Articulation gymnastics for children from one year to three years old

Articulation gymnastics for children 3-4 years old: exercises

Articulation gymnastics for babies from one year to three years

Already in the family begins to lay the foundation for the child's speech development. The challenge for those close to you is to create an environment in which your child can easily acquire speech skills.

Deficiencies in development can lead to inability to express their own thoughts, to poor school performance. If a child is not good at speaking, he or she usually does not learn well.

Articulation gymnastics for children aged 3-4 years will help them to learn to talk, to make sounds correctly.

Articulation Gymnastics

Articulation Gymnastics is a set of exercises aimed at helping a child to improve the work of the articulation organs, increase the strength and volume of movements, develop the accuracy of the position of the language, lips in the pronunciation of a certain sound.

Articulation Gymnastics for children aged 3-4 years trains the organs of sound pronunciation. In the mental development of the baby speech plays a huge role. By the quality of pronunciation as a whole we can judge the overall development.

Children of 2-3 years old reach the peak of speech development, they can already pronounce the simplest sounds, both deaf and ringing X, V, F, G, D, K, N, O. As early as 3-4 years old, the sounds of C, E, L, J.

Phisiologically, babies do not immediately become ready to pronounce complex sounds, so they need to train the tongue. Adults should help with vocabulary replenishment. It is necessary to have a conversation with the child, and he or she should tell about his or her family, about the weather, about what he or she does.

The articulation gymnastics will help to master the basics of sound pronunciation. Photos of children confirm that children are happy only when they have full communication with other peers and adults. It cannot be an innate ability and requires constant development.

The condition for the formation of sound pronunciation is the well-coordinated work of the articulation system (tongue, lips, sky, lower jaw).The main purpose of any articulation gymnastics is to develop full movements, skills of correct pronunciation of sounds, strengthening the muscles of the speech system.

Th3>Recommendations for lessons

If your child has difficulties with sound pronunciation and has to study with a speech therapist in articulation gymnastics, he or she will be able to prepare his or her speech system for the most difficult sounds more quickly. Also, a clear statement of different sounds is the basis for learning to write. A set of articulation exercises for children should be performed with some recommendations:

– In the initial stages of the exercise all exercises are performed very slowly, it is better to do it in front of the mirror, so that the child can control his actions. Ask your baby some leading questions: What does the tongue do? Where is he now? What do lips do?

– Then the tempo can be increased and the exercises can be done under the count. Be sure to watch out for smoothness and accuracy in the movements, otherwise it is lost washed away.

– It is better to study in the mornings and in the evenings, minutes of 5-7. Class time depends on the child's perseverance. Classes should not be imposed.

– At the age of 3-4 years, make sure that the basic movements are assimilated.

– At the age of 4 to 5 years, the requirements increase – the movements should become smoother and clearer, without jerks.

– At the age of 6 to 7 years old children should do everything at a fast pace, but be able to hold the tongue for a while without change.

Must be remembered that articulation gymnastics only prepares the speech system for the pronunciation of sounds, it will not be able to replace lessons with a speech therapist!

Sound exercises C, C, Z

Articulation gymnastics for children aged 3-4 years includes a complex for the pronunciation of whistling sounds C, Z, Z.

“Fence”. Smile and show you the rows of compressed teeth. The top row must be positioned exactly above the bottom row. The position is held for up to 7 seconds. Repetition 5 times.

“Elephant”. The teeth are squeezed, and the lips are pulled forward with a tube. Hold it for up to seven seconds. Repeat 4-5 times.

The fence and the Elephant take turns. And the lower jaw is still. Repeat 5 times.

“Brush your teeth. With a smile, open your mouth wide. The tongue behind the teeth moves left, right (first slides on the top row, then on the bottom row). The lower jaw is still. Repetition 5 times.

“Sick finger”. Slightly squeeze out the tip of the tongue with your lips, exhale the air so that it passes in the middle – blow on your finger. Inhale deep, smooth exhale. Repeat 4-5 times.

“Slide”. Show teeth, smile widely. The tip of the tongue should rest on the lower teeth. The back of the tongue is raised upwards. Hold position up to five. Repeat 5 times.

“Ice Slide.” Repeat the “Slide” and press with your index finger, holding back the tongue resistance. Hold on till 5:00. Repeat 4-5 times.

Exercises on sounds of G, W, S, W

For these sounds, the articulation exercises for 3-4 year olds involve the repetition of the exercises “Fence” and “Elephant” and additionally include the following:

  • “Disobedient tongue”. A flat tongue tip to slap your lips while saying “five, five, five, five, five…” at the same time. Repetition is 5 times.
  • “Pancake on a plate”. Tip of the tongue on the lower lip. We say “five” once, don't move your tongue, mouth a little bit open. This is the position for 5 to 10 seconds. Repeat 5 times.
  • “Tasty jam. Lick the upper lip. The lower row of teeth should be visible by pulling the lower lip down. Repetition 5 times.
  • “The turkey.” Deep breath, mouth slightly open, you need to move the tip of your tongue at a fast pace back and forth on the upper lip, while saying “f-bl-bl…”. Sound lasts up to 7 seconds. Tip of your tongue up above your lip, blow up. Cheeks inflate, air passes through the middle of the tongue. Repetition 5 times.
  • “Cup”. Smile widely, show your teeth, stick out your tongue, fold it so that it resembles a cup. Hold it for up to 10 seconds. Repetition 5 times.

Exercises on sounds L, P

Repeat the exercises “Fence” and “Elephant”. Then alternate the two exercises.

Reat the brush exercise.

Reat the tasty jam exercise.

“Painting”. Mouth wide open. The tongue is a tassel. Paint the ceiling (sky) – move the tongue forward, backward, left, right. The brush must not be torn from the ceiling. The tongue doesn't jump out of your teeth. Repetition 6 times.

“Horse”. Mouth open a little, teeth show, smile. We're gonna start tongue-tipping fast, slowly. We make short breaks for rest. The tongue sticks to the sky, then slaps down. The lower jaw doesn't move.

“Fungus”. Mouth open, teeth open. Shake your tongue and then suck it up to the sky, hold it for up to 10 seconds. The frenzy is a mushroom leg, the tongue is a hat. Repeat 3 times.

“Harmony”. Repeat “Fungus”, while holding the tongue, open your mouth wide, and then squeeze your teeth. We alternate. Repetition up to 8 times.

Lip and cheek training

Breathing and articulation exercises for preschool children are very important for the development and formation of the articulation apparatus. Perform the following lip and cheek exercises with children in a playful manner:

  • Cheek massage. Wash and pat your cheeks. Gently bite them from the inside. This exercise is performed while bathing or washing.
  • “Dense hamster”. Sleep your lips shut and open your teeth. Get some air, your cheeks are inflated. First both, then alternately. Hold it for 5 seconds.
  • “Hungry hamster”. It's the other way around. Cheeks retract inside, you can help with your hands.
  • “Blown ball”. Deep breaths, lips closed. Blow your cheeks up and slam your hands on them to let the air out.

“Chicken”. Mouth wide open, breathe in like a yawn. Make sure your tongue is relaxed. Full exhalation. Repetition 3 times.

“Elephant”. Breathe in, pull out your lips and say, “Ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh. Hold it for up to five seconds. Repeat 3 times.

Lower jaw exercises

Articulation exercises for 3-year-olds include exercises for lower jaw mobility:

  • “Chicken”. Open, close your mouth wide open. The lips smile and the “chicken” tongue sits behind the lower teeth. Perform the exercise rhythmically under the count.
  • “Sharks”. Open your mouth. On one count, the jaw to the right, two to the right, three to the left, four to the right, five to the front, and six to the right. Motion is very smooth and slow.
  • Imitting chewing with the mouth open, then with the mouth closed.
  • “Monkey”. Open the mouth, the jaw stretches down, while the tongue is pulled down as much as possible.
  • “Silach”. Open your mouth. Pretend there's a load on the beard. Shut your mouth and imagine resistance. Relax. Repeat. You can create an obstacle by hand.

Tongue exercises

Articulation exercises for the language for children are represented by the following exercises:

  • “Spatula”. The kid sees a picture with a shovel. He opens his mouth with a smile. Wide tongue is on the lower lip. Hold the tongue for 30 seconds, do not press the lower lip
  • “Brush the teeth”. Mouth's a little open, smiling. The tip of the tongue is guided from the inside by the teeth, touching each other separately. One way first. Got some rest. Now the other one.
  • “Hours”. The kid sees a picture of a clock with a pendulum. The mouth is wide open. With your tongue, touch one corner of your mouth one by one, then the other. The lower jaw is still. Horse. Click your tongue like a horse with your hooves. Start the exercise slowly, speeding up the pace (the horse jumped faster). Only the tongue should work, the jaw doesn't move. You can hold your chin with your hands. Repeat 6 times.
  • “Catch the mouse”. Open your mouth, smile. Put the tongue with a spatula on the lower lip. Saying “ahhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh. Mouse got caught. Repetition 5 times.
  • “Peanuts”. Mouth shut. Touching the inside of the cheeks with a tongue with tension. Right, left, right. Hold the position for 5 seconds. Fingers outside to control the movement, hold your tongue. Repetition 6 times.

Articulation gymnastics for children (fairy tales)

All children love to play. The game has a lot of teaching methods. Not an exception and articulation gymnastics. Many teachers use articulation gymnastics for children in poems and fairy tales. Kids are happy to be included in the game.

“Tale of the Tongue”. Lived in his cabin. Tongue. Who knows what kind of house this is? Guess.

The house has red doors,

And there are white animals next to them,

These animals are very fond of buns.

Who guessed? This house is our mouth.

In the house the doors close and open. That's it (together we open and close the mouth).

The Tongue came out to warm up, sunbathe in the sun (tongue “shovel” on the lower lip).

The breeze module, the tongue lingers (roll up the tongue), walked into the house, closed the door (hide the tongue, lips closed).

In the yard was cloudy, barking rain. (We hit them in the teeth with the tongue, saying “d-d-d-d-d…”).

Home Tongue is not boring. He gave milk to a kitten. (Mouth open, tongue on top of lip). The kitten licked and yawned sweetly. (Slide the tongue over your lips and open your mouth wide).

The tongue looked at the tick-tack clock. (Mouth open, tongue touches tip of tongue alternately to the corners of the mouth). The kitty curled up in a ball and fell asleep. “It's time to go to sleep,” decided Tongue. (Hide your tongue behind your teeth and close your lips).

Little group

Articulation gymnastics for younger children consists of the simplest exercises. In 1 youngest, children have not yet formed hissing, sonoric, whistling sounds.

The main task here is to master the movements of the organs of the articulation apparatus.

It is necessary to develop auditory attention, height, voice strength, duration of breath and exhalation, to specify the pronunciation of sounds “moo-moo”, “qua-qua”, “knock-knock”, etc.

2 junior group gets acquainted with more complex movements of the articulation device. Jaws smile, teeth are exposed, the tongue rises up, is held in place, moves from side to side. The exercises “air jet” are used for breathing, for lip movement “trunk”, “smile”, “fence”, for tongue – “scapula”, “clock”, “painter”, “horse”.

Middle group

Articulation gymnastics for middle group children reinforces the exercises. New concepts are introduced – upper, lower lip, lower, upper teeth. The movements of the tongue are specified, it is made narrow and wide. We're learning how to pronounce sonorous, hissing sounds correctly. The requirements for articulation gymnastics are increasing.

Adult group

Articulation gymnastics for preschool children in the senior group consolidates all the material passed. Kids know the concept of the back of the tongue. All exercises are performed smoothly, clearly.

The articulation organs should quickly switch from one exercise to the next, and should be held in place for a steady amount of time. The teacher strictly monitors the correct execution.

The movements should become clear, worked out, easy, habitual over time. You can teach at any tempo.

Preparation Group

Articulation Gymnastics for preschool children in the preparation group specifies all language movements. Exercises are used to differentiate between different sounds.

At the same time, the child develops a phonemic hearing. More often used in the lessons of fairy tales, children quickly master the correct actions. In the game, sounds are transformed and better heard.

Children enjoy becoming heroes in fairytale stories.


Articulation gymnastics for children 2 and 3 years old

Articulation gymnastics for children from one to three years old

The wrapping up of words by children who are just starting to talk seems funny and interesting at first glance.

Well, when it all goes away with growing up, and if not, and the problems will persist? Articulation gymnastics for children 2-3 years old will help to solve the problem.

In case of minor deviations, the problem can be solved without the help of a speech therapist. In serious cases, you'll need a kind of muscle training.

When children need articulation gymnastics

The correct pronunciation is formed until they reach the age of 5. In some cases, this process is delayed. Incorrect pronunciation of sounds is due to the imperfection of the articulation system.

At first glance, it's very easy to make sounds, but it's not that easy. It's a hard and difficult job that involves the tongue, lips, jaws and sky. Speech defects can cause a child's psychoemotional disorder. They can be a reason for jokes among peers.

The main condition is the coordinated work of all of these organs, the mobility of which develops slowly and gradually.

Most parents can not independently identify the problem with articulation. It is believed that everything will be decided by itself after a certain time, but this is not always the case.

The only thing that will help the kid is an articulation gymnastics for children 2-3 years old. It promotes the correct pronunciation of sounds. This is not a complex of physical exercises, but methods that help to make the speech device mobile. You don't need to have certain skills to do the exercises.

Depending on age, you can choose a certain method. Is it necessary at a younger age? Yeah. It'll help strengthen the muscular apparatus of two or three year olds. It's harder to fight speech defects in school age.


Articulation gymnastics in 2-3 years consists of static and dynamic exercises. At performance of the first actions it is necessary to fix language in one position and to hold it during the certain period of time.

It is initially necessary to show, how it is necessary to summarize language, to try to keep it within 10 seconds.


For its execution it is necessary to open a mouth as much as possible and to put the relaxed language on the lower lip.

Dynamic exercises are performed under the count, during which the position of the speech organs changes and the same task is repeated.


To perform a little bit of mouth and smile. Making the tongue narrow, reach to the right and left.


Rota open, and try to reach the nose, then the chin.


Lip close. Strike the tongue to the inner surface of the cheek, left and right side.


Densely press the tongue to the sky and make jaws, imitating the running of the horse.

Practices are quite simple and can be done at home without the help of specialists.

Description of articulation exercise complexes for 2-3 year olds

Articulation gymnastics for 2 year olds is aimed at working out different sounds. Depending on what sounds you cannot pronounce, the exercise complexes are slightly different.

Sounds (C, Z, C), the necessary exercises:

  • Fence. Maximize your teeth with a smile. Fix this position for 10 seconds.
  • The trunk. Lock your lips and pull them out into a tube, imitating an elephant's trunk. Hold in position.
  • Horace. Open your mouth wide with a smile. Get your tongue up, it'll look like a slide. The tongue must be tense. Lock in place and hold for 10 seconds.
  • Brushing. Show everyone your teeth with a big smile. Imagine that the tip of your tongue is your toothbrush. Start cleaning from the inside. The movements are headed sideways. And the lower jaw is locked in place. The minimum number of movements is 5 movements in different directions.

Sounds (W, S, F, F):

  1. Blinchik. Stick your tongue out and put it on your lower lip. Say the “A” sound a few times. The tongue should be still. Mouth's just a little bit open. Then fix the tongue on your lip and wait a few seconds.
  2. Varenje. Open your mouth, lick your lips from top to bottom. The obligatory condition is the visibility of the lower jaw.
  3. Turkey. With a little bit of a mouth open, you have to tap your tongue on your upper lip. It's like making a sound like a turkey. BL-BL-BL.
  4. Stacan. Open your mouth wide and stick out your tongue. To form a bowl out of the tongue. Pour water into it and keep it in this position, trying not to spill it.

L and P sounds (these sounds are very difficult for many children):

  • Mushrooms. Suck a tongue to the upper palate and open your mouth as wide as possible. Hold this position for 10 seconds.
  • Malar. To perform, you need to open your mouth wide. The tip of your tongue to drive through the sky, imitating its painting. It's important not to go beyond the lower jaw. Break away from the sky and stick out the language.

Usually exercise complexes are held in turn. Initially it is necessary to set one sound, and then to move on to the second one. A logopedist should assist in the development of a certain complex.

Breathing exercises

Very important stage in the correct pronunciation of sounds is the breathing process. Baby's breathing in normal life and during conversation has certain differences. When sounds are pronounced, the breathing time increases. Children need to be taught to exhale smoothly and for a long time.

Good breathing training can be carried out by using turntables, balloons, harmonica, fluffy. Create a gate and try to blow a little feather into it, while keeping score. The important condition is to make the tiny one interested in doing what is required of him.

Nice methods are to imitate different sounds. Show how the wolf howls – wow, how the baby cries – aaaaaaaa, how the motorcycle rings – prrrrr.

Breathing can be done by inhalation and exhalation by different organs. Breathe in through the nose, exhale through the mouth. Or breathe in one nostril and exhale the other.


Perfect exercise can be done with a cotton ball. To do this, roll up the cotton wool into a small ball and put it on the tip of your nose. Blow so that the ball flew up.


Make an ordinary paper ship. Put water in the tank and let it go. The ship will move smoothly if you blow on it calmly. Sharp gusts of wind can be arranged, if you blow out the air, saying the sound of P. Cheeks at the same time do not inflate.


For the exercise will need a glass of water and a straw. Rhythmically blowing into straws, blowing out a cascade of bubbles. Cheeks should not be inflated.

Articulation gymnastics for 1-2 year olds can be performed during a walk and play.

Rules for organizing and conducting classes with children aged 2-3 years

Articulation gymnastics in 2 years should include a set of exercises that are aimed at training the organs of the speech system and the correct pronunciation of sounds.

The reasons why gymnastics is necessary:

  1. Training allows the baby to speak correctly without the help of a specialist.
  2. A kid with a serious disability will be able to cope with the problem faster when the speech therapist works with him.
  3. Articulation gymnastics for 2-4 year olds allows you to cope with even such a problem, when the child speaks the words correctly, but it feels as if he speaks with his mouth full.
  4. If the child speaks the words clearly, he or she will have almost no further problems with writing.

Articulation gymnastics for babies aged 1-2 years, the rules of conduct:

  • The first exercise should be performed at a slow pace, the child should understand the principle of action. The baby should be in front of the mirror. He'll be very interested in playing sounds and looking at himself. Also, a small mirror that will hold a crumb in your hand will do.
  • Partners should ask what the tongue does, how the sponges are positioned, and so on.
  • When the exercises are performed clearly and correctly, you can increase the tempo slightly.
  • Fun articulation gymnastics for 2 years should be performed daily. Morning and evening are perfect. The duration depends on interest and perseverance.
  • The older the child, the higher the requirements. At 2-3 years old, you shouldn't wait for good results. The main thing is to do the exercises correctly and clearly.

Accessories (music, poetry, games, etc)

For proper speech training, it is possible to use activities in the form of games. Gymnastics consists of the following exercises:

  1. Breathe the cheeks, then press the hand and squeeze out the air.
  2. Fold your lips into a tube, and then blurt into a smile.
  3. Tell me the phrase to stop the horse race. Truuuu.
  4. Demonstrate the movements that a cat makes to drink milk.
  5. Touching the tip of the tongue of his cheeks.
  6. Maximum opening and closing of the mouth.

Nowadays, more and more children aged 2-3 years do not speak at all, and this does not indicate any abnormalities in speech. Alarming is necessary when the child is barely speaking over three years of age.

Training should be based on imitation, as children at this age repeat after adults.

There is a large number of articulation poems, music, to which gymnastics can be easily applied.


For the gymnastics was not only useful, but also liked by the child, it is necessary to conduct exercises in a playful form. To get a positive result of the lesson should be conducted daily. The child should be awake and cheerful at the time of training. Prolonged work will soon lead to a positive result.


Accomplications and recommendations for articulation gymnastics for children

Articulation gymnastics for children from one to three years old

Speech is a complex process involving different bodies. Articulating gymnastics for children helps to train the muscles of these organs, resulting in faster speech development and correct pronunciation. There are different sets of exercises. Some are aimed at general speech development, others help to cope with the problems of diction.

The speech therapist will help to choose the right set of exercises. After examining the baby and talking to him, he will choose an individual program of classes. In case of a severe delay in the development of speaking skills, it is advisable to see a neurologist, as speech development problems may be related to serious diseases.

There are exercises designed to induce active speech, and if the child is healthy, the mother can work with him/her on her own. Although consultation with a speech therapist will still be useful: maybe you need a special program. Exercises train certain muscles and help the baby to start talking actively. They develop the mobility and dexterity of the articulation apparatus:

  • language;
  • chek;
  • gub;
  • cutting.

General recommendations

Gymnastics for children should be colorful and interesting. If the exercises are served in the form of a game, a little fidget will be engaged with pleasure and quickly learn the subtleties of the world of sounds. It's good to enhance the verbal descriptions with visual images, preparing colorful images for each exercise.

What else to consider: the child does not see his or her language, and therefore it's hard for him or her to understand the requirements of adults if something goes wrong. Therefore, it is good if he can do the exercises in front of the mirror and see the position of the lips and tongue. If he still fails, he should be helped by directing his tongue with a spatula, a spoon cutter, or other clean oblong and non-acute object

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