years – every 2-3 months. To measure the circumference of the head at home, take a centimetre-long tape and wrap it around the head of the crumbs at eyebrows' level.

    There are times when children have to buy headgear in advance. Their sizes usually correspond to the age of 12 months – 46/48 ppm. 18 months – 48/50 p. 2 years – 50/52 p. But it will be if you know the circumference of the head beforehand.

    Stop size

    Leg size is not really a development indicator. He's more like a shoe picker to pick up the right shoes. This is especially important for children from 1-2 years of age, when walking skills are only just being formed.

    Leg size is very individual, because it is strongly influenced by genetic factors. However, children under 2 years of age most often have the same feet:

    • from 1 to 1.5 years – leg length 12.5 cm, which equals 20 p.;
    • from 1.5 to 2 years – 13.4 cm or 21-22 p.;
    • 2 years – 14.3 cm insole, which corresponds to 23 p.

    To pick up the shoes, many mothers check the position of their toes. If it goes through, the shoes fit. In fact, this method isn't quite accurate, as the child may simply bend his or her fingers.

    The best way to get around the foot on the cardboard and check the size with this layout.

    What do I do to make the karapuzzle grow well?

    The above figures should be used as reference material. Every little man has a right to his own norms. Parents need to pay attention to other indicators of health: the number, frequency of stools and urine, purity of skin (they should be without dryness, rashes, etc.), motor activity and curiosity, psycho-emotional state of crumbs.

    Get rid of healthy habits from an early childhood: the right taste preferences, compliance with the rules of hygiene and the daily routine, hardening.

    Take care of physical development. Every day should be full of long walks, dynamic games and exercises.

    The main criteria for evaluating his development should not be multiple measurements of his biometric data, but what skills he has acquired and what he has learned at this age stage.

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    Partners of sons who want to make sure the boys' height is correct, table.

    Regular comparison of the measurement results with the data in it will help to identify the problem in time, to take effective measures to solve it.

    So, how well does the future man develop, not lagging behind his own peers or not ahead of them?

    Boy's height by year – table

    Wonderful, if boy's height per year (2, 5, 10) is classified by anthropometric table as average – no reason to worry. Insignificant deviations, which are indicated by the indicators below the average, are also not a reason for contacting specialists. However, if a child lags far behind the WHO “schedule”, it is worth finding out why he or she is growing slowly.

    Mom and Dad are concerned about why the boy's 2-year-old growth is interpreted by the table as low, they should think about their own parameters.

    Parental genes have a direct impact on the height of a child who has reached adulthood. Unfortunately, high relatives also do not guarantee that the baby will grow up in accordance with the accepted norm.

    There are factors that can interfere in this natural process.

    The boy's lack of height at 4 years of age may be due to the fact that he was born prematurely, had a small height at birth, was behind the standards in terms of weight. Even factors such as a balanced diet, the right lifestyle does not prevent some of these babies from developing with a delay.

    Maybe a child is waiting for a late maturation, which will result in normal growth after 16 years of age.

    “Weak” a boy's height at 6 years of age. earlier or later? Sources of delay can be drugs that include a hormone, diseases (blood vessels, heart, gastrointestinal system), hormonal pathology. If you have any other symptoms that indicate that your body is not working properly, you shouldn't postpone your doctor's appointment.

    How to Accelerate Growth

    If adults are concerned about a child's slow growth of 3 years of age, the older boy is not developing properly, the first thing to consider is the diet. Cereals, legumes, dairy products and meat are useful for the child. Get the sweets, semi-finished products, fast food off the table. Vitamin complexes selected by a specialist will help to increase the effect.

    How do boys grow up? Height and weight in the tables by year

    One of the indicators of normal development of each child is the correct balance of height and weight corresponding to age.

    Many parents are worried about looking at their sons: they seem to be born big, but by school age they have become disproportionally thin and long.

    Don't worry about it beforehand: a table of boys' height and weight by year will help to determine if it is a variant of the norm.

    Physical development of boys

    Physical development of boys

    The height and weight of boys in the WHO tables were updated in 2006 and are still up to date.

    In addition to the ratio of body length to weight, the WHO also has important parameters such as the circumference of the head and chest of children: these indicators provide additional evidence that the boy is developing normally.

    Particularly important is the measurement of the circumference of the circle up to one year in months: at each appointment, the paediatrician must, in addition to placing the child on the scale and height, measure the head and chest with a centimetre tape. Russian data are slightly different from those of the WHO and average.

    Average height and weight of boys under 18 years of age can be compared in tables:

    On birth before 2 years of age:

    Harmoniously does a boy develop?

    The boys grow to an average of 22 years. At the same time, the average growth of the male population of Russia is 178 cm. Boys' height and weight gain is particularly intense in the first year after birth and during puberty (from 11 to 18 years of age).

    During this time, the weight of boys increases by an average of 35 kg and height by 35 cm.
    How much in proportion to the height/weight ratio can you find out from the central table?

    The columns indicate the quantitative limits of the height/weight of a certain percentage of boys; the average is taken as an interval of 25%-75%. If the boy's values are included in these corridors, it is normal.

    The columns before and after these intervals are lower (10%-25%) and higher (75%-90%) than normal. If the boy's height and weight are in the extreme corridors, it is a reason to see a doctor. It is very important that both height and weight are in the same corridor (+/- one column).

    It is easy to use:

    • In the “Height” table in the left column we find the age of the boy, and horizontally from this number we find the height.
    • The same way we determine the weight of the boy from the “Weight” table.

    Estimate the ratio of age, height and weight of the boy using the following tables:

    Age, years/months

    Weight of a boy, kg

    The main factors that affect the height and weight of boys are

    • night sleep of sufficient duration;
    • regular exercise in sports and physical education;
    • >genetic predisposition.

    Doesn't try to adjust the height and weight of boys with surgery or hormones – this can seriously affect health.

    If these parameters do not meet the standards, but are not diagnosed with pathology, maybe it is worth looking at it positively? A unique child grows in your family, who, in addition to the physiological features, will surely show other abilities and talents!

    : Children's height and weight

    How do boys grow up? Height and weight in tables by year

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