What a child should be able to do in 1 year: tips for caring parents
All the skills of a crumb in 1 year
Don't be upset if your baby doesn't know how to do any of the things below. Some children develop faster, others slower. These are the average indicators of what a one-year-old child should be able to do. It's okay for a child to be a little behind the norm for his or her age.
What should a child be able to do in 1 year? Remember, the baby doesn't owe anybody anything. It develops in the way its nature is founded.
Try to work with it, spend more time on cognitive and developmental useful activities. And don't jump to conclusions.
Albert Einstein spoke at the age of three, and in his childhood was far from being a prodigy. So the information provided below should not affect your opinion of the child.
What can a child do at twelve months?
- to talk about fifteen easy words and their imitations;
- to go without help;
- to change behavior in different people;
- to make independent actions;
- to express negative emotions brightly;
- to put down pyramids, to make a tower of several figures;
- make a sausage or flatbread out of plasticine;
- Express interest in certain activities, love or aversion to them;
- to bite and chew solid food;
- to independently use a spoon with a cup;
- to sit down, get up on your own;
- to climb on and off the couch;
- open and close the lids of cans, fold and remove objects;
- to simulate the behaviour of adults – to feed, scold, care for their toys;
- open and close lockers, remove and fold things from them;
- response to music;
- imitate adult speech;
- Waving hands on the type of farewell, making hands;
- distinguish and point to objects;
- make grimaces.
li>to comment on what is happening when drawing;
The first year is the most significant. The tiny, little oriented in what is happening man became more confident, independent, now the little one knows what he wants and demands from others. Now you're already talking to him with words, he has ten or fifteen of them.
Most of the pronunciation of the child emotionally, does not give in to the laws of grammar and is more like a solid interjection. The child speaks to himself more often than not, but as he turns to the others, he waits for an understanding with a timely reaction. He can gesticulate so you know what he needs. He's happy to do whatever you want him to do.
The child takes the words of prohibition and encouragement, understands when he's being abused, and when he's free to act. He already knows the name of the class. For example, to walk, eat, rest, and react to them accordingly. Can rejoice or resist.
The appearance of stubbornness
The child is more likely to act independently, becoming proud and insisting on his own. If they don't respond, they can fall to the floor, stomp on their feet, squeal.
So forgive your child such hysteria and help them learn how to cope with their emotions. If he or she doesn't learn that from you, he or she may have health problems in the future.
When a child behaves in this way, try to explain what he or she understands, try to calm him or her down, shake him or herself down. When your baby is in a mood again, go back to the situation and find out what was wrong and why his behaviour was unacceptable. This way you can learn how to overcome emotional crises and transitions with your child.
Try to give your child the opportunity to be independent, make choices.
Example, you know you're going to wear your child faster or in a hurry, but at least let him or her put on a hat or sock. Allow your child to choose the clothes he wants to wear today.
Ask where he wants to go or how to play. Offer to choose a lunch. These simple independent decisions will help him to understand what he is important and how he is treated.
He will develop his independence.
You don't have to force your baby to do what he doesn't want to do. Within the limits of reasonable.
Naprimer, it is not necessary to force drawing, to summarize cubes if it does not want to do it now. There is no benefit in such coercion, and the child may suffer psychologically from parental violence.
Yearly, children walk without help. They love things that can be rolled in front of them. It could be a stroller, for example.
If the child doesn't walk at all, don't get upset. We should give more time for gymnastics with massage. Pretty soon he's gonna start walking.
Mom's endurance test
One of his progresses is the ability to express oneself differently with different people. And the closer a man gets to him, the more capricious and spoiled he gets. With strangers he is the most polite and humble child.
When next to a mother, a tiny girl fights, spoils, stomped on her feet, spits out food. It may seem to my mother that she is in love with her.
Indeed, it is important for the child to make sure that his mother loves everyone.
And the sooner he understands this, the less harmful it will be. If the mother does not react adequately to this pampering, the child's behaviour will only get worse.
In a year, all products can already be included in the crumb diet.
But it is necessary to ban sweet, spicy, seasonings, tomatoes, ordinary cottage cheese, sausage products.
Raduet is that the child is skillfully holding a spoon with a fork, can use them. Conventional nipple bottles can be replaced by cups or drinkers. At least at home.
Years kids love the ability to push objects. They like to watch the movement, they like it that they make these things move. Playful pushing gives children a sense of power and strength. It's a great way to build confidence and develop child coordination.
Maybe you take a couple of things that are easy to push. It could be toys, cars. On the count of three, push her and motivate her to do the same for the child. When the baby repeats this score all the time, it means he likes to play like this.
For the child to grow up gentle, play this game. Sitting on the floor, put his soft toys around the baby. Take one of them, caress it, rock it, talk to it kindly, make it a couple of compliments.
Then also gently caress the child. Then give one of the toys to the child and ask her to stroke it. Keep playing like that until he gets bored. Then you'll see your child start playing it by himself.
This way you'll learn to love others.
Try to sing your favorite songs in a subtle voice. Hold him in your arms, sing the song in the usual tone, then in a subtle voice. The child's attention will be higher for the second time. If you speak words with a subtle voice, the child concentrates more on them.
Place the child on his lap with a face. On the count of one… -Tri-boom, gently push him over with the lobby. After the same account, lean its nose, and each time press a new part of the body.
Take a crumb on the handles and, swaying, sing a lullaby or other soothing song like “Baiushki”. Such movements will soothe and strengthen the bonds of trust between you. At the end of the song, be sure to press it firmly against you and kiss it.
Fall into the hole
Need a vessel with a large neck, or even a pot. Let the baby put items in there. And each time you choose a bowl with a narrower neck, until you reach the plastic bottle.
Tie the object on a thread length of twenty centimeters, and show your child how to stick and stick the object in and out of the bottle. In this exercise you develop the fine motor skills of the child's hands, as well as agility and vision. You can buy something like in a shop.
For example, table fishing, where with the help of a magnet you can catch fish on a fishing rod. But if you do it yourself, there's a variety, and the child won't get bored with the toy.
All children are individual, don't forget that! Don't tweak the child to common patterns, bring up a personality.
Child in 1 year: all a young mother needs to know
Last time, I have a lot of letters in the post office asking questions about our games and development at the age of 1 year and a little bit older.
Decided to raise her profile and write a special series of articles on this period of child development.
I hope you find these posts useful
What should a child be able to do in 1 year
It seems like it's been a little while since the birth of the little man, and your beloved baby is already a year old. All parents are proud of their karapuzami, but worried that a child should be able to do it in 1 year from the point of view of specialists. All parents want the child to develop, not lagging behind other children.
Pediatricians, psychologists say that each baby develops according to its own calendar. Kids are different.
There are general points in the development of each baby, but the speed of learning, mastering new skills, abilities depends largely on the parents.
Calendar of skills development of the baby is needed first of all to correct small gaps in the development of crumbs in time. Or to sound the alarm and contact the specialists if the time lag is large enough.
What a child must be able to do in 1 year
First months of life are full of many successes, achievements of the child. From a small sniffing lump your child turns into an independent person at 1 year old with his own character, with emerging preferences. This development, which shows a lack of progress after 12 months, is the basis for further growth in Chad.
WHO has released its tables with the average parameters with which the crumb should approach its first year of birth:
- Weight of the baby from birth should increase by about 3 times.
- The growth of the crumb should add 50% of the original indicators.
- The one-year-old man can stand, walk, sit and walk with the help of adults.
- Can ride a stroller and press toys to make sounds.
< Climbing onto adult chairs, armchairs, sofas, and also descends from them to the floor on his own.
These requirements apply to the minimum skills and physical condition of a child in 1 year. Weak, painful babies may lag slightly behind these indicators. Children with whom parents have had additional care may show results that are much higher than those required by WHO. In 1 year, the development of children is striking with a huge intellectual, physical change of recent babies.
Psycho-emotional achievements of the baby
From 12 months of life the baby has learned a lot:
- From a few big rings to collect the pyramid.
- Construct a dice tower.
- Everybody from a spoon, drink from a mug.
- Not too far to carry small objects – toys, plastic bottle.
- Show emotions. Demonstrate their agreement or disagreement with sounds, gestures, mimics. Hugging, kissing Mom, Dad, family. Enjoy gifts, be afraid of strangers.
- Find your name, respond to it.
- Recognize the voices, faces, family members, loved ones. Be able to find, highlight with a finger on the photos of your family members.
- Browse the pages in the book, look at the pictures. Show on pictures of animals, to represent them: a cat – “miau”, a dog – “woof”.
He understands almost everything that adults say, is able to pronounce from 2 to 10 words, to carry out simple requests: give, show where, take it.
- understands the words “no” and “can't”.
- Few minutes can focus on the book, the cartoon.
- Mimics adults: can clap his hands, comb his hair, dance, paint lips, talk on the phone.
- Loves to play with peers, imitate them: to roll a car, a ball, pour a scoop of sand in a bucket.
The presented skills and abilities of experts of children's education refer to the mandatory skills. Careful, attentive parents can help accelerate children's psychomotor development.
Psychomotor skills development
How a child develops in 1 year depends on the activity of parents. Children need more exercise, strengthening, development of children's abilities. There is a group of skills that the little man himself, without training will master in about 2-3 years. In daily exercise, these skills will show up by 1 year. So what your child can do:
If the crumb is always in diapers, the desire to ask for a pot the child will not arise. From 10-11 months, the baby should not be left in diapers all day. Minutes after each meal, it is necessary to put a crumb on a pot.
This is the time of filling the baby's bladder. With the help of certain psst… sounds, which can be easily repeated by the baby, you can start to form a habit of sitting on a pot. It's okay if you don't get it right away, but it'll be easier for your baby to tell you about his or her physiological needs when he or she's a little over a year old.
- The ability to take small objects with two fingers instead of a palm appears, to open, close lids, remove lids from boxes, put toys there and take them out. Small round balls, no more than a palm, fold through the round holes in the development toys.
- Krokha knows how to pronounce not only the words “mum”, “daddy”, but comes up with his own words to denote certain items. The kid can generalize, find a logical connection. Okay, the word “lala” will mean both the doll and the other little carapusa. Seeing a kitten in the picture, the baby says “meow.” It's the same sound the baby makes when he hears a kitten mewing in the street from the bushes.
- Develops the ability to perform fairly complex game operations. The baby bathes the doll, feeds her on a spoon, takes off her clothes, puts her to bed. At the car opens, closes the doors, rolls the equipment into the garage. Ball skills become more complicated: not only roll on the floor, but toss the ball, throw it to another person, catch the thrown ball with pens.
- Ability to draw with fingers, palm – the baby can stretch, roll out the plasticine. These skills have a positive effect on the motor skills of children.
- Developing the skill of dancing, singing. Get a special collection of children's songs. Easy rhythmic music, easy-to-remember words – all this will stimulate the little one to dance and try to reproduce what he or she has heard.
As it can be seen, a child's 1-year-old skills are more advanced when parents take an active part in the development of the child. It is necessary to understand: that what the child can in 1 year, will be the basic base for the further development of a crumb.
Developing life skills by 1 year
Kids already understand what purity and tidiness are: a dirty dress can upset a girl. The smart-ass man, dirty hands, will run to find his mother to wash the hands.
It is a habit to wash daily, brushing the teeth that appeared. The baby himself stretches handles under the water jet, wipes his face, handles with a towel.
The baby should have his own towel for washing – not very big, so that the baby could hold it in hand.
Kids know how to bite and chew crackers, bagels, cookies, drink from their bottles on their own, try to eat with a spoon on their own.
They make attempts to dress or help their families: stretch a pen in the sleeve of jackets or jackets, stick a foot in their shoes. It is worth spending more time preparing to go outside.
Let the child try to dress, do not do all the work for him. Gently help: you'll need to dress yourself more than once.
Sleep time and eating habits
By that time, one year olds have already given up morning sleep. Most of the time you sleep is at night. A night's rest lasts at least 10 hours. But little fidgeters still need a daytime, so-called “quiet hour”. Sleep during the day will help the baby rest, gain strength to make another deed.
If the baby doesn't listen, doesn't want to sleep, the baby should be prepared for the afternoon rest:
- to bathe in a relaxing bath;
- to give a light massage;
- to put to bed, sing a song or read a fairy tale.
The same way you can put your baby to bed overnight. Soothing treatments will have a positive effect on the baby's mental state.
After a year, some babies have nightmares in their sleep. A child can scream, cry, push, scratch the parents who woke him up. Specialists do not recommend waking up the baby.
Abrupt wake-up can provoke even more fear. Be sure to record the time when the child had a nightmare, and a few days before that time try to wake up the baby.
If the nightmares do not go away, it is necessary to appear to the child psychologist, paediatrician.
>The advantage of nutrition is the gradual rejection of breastfeeding, the transition to a variety of healthy foods. Breast milk should be replaced with quality infant formula with high fat content.
It is not recommended that children of these years should be given skimmed foods. All groups of vitamins, proteins, fats, and carbohydrates are essential to your baby's growth and physical ability.
Don't offer popcorn, chips, and snacks that not only adversely affect the baby's stomach, but can also cause food problems in the baby's neck. Grapes, pomegranates, seeds are also contraindicated for small children because of their small bones.
The diet of babies in one year of life should consist of more fruits and vegetables. It's a time when kids obey their parents, take an example from them. In a year it is already possible to begin to form a habit of eating healthy food: do not buy carbonated beverages, when feeding your baby it is necessary to eat as little sweets as possible.
The nature and behavior of the child in 1 year
K 12 months parents and relatives know what kind of character the crumbs have. It's already clear whether the baby's calm or he likes to be naughty. Tiny likes to sit quietly in a corner, to play a game for a long time, or to run for the fidgety one has to run all over the apartment, close the baby's lockers and drawers.
One year is a time when the baby has a fear of separation from loved ones, especially with his mother. The anxiety and anxiety of the crumbs about the mother who has gone somewhere are quite clear and justified.
Karapuz remembers her smell from birth, from the first feeding a special intimacy of mother and child is established. Mom stayed with him for a year, played with him, fed him, taught him to sit, crawl, walk. Mom is the most important person in the life of a little man.
So when the mother disappears from the baby's sight, she is not in the room or in the apartment, the little man starts looking for the mother, crying, crying, loudly calling, hysterical. Children should be trained to break up. Talk to the kid, explain that mom's coming back soon. Don't sneak out, be sure to warn about your leaving.
1 year is a time when kids don't obey their parents. The kids are trying to prove their independence. A child of 1 year old doesn't listen to his parents. Checking what can be done and what cannot be done.
It is necessary to tell the little one in a firm voice (kids catch the intonation of their loved ones well) that he behaves badly, so you can't behave in this way. If the baby doesn't listen anymore, it's worth thinking about how the child can be emotionally influenced.
Kids get hurt when the offended mother refuses to talk to the fidgety one. It is necessary to explain to the little man exactly what he is punished for, what action caused such a reaction in mom.
What should a child be able to do in 1 year, child's skills in 1 year, one-year-old regime
The development of a child, especially a firstborn child, is not only a great joy, but also a challenge for parents' nerves. In our age of advanced technology and spreading hyperopics, any deviation from the ideal norm can cause a panic in the newly baked mom and daddy almost panic.
Most often, this attitude is not justified or supported by anything, because different children are of different psychotypes, are born with different weight, height, have different physical health, different metabolism and a lot of other features of the body.
This difference makes all children develop in different ways: someone starts crawling early and someone doesn't crawl at all, someone is almost born with all the things they can find, and someone likes to look at objects long and thoughtfully.
There are no two identical children, but there are certain norms for the development of children. It is about how a child under 1 year old develops, and that he should be able to by his first birthday, and will be discussed in this article.
Early Child Development Difficulties faced by parents of a one-year-old child Basic and obligatory skills of children upon reaching the year: what to pay attention to – Walking – one of the criteria of child's skills in 1 year – Basic skills of self-service in nutrition – Motor skills: what should a child do in 1 year – Communication skills of one-year-old children – Reaction to the world around 4. what should not, but can do a child in 1 year 5. Early development of children in 1 year – Development toys that will help develop the skills of a child in 1 year and older – How to improve the communication skills of a child in 1 year
Younger the child, the more rapidly he or she develops. This includes socialization, skills acquisition, parent recognition, and world exploration. Up to a year old, it's the fastest change in the baby's mind and behavior.
In the youngest age, the child actively learns about the world around him. He doesn't have an idea of his own self yet, but he's very interested in what's going on around him.
The year-old child is a researcher who needs to be given the opportunity to actively explore the world around him, to climb into interesting places, to touch interesting things – but to protect him from the dangers that I can spur him on: hot pots and teapots, falls, sharp objects. And then the child will quickly learn everything that a child should be able to do in 1 year.
The most psychologists recognize the moderate non-interference method at a given period of development of the child. Let the child explore the environment as much as he or she thinks fit. Very well, if parents have the opportunity to regularly change each other at the post of a kind of “guard” of the child.
As a rule, up to three years of age women alone are engaged in the upbringing of the baby, but such round-the-clock work is extremely hard and requires constant concentration, which is very difficult to achieve during regular sleep deprivation.
Therefore, in order not to limit a child's freedom to explore the world at the same time, parents should agree between themselves or find a good nanny.
Of course, those who have caring aunts or grandmothers who are ready to devote time to the child will be the luckiest.
The challenges faced by parents of a one-year-old child
What difficulties can parents face at this stage of development? Of course, first of all, it is necessary to prepare for the fact that the baby is a creature that is not yet fully aware of the causal relationship between many phenomena.
He does not understand that touching hot can hurt, and swallowing small hard toys can suffocate. That's why the baby needs almost constant control.
At this age, it's a good idea to explain to the baby by joking example that some things can hurt and be dangerous.
It's a long way from birth to the age of one year. It's time for parents to check the list of things and skills that a child should be able to do at 1 year old.
Children's basic and obligatory skills when they reach the year: what to look for
Assessing your child's development, be sure to evaluate their achievements in learning skills such as walking, eating, concentrating, communicating and interacting with the world around them. Don't forget to pay attention to fine motor skills.
Walking is one of the criteria for a child's 1 year skills
Please, one of the most exciting moments in the life of parents is the first step of their child. However, it is precisely because of the great value of this moment that many people are afraid when they don't come in for too long; or, conversely, the child starts taking steps too early.
Averagely, children take their first relatively independent steps, holding on to a support at exactly 12 months. However, there may be exceptions to this rule.
Average figures indicate that the start of independent walking can be set at both 9 months and 15.
So if your baby is 14 months old and still unable to make an independent step – do not panic and urgently lead him to all doctors. Be patient with your child, give him time