How chickenpox begins in children: first signs and symptoms in a child
Signs and first symptoms of chickenpox in children
Varicella is considered to be a childhood disease, as the majority of the population is exposed to the infection in the first 2-8 years of life. Signs of chickenpox are usually the same in the typical course of the disease, but there are exceptions.
With chickenpox, many are familiar with the disease: among the unpleasant symptoms of the disease are body rashes and palpable itching
Chicken pox: A brief description of the disease
The causative agent of an infectious disease such as chickenpox, or chickenpox, is a type of herpes virus.
By way of infection is considered airborne, the risk of getting sick increases with close contact. Because the virus is very resilient, the situation in the children's institution is often epidemic.
It is enough for one child to “catch” the virus, as it spreads instantly with the air flow to the surrounding children.
The carrier virus can be “dangerous” during the entire incubation period and several days after the first signs of the disease appear.
The chicken pox virus can reproduce in the body for 10 to 15 days and only after accumulation can it cause characteristic symptoms. The next 5-8 days can be considered as an active phase when symptoms progress.
This way, another person can be infected from 1 to 20 days.
An early stage, chickenpox makes itself felt by increasing body temperature, weakness and apathy
Typical first symptoms of chickenpox in children
In the incubation period, the virus does not manifest itself in any way. The child is active, calm, follows the normal daily routine. After 10 days or more, the first symptoms begin to emerge. If chickenpox is caused by a common pathogen and the child's immunity is not weakened by other diseases or chronic conditions, the following typical signs of chickenpox in the child can be identified:
- weakness, loss of appetite, apathy;
- Like the rise in body temperature to 39-40 degrees;
- appearance of small pink and red spots on the skin;
- other symptoms similar to those of conventional acute respiratory viral infections (sore throat, cough, stuffy nose, muscle and limb pain);
- irritability, anxiety, poor sleep.
The characteristic spots affect the entire body, except the inner surface of the palms and feet. New stains may appear on children's bodies in the first 5-8 days. Gradually, small blisters filled with liquids appear in their place. Sometimes the disease affects the oral mucous membrane, which makes your baby feel sicker.
Final stage of the disease, blisters are covered with crust and fall off on their own. The child always feels itchy, so the most difficult thing is to protect him from scratching. Otherwise, it is possible to infect the skin and cause scarring that remains visible for life.
In the initial and active stage of the disease, it is important for the child to have a bed rest. Although most children refuse to spend their time on their own. High temperature and active life of the virus contribute to the general intoxication of the body. It's important to drink a lot of vitamin-based detoxifying fluids.
Some children tolerate chickenpox pretty easily: without the deterioration of health and abundant rash
Farther course of the disease and atypical forms
Maximum after 8-10 days the disease goes down. The appearance of new stains stops, the first ones already dry up and fall off, body temperature normalizes. The child has an appetite and a desire for an active lifestyle. The transmission period is over.
In the atypical course of chickenpox in children, its symptoms can be both absent and complex.
In the first case, the appearance of only a small number of characteristic rashes without a rise in body temperature and other signs of malaise is possible.
Doctors can not yet say with accuracy what is associated with such a picture. Maybe it's an excellent immunity or hereditary resistance to the virus.
Pediatrics is not uncommon in cases of severe illness. In such a situation, the child is so exposed to rashes that entire foci appear on the skin, which do not leave the skin free of lesions.
Such obvious signs are accompanied by high fever, which lasts up to 5-7 days. Dry coughing and swelling of the nasopharynx is possible.
It is important to reduce fever, treat the nasopharynx to avoid bacterial infection and further complications.
If the first alarming symptoms occur, the child's condition should be monitored carefully: if he or she has chickenpox, subsequent manifestations will develop very quickly
How to distinguish chickenpox from other diseases
Not only chickenpox is characterized by skin rashes. Many children's illnesses manifest themselves in the rash. It's food allergies, rubella, measles, scarlet, itchiness, etc. Varicella differs from all these infectious diseases in its rate of rash and modification.
Multiple pink spots are enough to appear, as after 1.5-2 hours they cover the entire body, including the scalp and even the genitals. After a couple of hours, these rashes turn into red papules, which by the end of the first day are already reminiscent of the transparent liquid filled vesicle bubbles.
No one of the above diseases are not characterized by such rapid transformation.
In children with allergies, the rash resembles a small pimple or urticaria, which quickly passes with the exclusion of contact with the allergen and after taking antihistamines.
In scabies, the rash primarily affects the hands, but it is not characteristic of chickenpox. Measles and rubella are also not characterized by a change in rashes. Usually these are small rashes that densely cover some areas of the skin.
With the accuracy of the diagnosis can only be made by a pediatrician, so if any rash appears, especially if it is accompanied by fever and other symptoms, you should consult a doctor. The earlier the diagnosis of chicken pox is made, the more likely it is to avoid complications.
How chickenpox begins in a child: first signs, symptoms, treatment recommendations
What is chicken pox known and remembered by everyone – someone who had it as a child, someone who was a teenager, and someone who was unlucky enough to get sick as an adult?
Why wasn't it lucky? Well, firstly, any disease of luck can hardly be called, and, secondly, at least because in childhood, this viral infection is carried much easier and almost does not cause complications.
Chicken pox is quite an unpleasant disease: constant itching brings a lot of discomfort, but once they are overcome, a person gets persistent immunity to the virus.
How chicken pox starts
Mum's attitude to the disease is ambiguous: Some mothers are afraid that their child will “pick up” chicken pox, others, on the contrary, experience even some satisfaction and sigh with relief from the fact that their child will have chicken pox as a child.
This can usually be seen in kindergartens or schools where chickenpox is quarantined: some parents immediately take their children home, while others do not worry about it.
And there are those who even try to let the baby talk to sick friends on purpose, arguing that chickenpox will still hurt everything, so it's better for it to happen early.
Chicken pox is what it is
To recognize the first signs of chicken pox at once, you need to know what it is.
Chicken pox (also known as chicken pox) is a herpes-like viral disease, namely Varicella Soster's virus (VVZ). It wasn't discovered that long ago: in 1958. This virus is capable of infecting a man at any age. The main symptoms of the disease are fever and skin rash. The course of the disease can be mild, moderate and severe.
This virus is a highly contagious disease, but it dies quickly in the environment:
- Influence of temperature rise and fall;
- After disinfection of the room;
- Influence of ultraviolet radiation.
How chickenpox begins in children
From the name itself it can be understood that the disease is transmitted “in the wind”, i.e. by airborne droplets.
How chickenpox begins:
- The virus initially enters the nasopharyngeal mucosa, then spreads to the epithelial cells – all of this is a hidden period of infection. It is at this time that an infected child is already a carrier of the disease, i.e. long before the external manifestations of the disease. How it happens: droplets of mucus from the nasopharynx of a sick baby get into the air, and then – settle on the mucous membrane of the nose, mouth, throat of others. That is, a child can catch it while playing with other children, talking to them, or even when they are in the same room together;
- Before the virus penetrates into the lymph flow and blood where it accumulates. It's been going on for a week or three weeks. During this time, the virus does not manifest itself in any way and does not cause anxiety to the child;
- Then the virus spreads throughout the body – during this period the sick person begins to suffer from fever, and the skin becomes rash.
What else is important to know: A child can pick up chickenpox not only from a sick baby, but also from an adult suffering from shingles, a chickenpox pathogen similar to that. That is, any contact of a child with a carrier of type 3 herpes virus can lead to infection with chickenpox.
First signs of chickenpox
How chickenpox manifests itself:
1. The first stage lasts from 1 to 3 weeks, which is the incubation period. Outwardly, the virus does not manifest itself in any way at this time.
2. The second stage, or prodromal period, which is about 24 hours in duration, shows only minor signs of infection, and the symptoms are very similar to those of a common cold:
- the child starts to worry about headaches:
- weakness, drowsiness appears;
- sometimes the body temperature may rise, but not very significantly;
- declines appetite;
- The child may complain of nausea;
- the throat starts to feather;
3. The onset of a rash on a child's skin is one of the first signs of chickenpox that is noticeable to everyone – the temperature can rise to 39-39.5 degrees Celsius.
It is generally accepted that the higher the temperature in the first days of the disease, the more severe the rash will be and the more severe the disease will be. And at the slight form of chickenpox the temperature at the child rises insignificantly, or even at all does not rise.
About that the kid is ill with chickenpox is visible only on a rash on his body. The elevated temperature can be maintained until all the spillage waves have passed.
What other signs of chickenpox may appear:
- Lymph nodes on the child's neck and neck increase during the period of ingestion and accumulation of the virus in the lymph flow;
- The appearance of a rash on the skin: The first rashes can be noticed on your baby's skin a couple of days after a fever or malaise complaint. The rash begins with the head area (first on the face and then under the hair). After that, within 4-5 days there is a rash on the whole body. How they look: first, a red spot appears on the skin, then it becomes convex (the formation of a daddy), then the daddy is filled with liquid – a small bubble is formed, filled with transparent liquid (“drop of dew” or vesicle). After a day or two, the fluid that fills the vesicle becomes cloudy, and after a couple of days it begins to dry out – crusts are formed, which will last for a few weeks, and then fall away.
Powerful itching when new bubbles appear.
Where chicken pox rashes appear
Where chickenpox rashes occur
When chickenpox rashes occur, the first rashes usually appear in the head region, and then they spread throughout the body. After that, you can see the rash on your hands and feet. Some children with chickenpox also suffer from mucous rashes.
The palms and feet are seldom affected by a rash, mostly when a child suffers from a severe form of illness.
If chicken pox is mild, will immunity develop
Signs of chicken pox in mild form are not clear:
- Body temperature increase is insignificant – up to 37-37.5 degrees;
- Deficiency, usually accompanied by chickenpox in mild form usually does not annoy. Possible manifestations of headache, nausea, general weakness;
- Sleep in small amounts, itching does not bother you very much.
Surveillance shows that mildly transmitted VHF may not give immunity to the virus. That's why it's possible to relapse chickenpox in the future.
How to treat chickenpox
Special therapy aimed at controlling chickenpox virus is not available. Usually children are prescribed medication to relieve the symptoms of the disease:
- In case of temperature rise above 38 degrees it is recommended to give the child antipyretic;
- Control appearance of new bubbles and to watch that the kid did not comb them;
- To reduce itching and drying of bubbles it is possible to use a solution of diamond herbs, fuccine, aqueous potassium permanganate or a weak (2-3%) iodine solution
- Bedding regime (especially in the first days, characterized by the appearance of fever and rising temperatures).
The treatment of severe forms of the disease will vary greatly. The following products will be added:
- Immunostimulants and immunomodulants.
Typically, a child suffering from ADHD is treated at home. For a quicker recovery of your baby it is recommended to follow a few simple rules:
- Evenventilate the room so that the temperature in the room where the sick child is staying is not too high – if the child sweats, the itching will get worse;
- Bathing your baby in cool water – it will reduce itching, after bathing the child does not wipe with a towel, and gently wet the skin with a soft towel
- Clothes of the child should be only made of natural fabrics and do not cling to the body. Change clothes every day (similarly to bed linen);
- A week after the last bubble appears it is allowed to take the baby for a walk, but not to be too hard – the baby is still weak at this time.
Complications after chickenpox
Chickenpox only at first glance seems to be a common disease and not dangerous at all, except irritating. But it can actually cause serious complications:
- Development of a secondary infection – skin lesions with streptococcus or staphylococcus. This may cause inflamed purulent dermatitis, which will need to be treated with antibiotics.
- Impression of immunity – against this background may exacerbate diseases: otitis, stomatitis, gingivitis, nephritis, myocarditis, etc.
- Gangreneous varicella – the papules are inflated and become large and flabby, with signs of necrosis. The body has ulcers and sepsis.
- Scars and scars – if you comb the rash heavily, you'll still have scars.
- Hemorrhagic chickenpox is one of the most severe forms of infection in which the bubbles are filled with blood. Later on, bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract and respiratory organs may occur. With this complication, there is a possibility of fatal illness.
- Children's encephalitis – a possible development of brain inflammation characterized by severe headaches and fever.
This time, there are special vaccines that can help avoid infection or that the disease will be mild.
These vaccines have not been available long ago, but have already proven to be effective: 90-95% of vaccinated children do not fall ill with EVD. The rest may become infected, but the disease will pass in their mild form.
Decide whether a child should be vaccinated against chickenpox only by parents, carefully weighing the pros and cons. Be attentive to your children and keep them healthy at all times!
First signs of chickenpox in children, adults and adolescents, photo of smallpox
Such an infectious disease as chickenpox is difficult to confuse with other diseases. The first signs of chickenpox in a child are not much different from those of an adult.
Although most people tolerate the disease as a child, some do not catch it until they reach adulthood. There's no reason to be happy, because the older a person gets, the harder the disease gets.
What chickenpox looks like, what are the first signs of it, you'll find out from the information, photos and videos.
The characteristic rash of small pink spots with a diameter of one to five mm spreads very quickly over the body, not excluding the mucous membranes of the mouth and nose. After a few hours it goes to the stage when bubbles appear, which are filled with liquid.
Pink halo around the bubble remains for several days. When an inflamed bubble burst, a crust appears, which will fall off after full healing. To make the process faster, the rash is greased green.
The rash can be repeated several times.
Depending on age, general body condition, and immunity level, physicians determine three main forms of the disease's development based on certain signs.
It is important that, despite the itching, no drying crusts are damaged, because otherwise re-infection may occur and become more severe, which can lead to a number of complications and scars on the skin. Common knowledge:
- Mild form of the disease is often observed in children aged two to twelve. Chicken pox in mild form may be accompanied by a slight short-term increase in body temperature and unobstructed rash within 2-3 days.
- In the medium gravity form of chicken pox there is abundant rash, increased temperature, itching of the body. After 5 days, the expulsion stops. Temperature normalizes when dried crust appears at all inflammation sites.
- The severe form of chickenpox is accompanied by severe rashes throughout the body, including the scalp, genitalia, mucous membranes, mouth and nose. Fever, lack of appetite, severe headaches and itching accompany the patient for more than a week.
First symptoms of the disease
Where does chickenpox begin? The most characteristic feature of chickenpox is rash all over the body, fever, sometimes up to 39 degrees and above, chills, headache.
The incubation period of the virus is up to three weeks. Pulmonary depression can occur on either the tenth or twentieth day after infection.
Depending on the body's resistance and the age of the patient, the course of the disease varies.
For children, it is not always possible to explain their concerns at the time of onset. The first days of the disease are like a cold: the child loses his appetite, becomes capricious and sluggish, the body temperature rises, and his stomach aches.
After a few days, the first traces of pink acne appear on the skin. When the baby's still young, he can't control the itching. It is important to ensure that smallpox is not damaged.
Lubricating emerging watery bubbles green, it is easier to track when new painful and itchy spots stop appearing.
Blings are breastfed and small children under a year old are rarely infected with chickenpox. Immunity to all sorts of diseases appears with the antibodies coming in with breast milk.
If infection occurs anyway, the newborn chickenpox incubation period is 7 days.
The form of the disease may be mild with minor rashes and more severe, accompanied by high fever and multiple papules with suppuration.
Womenpox cases are difficult to tolerate during adolescence. This is due to changes in the hormonal background, reduced immunity. High temperatures of 39.0-39.7 can last for several days.
Pulverization is often abundant, purulent, leaving dimples and scars on the skin after recovery.
It is important that the first papules of smallpox do not confuse with teenage rashes and start to smear them in a timely manner.
Adults' chickenpox symptoms are manifested by general malaise, headache, aches, and fever. A couple of days after the condition worsens, a rash appears on the body.
Adults have a very hard time withstanding the disease, high fever does not decrease until all smallpox dries up.
The risk of chickenpox in adulthood is such that complications (pneumonia, arthritis, vision loss, meningitis, inflammation, and increased lymph node size) can be detected.
There is still disagreement in the medical world as to whether chickenpox may repeat itself. Symptoms of chicken pox are similar to herpes, they belong to the same category. There are times when these two diseases are confused and misdiagnosed. But like every rule, chickenpox may have exceptions, so there have been cases of chickenpox recurrence.
Symptomatics and development of the disease are the same as in the case of the primary disease: fever, rash with several stages of changes in appearance, general malaise.
There is a possibility that for the first time doctors may not have accurately identified the disease, because most doctors tend to think that people only have chickenpox once.
If there is suspicion of repetitive chickenpox, it is better to quarantine in three weeks so as not to expose others to infection.
about the first signs of chickenpox
To make it clearer what the first well-known signs of chickenpox look like, we suggest you to watch a selection of videos with a clear illustration of the rash at different stages of the disease.
Theoretical knowledge will help not to miss the crucial moment when the disease is only in the initial phase to start the correct treatment under the supervision of a doctor. Learn about chickenpox prevention measures in the form of vaccinations.
A detailed list of symptoms will help to diagnose the disease correctly at the first signs of chickenpox.
Popular children's doctor Komarowski will help to find the answer to the question, whether it is necessary to use traditional green for greasing of the appeared bubbles.
What influence does the antiseptic diamond green solution have on a course of development of disease and whether possesses medical properties? Is it possible to give up greenery and what's the threat? Find out interesting information from Komarovskiy by watching the proposed video.
Komarovskiy about the rash
How chickenpox begins in children: symptoms, forms and treatment
Virus of chickenpox differs unusual volatility, is carried by streams of air, a wind (but in a window all the same does not get pregnant), therefore and it is called “chickenpox”.
It is possible to get infected from the person-carrier not only at distance of the extended arm, but also in a radius of 50 meters. Chickenpox, like measles and rubella, is a highly contagious disease.
But the virus itself dies quickly in the environment and is affected by rising and falling temperatures, ultraviolet light, and indoor disinfection.
How does chickenpox begin in children? First, the virus gets on the mucous membranes of the nasopharynx, respiratory tract, then actively multiplies in the cells of the epithelium, so the latent period of the disease. The virus then enters lymphatic and blood vessels, accumulates there, spreads through the body, causing the characteristic signs of chickenpox in children – fever, and then rashes.
Chicken pox symptoms
The initial stage of chicken pox is called the prodromal period and is rare. How does chicken pox appear in children at this stage? Temperature rise and small, red skin rashes like scarlet fever. They last for hours, and then they disappear. It is only after 24 hours that the rash characteristic of chickenpox appears.
- The first symptoms of chickenpox in children. Looks like the beginning of the O.R.I.S. The child may complain about headaches, poor appetite, weakness, and refuses to play active games.
- Temperature in chickenpox. Most often ranges from 37 to 38°C. Some children may have as much as 39°C or more. Fever can last 3-5 days, in severe forms – up to a week. Temperature is maintained until all the waves of rashes have passed.
- Enlargement of the lymph nodes on the neck and back of the head. This suggests that the pathogen has entered the lymphatic system and is actively multiplying there.
- The rash. Signs of chicken pox are easily recognized when typical rashes occur. The first rash more often appears on the head 1-2 days after the malaise or fever. New rashes occur in all parts of the body within 5 days. First, there is a red spot, then there is a bulge (daddy), then there is a bubble with a transparent liquid (vesicle), it is figuratively called a “drop of dew”