Mumps disease: symptoms in children, signs, treatment, possible complications of epidemic mumps
Epidemic mumps in children: symptoms, ways of infection, methods of treatment of mumps in children and possible complications
Parotitis (epidemic) is a viral disease that is characterized by an inflammatory process in the salivary glands. According to statistics, mumps (the popular name for the disease is mumps) most often affect children aged 5 to 15 years, and very rarely the virus affects adults. The disease is severe enough and can have serious consequences.
Degrees of illness and characteristic symptoms Signs of parotitis in children – hiperthermia (increase in body temperature) – Swelling behind the ears 3. Treatment of epidemic parotitis – Folk medicine – Features of treatment 4. Complications 5. Preventive measures
Disease rates and symptoms
Parotite epidemic is well studied – the disease has been known to science for two centuries. In medicine, it is customary to classify it by severity:
- Mild degree. It is characterized by the development of inflammation in the salivary glands. The child's body temperature will rise suddenly and rapidly to the average.
- Medium degree. In addition to the increased temperature, such a degree of severity of the epidemic fever is characteristic of fever – the child “shakes”. At a moderate degree of severity of the disease there is a defeat of inflammatory process not only salivary glands, but also other glandular organs. The patient will complain of headaches, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, insomnia. This degree of viral disease is considered to be the most dangerous for the child's health and even life because both the salivary glands and the central nervous system are affected by the inflammatory process.
The viral disease under consideration always starts suddenly and develops rapidly:
- the temperature of the body rises to critical levels;
- the child experiences “brokenness” and weakness in the whole body;
- making elementary swallowing and chewing movements of the jaw becomes very painful;
- the appetite is completely lost.
Hyperthermia (body temperature rise)
This symptom has been present since the onset of the disease and subsides only after the disappearance of the pronounced symptoms of mumps.
Parents do not have to worry about it – it is considered normal, even if the temperature drop does not occur after a sick child consumes antipyretic drugs.
But if hyperthermia continues to be present after the disappearance of symptoms of epidemic mumps, it is necessary to immediately inform the attending physician – a sign that may indicate the development of a new pathological process in the body.
Interesting observation was made by doctors and scientists who studied the viral disease in question – a sick child's body tries to fight the mumps virus on its own by producing specific antibodies. By the way, they can be found in the blood and after a complete cure for mumps.
Puffiness behind the ears
Please, the most obvious symptom of mumps for children is puffiness behind the ears. Moreover, it reaches a sufficiently large size, and when palpation – painful and prevents chewing and talking. In some cases, swelling behind the ears also extends to the neck – this is the norm and no additional treatment is needed.
Epidemic parotitis has a very strong effect on the appearance of the child – the cheeks “inflate” and “fall”, the upper tips and middle ears are bulging out because of the swelling behind the ears – the patient's face resembles a pig's snout (hence the popular name of parotitis – mumps).
The swelling behind the ears becomes smaller as the viral disease in question is treated and disappears completely after 8 days.
Treatment of epidemic parotitis
Practically all patients diagnosed with epidemic parotitis receive treatment at home. Hospitalization is only indicated for patients who have a severe viral disease. There is no special treatment for parotitis, it is sufficient to follow the following rules:
- Bolleyball must be on bed rest for 10 days. It is difficult enough for children to explain why it should be constantly lying down, but parents should make every effort to meet this condition.
- Nutrition should be based on a milk and vegetable diet. The fact that the virus of epidemic parotitis can cause inflammation not only in the salivary glands, but also in other glandular organs, which includes the pancreas. No wonder that pancreatitis often develops against the background of parotitis. That is why the patient for the entire period of treatment should switch to the mentioned diet: it is necessary to introduce dairy and fermented milk products, as well as vegetables and fruits into the diet. It is necessary to give up fried and cooked meat, fish, by-products, baked goods and baked goods.
- To ensure that the patient drinks plentiful. Children with mumps often lose their appetite – it is very painful to chew and even swallow food, so it is advisable to constantly give the patient to drink morses, compotes, linden/raspberry/roseberry teas, decoction of rosehips.
- Periodically take antipyretic agents. If the body temperature remains high for several hours and the child shows signs of intoxication (nausea, dizziness, vomiting, diarrhea), it is advisable to give him antipyretic agents – Paracetamol, Panadol, Ibuprofen and others). Keep in mind that they will only help for a short time in this case.
- Use antihistamines. They can be prescribed by a doctor for children who have a history of hypersensitivity or individual intolerance to any stimuli. Claritin and Suprastin are the most recommended drugs of choice.
- Begin vitamin therapy. To support the body and increase / strengthen the immune system of the child can be given multivitamin complexes – Complivitus, Biomax.
Essential: if the epidemic parotitis is severe and the doctor diagnoses signs of severe intoxication (poisoning) of the body in the child, the treatment will be carried out in a medical institution with the use of detoxification therapy.
Never rely solely on folk methods to treat mumps – they are only meant to help, support and relieve the body of viral disease and pain syndrome. The most effective means in this case are:
- on the ears (or ears if the salivary gland inflammation is one-sided) should be applied warm compresses – for example, vodka or sunflower oil;
- Compressor with ichthyol ointment is an excellent way to relieve pain;
- can be used and linseed – it should be boiled (50 g of seed per 200 ml of water) to form a thick porridge – it is applied to the swelling behind the ears.
Please note: Compresses can only be applied at normal temperatures, even a slight increase in temperature is a contraindication to thermal procedures.
- Cost/ decoctions of medicinal herbs:
- Table spoon of dry lime color to pour a glass of steep boiling water and insist 15 minutes. Then the infusion to strain and give the patient to drink mumps during the day;
- a teaspoon of dry sage flowers is brewed on the principle of normal tea in a glass of boiling water, insisted 15-20 minutes. The infusion is then filtered 50 ml three times a day in a warm state. Very effectively this infusion and frequent rinses of the mouth and throat – it will help quickly get rid of pain and reduce the degree of swelling;
- tablespoon of dry rosehip fruit is poured with a glass of boiling water and infused to obtain a uniform dark red color. It is drunk in any quantity.
- Rinse of the oral cavity. It should be carried out as often as possible – for example, every hour of the day. The best way to use the decoction of chamomile in the pharmacy and sage – these medicinal plants relieve inflammation and have an antiseptic effect. Congee is prepared as follows: for 500 ml of water, two tablespoons of both components are taken, everything is boiled for 10 minutes from the moment of boiling, infusion is made until it is completely cooled down.
Children's mumps treatment needs
There are some drugs that actually help with the epidemic. The main condition: they are used at the initial stage of development of the viral disease in question and only after agreement with the attending physician. This includes:
- Jaborrandi Pilot Carpus;
It is important: all of these drugs are very effective, and if one of them is already prescribed by an attending physician, it is not advisable to experiment with the use of several others. You can't make appointments on your own!
Male mumps complications and parotitis effects
Epidemic parotitis is not dangerous due to its severe course – it can be adjusted with medicines and bedding with folk recipes. The viral disease under consideration is characterized by the development of serious complications:
- pancreatitis – pancreatic inflammation;
- meningitis – brain inflammation;
- encephalitis – inflammation of the soft tissues of the brain;
- Oforite – inflammation of the ovaries in girls;
- deafness, often complete irreversible deafness.
Essential: the most dangerous epidemic parotitis for boys is that they develop ochrite (testicular inflammation) as a complication of the disease, which leads to further infertility.
Previously, it was believed that every boy with a childhood mumps disease was doomed to infertility, but research has found that this complication is diagnosed only in 15% of cases, which is also not enough.
Algorithm for diagnosis of complications in case of epidemic parotite:
So as the disease in question has a viral etiology, the only reliable preventive measure is vaccination. Vaccination against mumps is done twice – in 12 months and in 6 years. The vaccine, which has been introduced twice, makes it possible to develop lifelong immunity to the epidemic mumps virus.
We recommend reading: How to prepare a child for vaccination?
If the child has had contact with a child with a parotid, you should visit a paediatrician or infectious disease specialist for a preventive check-up after 10 days – during which time the virus, if it has entered the body, will give the first manifestations.
Epidemic parotitis is a viral disease that is very easy to avoid. Immunization (vaccination) allows you to get a 100% guarantee that the virus will not get infected. Parents' refusal from vaccinations increases the risk of infection and makes it possible to develop severe, sometimes irreversible, consequences.
Tsygankova Yana Aleksandrovna, medical observer, therapist of the highest qualification category
(167 voice, 4.59 of 5)
Parotitis in children: symptoms, complications and treatment
People call mumps or earwax mumps in children, because in the parotid (often behind the ear) area, the child has a characteristic swelling, which makes the baby look like a cute little pig.
Many doctors don't mind when it's a serious disease that's hard to swallow and feverish all the time, they call it a mumps.
Not only do they often use the funny name themselves, but laughter is the first step on their way to defeating the disease.
Cause of the disease parotitis (mumps) in children
Parotitis in children is a group of infectious diseases for children (measles, measles, measles, chicken pox, scarlet fever, diphtheria, whooping cough). Most often children aged 5 to 12 years suffer from this disease, less often children aged 2-3 years. In the first year of their lives, children do not suffer from epidemic mumps. Persistent immunity develops after the illness.
Epidemic parotitis develops due to the infection of the child with a special type of filtering virus, which has a spherical shape. This virus is very unstable before environmental factors.
The virus is characterized by a certain selectivity of action: it affects glandular tissue and nervous tissue. And it is this selectivity that is responsible for the clinical manifestations of the epidemic mumps.
Source of infection is a sick person. As with other infectious agents in children, the epidemiological parasite pathogen is characterized by an airborne pathway.
However, infestation with mumps in children can also occur through direct contact with a sick person. The virus penetrates the body through the upper respiratory mucous membrane.
With the blood flow it spreads to all organs and tissues of the body, but the activity begins when it appears in the salivary glands and nervous tissue.
The period of incubation can be quite long – up to 20 days. Then the first symptoms of mumps in children appear, such as malaise, sluggishness, lack of appetite.
The characteristic feature of mumps in children is an increase in body temperature (sometimes up to 40 ᵒС). A sick child complains of headaches, chills. There may be nausea and vomiting; severe cases of seizures. Swelling in the parotid region occurs 1-2 days after the symptoms described above.
As well as a symptom of mumps in children is the pain of chewing in swelling areas. If the child opens his or her mouth wide, the soreness increases even more; the pain is also slightly worse when swallowing food.
As you can see in the photo the signs of mumps in children, swelling quickly increases, and from this the child's neck seems to be getting thicker, and the earlobes rise:
In addition to the parotid salivary glands, children are affected by the submandibular and hyoid salivary glands in the process of developing mumps.
The other symptom of mumps in children is the bad breath. Saliva is separated in small amounts. Swelling can last up to 5 days and then slowly decrease. The size of the salivary glands is back to normal around day nine or ten. Inflammation of the affected glands in epidemic mumps never happens.
These photos show symptoms of mumps in children at different stages of the disease:
Treatment of mumps (mumps) in children and the effects of the disease
Treatment of mumps (mumps) in children is done at home. Any contact with other children should be excluded. The necessary condition for treatment is complete rest.
It is important to keep the bed rest, even if the general condition of the sick baby does not suffer much. In the treatment of mumps, children should have a complete, vitamin-rich diet. The dishes are necessarily warm, liquid, semi-liquid, wiped.
As you can see in the photo, a diet of milk and vegetation is prescribed for children with a parrot:
White bread and fats require restriction in the diet. The pediatrician prescribes a symptomatic treatment. Puffiness areas in the acute period of the disease should be warmed up – with the help of a reflector lamp (blue light); a warm bandage is used.
For the treatment of mumps in children are effective warming compresses – with sunflower oil, with camphor oil, vodka, semi-alcoholic, put the compresses on the area of projections of the affected glands. However, the mother should know that compresses cannot be made if the body temperature is too high.
To relieve symptoms of mumps, children are recommended to have frequent mouthwashes for treatment. Usually the doctor prescribes for rinses an aqueous solution of boric acid (1 teaspoon of dry boric acid is dissolved in 200 ml of warm water) and a solution of potassium manganese acid of weak pink coloring. Possible complications include pneumonia, diabetes, infertility, otitis and stomatitis. Very dangerous consequences of parotitis in children are acute encephalitis and meningoencephalitis. In the case of an inner ear lesion, auditory nerve neuritis develops, resulting in hearing loss (persistent deafness).
How to treat mumps in children with folk remedies
Belower you can learn how to treat mumps in children with folk medicine recommendations:
- to put aloe leaves on the child's puffy spots; do so several times a day; before use, the leaves should be washed well in warm water, slightly kneaded and cut off sharp teeth, and the skin should also be removed; Leaves prepared in this way should be fixed in the area of swelling with a cap, or a handkerchief, or several turns of bandage; the duration of such applications – about an hour;
- to places of swelling to apply warm porridge, prepared from ginger root; preparation of the product: It is necessary to grind the dried ginger rhizome with a pistil in a mortar and to add a little warm water to the resulting powder, exactly as much as is necessary for the formation of kashitsy, which has a consistency of thick sour cream; ginger kashitsya should be kept in places of puffiness until it dries; the procedure is performed 1-2 times a day; the duration of the course of applications – about a week;
- in case of strong feverish reaction to drink warm infusion of flowers and colored leaves of linden cardiac; preparation of infusion: Pour 1 tablespoon of dried, carefully chopped raw materials into preheated dishes, pour 200 ml of steep boiling water and insist, tightly wrapped in a towel, for 15-20 minutes., strain through 1-2 layers of gauze, squeeze out the remaining raw materials, children under 10 years old to drink a quarter of a glass of infusion 2-3 times a day before meals, the older child to take a third of the glass 2-3 times a day before meals, alternate using other means,
- baby in case of severe fever and pain in the swelling to take hot raspberry infusion ordinary, making infusion; 7-8 g dried, crushed fruits put in a thermos, pour a glass of steep boiling water and insist on at least an hour, ready to strain the infusion through 1-2 layers of gauze, squeeze the remaining raw material through the same gauze; Children of the first 5 years of life to drink half a glass of this product 2-3 times a day before meals, the older child can drink a full glass of infusion 2-3 times a day before meals, it is also necessary to drink infusion before bedtime, after which the child to hide with a warm blanket.
- In the process of treating children's parotitis, you can take as a condescending and sweatshop hot infusion of blackberry syza fruit; making infusions: 6-7 g of dried blackberry fruit to put in a preheated thermos, pour a glass of steep boiling water and insist on about an hour, strain through 1 layer of gauze, raw materials that absorbed water, squeeze out, the use of this product is the same as infusion of raspberry fruits ordinary;
- it is useful to take a child decoction of the grass, Ivan-tea narrow leafy; preparation of decoction: 1 tablespoon of dried raw materials crushed to a powdered state, pour 200 ml of water and boil for about 15 minutes at low boiling point., and then wrap the dishes tightly with a towel and insist on 1-1.5 hours strain through 2 layers of gauze, squeeze out the rest of the raw materials, children under the age of 10 years to take decoction of 1 dessert spoon 3 times a day before meals, children over 10 years to take 1 tablespoon of the product 3 times a day before meals,
- also rinse the child's throat warm infusion of grass cornflower meadow; making infusions: 1 tablespoon of dried, crushed raw materials, pour a glass of steep boiling water and insist for 20-30 minutes., strain through gauze; rinse the throat several times a day; alternate with rinses by other means;
- rinse the child's throat with warm infusion of marigold flowers; preparation of the infusion: 2 teaspoons of dried, crushed into a powder of flowers, pour a glass of steep boiling water and insist, tightly wrapped in a towel, for 15-20 minutes, strain through 1-2 layers of gauze, raw materials left on the bottom of dishes, squeeze; rinse the throat 3-4 times a day, alternate with other means
- to rinse the child's throat with warm decoction, prepared on the basis of a mixture of medicinal plant materials: Elderberry flowers black – 1 part, oak bark ordinary – 1 part, sage herbs – 1 part, flowers and leaves of St. John's Wort – 1 part; preparation of decoction: dried components separately grind, connect, mix well, 2 tablespoons mixture pour a glass of water, cook on low heat for 10-15 minutes., After that, quickly cool the product; rinse the child's throat with warm decoction for 8-10 minutes. 5-6 times a day;
- to take the child thermal-moistening inhalation with decoction of the rhizome with the roots of elecampane high; preparation of decoction: 8-10 g dried, crushed raw materials, pour 2 glasses of water and cook on low heat for 20 minutes, strain through gauze and use immediately; exhale through the nose; it is recommended to perform the procedure within 12-15 minutes.Inhalation should be done several times a day; after each inhalation – to rest in bed for half an hour;
- to use for inhalation of black currant leaves; preparation of infusion: 1-2 tablespoons of dried, carefully chopped raw materials to pour 300-400 ml of steep boiling water and insist in closed dishes at room temperature for 45 minutes, strain through 1-2 layers of gauze; bring the product to a boil; inhale steam by mouth, exhale through the nose; can also be used for inhalation of ordinary kettle or water heater; it is recommended to perform this procedure for 15-20 minutes.Inhalation should be done several times a day; after each procedure, it is necessary to rest in bed for 30 minutes
to take infusion of black currant leaves; preparation of the infusion; 2-3 tablespoons of dried, thoroughly shredded leaves, pour 300 ml of steep boiling water and infuse in the infundirk or in enameled dishes with a lid for several hours, strain through 1-2 layers of gauze, squeeze the remaining raw materials through the same gauze; Children under 12 years of age to drink a quarter cup of the product 3-4 times a day before meals; older children can drink half a glass of infusion 4-5 times a day before meals;
The child, who has fallen ill with epidemic mumps, should be isolated from other children – from the beginning of the disease for 9-10 days. If some children have been in contact with a sick child, they are injected with placental γ-globulin.
In addition, these children should not attend childcare facilities for 21 days. Vaccination is necessary to prevent epidemic mumps in children: active immunization against mumps is carried out with a live vaccine.
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Disease epidemic parotitis is more commonly known as mumps or earplugs. Parotitis is an acute infectious viral disease in which salivary glands, pancreas and testicles are mainly inflamed. Children aged 3-15 years are the most susceptible to mumps, more often than males