Child safety in kindergarten
Child safety in kindergarten
Saying goodbye to their sons and daughters on the doorstep of preschool in the morning, parents are not afraid for the safety of children in kindergarten, because they are constantly under the supervision of teachers, nannies. They are developed, taken for a walk, they form their communication skills. But not everything is so good, and it is not always so good: sometimes during their stay in kindergarten children get traumatized, get cold, experience psychological suffering.
On the other hand, often teachers are able to identify problems that the child and his or her home environment are not aware of, and to talk to parents about the difficulties the child is experiencing.
How do they organize their children's time in preschool so that both parents and caregivers are calm and children get the most out of it and develop more quickly?
Adult Mission – Helping children
The main tasks in ensuring the safety of children in kindergarten are
- Create the conditions for psychological comfort so that being in the group does not become a source of stress
- Prophylaxis and elimination of the causes of childhood injuries
- Ensuring the physical health of children
To help children avoid situations that are potentially dangerous to them, adults should discreetly but carefully observe their behaviour.
The most emotionally vulnerable are children who have been traumatized before, newcomers who have just started kindergarten or have moved from another group of children.
It is very important from the very first days to determine together with parents a set of measures that will allow the child to quickly join the team, to take new conditions for him: not to leave the baby in the kindergarten for the whole day from the beginning, to get used to it gradually. Create a calm home environment for him, gently involve him in games with other kids. At this time, it is important to diagnose the child's condition.
Very informative children's drawings. They can be used to draw conclusions about how comfortable and safe the baby feels. If dark tones, tense stories, monsters, blood, etc. prevail in the drawing, it is possible to assume that the child is not calm, something worries him or frightens him/her.
If a problem is revealed, there is no need to keep it quiet: it is better to talk to parents without delay and to recommend to contact a child psychologist.
Physical health of children
Physical health of children
Physical health of children should be monitored regularly in kindergartens. Even if the preschool institution does not have its own sports complex or swimming pool, it is still planned to harden the procedures: wiping with water, “health paths”, etc.
Parents should inform the educators and health workers in advance about the presence of diseases in the child, the features of development. This will allow for the coordination of family and preschool efforts, making the child feel like a full member of the child's community, despite some limitations.
How can I choose the safest kindergarten?
All adult staff members who are responsible for the education process are responsible for the safety of children in kindergarten.
Before giving your child to kindergarten, make sure that there are all the necessary documents confirming the existence of a well-thought-out policy on
- fire safety
Not allowed to be present on the territory of the kindergarten during working days. Only caregivers, nannies, cooks, medical staff, preschool administration staff, emergency services and law enforcement officials can be near the children.
Ask who provides security for the kindergarten. Neither the caretaker nor the janitor guarantee complete safety.
There should be an alarm button in the kindergarten, and the caretakers should be vigilant about the appearance of any stranger, and even more so, not to give him the child on the oral statement that he is a relative. Everybody seems to know about it today, but kindergarten kidnappings continue.
You want to make sure that the safety of the kindergarten is in order, ask a relative or friend to pick up the child. If tutors do not contact you by phone and give the baby away, do not hesitate to report it to the head.
Today parents should be particularly active in establishing effective security measures for preschool. Seeing your indifference, and the administration of the kindergarten will show if not zeal, the effort to make the stay of children in it safe and comfortable.
And finally, see “Kindergarten”
Kids' safety in kindergarten. Kindergarten safety regulations
Children's safety in kindergarten depends on a comprehensive approach to this issue by all parties. The prevention of danger should involve the kindergarten teachers, their direct supervisor and, of course, the parents.
For every loving parent, their child is the best thing in life. Kids aren't always obedient, especially at a young age. That's why the age of the child when they are brought to kindergarten is of great importance in the prevention of childhood injuries.
For the safety of babies, the basic rules responsible for the safety of children in kindergarten have been developed. Here, each child is the responsibility of the person who has been with him/her during the day.
There are basic safety rules for carers. This position is open to people who have reached the age of 18. The person should pass medical examination and at receipt for work to show the sanitary book.
After registration for work the direct supervisor carries out introductory instruction. The provider needs to know the basic rules of work and to follow them perfectly. He should clearly understand that his actions affect child safety.
In kindergarten, the teacher has no right to leave unattended the place where the children are.
In the morning, coming to work, the teacher inspects all the premises in the group for malfunctions. When they're found, he informs the AXR deputy or the manager.
Children's work instructions during the working day
The provider is obliged to ensure that the lessons are conducted safely and, if necessary, to make changes in the schedule of the lessons in order to achieve the best conditions in the educational process.
The safety corner created by the teacher in the kindergarten plays an important role in the child's adaptation to life. It is designed to showcase human behavior among people.
An angles can be different. Some of them are aimed at developing imagination and creativity, while others are aimed at studying traffic rules, memorizing flowers and geometric shapes. Thanks to these forms of play, children develop more quickly and become more sociable.
The educator has a responsibility to teach children about road safety. In kindergarten it is necessary to teach children basic safety rules in everyday life, in case of fire, earthquake and other natural disasters.
Behaviour on the street
The educator cannot be distracted by outside conversations that are not relevant to children during the walk. It is strictly forbidden to leave a child alone on the street, even on the playground where the children play all the time.
If there is only one person in the group, the teacher is obliged to leave the junior assistant to watch him/her during the general walk.
Cautions in the group
There is no way to allow outsiders who are not involved in educational work to enter the group and their workplace.
The educator's place, his desk, should always be kept in order. Do not keep sharp objects (needles, scissors, pins, hairpins, paper knives, etc.) in plain sight. It is also strictly forbidden to stab your clothes with pins and needles. It is necessary to pay attention that in pockets there were no sharp and breaking subjects.
It is supposed to carry shoes only on a low heel.
The provider is strictly forbidden to give the child to the stranger and relatives younger than 16 years. The same applies to parents who come after a drunk child.
Walk outside the kindergarten area
While on a guided tour, the tutor should avoid busy streets. At this time, the tutor must be accompanied by a junior tutor or other helper.
It is important to strictly follow the traffic rules. Each educator should conduct classes to prevent children's injuries on the roads.
They are conducted in a playful form through conversations, drawings, training, action games, theatrical performances, road raids and many other games.
Safety in and around the kindergarten includes learning about the rules of behaviour of children on the street.
It is important to propose topics about the causes of the accident, the rules of behaviour when crossing the streets (pedestrian's duties), and transport. Traffic lights and traffic signs are being studied.
When walking, it is important to make sure that the child does not eat unfamiliar berries or mushrooms (in summer).
Temperature and hygiene rules
Teacher's job is to monitor the temperature. In hot weather, make sure that your child has a hat, and in winter it is necessary to wear waterproof boots. The provider is obliged to prevent the development of the disease by the method of selection of outerwear for weather conditions.
It is important to observe the basic rules of hygiene. Each student should have an individual toothbrush, comb and towel.
Nelsius should keep medicines indoors, especially for children. An ambulance kit must be on the shelf outside the reach of the child. It should only contain green, iodine, peroxide, bandages, cotton, Band-Aids.
Medical care in kindergarten
In order to ensure the safety of the kindergarten, it is necessary to have a medical office with a qualified medical worker.
In order to prevent colds and infections of various genesis (origins). The nurse must be in kindergarten all day long.
For the prevention of colds it is very important to follow certain ventilation modes, but it is important to avoid draughts. The room is ventilated when the children are not in the group.
The playrooms and bedrooms must be bright enough and the air temperature and humidity must not exceed the allowed limits. The nurse and the head of the kindergarten are obliged to monitor the sanitary condition of the kitchen and the whole kindergarten.
Many large kindergartens have a nurse's rate for diet. She needs to check the purchased products for expiration date, i.e. she should be primarily interested in kindergarten safety. The nurse must calculate the calorie content of the food and create a menu for each day for children of different ages.
Sometimes there may be situations where a child needs urgent medical attention. In this case, the emergency care measures before the arrival of the ambulance are provided by a medical worker, and if not, by an educator.
Children's work instructions at the end of the day
At the end of the day, the tutor delivers all the materials to the tutor for the next, morning or night shift. If no one stays in the room after leaving, it is the responsibility of the tutor to check the group.
It is necessary to switch off all electrical appliances, air the room, and then close all windows and windows. After the parents have taken the last child, the tutor needs to prepare the material for the next day's lessons.
It is important to think about it in advance.
Safety rules in kindergarten during emergencies
When an emergency situation occurs, you cannot panic. Every educator has a specific instructions for action in one case or another. It could be an accident, a fire, a natural disaster.
Eachone's initial task is to save the children in his or her group, and then report the results to the head or deputy head of AHF. It's very important to follow their instructions clearly. Every caregiver should understand that he or she bears a great responsibility for the life and health of the child.
Prisoners who violate health and safety rules are subject not only to disciplinary sanctions, but also to administrative fines and criminal penalties.
Fire safety in kindergarten is one of the main topics to be addressed. In order to keep children's lives as safe as possible, it is mandatory for all staff at the institution to attend fire training before they are hired and, if necessary, to undergo fire prevention and extinguishing drills. Briefing once every six months.
The basic rules of conduct for disaster prevention
To prevent the development of a fire, it is necessary to follow the instructions for the operation of gas and electrical appliances and not to leave the heating system, household appliances (except the refrigerator) on overnight.
Nelzya used in groups where children, electric boilers and kettles are located, as well as in non-residential premises for waste paper warehouses or to store flammable metals and building materials.
Nelzya to arrange indoors fireworks and light candles, Bengali lights. It is not recommended to turn off all the lights in the room and put children in masquerade costumes made of cotton and gauze.
Very important to keep an eye on the surrounding area of the kindergarten. Garbage should be taken to a special area outside the building in a timely manner. Attic rooms should be closed, and the keys to them should be left in an easily accessible place (of course not for children).
What to do if a fire breaks out
Safety of kindergartens and their children during a fire will depend as much as possible on whether all the fire safety rules in the room itself have been followed.
First of all, it is necessary to check the evacuation entrances and exits. They must not be overfilled with unnecessary objects or devices. It is important to keep the doors closed from the inside with a small, easy-to-open latch. The approach to the door should be free.
Evacation of children is carried out in the building nearest to the kindergarten. The most important thing is to get the kids out of the top floors of kindergarten. The first to evacuate the smallest ones.
For children, it is necessary to cover them with wet towels or blankets, to open windows in a smoky room. In case the fire has penetrated into the room, the windows should not be opened, because of the draught it is possible to ignite abundantly.
To get out of the burning room faster, you need to get up on all fours and crawl to the exit, covering your nose and mouth with a wet cloth at that moment.
If the child's clothes caught fire, the child should be wrapped in a wet cloth and pressed against the body to stop the penetration of oxygen. Never use a fire extinguisher to extinguish clothes. This may result in additional chemical burns.
The search for children in a burning room stops only if all kindergarten rooms are checked.
Where is the evacuation plan
The drawn evacuation plan in case of fire provides additional safety. The plan in the kindergarten must hang on the walls of the corridors and rooms in a strict sequence of places indicated on it.
Fire safety of kindergartens is constantly checked by fire inspectors.
Children's acquaintance with fire safety rules
Safety in kindergarten regular classes are conducted by the teacher with the help of posters and visual aids. The rules of fire behavior are being worked out in practice with children. To ensure the safety of the kindergarten group, the parents must warn the teacher about the individual characteristics of each child.
Each parent has the right to inspect the group where the child is being cared for and the area where the child walks.
In case of discrepancies with the established rules, parents can talk about it with the head of the kindergarten or send a collective letter to the department of education.
Today's parents are sometimes faced with conflicting demands for life: psychologists talk about the need to build a child's basic trust in the world, and news stories make children be cautious and vigilant. Following the recommended rules will help parents to do what they can to ensure the safety of their children. Read the most complete child safety manual at www. ya-roditel.ru
Safety of children in the home
When choosing toys for children, follow the recommendations of the manufacturers. Babies should not be given toys, mosaics and a designer with small details. They can swallow them, stick them in their nose or ears. Fragile and sharp objects, anything that can hurt a child or that fits in the mouth, should be kept out of reach, thus ensuring the safety of children.
Kids like to climb on beds, chairs, tables, window sills. Therefore, protect all sharp corners with special pads.
It is better to place the furniture so that the child does not get hurt or break glass doors or mirrors in case of a possible fall. The windows should be equipped with clips so that they cannot be opened easily by the child.
In cottages there are usually wickets on the stairs and additional handrails for children, on the balconies there are frequent grilles.
Remove matches and lighters to inaccessible places. Make sure that your child is not left alone at the stove, iron or electric heater, or playing with candles. The wiring in the house must be in order.
For outlets, purchase special plugs. Wires, computer, TV and other appliances should be out of the reach of the baby.
Older children need to be taught patiently and consistently to use electrical appliances safely and correctly.
Do not leave your child unattended in the bathroom. Do not allow the faucet handles to rotate and pour water on the floor. There should be a rubber mat on the floor to prevent the baby from slipping. Toothpaste, creams, shampoos and personal care products should be kept out of the reach of the baby. Polyethylene bags are also dangerous, so don't let your kids put them on your head so they don't suffocate.
Safety of children on the Internet
Little child needs to be explained that communication on the Internet is not a real life, but a kind of game. In doing so, try to focus his efforts on learning the world.
Create a list of home rules for visiting the Internet and demand that they be unconditionally followed. The computer must be in a shared room. Use antivirus software, filters and secure search mode settings. Set up “parental controls” on your computer: include a list of banned sites, programs, and games (“blacklist”) and the hours allowed to surf the Internet.
Contact children about their friends on the Internet and insist that they never meet them in person, as they may not be who they say they are. Teach children never to give out personal information on social networks, to use an alias while playing online games.
Don't let them download programs without your knowledge. Help children to protect themselves from spam and avoid opening files and attachments from unknown recipients.
This is a good idea to discuss online gaming, pornography, and violence with teenagers. Trusting you will help them cope with the unwanted experiences of surfing the Internet.
Safety of children in kindergarten
When sending a child to kindergarten, be sure to notify the group's educators of the individual characteristics of his or her body. If the child is going to the nursery group, it is undesirable to hand him over at once for the whole day.
Start with a few hours to get used to the baby. Always find out from older children how they feel, what happened in the group during the day. Try to be in “live” contact with the educator.
>Develop a self-study of the group and day care centre. Check the quality of wall lockers, the density of windows, the absence of sharp corners and dangerous objects for children.
In areas where children walk, make sure there are no old trees, dangerous elements on the playground, pits sticking out of the ground sharp pipes, etc. Ask about fire safety measures.
If you pick up the child from the day care centre by someone other than you, leave an application with this person's passport details.
Safety of children at school
Junior high school students should be escorted and met after class. Children who go to an educational institution on their own should have the same way to school as much as possible, going through public places.
A child learns to tell you by phone when and where he or she is going. Do not allow your child to talk to strangers and get into the car if they are offered a ride.
About all the difficulties teach your child to inform the teacher, security guard, nurse.
Explain to your child that after school it is better not to stay in an empty building and not to be alone on the playground, nor to climb into the basement or attic.
Train your child to keep track of personal belongings and not to leave your child's phone, money and valuables in the pockets of outerwear and in the changing room. Take an interest in your child's relationship with classmates.
The child should know that when conflicts arise, peaceful solutions are always more effective.
Sun, air and water should be the best friends of the children. But the task of parents is to ensure the safety of children in the wild. Rest at the pond, do not leave children without control. Don't let me play on a steep beach, but go in with the baby. Older children should not swim or dive in an untested area. Choose the right clothes for your baby, avoiding overcooling or overheating in the open sun. If you go on a boat trip, put life jackets on the children. Split the passengers evenly so that the boat does not roll on its side. Don't let them move around the boat while it's moving and hang from the board. Winter don't let children run on the ice checking its strength. Gathering on a hike, think through all the possible difficulties in advance. Take comfortable spare clothes and shoes in case of cold and rain. You must have a first aid kit. Don't forget the insect repellent. Explain to the children how to behave at the campfire and near the campfire kitchen. Don't let them go away alone for long so they don't get lost. Teach your child to follow traffic lights by explaining traffic rules. Do not allow children to run out or drive to an intersection alone, cross the road together. Do not play at the carriageway with the ball or ride the slides where cars pass by. Explain the When traveling on public transport, your child should sit down or hold on tight to the handrails. Hold the child on the escalator or by the hand. Don't let a cyclist run on the platform and go beyond the limit line. Beginning cyclist must use a helmet and arm and leg protection. The same rules apply to rollerblading and scooters. Do not allow children to drive on the roadway and out of your yard. Your car must have a special seat or child restraint. Glue a sign on the rear window to warn other drivers that you have a baby driving with you. Love your children, talk to them more, not tired of repeating what is “good” and “bad”, so you will ensure the safety of children up to your own age. Zoya Berezovskaya Source: Factors of children's safety in children's educational institutions are of interest to both teachers and parents. First, it is important to ensure that children's safety is uncompromising and second, they want to make sure that their child will be protected from all sides. In this article, we will look at the problem from both sides. Because, despite the ultimate goals of educators and parents, everyone still has their own goals in the end. Italy, let's start with a general thesis and dot the “i”
Safety of children in nature
Children's safety on the road and in the car
Safety of children in kindergarten to parents and teachers
Sun, air and water should be the best friends of the children. But the task of parents is to ensure the safety of children in the wild.
Rest at the pond, do not leave children without control. Don't let me play on a steep beach, but go in with the baby. Older children should not swim or dive in an untested area. Choose the right clothes for your baby, avoiding overcooling or overheating in the open sun.
If you go on a boat trip, put life jackets on the children. Split the passengers evenly so that the boat does not roll on its side. Don't let them move around the boat while it's moving and hang from the board.
Winter don't let children run on the ice checking its strength.
Gathering on a hike, think through all the possible difficulties in advance. Take comfortable spare clothes and shoes in case of cold and rain. You must have a first aid kit. Don't forget the insect repellent. Explain to the children how to behave at the campfire and near the campfire kitchen. Don't let them go away alone for long so they don't get lost.
Teach your child to follow traffic lights by explaining traffic rules. Do not allow children to run out or drive to an intersection alone, cross the road together. Do not play at the carriageway with the ball or ride the slides where cars pass by. Explain the
When traveling on public transport, your child should sit down or hold on tight to the handrails. Hold the child on the escalator or by the hand. Don't let a cyclist run on the platform and go beyond the limit line.
Beginning cyclist must use a helmet and arm and leg protection. The same rules apply to rollerblading and scooters. Do not allow children to drive on the roadway and out of your yard.
Your car must have a special seat or child restraint. Glue a sign on the rear window to warn other drivers that you have a baby driving with you.
Love your children, talk to them more, not tired of repeating what is “good” and “bad”, so you will ensure the safety of children up to your own age.
Factors of children's safety in children's educational institutions are of interest to both teachers and parents.
First, it is important to ensure that children's safety is uncompromising and second, they want to make sure that their child will be protected from all sides. In this article, we will look at the problem from both sides.
Because, despite the ultimate goals of educators and parents, everyone still has their own goals in the end.
Italy, let's start with a general thesis and dot the “i”