What and how to feed the child at 3 years old
How and how to feed the child? Simple and delicious recipes
Problem than feeding a child under one year usually does not arise. Up to six months, the baby's main food is breast milk or an adapted mixture. After half a year, the child starts trying new products offered by the parent. Someone starts with porridge, others with fruit or vegetables. The main rule of food is to be careful. Introduce the new product gradually, observing the reaction of the baby. Some parents practice pedagogical supplementary feeding. The following points can be made in this direction: Many children have already tried basic products by the year of their lives. What you can feed a child is a question that should not confuse parents. Now it won't be hard to come up with a menu for a crumb for a day. The baby's diet should be varied: meat, fish, cereals, pasta, sour milk and dairy products, vegetables and fruits. The time that should elapse between meals – 3.5-4 hours. The daytime menu consists of 4-5 meals. It is better to give the child a kefir or yogurt, a milk formula before bedtime. By the year and a half you can add “right” sweets to your child's diet: honey, marshmallow, jam. With candy and chocolates, it's best to wait up to three years.
Feeding a child under one year
Problem than feeding a child under one year usually does not arise. Up to six months, the baby's main food is breast milk or an adapted mixture. After half a year, the child starts trying new products offered by the parent.
Someone starts with porridge, others with fruit or vegetables. The main rule of food is to be careful. Introduce the new product gradually, observing the reaction of the baby. Some parents practice pedagogical supplementary feeding.
The following points can be made in this direction:
Many children have already tried basic products by the year of their lives. What you can feed a child is a question that should not confuse parents. Now it won't be hard to come up with a menu for a crumb for a day. The baby's diet should be varied: meat, fish, cereals, pasta, sour milk and dairy products, vegetables and fruits.
The time that should elapse between meals – 3.5-4 hours. The daytime menu consists of 4-5 meals. It is better to give the child a kefir or yogurt, a milk formula before bedtime. By the year and a half you can add “right” sweets to your child's diet: honey, marshmallow, jam. With candy and chocolates, it's best to wait up to three years.
Kids who don't have a good appetite and rarely sit at the table during the day to eat another meal are called Little Elderly. Many modern parents have faced such a problem. Someone treats it as a stage of development of the child, someone starts to sound the alarm, believing that the child is ill.
To make sure that the child really does not receive the necessary substances for the development of the child, a special method – diary. In the notebook, a parent writes down every day for a few weeks what a child ate. It is necessary to specify the amount of grams eaten product, it is necessary for the accurate calculation of caloric value.
For each age there is a norm of the amount of energy that the child receives from the eaten products:
- From six months to a year – 800 kcal.
- Since the year to three years – 1300-1500 kcal.
- Since three years to six years – 1800-2000 kcal.
- Since six to ten years – 2000-2400 kcal.
Since ten to thirteen years – 2900 kcal.
The above indicators are averages, and it is not strictly necessary to focus on them, because each child is different. But if you calculate the difference is great, you need to think about it and contact a specialist.
Why does a child eat badly
Non-health reasons for poor appetite can be grouped into five groups:
- The child eats only those foods that he or she likes best. Often parents complain that children do not eat porridge, soups, meat dishes. But you don't have to make them eat fruit, sweets or sausages, for example. In that case, it's not about the poor appetite of the child, but about the selective one. If the parents are okay with it, you don't have to change anything. Otherwise, explain to the child that breakfast is porridge, lunch is soup, dinner is cottage cheese casserole. And there can be no alternative. If your child refuses to eat, let him know that the next meal is in 3-4 hours. Particularly worried that the child will suffer from hunger, calm down. If you follow the tactics and do not offer your child any other food, he will soon be happy to eat what you have cooked.
- The second reason is a little bit similar to the first one – snacks. If the baby is constantly interrupting his appetite with various snacks, then, of course, he will not want to touch the soup, which was lovingly prepared by his mother. In this case, it is also recommended to limit the child's snacks between meals.
- The child is an individuality. He may have his own digestive characteristics, his own growth rate, type of character. For example, one kid runs, jumps and doesn't sit still for a second, while the other one loves quiet games, sits with a book and draws. The calorie content of the daytime menu may be higher in the first case, but the first one is thin, and the second one is well-fed. Therefore, a child's appetite is directly dependent on physical activity. The desire to eat is also influenced by the stage of development of the baby. Children who are in the active phase of growth, have an increased appetite. The main thing to be guided by when deciding to enroll your child in the ranks of minors is to match their level of development.
- The next point follows from the previous one. Children who are active in sports are generally not suffering from poor appetite. After all, the energy spent on physical exercises must be replenished. And a sports child will never refuse a proposed dish.
- Purely children who refuse to eat, hear from their elders: “Until you eat, leave the table”, “You will not eat, you will not grow up”, “You will not eat, you will not get a sweet toy / cartoon”. Such manipulation tactics and threats do not lead to appetite. So if the child refuses to eat, don't force them to eat, they'll get hungry and eat.
What to do
Pastidiously the theme “how to help a child if he does not eat anything” is touched upon above. Still, a detailed analysis wouldn't hurt. Let's result a number of rules at which observance of which the relations of the child and healthy food will be adjusted:
- If the kid refuses to eat, it is not necessary to force it to stick. He knows when he's hungry.
- Avoid harmful foods in the diet, such as candy, biscuits, buns and cakes. They do not leave room for healthy eating.
- Peaks should not replace basic meals, so they need to be limited.
- To ensure that your child is physically fit for age.
- Even more time outdoors.
- Systematicity. If you decide to limit the number of snacks, don't replace basic meals with the child's favorite foods, be consistent.
- The parent is an example for the child. Mommy and Daddy are the main reference points in the choice of food and favourite foods.
- Try to change the way food is served. Apply decoration, artistic carving of fruits and vegetables. After all, it is much more interesting to have porridge with berries and jam depicting a muzzle, and soup – if it is floating “flowers” of carrots.
What to feed your children for dinner
This is a separate issue, because eating before bedtime is very important. After eating the wrong food for dinner, the child can wake up at night starving or sleeping badly because of the weight in the stomach. Than to feed the child for dinner:
- Threshold dishes – casseroles, cheesecakes, mixes with dried fruits and berries.
- Egg dishes – omelette, boiled eggs, eggs.
- Dishes from boiled, baked, stewed vegetables -ragues, casseroles, etc.
- Vegetable and fruit salads.
- Kefir, yoghurt, rowan.
To solve the problem of how to feed a child if he or she refuses to eat, parents can use some tricks, or, as it is now fashionable to say, Layfhaks:
- To offer liquid food – broths, kissels, compotes, vegetable potions – through a tube.
- Serve another meal in a bright, candy wrapper-like package.
- Envite the child to participate in the cooking process of lunch, dinner, and breakfast, as a rule, children do not refuse to cook.
- To use bright dishes, forks, spoons.
- To use the original names of common dishes: horse porridge, Winnie the Pooh soup, cat meatballs in boots.
- Proverbs, funny poems will make eating interesting.
Recipes: Than to feed a child
Variant meals that many children will appreciate, weight. Today, many parents share their experience in cooking food for their babies. Below are a few prescriptions that will allow mothers to solve a problem than to feed a child if they don't eat anything
Recipt 1: banana cottage cheese casserole
What to feed your child a year? The answer is a cheese casserole. There's plenty of options for this dish. One of the most popular ways to combine cottage cheese and banana.
It's gonna take a while to get ready:
- mashy cottage cheese – 200 grams;
- 1 medium banana;
- 1 egg;
- 1 tablespoon of sugar;
- 1 tablespoon of semolina.
The cooking process begins with mixing all the ingredients. The sequence of adding ingredients is not important. Use a blender for simplicity. After the food is turned into a homogeneous mass, leave it for a couple of minutes to swell the flour. Afterwards, spread the mass into the moulds and bake in the oven for 20-30 minutes.
Recipt 2: Chicken “Flowers”
Not a bad way to feed your child at 2 years old can be tender chicken cutlets.
- Phicken fillets – 900 grams.
- 2-3 slices of white bread.
- Sukhari for breading (optional).
- Cream butter.
- Milk, salt to taste.
Begin by soaking the bread in milk. Meanwhile, shred the fillets on the mincer, repeat the process several times for a more gentle consistency. Afterwards, squeeze the bread and add the minced meat, salt and butter. Mark the meat mass well and form small cutlets. Put them in flower baking moulds and place them in the oven for 30-40 minutes.
Recipt 3: Chicken soup without potatoes
This recipe will be included in the fast food box. As a rule, chicken soups are one of the favorites of children. But sometimes babies don't eat potatoes. A solution to the problem than feeding a child without eating potatoes is chicken pasta soup.
- 2 skin-cleaned chicken shins.
- 1 is a small bulb.
- 1 carrots that can be cut in flower form in advance.
- Figure pasta.
Place the chicken shins to cook. After the first boiling of the broth, drain it. Use secondary broth for children's dishes. After the chicken is cooked, pull it out and let it cool down.
Since many children don't like boiled onions, throw the whole bulb in the broth. Add the cut-up carrots. Let the broth boil for about 15 minutes. Meanwhile, cut the chicken into chunks and throw it in the soup. The latest ingredient will be pasta.
As an option, boil them separately and add them to the soup.
Child's 3-year-old diet: rules and features
Each day gives a lot of impressions and new skills to a 3-year-old boy. The games become fluid and lasting, with precision and confidence in movement. And the baby grows up not by the days, but by the hours.
Emotional and physical activity requires a balanced and energy-efficient diet for a growing body. At this age, the child's diet includes almost the entire set of products, and 20 dairy teeth successfully cope with chewing without requiring mashed food.
But the functional lability of the digestive organs dictates its rules in the organization of complex nutrition of a three-year-old child. The daily diet must include vitamins, proteins, fats and carbohydrates from a variety of sources.
Proteins have special tasks: immune system formation, nutrient transport and the main building function. As bricks and bricks, they participate in the construction of new tissues in the child's body and contribute to growth. The main sources of protein in the diet are:
In a day a child of 3 years old needs 70-85 g of lean veal, beef, pork or chicken. Eliminates greasy duck and goose meat.
Meat can be offered in boiled form in soups, sorrel and borscht, and as a second course to cook small stewed pieces with vegetables or used as minced meat for cutlets, stuffed peppers, meatballs, meatballs. Meat and liver make excellent homemade pâtés with butter. The optimal way to prepare meat products is by steam and stewing.
Egg composition is universal in terms of protein, essential amino acids, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals. The yolk contains up to 5 grams of fat with a high lecithin content that improves the functioning of brain and liver cells. For children who have reached the age of three, it is enough to eat one boiled egg or an omelette every other day. Raw eggs are contraindicated in the children's menu.
The traditional supplier of protein for the child's body remains milk. The daily amount is up to 500 ml. Milk is used in porridges, casseroles, omelets.
It is offered to the baby 3 years after boiling, pasteurization, in the composition of milk kissels. The product is also useful in sour form: cottage cheese, rowanka, yogurt, sour cream, yogurt. By the way, fermented milk products can be used as a dressing for vegetable salads.
From the age of 3, the diet includes raw cheese, including processed cheese.
Daily menu of the child should contain fats in the amount of 50-60 g. Some of them come in food with meat, fish, milk, and some of them are included in the composition of baby porridge and salads. The best choice for the child will be vegetable oil (sunflower, olive, corn, soybean) in the amount of 6 g per day.
Animal fats are presented in the daily diet of children sour cream (10 g) and butter (17 g). The oil is used fresh, as heat treatment levels the useful qualities of the product and gives it harmful properties. In the second course it is added at the final stage of cooking.
Creamy butter is offered to the baby with sandwiches and crumbly porridge.
Deatologists believe that cereals supply about 40% of carbohydrates – sources of energy for the baby in 3 years. They are found in bakery products, pasta and porridge.
The range of the latter are rich in unrefined cereals with a high content of vitamins, fibres and minerals. Cooked on water, vegetables or milk, these porridges are easily digestible.
In the child's menu it is advisable to include cereal dishes for breakfast or dinner.
Full buckwheat, rice, pearl and millet porridge, corn and oatmeal supply valuable plant proteins and carbohydrates, starch, B vitamins, macro- and microelements complex.
They are used as side dishes for meat, fish and vegetable dishes, or as sweet desserts with added fruit. Nowadays, the mangosteen porridge has lost its popularity. High protein content compensates for the low amount of vitamins and trace elements.
In addition, dieticians believe that this food contributes to the development of rickets.
In the child's menu there are pasta and flour dishes: pancakes, dumplings, pancakes. At 3 years old, the baby receives up to 200 g of porridge a day, about 100 g of flour products, including bread made of bran, rye and wheat flour.
Easily digestible carbohydrates are contained in sweets allowed to children. In three years, the optimal amount of sugar (glucose) per day is not more than 40 g, taking into account its content in compotes and juices.
Excessive fascination with sweet dishes threatens to disturb metabolism and obesity, the appearance of carious teeth.
The best time to take sweet meals is at noon, where sour milk drinks, unsweetened dried fruit compote or packed tea with chamomile to improve digestion can help reduce the calorie content of the food.
Fish occupies a special place among foodstuffs for children aged three and over. Its proteins are easily digestible, rich in amino acids, fat-soluble vitamins and trace elements. Fish contains special fatty acids omega-3 and omega-6, which have useful properties.
They take an active part in improving the nervous system of the baby, development of speech, increase mental capacity. Vitamin D promotes the absorption of calcium and phosphorus, providing the formation of a healthy musculoskeletal apparatus.
Daily need for fish is only 20 g.
Children's nutritionists recommend to arrange “fish days” twice a week, including in the child's menu 70 g of fish in boiled, baked or stewed. The meat of sea creatures is used to make cutlets, minced meat for pancakes, meatballs, squares and soufflés.
Preference is given to sea fish with small amounts of bones or pollock, hake, flounder, pike-perch fillets.
Productive vitamins and minerals are found in many foods, but vegetables and fruits are considered their main sources. Daily ration should include 250 g of fruit and 250 g of vegetables, where potatoes are given about 100 g.
Fruits for children aged 3 years are shown both freshly and in a variety of dishes: casseroles, compotes, kissels and juices.
Along with a complex of vitamins, they contain pectin – a plant polysaccharide, which improves the secretory, motor function of the intestine and removes toxic substances from the body.
When choosing fruits, the typical representatives of their region are preferred, avoiding exotics.
Vegetables rich in fiber act as natural prebiotics.
In the large intestine, plant fibres create the conditions for nutrition and reproduction of healthy microflora, which prevents the appearance of dysbiosis. Vegetables are given in raw form – salads and vegetable juices.
They are also suitable for preparing side dishes for meat and fish. The greenery of dill, parsley and onions is widely used in the first and second courses.
Fresh vegetables and fruits are valuable for children, being products that require chewing. Pediatric dentists insist on the need for chewing pressure to prevent bite malfunction.
Pediatricians and dieticians recommend four meals a day for 3-year-olds. Calculations are based on anatomical and functional features of the digestive system of this age group.
It is known that the stomach volume of 3 years is able to assimilate a portion of 350 ml within 3.5-4 hours. Then the daily volume of food will be up to 1.5 liters. Food should be given in portions every 4 hours in an amount of about 350 ml.
Food calorie, necessary to cover the motor activity of restlessness, growth and normal functioning of all organs and systems is equal to 1540 kcal. The well-known saying that offers to share lunch and give dinner is inappropriate in this case. Eat everything – breakfast with 25%, lunch with 35%, afternoon with 15% and dinner with 25% kcal.
Food with a rational load on the digestive system during the day will ensure the full absorption of all necessary and useful for the child ingredients.
Usually at 8-9 o'clock children increase their activity after sleeping, their appetite and desire for breakfast appear. The breakfast menu offers: omelets, porridge, casseroles, grated cheese noodles, curd pudding, mashed potatoes, boiled eggs, bread with butter and cheese or povidlom.
Baked drinks are useful: kefir, boiled milk, tea or cocoa with milk.
In the lunch menu at 12-13 o'clock it is obligatory to have the first course on meat broth or vegetable broth: soups, cabbage, borscht.
Second includes meat or fish products with vegetable side dishes: stewed or boiled pieces of meat, fish or minced meat dishes, fish fillets baked, boiled or stewed, vegetable stew, mashed potatoes and green peas, fresh vegetable salads dressed with vegetable oil or sour cream, rye bread.
Fruit puree, compote juices for dessert.
In 16-17 hours a child's afternoon at 3 years old can be given sweet dishes: rolls, buns, buns, biscuits, bread and honey, sweet casseroles, cakes and cakes. It is recommended to use freshly: cottage cheese or cottage cheese mass with raisins and fresh fruits.
From drinks milk is preferred.
Dinner at 20-21 hrs contains easily digestible and nourishing dishes: lazy stuffed cabbage, pasta casseroles with cheese or vegetables, omelets, potato cutlets, stewed vegetables.
Bread on wheat flour with povidlom or butter, whole milk, tea with milk or kefir complete the daily diet of gourmets at the age of 3 years. Parents should keep in mind that at the age of 3 years, children have the prerequisites for the development of chronic diseases of the digestive system. Therefore, do not experiment with greasy, spicy and smoked foods in the diet.
Lack of appetite upset parents and forces them to resort to various tricks so that the child eats his or her portion at any cost. Spoons for grandparents”, promises to reward the obedient kid with sweets, are used.
A successful deal is dangerous.
The child loses the sensation of hunger and satiety, the food eaten by force can provoke vomiting, and with frequent repetition of such situations in children the feeling of disgust from one kind of food is formed.
Osobaja and, to the grief of parents, the numerous category of children, since 3 years of life, are bewildering. Without even trying a new dish, the baby often refuses to eat it. Don't get upset and blame the baby. Without focusing on the new diet, the new diet can be added to your favorite foods in small quantities, gradually increasing its volume.
When a healthy child doesn't want to eat
There are situations where you can predict that feeding will not be successful:
- In the immediate aftermath of sleep. Sleepy baby will refuse to eat because he does not feel hungry. The body, and therefore the digestive system, has not yet entered the operating mode. You shouldn't force things. Physical activity during a wash or short game will correct the situation, wake up the baby and his appetite.
- The baby is irritated. The capricious little guy isn't ready to eat. By showing restraint about breaking the schedule, parents will fix the situation. And having thought up, than to distract the kid from negative experiences, can create a favorable background for feeding.
- Increased temperature indoors. Summer heat or excessive heating in a room where the child is 3 years old increases the return of fluid to the body, along with breathing and sweating. As a result, the production of digestive juice is reduced and appetite is suppressed. You may have to skip one of the meals.
- Beetles between meals. Harmless bagels, dehydration, sweet breadcrumbs and cookies are the main offenders of a well-functioning feeding regimen. Snacking reduces appetite, as the stomach is always full of food and the child is not hungry.
The best environment for feeding – calm atmosphere, active kid in a good mood, comfortable children's dishes and, of course, beautifully decorated dishes with the use of my mother's imagination.
Meeting your child 3-5 years old correctly
Age 3-5 years is characterized by improved development of the brain, all organs and systems of the body. A child's physical development in preschool age has uneven weight and height gain periods.
This is the age at which all foodstuffs can be given to the child.
The child's consciousness is developed, he or she is easy to learn, and wants to be more like an adult, so you should begin to lay the groundwork for a healthy diet, a culture of behaviour at the table.
Interesting to know! According to the results of the blitz survey of parents whose children attend kindergartens, the following data are available
- 30 % of children have complaints about digestive work;
- Iodized salt is used only by 80 % of families;
- Daily consumption of milk and fermented milk products is noted in 27.5% of children; fish – 3.2%; meat and meat products – 33%; but the daily consumption of confectionery and bakery products is 80%!
The need of 3-5 year olds for basic nutrients
Protein-containing foods must be present in the child's daily diet.
Protein must not be replaced by any other food component. The most important functions of the body are carried out with its participation: growth, metabolism, muscle and brain function.
The need for protein is met by dishes made of meat, fish, milk and eggs. Excess protein in the diet causes abnormalities in the digestive system, the excretory function of the kidneys.
From meat is better to eat beef, turkey and chicken, rabbit. It's better for fish to cook fresh, more use in the sea.
Approximately 3-5 years old child should get protein:
- Meat – 100-140 g,
- Fish – 50-100 g,
- Egg – 1/2-1 pcs